建立 K12 和高等教育的使用者Create Users for K12 and Higher Education

Microsoft 團隊會與數個 LMS 提供者合作,以啟用 LMS 和團隊之間的線上會議整合。Microsoft Teams is partnering with several LMS providers to enable an online meeting integration between the LMS and Teams. 解決方案不需要 School Data Sync (SDS)為 LMS 中的每個類別建立小組,但是需要 LMS 中的所有教師或類別領導人,在 Azure Active Directory (AAD)中擁有授權的使用者帳戶。The solution does not require School Data Sync (SDS) create a Team for every class in the LMS, however it does require all Teachers or Class leaders in the LMS to have a licensed user account in Azure Active Directory (AAD). 建議所有學生都必須在 AAD 中擁有授權的使用者帳戶。It is also recommended for all students to have a licensed user account in AAD. 有多種方式可在 AAD 中建立及授權使用者帳戶。There are multiple ways to create and license user accounts in AAD. 此 doc 說明如何在 Azure Active Directory 中不存在使用者時,使用 SDS 快速建立及授權使用者。This doc explains how to quickly create and license users with SDS if the users do not exist in Azure Active Directory.

準備 SDS 的資料Prepare Data for SDS

在下列各節中,建立使用者的資料需求是最低的和說明。The data requirements for creating users is minimal and described in the section below. 當您想要使用 SDS 部署更多案例時,您可以隨時將更多資料新增至 CSV 檔案,並再次同步處理,以解除鎖定其他功能。As you want to deploy more scenarios using SDS, you can always add more data to the CSV files and synchronize again, to unlock additional capabilities.

建立使用者時,您最初會需要提交6個 CSV 檔案:When creating users, you will initially be required to submit 6 CSV files:

  1. 當您為擁有人員組織角色的使用者建立帳戶時,會使用使用者資料填入教師檔案teacher.csv - When creating accounts for users with a Staff organizational role, the teacher file will be populated with the user data.
  2. student -如果您為組織內的學生建立帳戶(建議使用),則會使用使用者資料填入該學生檔案。student.csv - If you create accounts for Students within the organization (recommended), the student file will be populated with the user data.
  3. school -school 檔案不能是空的。不過,您可以只以單一最上層實體提交,以代表整個組織學校、地區、大學或大學。school.csv - The school file cannot be empty; however, it can be submitted with just a single top-level entity to represent the entire organization - school, district, college, or university. 若 K12,建議您提交所有學校,並將學校成員資格與教師和學生關聯。If K12, it is recommended to submit your all schools and correlate school membership to teachers and students.
  4. section .csv -可以提交沒有任何資料的此檔案,而且只會標頭section.csv - this file can be submitted without any data, and just headers
  5. studentenrollment -可以提交沒有資料的此檔案,而只提交標頭studentenrollment.csv - this file can be submitted without data, and just headers
  6. teacherroster -可以提交沒有任何資料的此檔案,而只提交標頭teacherroster.csv - this file can be submitted without any data, and just headers

為 K12 和 HED 建立使用者

以下章節涵蓋每個 CSV 檔案的資料需求和格式需求,以在 SDS 中建立使用者。This section below covers the data requirements and format requirements for each CSV file, to create users in SDS.

適用于人員的 CSVCSV for Staff

SDS 支援SDS csv 檔案格式內的教員。SDS supports a Teacher.csv file within the SDS CSV file format. 針對 K12 及高等教育部署,此檔案應該包含組織中主要人員角色的所有使用者,包括但不限於教師。For K12 and Higher Education deployments, this file should contain all users with a primary Staff role in the organization, including but not limited to Teachers. 檔案可能包含教師、教學助理、Professors、Lecturers、Office 人員、系統管理人員、替代、專家等等。在執行 SDS 時,會在使用者建立時,將授權指派給此檔案內的所有使用者。The file may include Teachers, Teaching Assistants, Professors, Lecturers, Office Staff, Administrative Staff, Substitutes, Specialists, etc. When SDS is run, all users within this file will be assigned a license at the time of user creation. 如果您需要人員使用者指派不同的授權,您可以為每個需要特定授權的使用者群組建立多個同步處理設定檔。If you require Staff users to be assigned different licenses, you can create multiple sync profiles with each group of users requiring a specific license. 若要使用 SDS 建立人員,該教員必須包含下列所述的最小必要屬性:To create Staff using SDS, the Teacher.csv must contains the minimal required attributes noted below:

  • 名字First Name
  • 姓氏Last Name
  • Username-UserPrincipalName 的首碼(使用者的登入名稱)。Username - Prefix for the UserPrincipalName (login name for the user).
  • Password-帳戶的初始密碼。Password - Initial Password for the account. 使用者可以在第一次登入時變更其密碼。Users can change their password on first login.
  • SIS ID-使用者的唯一識別碼(儲存在 SIS 中)SIS ID - Unique ID for the User, stored in the SIS
  • School SIS ID-學校的唯一識別碼。School SIS ID - Unique ID for the School. 在高等教育版中,對於所有人員,這可以是所有使用者所有使用者的單一且一致的值。In Higher Education, this can be a single and consistent value for all users across the university, for all staff.

為 K12 和 HED 建立使用者

適用于學生的 CSVCSV for Students

SDS 支援SDS csv 檔案格式內的 Student。SDS supports a Student.csv file within the SDS CSV file format. 若為 K!2和更高的教育部署,此檔案應該會包含學生、地區、大學或學院中的所有學生,具有學生的主要角色。For both K!2 and Higher Education deployments, this file should contain all Students within the school, district, university, or college, with a primary role of Student. 在執行 SDS 時,會在使用者建立時,將授權指派給此檔案內的所有使用者。When SDS is run, all users within this file will be assigned a license at the time of user creation. 如果您需要將學生指派給不同的授權,您可以建立多個同步處理設定檔。If you need students to be assigned different licenses, you can create multiple sync profiles. 若要使用 SDS 建立學生,該 Student 必須包含下列所述的最小必要屬性:To create students using SDS, the Student.csv must contain the minimal required attributes noted below:

  • 名字First Name
  • 姓氏Last Name
  • Username-UserPrincipalName 的首碼(使用者的登入名稱)。Username - Prefix for the UserPrincipalName (login name for the user).
  • Password-帳戶的初始密碼。Password - Initial Password for the account. 使用者可以在第一次登入時變更其密碼。Users can change their password on first login.
  • SIS ID-使用者的唯一識別碼(儲存在 SIS 中)SIS ID - Unique ID for the User, stored in the SIS
  • School SIS ID-學校的唯一識別碼。School SIS ID - Unique ID for the School. 在高等教育版中,這可以是所有使用者所有使用者的單一且一致的值-學生和教師。In Higher Education, this can be a single and consistent value for all users across the university – students and teachers.

為 K12 和 HED 建立使用者

適用于學校的 CSVCSV for Schools

SDS 支援SDS csv 檔案格式內的 School .csv 檔案。SDS supports a School.csv file within the SDS CSV file format. 建議您填入 school 檔案,但不是必要的。It is recommended to populate the school file, but not required. 針對 K12,建議將所有學校(含)和所有學校相關聯,加入至正確的使用者。For K12 it is recommended to include all schools, and associated to each school to the correct users. 若為高等教育部署,此檔案可能會包含所有學校、學校或位於更多大學或大學生內的部門。For Higher Education deployments, this file may contain all Schools, Colleges, or Departments within the broader University or College. 在執行 SDS 時,檔案中的所有學校都會在 AAD 中建立一個管理單位(AU),包含與新增為成員之實體相關聯的所有使用者和類別。When SDS is run, all schools within the file will create an Administrative Unit (AU) in AAD, containing all users and classes associated with the entity added as members. 您也可以在 SDS 中使用學校檔案對應及關聯,以建立用於應用程式原則、裝置原則及使用者原則的安全性群組。The school file mapping and association can also be used in SDS to create Security Groups for use in App Policy, Device policy, and User policy.

如果您無法填入學校檔案,那是 [確定]。If you cannot populate the schools file, that’s ok. 您可以使用下列所示的最小必要屬性來建立 CSV 檔案,方法是包含單一最上層學校,以代表整個學校、地區、大學或學校。You can create a CSV file with the minimum required attributes shown below, by including a single top-level school to represent the entire school, district, university, or college. 所有使用者和類別只會與一個具有 AAD 的最上層實體和 AU 相關聯。All users and classes will just be associated to one top-level entity and AU with AAD. 您也可以在初始同步處理之後填入學校檔案,並視需要將每位使用者對應。You can also populate the schools file after the initial sync, at any time, and map each user if needed. 該 School 必須包含下列所述的最小必要屬性:The School.csv must contain the minimal required attributes noted below:

  • 名稱-學校、學校或大學的名稱Name - Name of School, College, or University
  • SIS ID-School 的唯一識別碼。SIS ID - Unique ID for the School. 在高等教育版中,這是一種單一且一致的值,可以將所有使用者與所有的使用者和員工關聯在一起。In Higher Education, this can be a single and consistent value to associate all users across the university - students and staff. 這個值將會是包含在 student 或教員中的每位使用者上的學校 SIS 識別碼值。This value will be the School SIS ID value included on each user in the student.csv or teacher.csv.

為 K12 和 HED 建立使用者

空白區段和名單檔Empty Section and Roster files

SDS 支援SDS csv 檔案格式內的 section .csv、Studentenollment 和 teacherRoster。SDS supports a section.csv, studentenollment.csv, and teacherRoster.csv within the SDS CSV file format. 針對以使用者建立為目標的 K12 和高等教育部署,這些檔案仍應該隨所包含的標頭上傳,但不需要上傳內容。For K12 and Higher Education deployments targeting user creation, these files should still be uploaded with the header contained, however it is not requirement to upload content. 這些檔案是用來建立類別小組並新增成員資格,並且在需要時可供日後填入及上傳。These files are used to create Class Teams and add memberships, and can be populated and uploaded later, if needed. 檔案必須包含下列所述的最小標頭屬性:The files must contain the minimal required header attributes noted below:

區段的 CSVCSV for Sections

  • 區段名稱-學校、學校或大學的名稱Section Name - Name of School, College, or University
  • SIS ID-從 SIS 中的區段的唯一識別碼。SIS ID - Unique ID for the Section, from the SIS.
  • School SIS ID-學校的唯一識別碼。School SIS ID - Unique ID for the School. 在高等教育版中,這可以是單一且一致的值,以關聯所有的區段。In Higher Education, this can be a single and consistent value to associate all sections across the university.

為 K12 和 HED 建立使用者

適用于教職員工名冊的 CSVCSV for Staff Rosters

  • SIS ID-來自 SIS 的人員的唯一識別碼。SIS ID - Unique ID for Staff, from the SIS.
  • 區段的 SIS 識別碼-區段的唯一識別碼。Section SIS ID - Unique ID for the Section, from the SIS. 應該對齊區段中的 [SIS 識別碼] 值。Should align to the SIS ID value for the section, in the section.csv.

為 K12 和 HED 建立使用者

適用于學生名冊的 CSVCSV for Student Rosters

  • SIS ID-從 SIS,學生的唯一識別碼。SIS ID - Unique ID for Student, from the SIS.
  • 區段的 SIS 識別碼-區段的唯一識別碼。Section SIS ID - Unique ID for the Section, from the SIS. 應該對齊區段中的 [SIS 識別碼] 值。Should align to the SIS ID value for the section, in the section.csv.

為 K12 和 HED 建立使用者

執行 SDS 以建立使用者Run SDS to Create Users

以下是使用 SDS 建立更高教育版使用者的處理常式。Below is the process to use SDS to create Users for Higher Education.

SDS 的必要條件Prerequisites for SDS

這些是 perquisites 啟用 SDS 的使用者建立功能。These are the perquisites to enable SDS for user creation.

  • Office 365 教育版租使用者An Office 365 for Education tenant
  • 全域系統管理員角色Global Administrator Role
  • 學校資料同步處理(方案1)或學校資料同步處理(計畫2)School Data Sync (Plan 1) or School Data Sync (Plan 2)

安裝 SDSSetup SDS

以下是針對使用者建立啟用 SDS 的步驟。These are the steps to enable SDS for user creation.

  1. 使用全域系統管理員帳戶登入 Office.com。Login to Office.com with a Global Administrator account.

  2. 開啟 [新增] 索引標籤,然後流覽至 sds.microsoft.com。Open a new tab and navigate to sds.microsoft.com.

  3. 按一下 [ + 新增設定檔]。Click +Add Profile.

  4. 輸入設定檔的名稱Enter a name for the Profile

  5. 選取 [上傳 csv檔案],然後選取 [ CSV 檔案: SDS 格式]。Select Upload CSV files and select CSV Files: SDS Format.

  6. 按一下 [開始]Click Start.

  7. 選取 [新增使用者]。Select New Users.

  8. 按一下 [上傳檔案 > 新增檔案] > 選取6個 CSV 檔案 > 上傳]。Click Upload Files > Add Files > Select the 6 CSV Files > Upload.

  9. 若要停止同步處理此設定檔,請按一下方塊中的 [是]。Click in the box When should we stop syncing this profile?

  10. 選取 [下一年] 年份的完成日期。Select a date after the next school year complete.

  11. 按 [下一步]****。Click Next.

  12. 為教師選取網域(用於 UserPrincipalName)。Select a Domain for Teachers (used in the UserPrincipalName).

  13. 在 [教師授權] 下拉式功能表中,選取免費的 A1 授權。In the Teacher Licenses Dropdown menu, Select the Free A1 licenses. A1,教職員 = STANDARDWOFFPACK_FACULTY。A1 for Faculty = STANDARDWOFFPACK_FACULTY.

  14. 按 [下一步]****。Click Next.

  15. 選取學生的網域(用於 UserPrincipalName)。Select a Domain for Students (used in the UserPrincipalName).

  16. 在 [學生授權] 下拉式功能表中,選取 [免費的 A1 授權:「學生的 A1 = STANDARDWOFFPACK_STUDENTIn the Student Licenses Dropdown menu, select the Free A1 licenses: A1 for Student = STANDARDWOFFPACK_STUDENT

  17. 按 [下一步]****。Click Next.

  18. 按一下 [建立設定檔]。Click Create Profile.