設定報表管理員 (原生模式)Configure Report Manager (Native Mode)

報表管理員是一個 Web 前端應用程式,可用來檢視報表、管理報表伺服器內容,以及將原生模式報表伺服器的存取權授與使用者。Report Manager is a Web front end application used to view reports, manage report server content, and grant user access to a native mode report server. 如果您在安裝程式中選取 [Install in the default native mode configuration (以預設原生模式組態安裝)] 選項,報表管理員就會與報表伺服器 Web 服務一起安裝在相同的報表伺服器執行個體中,而且進行選擇性設定。Report Manager is installed with the Report Server Web service within the same report server instance and optionally configured if you select the Install in the default native mode configuration option in Setup. 您也可以將報表管理員設定為後續安裝工作。You can also configure Report Manager as a post-installation task. 本主題會提供有關下列報表管理員組態狀況的資訊:This topic provides information about the following Report Manager configuration scenarios:

  • 將報表管理員設定為使用預設 URLConfigure Report Manager to use the default URL

    報表管理員是使用者在網頁瀏覽器中存取的 Web 應用程式。Report Manager is a Web application that users access in a Web browser. 您至少必須定義用來在瀏覽器視窗中開啟應用程式的 URL。Minimally, you must define the URL used to open the application in a browser window. 此 URL 包含主機名稱、通訊埠和虛擬目錄。The URL consists of a host name, port, and virtual directory. 此 URL 的預設值包括您針對報表伺服器 Web 服務 URL 所定義的主機名稱和通訊埠值,再加上 reports 虛擬目錄名稱。Default values for this URL include the host name and port values that you defined for the Report Server Web service URL, plus the reports virtual directory name. 如果您擁有具名執行個體,此虛擬目錄就是 reports_instance,其中 instance 是您 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 執行個體的名稱。If you have a named instance, the virtual directory is reports_instance, where instance is the name of your Reporting ServicesReporting Services instance.

  • 從遠端電腦執行報表管理員Run Report Manager from a remote computer. 根據網路組態而定,您可能需要啟用電腦上的通訊埠 80,允許使用報表管理員提出要求。Depending on the configuration of your network, you may need to enable port 80 on computers to allow requests with Report Manager.

    提示

    如果您嘗試存取遠端電腦上的報表管理員,但是在瀏覽器中收到連接錯誤訊息,常見的原因會是防火牆設定。If you try to access Report Manager on a remote computer and you receive connection error messages in your browser, a common cause is Firewall settings. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 設定供報表伺服器存取的防火牆For more information, see Configure a Firewall for Report Server Access.

    必要時,啟用這兩部電腦的通訊埠 80,以便允許通過該通訊埠的要求。If necessary, enable port 80 on both computers to allow requests over that port. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 設定供報表伺服器存取的防火牆For more information, see Configure a Firewall for Report Server Access.

  • 將報表管理員設定為使用特定報表伺服器 URLConfigure Report Manager to use a specific report server URL

    根據預設,報表管理員會連接至在相同報表伺服器服務內執行的報表伺服器 Web 服務。By default, Report Manager connects to the Report Server Web service that runs in the same Report Server service. 報表管理員會使用報表伺服器 Web 服務 URL 來建立連接。The Report Manager uses the Report Server Web service URL to make the connection. 如果您針對報表伺服器 Web 服務定義了多個 URL,報表管理員就會使用您所定義的最後一個 URL。If you define multiple URLs for the Report Server Web service, Report Manager uses the last one that you defined. 不過,在某些部署中,您可能會想讓報表管理員永遠透過靜態 URL 連接至 Web 服務。However, for some deployments, you might want Report Manager to always connect to the Web service through a static URL. 您可能會想要這樣做的原因如下:如果您針對特定通訊埠或 IP 位址設定了封包篩選,而且想讓報表伺服器的所有連接都通過您所定義的篩選規則。An example of why you might want to do so is if you configured packet filtering on a specific port or IP address, and you want all connections to the report server to go through the filter rules you defined.

  • 將報表管理員指向遠端報表伺服器Point Report Manager to a Remote Report Server

    根據預設,報表管理員會提供在相同伺服器執行個體中執行之報表伺服器 Web 服務的前端存取權,但是如果您想要在不同的處理序中執行 Web 服務和報表管理員,或者您要針對每部伺服器以不同方式設定伺服器存取權 (例如,如果您要針對外部網路或網際網路連接上的使用者部署報表管理員,而且想要在報表伺服器與報表管理員之間放置防火牆),就可以將報表管理員設定為連接至遠端報表伺服器 Web 服務。By default, Report Manager provides front end access to the Report Server Web service that runs in the same server instance, but you can configure Report Manager to connect to a remote Report Server Web service if you want to run the Web service and Report Manager in separate processes or if you are configuring server access differently for each server (for example, if you are deploying Report Manager to users on an extranet or Internet connection and you want to place a firewall between the report server and Report Manager).

  • 自訂樣式和應用程式標題Customize styles and application title

    您可以透過變更樣式和編輯顯示在報表管理員中的應用程式標題,以有限的方式自訂報表管理員、HTML 報表檢視器和報表工具列。Report Manager, HTML report viewer, and report toolbar can be customized in limited ways by changing styles and editing the application title that appears in Report Manager.

  • 關閉報表管理員Turn off Report Manager

    當您安裝使用原生模式的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 執行個體時,預設就會啟用報表管理員。When you install a Reporting ServicesReporting Services instance that uses native mode, Report Manager is enabled by default. 不過,如果您擁有提供對等功能的自訂前端應用程式、您只想要使用 SOAP 或 URL 存取介面來存取報表伺服器,或者您要從不同的報表伺服器執行個體使用報表管理員,就可以關閉報表管理員。However, you can turn Report Manager off if you have a custom front-end application that provides equivalent functionality, if you only want to use the SOAP or URL Access interfaces to access the report server, or if you are using a Report Manager from a different report server instance.

先決條件Prerequisites

若要使用報表管理員,您必須滿足下列必要條件:To use Report Manager, you must satisfy the following prerequisites:

  • 您必須擁有以最低限度方式設定的報表伺服器。You must have a minimally configured report server. 如需如何以最低限度方式設定報表伺服器的詳細資訊,請參閱設定報表伺服器 (Reporting Services 原生模式)For more information about minimally configuring a report server, see Configure a Report Server (Reporting Services Native Mode).

  • 您的報表伺服器必須以原生模式執行。Your report server must run in native mode. 您無法使用報表管理員搭配針對 SharePoint 整合模式所設定的報表伺服器。You cannot use Report Manager with a report server that is configured for SharePoint integrated mode. 在 SQL Server 2012 中,您無法將報表伺服器從一種模式切換為另一種模式。In SQL Server 2012 you cannot switch a report server from one mode to the other. 如果您要變更您環境使用之報表伺服器的類型,必須安裝所需之模式的報表伺服器,然後將報表項目複製或移動到新的報表伺服器。If you want to change the type of report server that your environment uses, you must install the desired mode of report server and then copy or move the report items to the new report server. 這項處理序通常稱為「移轉」。This process is typically referred to as a 'migration'. 移轉所需的步驟,取決於您要移轉到哪個模式以及您要從哪個版本移轉。The steps needed to migrate depend on the mode you are migrating to and the version you are migrating from. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱< Upgrade and Migrate Reporting Services>。For more information, see Upgrade and Migrate Reporting Services.

  • 您也必須擁有啟用指令碼的 Internet Explorer 7.0 或更新版本。You must also have Internet Explorer 7.0 or later with scripting enabled. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 < 規劃 Reporting Services 和 Power View 瀏覽器支援(Reporting Services 2014)For more information, see Planning for Reporting Services and Power View Browser Support (Reporting Services 2014).

將報表管理員設定為使用預設 URLConfigure Report Manager to use the default URL

根據預設,報表管理員 URL 包含唯一的虛擬目錄名稱,再加上針對在相同執行個體中執行之報表伺服器 Web 服務所定義的通訊埠和主機名稱。By default, the Report Manager URL consists of a unique virtual directory name, plus the port and host name that is defined for the Report Server Web service that runs in the same instance. 在大部分情況下,主機名稱就是報表伺服器電腦的網路名稱,但是它可能也是解析電腦的 IP 位址或主機標頭。In most cases, the host name is the network name of the report server computer, but it can also be an IP address or host header that resolves the computer. 若要將報表管理員設定為使用預設 URL,請使用 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 組態工具中的 [報表管理員 URL] 頁面。To configure Report Manager to use the default URL, use the Report Manager URL page in the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration tool.

設定預設的報表管理員 URL 和虛擬目錄To configure the default Report Manager URL and virtual directory

  1. 啟動 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 組態工具,並連接到報表伺服器執行個體。Start the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration tool and connect to the report server instance.

  2. Reporting ServicesReporting Services 組態工具中,按一下 [報表管理員 URL] 開啟設定 URL 的頁面。In the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration tool, click Report Manager URL to open the page for configuring the URL.

  3. 針對報表管理員輸入唯一的虛擬目錄名稱。Enter a unique virtual directory name for Report Manager.

  4. 按一下 [套用]Click Apply.

  5. 如果您正在使用 Windows VistaWindows Vista 或 Windows Server 2008,可能需要進行其他步驟,才能使用報表管理員。If you are using Windows VistaWindows Vista or Windows Server 2008, additional steps might be required before you can use Report Manager. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 設定原生模式報表伺服器進行本機管理 (SSRS)For more information, see Configure a Native Mode Report Server for Local Administration (SSRS).

將報表管理員設定為使用特定報表伺服器 URLConfigure Report Manager to use a specific report server URL

當您在 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 組態工具中設定 URL 時,報表管理員就會針對在相同伺服器執行個體中執行的報表伺服器,自動偵測並使用任何全新和更新的 URL。When you configure URLs in the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration tool, Report Manager automatically detects and uses any new and updated URLs for the report server that runs in the same server instance. 如果您的部署要求您針對所有報表伺服器要求使用單一靜態 URL,就可以在 RSReportServer.config 檔中指定該 URL。If your deployment requires that you use a single, static URL for all report server requests, you can specify that URL in the RSReportServer.config file.

設定靜態報表伺服器 URLTo configure a static report server URL

  1. 在文字編輯器中開啟 RsReportServer.config 檔。Open the RSReportServer.config file in a text editor. 根據預設,其位於 \Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSRS12.<instancename>\Reporting Services\ReportServer。By default, it is located at \Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSRS12.<instancename>\Reporting Services\ReportServer.

  2. 尋找 ReportServerURLFind ReportServerURL.

  3. 將它取代成報表伺服器執行個體的 URL。Replace it with the URL of the report server instance.

  4. 儲存您的變更,然後關閉檔案。Save your changes and close the file.

如需組態檔的詳細資訊,請參閱修改 Reporting Services 組態檔(RSreportserver.config) RSReportServer Configuration FileFor more information about the configuration file, see Modify a Reporting Services Configuration File (RSreportserver.config) and RSReportServer Configuration File.

將報表管理員設定為使用遠端報表伺服器Configure Report Manager to use a remote report server

若為將報表管理員和報表伺服器放置於不同電腦上的部署組態,您就必須擁有兩個個別的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services安裝。For deployment configurations that place Report Manager and the report server on different computers, you must have two separate installations of Reporting ServicesReporting Services. 報表管理員內嵌在報表伺服器服務中,而且無法單獨安裝。Report Manager is embedded in the Report Server service and cannot be installed by itself. 如果您想要在不同的電腦上於自己的處理序中執行報表管理員,就必須安裝第二個報表伺服器。If you want to run Report Manager on a different computer within its own process, you must install a second report server. 這兩個伺服器執行個體都必須是 SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 報表伺服器。Both server instances must be SQL Server 2014SQL Server 2014 report servers.

將報表管理員連接至遠端報表伺服器執行個體To connect Report Manager to a remote report server instance

  1. 安裝兩個報表伺服器執行個體。Install two report server instances.

  2. 設定即將主控報表伺服器的第一個安裝:Configure the first installation that will host the report server:

    1. 啟動 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 組態工具。Start the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration tool.

    2. 按一下 [Web 服務 URL] 設定報表伺服器的主機名稱、通訊埠和虛擬目錄。Click Web Service URL to configure a host name, port, and virtual directory for the report server.

    3. 按一下 [資料庫] 設定報表伺服器資料庫。Click Database to configure the report server database.

  3. 設定即將主控報表管理員的第二個安裝:Configure the second installation that will host Report Manager:

    1. 啟動 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 組態工具。Start the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration tool.

    2. 按一下 [報表管理員 URL] 輸入報表管理員的虛擬目錄名稱。Click Report Manager URL to enter a virtual directory name for Report Manager.

    請勿設定資料庫。Do not configure the database. 請勿測試 URL。Do not test the URLs.

  4. 在報表管理員電腦上,將 RSReportServer.config 中的組態設定修改成指向遠端報表伺服器執行個體。On the Report Manager computer, modify configuration settings in RSReportServer.config to point to the remote report server instance. 啟動時,報表管理員就會讀取組態檔,以便取得報表伺服器的 URL:On start up, Report Manager will read the configuration file to get the URL to the report server:

    1. 在文字編輯器中開啟 RSReportServer.config。Open RSReportServer.config in a text editor. 根據預設,它是位於 \Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSRS11 項目。< instancename> services\reportserver。By default, it is located at \Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSRS11.<instancename>\Reporting Services\ReportServer.

    2. 尋找 ReportServerURLFind ReportServerURL.

    3. 將它取代成遠端報表伺服器執行個體的 URL。Replace it with the URL of the remote report server instance.

    4. 儲存您的變更,然後關閉檔案。Save your changes and close the file.

  5. 提示

    必要時,啟用這兩部電腦的通訊埠 80,以便允許通過該通訊埠的要求。If necessary, enable port 80 on both computers to allow requests over that port. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 設定供報表伺服器存取的防火牆For more information, see Configure a Firewall for Report Server Access.

  6. 重新啟動報表伺服器。Restart the report server.

  7. 在瀏覽器視窗中開啟報表管理員。Open Report Manager in a browser window. 如果它原本就已經開啟,請重新整理瀏覽器,以便確認報表管理員連接至遠端伺服器。If it was already open, refresh the browser to verify Report Manager is connected to the remote server. 此時,您應該會看見目標伺服器的內容。You should see the content of the target server.

  8. 關閉您不要使用的伺服器功能:Turn off server features that you are not using:

    • 在報表管理員電腦上,關閉 WebServiceAndHTTPAccessEnabledScheduleEventsAndReportDeliveryEnabledOn the Report Manager computer, turn off WebServiceAndHTTPAccessEnabled and ScheduleEventsAndReportDeliveryEnabled.

    • 在報表伺服器電腦上,關閉 ReportManagerEnabledOn the Report Server computer, turn off ReportManagerEnabled.

如需關閉功能的詳細資訊,請參閱 開啟或關閉 Reporting Services 功能For more information about turning off features, see Turn Reporting Services Features On or Off.

自訂樣式或應用程式標題Customize Styles or Application Title

MicrosoftMicrosoft 不支援自訂報表管理員的樣式表。does not support customization of the Report Manager style sheets. 不過,如果您具備 Web 開發的專業知識,就可以修改這些樣式,但風險自負。However, if you have expertise in Web development, you can modify the styles at your own risk. 如需哪些檔案包含樣式資訊的詳細資訊,請參閱 自訂 HTML 檢視器及報表管理員的樣式表For more information about which files contain style information, see Customize Style Sheets for HTML Viewer and Report Manager.

報表管理員具有顯示在頁面頂端的應用程式標題。Report Manager has an application title that appears at the top of the page. 根據預設,這個標題是 SQL Server Reporting ServicesBy default, the title is SQL Server Reporting Services. 您可以自訂這個標題。This title can be customized. 若要變更此標題,請使用報表管理員中的 [站台設定] 頁面。To change the title, use the Site Settings page in Report Manager. 若要在報表管理員中修改應用程式設定,您必須被指派至 [系統管理員] 角色,才能設定 [站台設定] 頁面上的屬性。To modify application settings in Report Manager, you must be assigned to the System Administrator role to set properties on the Site Settings page. 若要檢視應用程式標題,使用者必須被指派至 [系統使用者] 角色。To view the application title, users must be assigned to the System User role.

修改應用程式標題To modify application title

  1. 使用被指派報表伺服器之 [系統管理員] 權限的帳戶來登入。Log on using an account that is assigned System Administrator permissions on the report server.

  2. 開啟 Internet Explorer。Open Internet Explorer.

  3. 輸入報表管理員 URL。Enter the Report Manager URL. 根據預設,它是 http://<您的伺服器名稱>/reports,但是如果您將 Reporting Services 安裝成具名執行個體,預設 URL 就是 http://<您的伺服器名稱>/reports< _執行個體名稱>。By default, it is http://<your-server-name>/reports, but if you installed Reporting Services as a named instance, the default URL will be http://<your-server-name>/reports<_instancename>.

  4. 按一下 [站台設定]Click Site Settings.

  5. 在 [一般] 索引標籤的 [名稱] 中,將 SQL Server Reporting Services 取代成不同的名稱。On the General tab, in Name, replace SQL Server Reporting Services with a different name.

  6. 按一下 [套用]Click Apply.

Turn Off Report ManagerTurn Off Report Manager

如果您擁有提供對等功能的自訂應用程式,或者您要使用不同服務執行個體的報表管理員應用程式,就可以關閉報表管理員。You can turn off Report Manager if you have a custom application that provides equivalent functionality or if you are using the Report Manager application of a different service instance. 若要關閉報表管理員,您可以修改 RSReportServer.config 檔。To turn off Report Manager, you can modify the RSReportServer.config file.

關閉報表管理員To turn off Report Manager

  1. 在文字編輯器中開啟 RSReportServer.config 檔。Open the RSReportServer.config file in a text editor. 根據預設,它是位於 \Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSRS11 項目。< instancename> services\reportserver。By default, it is located at \Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSRS11.<instancename>\Reporting Services\ReportServer.

  2. 尋找 IsReportManagerEnabledFind IsReportManagerEnabled.

  3. 將此值設定為 FalseSet the value to False.

  4. 儲存您的變更,然後關閉檔案。Save your changes and close the file.

如需如何修改組態檔的詳細資訊,請參閱修改 Reporting Services 組態檔 (RSreportserver.config)For more information about how to modify the configuration file, see Modify a Reporting Services Configuration File (RSreportserver.config). 如需停用 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 中功能的詳細資訊,請參閱開啟或關閉 Reporting Services 功能For more information about disabling features in Reporting ServicesReporting Services, see Turn Reporting Services Features On or Off.

另請參閱See Also

報表管理員 (SSRS 原生模式) Report Manager (SSRS Native Mode)
規劃 Reporting Services 和 Power View 瀏覽器支援(Reporting Services 2014) Planning for Reporting Services and Power View Browser Support (Reporting Services 2014)
設定 URL (SSRS 組態管理員) Configure a URL (SSRS Configuration Manager)
驗證 Reporting Services 安裝 Verify a Reporting Services Installation
自訂 HTML 檢視器及報表管理員的樣式表 Customize Style Sheets for HTML Viewer and Report Manager
開啟或關閉 Reporting Services 功能 Turn Reporting Services Features On or Off
管理 Reporting Services 原生模式報表伺服器 Manage a Reporting Services Native Mode Report Server
RSReportServer 組態檔 RSReportServer Configuration File
設定原生模式報表伺服器進行本機管理 (SSRS)Configure a Native Mode Report Server for Local Administration (SSRS)