建立新的 SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集 (安裝程式)Create a New SQL Server Failover Cluster (Setup)

若要安裝或升級 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集,您必須在容錯移轉叢集的每個節點上執行安裝程式。To install or upgrade a [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster, you must run the Setup program on each node of the failover cluster. 若要將節點加入至現有的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集,您必須在要加入至 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集執行個體的節點上執行 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式。To add a node to an existing [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster, you must run [SQL Server]SQL Server Setup on the node that is to be added to the [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster instance. 請勿在使用中節點上執行安裝程式來管理其他節點。Do not run Setup on the active node to manage the other nodes.

視節點叢集的方式而定, [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集會以下列方式設定:Depending on how the nodes are clustered, the [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster is configured in the following ways:

  • 相同子網路上的節點或子網路的相同集合 - 針對這些組態類型,IP 位址資源相依性會設定為 AND。Nodes on the same subnet or the same set of subnets - The IP address resource dependency is set to AND for these types of configurations.

  • 在不同子網路上的節點 - IP 位址資源相依性會設定為 OR,而且這個組態稱為 [SQL Server]SQL Server 多重子網路容錯移轉叢集組態。Nodes on different subnets - The IP address resource dependency is set to OR and this configuration is called a [SQL Server]SQL Server multi-subnet failover cluster configuration. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 SQL Server 多重子網路叢集 (SQL Server)For more information, see SQL Server Multi-Subnet Clustering (SQL Server).

下列選項適用於 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集安裝:The following options are available for [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster installation:

選項 1:整合式安裝與新增節點Option1: Integration Installation with Add Node

[SQL Server]SQL Server 整合式容錯移轉叢集安裝包含以下步驟:integrated failover cluster installation consists of the following steps:

  • 建立並設定單一節點的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集執行個體。Create and configure a single-node [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster instance. 當您成功地設定節點時,您就擁有可完整運作的容錯移轉叢集執行個體。When you configure the node successfully, you have a fully functional failover cluster instance. 此時,它沒有高可用性,因為容錯移轉叢集中只有一個節點。At this point, it does not have high availability because there is only one node in the failover cluster.

  • 在要加入至 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集的每個節點上,使用「加入節點」功能來執行安裝程式,以便加入該節點。On each node to be added to the [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster, run Setup with Add Node functionality to add that node.

    • 如果您要加入的節點有其他或不同的子網路,安裝程式可讓您指定其他 IP 位址。If the node you are adding has additional or different subnets, Setup allows you to specify additional IP addresses. 如果您要加入的節點位於不同的子網路上,您也需要確認 IP 位址資源相依性變更為 OR。If the node you are adding is on a different subnet, you also need to confirm the IP address resource dependency change to OR. 如需加入節點作業期間可能之不同案例的詳細資訊,請參閱在 SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集中新增或移除節點 (安裝程式)For more information on the different possible scenarios during Add Node operations, see Add or Remove Nodes in a SQL Server Failover Cluster (Setup).

選項 2:進階/企業型安裝Option 2: Advanced/Enterprise Installation

[SQL Server]SQL Server 進階/企業型容錯移轉叢集安裝包含以下步驟:Advanced/Enterprise failover cluster installation consists of the following steps:

  • 在新 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集可能的擁有者之每一個節點上,遵循< 準備>一節所列的「準備容錯移轉叢集」安裝步驟。On each node that is a possible owner of the new [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster, follow the Prepare Failover Cluster setup steps that are listed in the Prepare section. 當您在某個節點上執行「準備容錯移轉叢集」之後,安裝程式就會建立 Configuration.ini 檔案,這個檔會列出您所指定的所有設定。After you run the Prepare Failover Cluster on one node, Setup creates the Configuration.ini file that lists all the settings that you specified. 在要準備的其他節點上,您可以提供第一個節點中自動產生的 Configuration.ini 檔案當做安裝程式命令列的輸入,而不必遵循這些步驟。On the additional nodes to be prepared, instead of following these steps, you can supply the autogenerated Configuration.ini file from first node as an input to the Setup command line. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱使用設定檔安裝 SQL Server 2014For more information, see Install SQL Server 2014 Using a Configuration File. 雖然這個步驟會準備即將建立叢集的節點,不過在這個步驟結束時,不會提供任何可運作的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 執行個體。This step prepares the nodes ready to be clustered, but there is no operational instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server at the end of this step.

  • 節點已備妥且可供叢集後,請在備妥的其中一個節點上執行安裝程式。After the nodes are prepared for clustering, run Setup on one of the prepared nodes. 這個步驟會設定並完成容錯移轉叢集執行個體。This step configures and finishes the failover cluster instance. 當這個步驟結束時,您將會擁有可操作的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集執行個體,而且之前為該執行個體備妥的所有節點都可能是新建之 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集的擁有者。At the end of this step, you will have an operational [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster instance and all the nodes that were prepared previously for that instance will be the possible owners of the newly-created [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster.

    如果您正在叢集位於多個子網路上的節點,安裝程式將會偵測跨越所有節點之所有子網路的聯集,而這些節點都會具有 [SQL Server]SQL Server 備妥的容錯移轉叢集執行個體。If you are clustering nodes on multiple subnets, Setup will detect the union of all the subnets across all nodes that have the [SQL Server]SQL Server prepared failover cluster instance. 您將可以為子網路指定多個 IP 位址。You will be able to specify multiple IP addresses for the subnets. 每個備妥的節點都至少必須是一個 IP 位址的可能擁有者。Each prepared node must be the possible owner of at least one IP address.

    如果所有備妥的節點上都可支援針對子網路指定的每個 IP 位址,相依性會設定為 AND。If each of the IP addresses specified for the subnets are supported on all the prepared nodes, the dependency is set to AND.

    如果不是所有備妥的節點上都可支援針對子網路指定的每個 IP 位址,相依性會設定為 OR。If each of the IP addresses specified for the subnets are not supported on all the prepared nodes, the dependency is set to OR. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 SQL Server 多重子網路叢集 (SQL Server)For more information, see SQL Server Multi-Subnet Clustering (SQL Server).

    注意

    完整容錯移轉叢集會要求基礎 Windows 容錯移轉叢集必須存在。Complete Failover Cluster requires that the underlying Windows failover cluster exists. 如果 Windows 容錯移轉叢集不存在,安裝程式將會提供錯誤並結束。If the Windows failover cluster does not exist, Setup gives an error and exits.

如需如何在現有容錯移轉叢集執行個體中加入或移除節點的詳細資訊,請參閱在 SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集中新增或移除節點 (安裝程式)For more information about how to add nodes to or remove nodes from an existing failover cluster instance, see Add or Remove Nodes in a SQL Server Failover Cluster (Setup).

如需遠端安裝的詳細資訊,請參閱支援的版本與版本升級For more information about remote installation, see Supported Version and Edition Upgrades.

如需有關在 Windows 容錯移轉叢集中安裝 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 的詳細資訊,請參閱< 如何將 SQL Server Analysis Services 叢集化>。For more information about installing Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in a Windows failover cluster, see How to Cluster SQL Server Analysis Services.

先決條件Prerequisites

開始之前,請先檢視下列《 [SQL Server]SQL Server 線上叢書》主題:Before you begin, review the following [SQL Server]SQL Server Books Online topics:

注意

執行 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式之前,請記下叢集管理員中的共用磁碟機位置。Take note of the location of the shared drive in the Cluster Administrator before you run [SQL Server]SQL Server Setup. 您必須擁有這項資訊,才能建立新的容錯移轉叢集。You must have this information to create a new failover cluster.

若要使用整合式安裝與加入節點來安裝新的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集To install a new [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster using Integrated Install with Add Node.

  1. 插入 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝媒體,然後在根資料夾中,按兩下 Setup.exe。Insert the [SQL Server]SQL Server installation media, and from the root folder, double-click Setup.exe. 若要從網路共用區進行安裝,請瀏覽到共用區上的根資料夾,然後按兩下 Setup.exe。To install from a network share, browse to the root folder on the share, and then double-click Setup.exe. 如需有關如何安裝必要元件的詳細資訊,請參閱< Before Installing Failover Clustering>。For more information about how to install prerequisites, see Before Installing Failover Clustering.

  2. 安裝精靈會啟動 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝中心。The Installation Wizard starts the [SQL Server]SQL Server Installation Center. 若要建立新的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 叢集安裝,請在安裝頁面上按一下 新的 [SQL Server]SQL Server [容錯移轉叢集安裝]。To create a new cluster installation of [SQL Server]SQL Server, click New [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster installation on the installation page.

  3. 系統組態檢查會在電腦上執行探索作業。The System Configuration Checker runs a discovery operation on your computer. 若要繼續,請 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.To continue, 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.. 您可以按一下 [顯示詳細資料] 在畫面上檢視詳細資料,或是按一下 [檢視詳細資料報表] 來以 HTML 報表形式檢視詳細資料。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  4. 若要繼續進行,請按 [下一步]To continue, click Next.

  5. 在 [安裝程式支援檔案] 頁面上,按一下 [安裝] ,即可安裝安裝程式支援檔案。On the Setup Support Files page, click Install to install the Setup support files.

  6. 系統組態檢查將會先確認電腦的系統狀態,然後安裝程式才會繼續進行。The System Configuration Checker verifies the system state of your computer before Setup continues. 檢查完成之後,請按 [下一步] 繼續進行。After the check is complete, click Next to continue. 您可以按一下 [顯示詳細資料] 在畫面上檢視詳細資料,或是按一下 [檢視詳細資料報表] 來以 HTML 報表形式檢視詳細資料。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  7. 在 [產品金鑰] 頁面上,指出您要安裝免費的 [SQL Server]SQL Server版本,還是您擁有產品之實際執行版本的 PID 金鑰。On the Product key page, indicate whether you are installing a free edition of [SQL Server]SQL Server, or whether you have a PID key for a production version of the product. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱SQL Server 2014 的版本和元件For more information, see Editions and Components of SQL Server 2014.

  8. 在 [授權條款] 頁面上,閱讀授權合約,然後選取要接受授權條款和條件的核取方塊。On the License Terms page, read the license agreement, and then select the check box to accept the license terms and conditions. 若要協助提升 [SQL Server]SQL Server,您也可以啟用功能使用方式選項,並傳送報告給 MicrosoftMicrosoftTo help improve [SQL Server]SQL Server, you can also enable the feature usage option and send reports to MicrosoftMicrosoft. [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue. 若要結束安裝程式,請按一下 [取消]To end Setup, click Cancel.

  9. 在 [特徵選取] 頁面上,選取要安裝的元件。On the Feature Selection page, select the components for your installation. 當您選取功能名稱之後,每一個元件群組的描述就會出現在右窗格中。A description for each component group appears in the right pane after you select the feature name. 雖然您可以選取任何核取方塊的組合,但是只有表格式模式中的 Database EngineDatabase EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 及多維度模式中的 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 支援容錯移轉叢集。You can select any combination of check boxes, but only Database EngineDatabase Engine, Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in tabular mode, and Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in multidimensional mode support failover clustering. 其他選取的元件將會當做獨立功能來執行,而在您執行安裝程式的目前節點上則沒有任何容錯移轉功能。Other selected components will run as a stand-alone feature without failover capability on the current node that you are running Setup on. 如需 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 節點的詳細資訊,請參閱 判斷 Analysis Services 執行個體的伺服器模式For more information on Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services modes, see Determine the Server Mode of an Analysis Services Instance.

    右窗格會顯示選取功能的必要條件。The prerequisites for the selected features are displayed on the right-hand pane. [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式將會在這個程序稍後說明的安裝步驟期間安裝尚未安裝的必要條件。Setup will install the prerequisite that are not already installed during the installation step described later in this procedure.

    您可以使用此頁面底部的欄位來指定共用元件的自訂目錄。You can specify a custom directory for shared components by using the field at the bottom of this page. 若要變更共用元件的安裝路徑,請在對話方塊底部提供的欄位中更新路徑,或是按一下省略符號按鈕,導覽至安裝目錄。To change the installation path for shared components, either update the path in the field provided at the bottom of the dialog box, or click the ellipsis button to browse to an installation directory. 預設安裝路徑為 C:\Program Files\MicrosoftMicrosoft[SQL Server]SQL Server \。The default installation path is C:\Program Files\MicrosoftMicrosoft[SQL Server]SQL Server \.

    [SQL Server]SQL Server 也支援在伺服器訊息區塊 (SMB) 檔案共用上安裝系統資料庫 (Master、Model、MSDB 和 TempDB) 與 Database EngineDatabase Engine 使用者資料庫。also supports installing system databases (Master, Model, MSDB, and TempDB), and Database EngineDatabase Engine user databases on a Server Message Block (SMB) file share. 如需使用 SMB 檔案共用安裝 [SQL Server]SQL Server 作為儲存體的詳細資訊,請參閱 將 SQL Server 與 SMB Fileshare 當作儲存選項一起安裝For more information on installing [SQL Server]SQL Server with SMB file share as a storage, see Install SQL Server with SMB Fileshare as a Storage Option.

    共用元件的指定路徑必須是絕對路徑。The path specified for the shared components must be an absolute path. 資料夾不可以為壓縮或加密資料夾。The folder must not be compressed or encrypted. 不支援使用對應磁碟機。Mapped drives are not supported. 如果您在 64 位元的作業系統上安裝 [SQL Server]SQL Server ,將會看到下列選項:If you are installing [SQL Server]SQL Server on a 64-bit operating system, you will see the following options:

    1. 共用功能目錄Shared feature directory

    2. 共用功能目錄 (x86)Shared feature directory (x86)

    針對上述每個選項所指定的路徑必須是不同的。The path specified for each of the above options must be different.

    注意

    當您選取 Database EngineDatabase Engine Services 功能時,將會自動選取複寫和全文檢索搜尋。When you select the Database EngineDatabase Engine Services feature, both replication and full-text search are selected automatically. 當您選取 Database EngineDatabase Engine Services 功能時,也會選取 Data Quality Services (DQS)。Data Quality Services (DQS) is also selected when you select the Database EngineDatabase Engine Services feature. 取消選取任何子功能也會取消選取 Database EngineDatabase Engine Services 功能。Unselecting any of these subfeatures also unselects the Database EngineDatabase Engine Services feature.

  10. [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式會依據您選取的功能執行一組額外的規則,以驗證您的組態。setup runs one more set of rules that are based on the features you selected to validate your configuration.

  11. 在 [執行個體組態] 頁面上,請指定要安裝預設或具名執行個體。On the Instance Configuration page, specify whether to install a default or a named instance. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱< Instance Configuration>。For more information, see Instance Configuration.

    [SQL Server]SQL Server網路名稱 - 針對新的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集執行個體指定網路名稱。[SQL Server]SQL Server Network Name - Specify a network name for the new [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster. 這是在網路上用來識別容錯移轉叢集的名稱。This is the name that is used to identify your failover cluster on the network.

    注意

    這在舊版的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集中稱為虛擬 [SQL Server]SQL Server 名稱。This is known as the virtual [SQL Server]SQL Server name in earlier versions of [SQL Server]SQL Server failover clusters.

    執行個體識別碼 :依預設,此執行個體名稱會當作執行個體識別碼使用。Instance ID - By default, the instance name is used as the Instance ID. 這是用來識別 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體的安裝目錄和登錄機碼。This is used to identify installation directories and registry keys for your instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 這是預設執行個體和具名執行個體的狀況。This is the case for default instances and named instances. 如果是預設執行個體,執行個體名稱和執行個體識別碼將會是 MSSQLSERVER。For a default instance, the instance name and instance ID would be MSSQLSERVER. 若要使用非預設的執行個體識別碼,請選取 [執行個體識別碼] 方塊並提供值。To use a nondefault instance ID, select the Instance ID box and provide a value.

    注意

    標準的獨立 [SQL Server]SQL Server 執行個體 (不論是預設還是具名執行個體) 都不會針對 [執行個體識別碼] 方塊使用非預設的值。Typical stand-alone instances of [SQL Server]SQL Server, whether default or named instances, do not use a nondefault value for the Instance ID box.

    執行個體根目錄 - 依預設,執行個體根目錄為 C:\Program Files\MicrosoftMicrosoft[SQL Server]SQL Server\。Instance root directory - By default, the instance root directory is C:\Program Files\MicrosoftMicrosoft[SQL Server]SQL Server\. 若要指定非預設的根目錄,請使用提供的欄位,或是按一下省略符號按鈕找出安裝資料夾。To specify a nondefault root directory, use the field provided, or click the ellipsis button to locate an installation folder.

    在這部電腦上偵測到 [SQL Server]SQL Server 執行個體和功能 - 此方格會顯示執行安裝程式之電腦上的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 執行個體。Detected [SQL Server]SQL Server instances and features on this computer - The grid shows instances of [SQL Server]SQL Server that are on the computer where Setup is running. 如果預設執行個體已經安裝在電腦上,您就必須安裝 [SQL Server]SQL Server 的具名執行個體。If a default instance is already installed on the computer, you must install a named instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

  12. 使用 [叢集資源群組] 頁面,即可指定即將放置 [SQL Server]SQL Server 虛擬伺服器資源的叢集資源群組名稱。Use the Cluster Resource Group page to specify the cluster resource group name where [SQL Server]SQL Server virtual server resources will be located. 若要指定 [SQL Server]SQL Server 叢集資源群組名稱,您有兩個選擇:To specify the [SQL Server]SQL Server cluster resource group name, you have two options:

    • 使用下拉式方塊來指定要使用的現有群組。Use the drop-down box to specify an existing group to use.

    • 輸入要建立之新群組的名稱。Type the name of a new group to create. 請注意,"Available storage" 名稱不是有效的群組名稱。Be aware that the name "Available storage" is not a valid group name.

  13. 在 [叢集磁碟選取] 頁面上,選取 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集的共用叢集磁碟資源。On the Cluster Disk Selection page, select the shared cluster disk resource for your [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster. 叢集磁碟就是即將放置 [SQL Server]SQL Server 資料的位置。The cluster disk is where the [SQL Server]SQL Server data will be put. 可以指定一個以上的磁碟。More than one disk can be specified. [可用共用磁碟] 方格會顯示可用磁碟的清單、每個磁碟是否具有成為共用磁碟的資格,以及每個磁碟資源的描述。The Available shared disks grid displays a list of available disks, whether each is qualified as a shared disk, and a description of each disk resource. [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

    注意

    第一個磁碟機會當做所有資料庫的預設磁碟機使用,但是可以在 Database EngineDatabase EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 組態頁面上變更。The first drive is used as the default drive for all databases, but can be changed on the Database EngineDatabase Engine or Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services configuration pages.

    在 [叢集磁碟選取] 頁面上,如果您要使用 SMB 檔案共用做為資料夾,可以選擇性地略過選取任何共用磁碟。On the Cluster Disk Selection page, you can optionally skip selecting any shared disk if you want to use SMB fileshare as a data folder.

  14. 在 [叢集網路組態] 頁面上,指定容錯移轉叢集執行個體的網路資源:On the Cluster Network Configuration page, specify the network resources for your failover cluster instance:

    • 網路設定 :指定容錯移轉叢集執行個體的 IP 類型和 IP 位址。Network Settings - Specify the IP type and IP address for your failover cluster instance.

    [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

  15. 使用此頁面來指定叢集安全性原則。Use this page to specify Cluster Security Policy.

    • Windows Server 2008Windows Server 2008 及更新版本 - 服務 SID (伺服器安全性識別碼) 是建議的設定,也是預設設定。and later versions - Service SIDs (server security IDs) are the recommended and default setting. 沒有任何將此設定變更為安全性群組的選項。There is no option for changing this to security groups. 如需 Windows Server 2008Windows Server 2008上服務 SID 功能的資訊,請參閱 設定 Windows 服務帳戶與權限For information about service SIDs functionality on Windows Server 2008Windows Server 2008, see Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions. 這已經在 Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2的獨立和叢集設定中測試過。This has been tested in standalone and cluster setup on Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2.

    • Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003上,請指定 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務的網域群組。On Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003, specify domain groups for [SQL Server]SQL Server services. 所有資源權限都是由包含 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務帳戶當做群組成員的網域層級群組所控制。All resource permissions are controlled by domain-level groups that include [SQL Server]SQL Server service accounts as group members.

    [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

  16. 本主題其餘部分的工作流程會因您針對安裝所指定的功能而不同。Work flow for the rest of this topic depends on the features that you have specified for your installation. 您可能不會看到所有頁面,端視您的選取項目而定 (Database EngineDatabase EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis ServicesReporting ServicesReporting Services)。You might not see all the pages, depending on your selections (Database EngineDatabase Engine, Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services, and Reporting ServicesReporting Services).

  17. 在 [伺服器設定 - 服務帳戶] 頁面中,指定 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務的登入帳戶。On the Server Configuration - Service Accounts page, specify login accounts for [SQL Server]SQL Server services. 在這個頁面上所設定的實際服務隨著您選取要安裝的功能而不同。The actual services that are configured on this page depend on the features that you selected to install.

    您可以將相同登入帳戶指派給所有 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務,或個別設定每一個服務帳戶。You can assign the same login account to all [SQL Server]SQL Server services, or you can configure each service account individually. 啟動類型針對所有可識別叢集服務是設為手動,其中包括全文檢索搜尋及 [SQL Server]SQL Server 代理程式,並且在安裝期間無法進行變更。The startup type is set to manual for all cluster-aware services, including full-text search and [SQL Server]SQL Server Agent, and cannot be changed during installation. MicrosoftMicrosoft 建議您個別設定服務帳戶,以針對各項服務提供最低權限,其中 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務會授與必須完成工作的最小權限。recommends that you configure service accounts individually to provide least privileges for each service, where [SQL Server]SQL Server services are granted the minimum permissions they have to have complete their tasks. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 伺服器組態 - 服務帳戶設定 Windows 服務帳戶與權限For more information, see Server Configuration - Service Accounts and Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions.

    若要針對此 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體中的所有服務帳戶指定相同的登入帳戶,請在頁面底部的欄位中提供認證。To specify the same logon account for all service accounts in this instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server, provide credentials in the fields at the bottom of the page.

    安全性注意事項 請勿使用空白密碼。Do not use a blank password. 請使用增強式密碼。Use a strong password.Security Note 請勿使用空白密碼。Do not use a blank password. 請使用增強式密碼。Use a strong password.

    當您完成針對 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務指定登入資訊之後,請按 [下一步]When you are finished specifying login information for [SQL Server]SQL Server services, click Next.

  18. 使用 [伺服器組態 - 定序] 索引標籤,為 Database EngineDatabase EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 指定非預設的定序。Use the Server Configuration - Collation tab to specify nondefault collations for the Database EngineDatabase Engine and Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱伺服器組態 - 定序For more information, see Server Configuration - Collation.

  19. 使用 Database EngineDatabase Engine [組態 - 帳戶提供] 頁面來指定以下項目:Use the Database EngineDatabase Engine Configuration - Account Provisioning page to specify the following:

    • 安全性模式 - 為 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體選取 Windows 驗證或混合模式驗證。Security Mode - select Windows Authentication or Mixed Mode Authentication for your instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 如果您選取混合模式驗證,就必須為內建 [SQL Server]SQL Server 系統管理員帳戶提供增強式密碼。If you select Mixed Mode Authentication, you must provide a strong password for the built-in [SQL Server]SQL Server system administrator account.

      當裝置與 [SQL Server]SQL Server建立成功的連接之後,Windows 驗證和混合模式的安全性機制是相同的。After a device establishes a successful connection to [SQL Server]SQL Server, the security mechanism is the same for both Windows Authentication and Mixed Mode. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱資料庫引擎設定-帳戶提供For more information, see Database Engine Configuration - Account Provisioning.

    • [SQL Server]SQL Server 管理員 - 您在 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體上至少必須指定一個系統管理員。Administrators - You must specify at least one system administrator for the instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 若要加入 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式執行所用的帳戶,請按一下 [加入目前使用者]To add the account under which [SQL Server]SQL Server Setup is running, click Add Current User. 若要從系統管理員清單中加入或移除帳戶,請按一下 [加入][移除] ,然後編輯在 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體中將會有管理員權限的使用者、群組或電腦清單。To add or remove accounts from the list of system administrators, click Add or Remove, and then edit the list of users, groups, or computers that will have administrator privileges for the instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱資料庫引擎設定-帳戶提供For more information, see Database Engine Configuration - Account Provisioning.

    當您完成清單的編輯之後,請 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.When you are finished editing the list, 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.. 然後,在組態對話方塊中確認管理員的清單。Verify the list of administrators in the configuration dialog box. 當此清單完成時,請按 [下一步]When the list is complete, click Next.

  20. 使用 Database EngineDatabase Engine [組態 - 資料目錄] 頁面來指定非預設的安裝目錄。Use the Database EngineDatabase Engine Configuration - Data Directories page to specify nondefault installation directories. 若要安裝到預設目錄,請按 [下一步]To install to default directories, click Next.

    重要

    如果您要指定非預設的安裝目錄,請確定安裝資料夾對於此 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體是唯一的。If you specify nondefault installation directories, make sure that the installation folders are unique to this instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 此對話方塊上的任何目錄都不應該與其他 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體中的目錄共用。None of the directories in this dialog box should be shared with directories from other instances of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 資料目錄應該位於容錯移轉叢集的共用叢集磁碟上。The data directories should be located on the shared cluster disk for the failover cluster.

    注意

    若要指定伺服器訊息區塊 (SMB) 檔案伺服器作為資料目錄,請將 [預設資料根目錄] 設為 \\伺服器名稱\共用名稱\... 格式的檔案共用To specify a Server Message Block (SMB) file server as the Data Directory, set default data root directory to the fileshare of the format \\Servername\ShareName\...

    如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Database Engine 組態 - 資料目錄For more information, see Database Engine Configuration - Data Directories.

  21. 使用 [ Database EngineDatabase Engine 組態 - FILESTREAM] 頁面來針對 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體啟用 FILESTREAM。Use the Database EngineDatabase Engine Configuration - FILESTREAM page to enable FILESTREAM for your instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 如需 FILESTREAM 的詳細資訊,請參閱 Database Engine 組態 - FilestreamFor more information about FILESTREAM, see Database Engine Configuration - Filestream. [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

  22. 使用 [Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 組態 - 帳戶提供] 頁面來指定即將擁有 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 之管理員權限的使用者或帳戶。Use the Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services Configuration - Account Provisioning page to specify users or accounts that will have administrator permissions for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 您至少必須針對 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services指定一個系統管理員。You must specify at least one system administrator for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 若要加入 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式執行所用的帳戶,請按一下 [加入目前使用者]To add the account under which [SQL Server]SQL Server Setup is running, click Add Current User. 若要在系統管理員清單中加入或移除帳戶,請按一下 [加入][移除] ,然後編輯在 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services中將會有管理員權限的使用者、群組或電腦清單。To add or remove accounts from the list of system administrators, click Add or Remove, and then edit the list of users, groups, or computers that will have administrator privileges for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Analysis Services 組態 - 帳戶提供For more information, see Analysis Services Configuration - Account Provisioning.

    當您完成清單的編輯之後,請按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.When you are finished editing the list, 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.. 然後,在組態對話方塊中確認管理員的清單。Verify the list of administrators in the configuration dialog box. 當此清單完成時,請按 [下一步]When the list is complete, click Next.

  23. 使用 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services [組態 - 資料目錄] 頁面來指定非預設的安裝目錄。Use the Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services Configuration - Data Directories page to specify nondefault installation directories. 若要安裝到預設目錄,請按 [下一步]To install to default directories, click Next.

    重要

    如果您要指定非預設的安裝目錄,請確定安裝資料夾對於此 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體是唯一的。If you specify nondefault installation directories, make sure that the installation folders are unique to this instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 此對話方塊上的任何目錄都不應該與其他 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體中的目錄共用。None of the directories in this dialog box should be shared with directories from other instances of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 資料目錄應該位於容錯移轉叢集的共用叢集磁碟上。The data directories should be located on the shared cluster disk for the failover cluster.

    如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Analysis Services 組態 - 資料目錄For more information, see Analysis Services Configuration - Data Directories.

  24. 使用 Reporting ServicesReporting Services [組態] 頁面來指定要建立的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 安裝類型。Use the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration page to specify the kind of Reporting ServicesReporting Services installation to create. 如果是容錯移轉叢集安裝,此選項會設定為未設定的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 安裝。For failover cluster installation, the option is set to Unconfigured Reporting ServicesReporting Services installation. 在您完成安裝之後,必須設定 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 服務。You must configure Reporting ServicesReporting Services services after you complete the installation.

    如需 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 組態模式的詳細資訊,請參閱 Reporting Services 組態選項 (SSRS)For more information about Reporting ServicesReporting Services configuration modes, see Reporting Services Configuration Options (SSRS).

  25. 系統組態檢查將會執行一組額外的規則,以便使用您已指定的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 功能來驗證組態。The System Configuration Checker runs one more set of rules to validate your configuration with the [SQL Server]SQL Server features that you have specified.

  26. [準備安裝] 頁面會顯示在安裝期間指定之安裝選項的樹狀檢視。The Ready to Install page displays a tree view of installation options that were specified during Setup. 若要繼續,請按一下 [安裝]To continue, click Install. 安裝程式會先安裝選取功能所需的必要條件,之後再進行功能安裝。Setup will first install the required prerequisites for the selected features followed by the feature installation.

  27. 在安裝期間,[安裝進度] 頁面會提供狀態,好讓您可以在安裝程式進行時監視安裝進度。During installation, the Installation Progress page provides status so that you can monitor installation progress as Setup continues.

  28. 安裝之後, [完成] 頁面會提供安裝和其他重要注意事項之摘要記錄檔的連結。After installation, the Complete page provides a link to the summary log file for the installation and other important notes. 若要完成 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程序,請按一下 [關閉]To complete the [SQL Server]SQL Server installation process, click Close.

  29. 如果指示您重新啟動電腦,請立刻執行。If you are instructed to restart the computer, do so now. 當您完成安裝時,請務必閱讀安裝精靈所提供的訊息。It is important to read the message from the Installation Wizard when you have finished with Setup. 如需安裝程式記錄檔的詳細資訊,請參閱 檢視與讀取 SQL Server 安裝程式記錄檔For information about Setup log files, see View and Read SQL Server Setup Log Files.

  30. 若要將節點加入到您剛才建立的單一節點容錯移轉叢集中,請在每一個額外的節點上執行安裝程式,並遵循 AddNode 作業的步驟。To add nodes to the single-node failover you just created, run Setup on each additional node and follow the steps for AddNode operation. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集中新增或移除節點 (安裝程式)For more information, see Add or Remove Nodes in a SQL Server Failover Cluster (Setup).

    注意

    如果您要加入一個以上的節點,可以使用組態檔來部署安裝。If you are adding more than one node, you can use the configuration file to deploy the installations. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱使用設定檔安裝 SQL Server 2014For more information, see Install SQL Server 2014 Using a Configuration File.

    [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集的所有節點中,您都必須安裝相符的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 版本。The [SQL Server]SQL Server edition you are installing must match across all the nodes in a [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster. 當您將新的節點加入到現有的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集時,請確定您有指定此版本與現有容錯移轉叢集的版本相符。When you add a new node to an existing [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster, make sure that you specify that the edition matches the edition of the existing failover cluster.

準備Prepare

進階/企業型容錯移轉叢集安裝步驟 1:準備Advanced/Enterprise Failover Cluster Install Step 1: Prepare

  1. 插入 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝媒體,然後在根資料夾中,按兩下 Setup.exe。Insert the [SQL Server]SQL Server installation media, and from the root folder, double-click Setup.exe. 若要從網路共用區進行安裝,請瀏覽到共用區上的根資料夾,然後按兩下 Setup.exe。To install from a network share, browse to the root folder on the share, and then double-click Setup.exe. 如需有關如何安裝必要元件的詳細資訊,請參閱< Before Installing Failover Clustering>。For more information about how to install prerequisites, see Before Installing Failover Clustering. 如果您之前未安裝必要元件,系統可能會要求您安裝。You may be asked to install the prerequisites, if they are not previously installed.

  2. Windows Installer 4.5 是必要的元件,而且安裝精靈可能會安裝此元件。Windows Installer 4.5 is required, and may be installed by the Installation Wizard. 如果系統提示您重新啟動電腦,請重新啟動,然後再次啟動 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式。If you are prompted to restart your computer, restart and then start [SQL Server]SQL Server Setup again.

  3. 安裝必要元件之後,安裝精靈將會啟動 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝中心。After the prerequisites are installed, the Installation Wizard starts the [SQL Server]SQL Server Installation Center. 若要準備要建立叢集的節點,請移到 [進階] 頁面,然後按一下 [進階叢集準備]To prepare the node for clustering, move to the Advanced page and then click Advanced cluster preparation.

  4. 系統組態檢查會在電腦上執行探索作業。The System Configuration Checker runs a discovery operation on your computer. 若要繼續,請 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.To continue, 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.. 您可以按一下 [顯示詳細資料] 在畫面上檢視詳細資料,或是按一下 [檢視詳細資料報表] 來以 HTML 報表形式檢視詳細資料。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  5. 在 [安裝程式支援檔案] 頁面上,按一下 [安裝] ,即可安裝安裝程式支援檔案。On the Setup Support Files page click Install to install the Setup support files.

  6. 系統組態檢查將會先確認電腦的系統狀態,然後安裝程式才會繼續進行。The System Configuration Checker verifies the system state of your computer before Setup continues. 檢查完成之後,請按 [下一步] 繼續進行。After the check is complete, click Next to continue. 您可以按一下 [顯示詳細資料] 在畫面上檢視詳細資料,或是按一下 [檢視詳細資料報表] 來以 HTML 報表形式檢視詳細資料。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  7. 如果您在當地語系化的作業系統上安裝,而且安裝媒體包含英文以及與作業系統對應之語言的語言套件,您便可以在 [語言選擇] 頁面上指定 [SQL Server]SQL Server 執行個體的語言。On the Language Selection page, you can specify the language for your instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server if you are installing on a localized operating system and the installation media includes language packs for both English and the language corresponding to the operating system. 如需跨語言支援和安裝考量的詳細資訊,請參閱 SQL Server 中的地區語言版本For more information about cross-language support and installation considerations, see Local Language Versions in SQL Server.

    若要繼續進行,請按 [下一步]To continue, click Next.

  8. 在 [產品金鑰] 頁面上,按一下來指出您要安裝免費的 [SQL Server]SQL Server版本,還是您擁有產品之實際執行版本的 PID 金鑰。On the Product key page, click to indicate whether you are installing a free edition of [SQL Server]SQL Server, or whether you have a PID key for a production version of the product. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱SQL Server 2014 的版本和元件For more information, see Editions and Components of SQL Server 2014.

    注意

    您必須在您為相同容錯移轉叢集準備的所有節點上指定相同的產品金鑰。You must specify the same product key on all the nodes that you are preparing for the same failover cluster.

  9. 在 [授權條款] 頁面上,閱讀授權合約,然後選取要接受授權條款和條件的核取方塊。On the License Terms page, read the license agreement, and then select the check box to accept the license terms and conditions. 若要協助提升 [SQL Server]SQL Server,您也可以啟用功能使用方式選項,並傳送報告給 MicrosoftMicrosoftTo help improve [SQL Server]SQL Server, you can also enable the feature usage option and send reports to MicrosoftMicrosoft. [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue. 若要結束安裝程式,請按一下 [取消]To end Setup, click Cancel.

  10. 在 [特徵選取] 頁面上,選取要安裝的元件。On the Feature Selection page, select the components for your installation. 當您選取功能名稱之後,每一個元件群組的描述就會出現在右窗格中。A description for each component group appears in the right pane after you select the feature name. 雖然您可以選取任何核取方塊的組合,但是只有表格式模式中的 Database EngineDatabase EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 及多維度模式中的 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 支援容錯移轉叢集。You can select any combination of check boxes, but only Database EngineDatabase Engine, Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in tabular mode, and Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in multidimensional mode support failover clustering. 其他選取的元件將會當做獨立功能來執行,而在您執行安裝程式的目前節點上則沒有任何容錯移轉功能。Other selected components will run as a stand-alone feature without failover capability on the current node that you are running Setup on. 如需 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 節點的詳細資訊,請參閱 判斷 Analysis Services 執行個體的伺服器模式For more information on Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services modes, see Determine the Server Mode of an Analysis Services Instance.

    右窗格會顯示選取功能的必要條件。The prerequisites for the selected features are displayed on the right-hand pane. [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式將會在這個程序稍後說明的安裝步驟期間安裝尚未安裝的必要條件。Setup will install the prerequisite that are not already installed during the installation step described later in this procedure.

    您可以使用此頁面底部的欄位來指定共用元件的自訂目錄。You can specify a custom directory for shared components by using the field at the bottom of this page. 若要變更共用元件的安裝路徑,請在對話方塊底部提供的欄位中更新路徑,或是按一下省略符號按鈕,導覽至安裝目錄。To change the installation path for shared components, either update the path in the field provided at the bottom of the dialog box, or click the ellipsis button to browse to an installation directory. 預設安裝路徑為 C:\Program Files\MicrosoftMicrosoft[SQL Server]SQL Server\。The default installation path is C:\Program Files\MicrosoftMicrosoft[SQL Server]SQL Server\.

    注意

    當您選取 Database EngineDatabase Engine Services 功能時,將會自動選取複寫和全文檢索搜尋。When you select the Database EngineDatabase Engine Services feature, both replication and full-text search are selected automatically. 取消選取任何子功能也會取消選取 Database EngineDatabase Engine Services 功能。Unselecting any of these subfeatures also unselects the Database EngineDatabase Engine Services feature.

  11. 在 [執行個體組態] 頁面上,請指定要安裝預設或具名執行個體。On the Instance Configuration page, specify whether to install a default or a named instance. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱< Instance Configuration>。For more information, see Instance Configuration.

    執行個體識別碼 :依預設,此執行個體名稱會當作執行個體識別碼使用。Instance ID - By default, the instance name is used as the Instance ID. 這是用來識別 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體的安裝目錄和登錄機碼。This is used to identify installation directories and registry keys for your instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 這是預設執行個體和具名執行個體的狀況。This is the case for default instances and named instances. 如果是預設執行個體,執行個體名稱和執行個體識別碼將會是 MSSQLSERVER。For a default instance, the instance name and instance ID would be MSSQLSERVER. 若要使用非預設的執行個體識別碼,請選取 [執行個體識別碼] 文字方塊並提供值。To use a nondefault instance ID, select the Instance ID text box and provide a value.

    注意

    標準的獨立 [SQL Server]SQL Server 執行個體 (不論是預設還是具名執行個體) 都不會針對 [執行個體識別碼] 文字方塊使用非預設的值。Typical stand-alone instances of [SQL Server]SQL Server, whether default or named instances, do not use a nondefault value for the Instance ID text box.

    重要

    針對容錯移轉叢集預備的所有節點使用相同的執行個體識別碼。Use the same InstanceID for all the nodes that are prepared for the failover cluster

    執行個體根目錄 - 依預設,執行個體根目錄為 C:\Program Files\MicrosoftMicrosoft[SQL Server]SQL Server\。Instance root directory - By default, the instance root directory is C:\Program Files\MicrosoftMicrosoft[SQL Server]SQL Server\. 若要指定非預設的根目錄,請使用提供的欄位,或是按一下省略符號按鈕找出安裝資料夾。To specify a nondefault root directory, use the field provided, or click the ellipsis button to locate an installation folder.

    安裝的執行個體 - 此方格會顯示執行安裝程式之電腦上的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 執行個體。Installed instances - The grid shows instances of [SQL Server]SQL Server that are on the computer where Setup is running. 如果預設執行個體已經安裝在電腦上,您就必須安裝 [SQL Server]SQL Server的具名執行個體。If a default instance is already installed on the computer, you must install a named instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

  12. [磁碟空間需求] 頁面會計算您所指定之功能的所需磁碟空間,並且比較空間需求與執行安裝程式之電腦的可用磁碟空間。The Disk Space Requirements page calculates the required disk space for the features that you specify, and compares requirements to the available disk space on the computer where Setup is running.

  13. 使用此頁面來指定叢集安全性原則。Use this page to specify Cluster Security Policy.

    • Windows Server 2008Windows Server 2008 及更新版本 - 服務 SID (伺服器安全性識別碼) 是建議的設定,也是預設設定。and later versions - Service SIDs (server security IDs) are the recommended and default setting. 沒有任何將此設定變更為安全性群組的選項。There is no option for changing this to security groups. 如需 Windows Server 2008Windows Server 2008上服務 SID 功能的資訊,請參閱 設定 Windows 服務帳戶與權限For information about service SIDs functionality on Windows Server 2008Windows Server 2008, see Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions. 這已經在 Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2的獨立和叢集設定中測試過。This has been tested in standalone and cluster setup on Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2.

    • Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003上,請指定 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務的網域群組。On Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003, specify domain groups for [SQL Server]SQL Server services. 所有資源權限都是由包含 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務帳戶當做群組成員的網域層級群組所控制。All resource permissions are controlled by domain-level groups that include [SQL Server]SQL Server service accounts as group members.

    [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

  14. 本主題其餘部分的工作流程會因您針對安裝所指定的功能而不同。Work flow for the rest of this topic depends on the features that you have specified for your installation. 您可能不會看到所有頁面,端視您的選取項目而定。You might not see all the pages, depending on your selections.

  15. 在 [伺服器設定 - 服務帳戶] 頁面中,指定 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務的登入帳戶。On the Server Configuration - Service Accounts page, specify login accounts for [SQL Server]SQL Server services. 在這個頁面上所設定的實際服務隨著您選取要安裝的功能而不同。The actual services that are configured on this page depend on the features that you selected to install.

    您可以將相同登入帳戶指派給所有 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務,或個別設定每一個服務帳戶。You can assign the same login account to all [SQL Server]SQL Server services, or you can configure each service account individually. 啟動類型針對所有可識別叢集服務是設為手動,其中包括全文檢索搜尋及 [SQL Server]SQL Server 代理程式,並且在安裝期間無法進行變更。The startup type is set to manual for all cluster-aware services, including full-text search and [SQL Server]SQL Server Agent, and cannot be changed during installation. MicrosoftMicrosoft 建議您個別設定服務帳戶,以針對各項服務提供最低權限,其中 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務會授與必須完成工作的最小權限。recommends that you configure service accounts individually to provide least privileges for each service, where [SQL Server]SQL Server services are granted the minimum permissions they have to have complete their tasks. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 伺服器組態 - 服務帳戶設定 Windows 服務帳戶與權限For more information, see Server Configuration - Service Accounts and Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions.

    若要針對此 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體中的所有服務帳戶指定相同的登入帳戶,請在頁面底部的欄位中提供認證。To specify the same logon account for all service accounts in this instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server, provide credentials in the fields at the bottom of the page.

    安全性注意事項 請勿使用空白密碼。Do not use a blank password. 請使用增強式密碼。Use a strong password.Security Note 請勿使用空白密碼。Do not use a blank password. 請使用增強式密碼。Use a strong password.

    當您完成針對 [SQL Server]SQL Server 服務指定登入資訊之後,請按 [下一步]When you are finished specifying login information for [SQL Server]SQL Server services, click Next.

  16. 使用 [伺服器組態 - 定序] 索引標籤,為 Database EngineDatabase EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 指定非預設的定序。Use the Server Configuration - Collation tab to specify nondefault collations for the Database EngineDatabase Engine and Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱伺服器組態 - 定序For more information, see Server Configuration - Collation.

  17. 使用 [Server Configuration - Filestream (伺服器組態 - Filestream)] [SQL Server]SQL Server 可針對 的執行個體啟用 FILESTREAM。Use the Server Configuration - Filestream to enable FILESTREAM for your instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Database Engine 組態 - FilestreamFor more information, see Database Engine Configuration - Filestream. [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

  18. 使用Reporting ServicesReporting Services [組態] 頁面來指定要建立的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 安裝類型。Use the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration page to specify the kind of Reporting ServicesReporting Services installation to create. 如果是容錯移轉叢集安裝,此選項會設定為未設定的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 安裝。For failover cluster installation, the option is set to Unconfigured Reporting ServicesReporting Services installation. 在您完成安裝之後,必須設定 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 服務。You must configure Reporting ServicesReporting Services services after you complete the installation.

    如需 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 組態模式的詳細資訊,請參閱 Reporting Services 組態選項 (SSRS)For more information about Reporting ServicesReporting Services configuration modes, see Reporting Services Configuration Options (SSRS).

  19. 在 [錯誤報告] 頁面上,指定您想要傳送給 MicrosoftMicrosoft 的資訊,這可協助改善 [SQL Server]SQL ServerOn the Error Reporting page, specify the information that you want to send to MicrosoftMicrosoft that will help improve [SQL Server]SQL Server. 錯誤報告選項預設為啟用。By default, options for error reporting is enabled.

  20. 系統組態檢查將會執行一組額外的規則,以便使用您已指定的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 功能來驗證組態。The System Configuration Checker runs one more set of rules to validate your configuration with the [SQL Server]SQL Server features that you have specified.

  21. [準備安裝] 頁面會顯示在安裝期間指定之安裝選項的樹狀檢視。The Ready to Install page displays a tree view of installation options that were specified during Setup. 若要繼續,請按一下 [安裝]To continue, click Install. 安裝程式會先安裝選取功能所需的必要條件,之後再進行功能安裝。Setup will first install the required prerequisites for the selected features followed by the feature installation.

    在安裝期間,[安裝進度] 頁面會提供狀態,好讓您可以在安裝程式進行時監視安裝進度。During installation, the Installation Progress page provides status so that you can monitor installation progress as Setup continues. 安裝之後, [完成] 頁面會提供安裝和其他重要注意事項之摘要記錄檔的連結。After installation, the Complete page provides a link to the summary log file for the installation and other important notes.

  22. 若要完成 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程序,請按一下 [關閉]To complete the [SQL Server]SQL Server installation process, click Close.

  23. 如果指示您重新啟動電腦,請立刻執行。If you are instructed to restart the computer, do so now. 當您完成安裝時,請務必閱讀安裝精靈所提供的訊息。It is important to read the message from the Installation Wizard when you have finished with Setup. 如需安裝程式記錄檔的詳細資訊,請參閱 檢視與讀取 SQL Server 安裝程式記錄檔For information about Setup log files, see View and Read SQL Server Setup Log Files.

  24. 重複上述步驟,為容錯移轉叢集準備其他節點。Repeat the previous steps to prepare the other nodes for the failover cluster. 您也可以使用自動產生的組態檔,在其他節點上執行準備工作。You can also use the autogenerated configuration file to run prepare on the other nodes. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱使用設定檔安裝 SQL Server 2014For more information, see Install SQL Server 2014 Using a Configuration File.

[完成]Complete

進階/企業型容錯移轉叢集安裝步驟 2:[完成]Advanced/Enterprise Failover Cluster Install Step 2: Complete

  1. 在依照 準備步驟中所述的內容來準備所有節點之後,請在其中一個備妥的節點上執行安裝程式,最好是在擁有共用磁碟的節點上執行。After preparing all the nodes as described in the prepare step, run Setup on one of the prepared nodes, preferably the one that owns the shared disk. 在 安裝中心的 [進階] [SQL Server]SQL Server 頁面上,按一下 [進階叢集完成]On the Advanced page of the [SQL Server]SQL Server Installation Center, click Advanced cluster completion.

  2. 系統組態檢查會在電腦上執行探索作業。The System Configuration Checker runs a discovery operation on your computer. 若要繼續,請 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.To continue, 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.. 您可以按一下 [顯示詳細資料] 在畫面上檢視詳細資料,或是按一下 [檢視詳細資料報表] 來以 HTML 報表形式檢視詳細資料。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  3. 在 [安裝程式支援檔案] 頁面上,按一下 [安裝] ,即可安裝安裝程式支援檔案。On the Setup Support Files page, click Install to install the Setup support files.

  4. 系統組態檢查將會先確認電腦的系統狀態,然後安裝程式才會繼續進行。The System Configuration Checker verifies the system state of your computer before Setup continues. 檢查完成之後,請按 [下一步] 繼續進行。After the check is complete, click Next to continue. 您可以按一下 [顯示詳細資料] 在畫面上檢視詳細資料,或是按一下 [檢視詳細資料報表] 來以 HTML 報表形式檢視詳細資料。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  5. 如果您在當地語系化的作業系統上安裝,而且安裝媒體包含英文以及與作業系統對應之語言的語言套件,您便可以在 [語言選擇] 頁面上指定 [SQL Server]SQL Server 執行個體的語言。On the Language Selection page, you can specify the language for your instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server if you are installing on a localized operating system and the installation media includes language packs for both English and the language corresponding to the operating system. 如需跨語言支援和安裝考量的詳細資訊,請參閱 SQL Server 中的地區語言版本For more information about cross-language support and installation considerations, see Local Language Versions in SQL Server.

    若要繼續進行,請按 [下一步]To continue, click Next.

  6. 使用 [叢集節點組態] 頁面來選取準備要建立叢集的執行個體名稱,並針對新的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集指定網路名稱。Use the Cluster node configuration page to select the instance name prepared for clustering, and specify the network name for the new [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster. 這是在網路上用來識別容錯移轉叢集的名稱。This is the name that is used to identify your failover cluster on the network.

    注意

    這在舊版的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集中稱為虛擬 [SQL Server]SQL Server 名稱。This is known as the virtual [SQL Server]SQL Server name in earlier versions of [SQL Server]SQL Server failover clusters.

  7. [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式會依據您選取的功能執行一組額外的規則,以驗證您的組態。setup runs one more set of rules that are based on the features you selected to validate your configuration.

  8. 使用 [叢集資源群組] 頁面,即可指定即將放置 [SQL Server]SQL Server 虛擬伺服器資源的叢集資源群組名稱。Use the Cluster Resource Group page to specify the cluster resource group name where [SQL Server]SQL Server virtual server resources will be located. 若要指定 [SQL Server]SQL Server 叢集資源群組名稱,To specify the [SQL Server]SQL Server cluster resource group name. 您有兩個選項:You have two options:

    • 使用清單來指定要使用的現有群組。Use the list to specify an existing group to use.

    • 輸入要建立之新群組的名稱。Type the name of a new group to create. 請注意,"Available storage" 名稱不是有效的群組名稱。Be aware that the name "Available storage" is not a valid group name.

  9. 在 [叢集磁碟選取] 頁面上,選取 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集的共用叢集磁碟資源。On the Cluster Disk Selection page, select the shared cluster disk resource for your [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster. 叢集磁碟就是即將放置 [SQL Server]SQL Server 資料的位置。The cluster disk is where the [SQL Server]SQL Server data will be put. 可以指定一個以上的磁碟。More than one disk can be specified. [可用共用磁碟] 方格會顯示可用磁碟的清單、每個磁碟是否具有成為共用磁碟的資格,以及每個磁碟資源的描述。The Available shared disks grid displays a list of available disks, whether each is qualified as a shared disk, and a description of each disk resource. [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

    注意

    第一個磁碟機會當做所有資料庫的預設磁碟機使用,但是可以在 Database EngineDatabase EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 組態頁面上變更。The first drive is used as the default drive for all databases, but can be changed on the Database EngineDatabase Engine or Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services configuration pages.

  10. 在 [叢集網路組態] 頁面上,指定容錯移轉叢集執行個體的網路資源:On the Cluster Network Configuration page, specify the network resources for your failover cluster instance:

    • 網路設定 - 針對容錯移轉叢集執行個體的所有節點與子網路指定 IP 類型和 IP 位址。Network Settings - Specify the IP type and IP address for all the nodes and subnets for your failover cluster instance. 您可以針對多重子網路容錯移轉叢集指定多個 IP 位址,但是每個子網路只支援一個 IP 位址。You can specify multiple IP addresses for a multi-subnet failover cluster, but only one IP address per subnet is supported. 每個備妥的節點都至少應該是一個 IP 位址的擁有者。Every prepared node should be an owner of at least one IP address. 如果您的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集具有多個子網路,系統將會提示您將 IP 位址資源相依性設定為 OR。If you have multiple subnets in your [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster, you will be prompted to set the IP address resource dependency to OR.

    [下一步] ,繼續進行。Click Next to continue.

  11. 本主題其餘部分的工作流程會因您針對安裝所指定的功能而不同。Work flow for the rest of this topic depends on the features that you have specified for your installation. 您可能不會看到所有頁面,端視您的選取項目而定。You might not see all the pages, depending on your selections.

  12. 使用 Database EngineDatabase Engine [組態 - 帳戶提供] 頁面來指定以下項目:Use the Database EngineDatabase Engine Configuration - Account Provisioning page to specify the following:

    • 安全性模式 - 為 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體選取 Windows 驗證或混合模式驗證。Security Mode - select Windows Authentication or Mixed Mode Authentication for your instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 如果您選取混合模式驗證,就必須為內建 [SQL Server]SQL Server 系統管理員帳戶提供增強式密碼。If you select Mixed Mode Authentication, you must provide a strong password for the built-in [SQL Server]SQL Server system administrator account.

      當裝置與 [SQL Server]SQL Server建立成功的連接之後,Windows 驗證和混合模式的安全性機制是相同的。After a device establishes a successful connection to [SQL Server]SQL Server, the security mechanism is the same for both Windows Authentication and Mixed Mode. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱資料庫引擎設定-帳戶提供For more information, see Database Engine Configuration - Account Provisioning.

    • [SQL Server]SQL Server 管理員 - 您在 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體上至少必須指定一個系統管理員。Administrators - You must specify at least one system administrator for the instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 若要加入 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式執行所用的帳戶,請按一下 [加入目前使用者]To add the account under which [SQL Server]SQL Server Setup is running, click Add Current User. 若要從系統管理員清單中加入或移除帳戶,請按一下 [加入][移除] ,然後編輯在 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體中將會有管理員權限的使用者、群組或電腦清單。To add or remove accounts from the list of system administrators, click Add or Remove, and then edit the list of users, groups, or computers that will have administrator privileges for the instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱資料庫引擎設定-帳戶提供For more information, see Database Engine Configuration - Account Provisioning.

    當您完成清單的編輯之後,請 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.When you are finished editing the list, 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.. 然後,在組態對話方塊中確認管理員的清單。Verify the list of administrators in the configuration dialog box. 當此清單完成時,請按 [下一步]When the list is complete, click Next.

  13. 使用 Database EngineDatabase Engine [組態 - 資料目錄] 頁面來指定非預設的安裝目錄。Use the Database EngineDatabase Engine Configuration - Data Directories page to specify nondefault installation directories. 若要安裝到預設目錄,請按 [下一步]To install to default directories, click Next.

    重要

    如果您要指定非預設的安裝目錄,請確定安裝資料夾對於此 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體是唯一的。If you specify nondefault installation directories, make sure that the installation folders are unique to this instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 此對話方塊上的任何目錄都不應該與其他 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體中的目錄共用。None of the directories in this dialog box should be shared with directories from other instances of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 資料目錄應該位於容錯移轉叢集的共用叢集磁碟上。The data directories should be located on the shared cluster disk for the failover cluster.

    如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Database Engine 組態 - 資料目錄For more information, see Database Engine Configuration - Data Directories.

  14. 使用 [Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 組態 - 帳戶提供] 頁面來指定即將擁有 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 之管理員權限的使用者或帳戶。Use the Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services Configuration - Account Provisioning page to specify users or accounts that will have administrator permissions for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 您至少必須針對 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services指定一個系統管理員。You must specify at least one system administrator for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 若要加入 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程式執行所用的帳戶,請按一下 [加入目前使用者]To add the account under which [SQL Server]SQL Server Setup is running, click Add Current User. 若要在系統管理員清單中加入或移除帳戶,請按一下 [加入][移除] ,然後編輯在 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services中將會有管理員權限的使用者、群組或電腦清單。To add or remove accounts from the list of system administrators, click Add or Remove, and then edit the list of users, groups, or computers that will have administrator privileges for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Analysis Services 組態 - 帳戶提供For more information, see Analysis Services Configuration - Account Provisioning.

    當您完成清單的編輯之後,請按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.When you are finished editing the list, 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.. 然後,在組態對話方塊中確認管理員的清單。Verify the list of administrators in the configuration dialog box. 當此清單完成時,請按 [下一步]When the list is complete, click Next.

  15. 使用 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services [組態 - 資料目錄] 頁面來指定非預設的安裝目錄。Use the Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services Configuration - Data Directories page to specify nondefault installation directories. 若要安裝到預設目錄,請按 [下一步]To install to default directories, click Next.

    重要

    如果您要指定非預設的安裝目錄,請確定安裝資料夾對於此 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體是唯一的。If you specify nondefault installation directories, make sure that the installation folders are unique to this instance of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 此對話方塊上的任何目錄都不應該與其他 [SQL Server]SQL Server執行個體中的目錄共用。None of the directories in this dialog box should be shared with directories from other instances of [SQL Server]SQL Server. 資料目錄應該位於容錯移轉叢集的共用叢集磁碟上。The data directories should be located on the shared cluster disk for the failover cluster.

    如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Analysis Services 組態 - 資料目錄For more information, see Analysis Services Configuration - Data Directories.

  16. 系統組態檢查將會執行一組額外的規則,以便使用您已指定的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 功能來驗證組態。The System Configuration Checker runs one more set of rules to validate your configuration with the [SQL Server]SQL Server features that you have specified.

  17. [準備安裝] 頁面會顯示在安裝期間指定之安裝選項的樹狀檢視。The Ready to Install page displays a tree view of installation options that were specified during Setup. 若要繼續,請按一下 [安裝]To continue, click Install. 安裝程式會先安裝選取功能所需的必要條件,之後再進行功能安裝。Setup will first install the required prerequisites for the selected features followed by the feature installation.

  18. 在安裝期間,[安裝進度] 頁面會提供狀態,好讓您可以在安裝程式進行時監視安裝進度。During installation, the Installation Progress page provides status so that you can monitor installation progress as Setup continues.

  19. 安裝之後, [完成] 頁面會提供安裝和其他重要注意事項之摘要記錄檔的連結。After installation, the Complete page provides a link to the summary log file for the installation and other important notes. 若要完成 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝程序,請按一下 [關閉]To complete the [SQL Server]SQL Server installation process, click Close. 有了這個步驟,針對相同容錯移轉叢集準備的所有節點現在都會成為已完成之 [SQL Server]SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集的一部分。With this step, all the prepared nodes for the same failover cluster are now part of the completed [SQL Server]SQL Server failover cluster.

後續步驟Next Steps

設定新的 [SQL Server]SQL Server 安裝:為了減少系統的可攻擊介面區,[SQL Server]SQL Server 會選擇性地安裝及啟用主要服務和功能。Configure your new [SQL Server]SQL Server installation - To reduce the attackable surface area of a system, [SQL Server]SQL Server selectively installs and enables key services and features. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱< Surface Area Configuration>。For more information, see Surface Area Configuration.

如需記錄檔位置的詳細資訊,請參閱 檢視與讀取 SQL Server 安裝程式記錄檔For more information about log file locations, see View and Read SQL Server Setup Log Files.

另請參閱See Also

從命令提示字元安裝 SQL Server 2014Install SQL Server 2014 from the Command Prompt