System Center Data Protection Manager 的新功能What's new in System Center Data Protection Manager

本文詳述 System Center - Data Protection Manager (DPM) 中支援的新功能,包括 DPM 20192019 UR12019 UR2 中支援的新功能/功能更新。This article details the new features supported in System Center - Data Protection Manager (DPM), includes the new features/feature updates supported in DPM 2019 , 2019 UR1 and 2019 UR2.

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Data Protection Manager (DPM),建議升級至 DPM 2019This version of Data Protection Manager (DPM) has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to DPM 2019.

DPM 1807 是 System Center 半年通道 (SAC) 中的最新版本。DPM 1807 is the latest release in the System Center Semi Annual Channel (SAC). 您只能從 System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM) 1801 版更新到 DPM 1807。You can update to System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM) version 1807 only from DPM 1801. 若您要升級到 DPM 1807,請參閱 1807 的版本資訊If you're upgrading to DPM 1807, see the Release Notes for 1807.

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Data Protection Manager (DPM),建議升級至 DPM 2019This version of Data Protection Manager (DPM) has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to DPM 2019.

System Center DPM 1801 提供下列新功能:System Center DPM 1801 provides the following new features:

System Center DPM 2016 在三個主要區域中做了改進:儲存空間效率、效能和安全性。System Center DPM 2016 adds improvements in three key areas: storage efficiency, performance, and security. Modern Backup Storage 利用 Windows Server 2016 中的改進功能,節省了 30 至 40% 的儲存空間。Modern Backup Storage takes advantage of improvements in Windows Server 2016, creating storage space savings of 30-40%. 除了節省空間,您還可以透過使用 MBS 來將指定的工作負載備份到特定磁碟區來建立儲存空間和效能效率。In addition to space savings, you can create storage and performance efficiency by using MBS to back up designated workloads to specific volumes. 改善的 DPM 效能可減少高達 70% 的 I/O 需求,讓備份速度更快。Improved DPM performance reduces I/O requirements up to 70%, resulting in faster backups. DPM 2016 支援受防護的 VM。DPM 2016 supports shielded VMs.

DPM 2019 的新功能New features in DPM 2019

如需 DPM 2019 中支援之新功能/功能更新的詳細資訊,請參閱下列各節。See the following sections for detailed information about the new features/feature updates supported in DPM 2019.

Windows Server 2019 支援Windows Server 2019 support

DPM 2019 可以安裝在 Windows Server 2019 或 Windows Server 2016 上。DPM 2019 can be installed on Windows Server 2019 and Windows Server 2016.

作為 DPM 資料庫的 SQL 2017 支援SQL 2017 support as DPM database

DPM 2019 支援 SQL 2017 作為其資料庫。DPM 2019 support SQL 2017 as its database.

您可以在遠端伺服器或 DPM 伺服器上安裝 SQL Server。You can install SQL Server on a remote server, or on the DPM server. 安裝 DPM 之前,此資料庫必須已安裝並在執行中。The database must be installed and running before you install DPM.

支援較新的工作負載備份Support for newer workloads backups

使用 DPM 2019 時,您可以備份較新版本的工作負載,如下所列:With DPM 2019, you can back up newer versions of workloads, as listed below:

  • Hyper-V VM 2019Hyper-V VMs 2019
  • Windows Server 2019Windows Server 2019
  • Exchange 2019Exchange 2019
  • SharePoint 2019SharePoint 2019
  • VMWare vSphere 6.7VMWare vSphere 6.7
  • System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2019。System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2019. 深入了解Learn more.

使用 SSD 搭配階層式儲存體,來提高備份速度Faster backups with Tiered storage using SSDs

DPM 2016 引進 Modern Backup Storage,來改善儲存體使用率和效能。DPM 2016 introduced Modern Backup Storage, improving storage utilization and performance. MBS 使用 ReFS 作為基礎的檔案系統,MBS 旨在利用混合式儲存體 (例如階層式儲存體)。MBS uses ReFS as underlying file system and is designed to make use of hybrid storage such as tiered storage.

若要達成 MBS 的規模與效能,我們建議搭配 DPM 2019 使用一小部分 (整體儲存體的 4%) 的快閃儲存體 (SSD) 作為階層式磁碟區,來與 DPM HDD 儲存體結合使用。To achieve the scale and performance by MBS we recommend using a small percentage (4% of overall storage) of flash storage (SSD) with DPM 2019 as a tiered volume in combination with DPM HDD storage. 使用階層式儲存體的 DPM 2019 可讓備份速度提高 50-70%。DPM 2019 with tiered storage delivers 50-70% faster backups. 深入了解Learn more.

集中監視的支援Support for Central Monitoring

有了 DPM 2019,所有 DPM-A 客戶 (連線至 Azure 的客戶) 都能彈性使用集中監視功能,這是一項由 Microsoft Azure 備份提供的監視解決方案。With DPM 2019, all DPM-A customers (customer connected to Azure) have the flexibility of using Central Monitoring, a monitoring solution provided by Microsoft Azure Backup.

您可以使用 Log Analytics 搭配集中監視功能,監視內部部署和雲端備份。You can monitor both on-premises and cloud backups, using Log Analytics with central monitoring capability. 深入了解Learn more.

VMWare 備份至磁帶VMware backup to tape

為了在 VMWare 備份資料內部部署上長期保留,您現在可以啟用 VMWare 備份至磁帶。For long term retention on VMware backup data on-premises, you can now enable VMware backups to tape. 您可以根據磁帶磁碟機上的保留範圍 (範圍為 1-99 年) 來選取備份頻率。The backup frequency can be selected based on the retention range (which will vary from 1-99 years) on tape drives. 磁帶磁碟機上的資料可能會同時壓縮和加密。The data on tape drives could be both compressed and encrypted.

DPM 2019 同時支援原始位置復原 (OLR) 和替代位置復原 (ALR) 來還原受保護的 VM。DPM 2019 supports both Original Location Recovery (OLR)) and Alternate Location Recovery (ALR)) for restoring the protected VM. 深入了解Learn more.

VMWare 平行備份VMWare parallel backups

有了 DPM 2019,單一保護群組中所有 VMWare VM 備份都是平行處理,可讓 VM 備份的速度提高 25%。With DPM 2019, all your VMWare VMs backup within a single protection group would be parallel, leading to 25% faster VM backups.

使用舊版的 DPM,只能跨保護群組執行平行備份。With earlier versions of DPM, parallel backups were performed only across protection groups. 有了 DPM 2019,VMWare 差異複寫作業即可平行執行。With DPM 2019, VMWare delta replication jobs run in parallel. 平行執行的作業數預設為 8。By default, number of jobs to run in parallel is set to 8. 深入了解Learn more.

DPM 2019 UR1 中的新功能New features in DPM 2019 UR1

如需 DPM 2019 UR1 中支援之新功能/功能更新的相關資訊,請參閱下列各節。See the following sections for information about the new features/feature updates supported in DPM 2019 UR1.

如需了解在 UR1 中修正的問題及安裝指示,請參閱更新彙總套件 1 知識庫文章For issues fixed and the installation instructions for UR1, see KB article for Update Rollup 1.

ReFS 磁碟區支援Support for ReFS volumes

透過 DPM 2019 UR1,您可備份 ReFS 磁碟區及部署在 ReFS 磁碟區上的工作負載。With DPM 2019 UR1, you can backup the ReFS volumes and workloads deployed on the ReFS volumes. 您可備份下列工作負載:You can back up the following workloads:

  • 作業系統 (64 位元) :Windows Server 2019、2016、2012 R2、2012。Operating System (64 bit) : Windows Server 2019, 2016, 2012 R2, 2012.
  • SQL Server :SQL Server 2019、SQL Server 2017、2016。SQL Server : SQL Server 2019, SQL Server 2017, 2016.
  • Exchange :Exchange 2019、2016。Exchange : Exchange 2019, 2016.
  • SharePoint :具有最新 SP 的 SharePoint 2019、2016。SharePoint : SharePoint 2019, 2016 with latest SP.

注意

DPM 2019 RTM 支援備份儲存在 ReFS 磁碟區上的 Hyper-V VM。Backup of Hyper-V VMs stored on ReFS volume is supported with DPM 2019 RTM.

我們已識別重複資料刪除 ReFS 磁碟區備份的幾個問題。We have identified a few issues with backup of deduplicated ReFS volumes. 我們正在努力修正這些問題,且會在完成修正時更新此區段。We are working on fixing these, and will update this section as soon as we have a fix available. 在那之前,我們會從 2019 UR1 移除重復資料刪除 ReFS 磁碟區的備份支援。Until then, we are removing the support for backup of deduplicated ReFS volumes from 2019 UR1.

Windows Server Core 支援Windows Server Core support

您可以將 DPM 2019 UR1 安裝到 Windows Server Core 2019 與 2016 上。You can install DPM 2019 UR1 on Windows Server Core 2019 and 2016.

注意

不支援將 MARS 代理程式安裝到 Windows Server Core 上。Installation of MARS agent on Windows Server Core is not supported. 基於此限制,DPM 無法在安裝於 Windows Server Core 上的情況下連線到 Azure 復原服務保存庫。With this limitation, DPM cannot be connected to Azure Recovery Services Vault when it is installed on Windows Server Core.

VMware VM 備份的磁碟排除Disk exclusion for VMware VM backup

在 DPM 2019 UR1 中,您可以從 VMware VM 備份中排除特定磁碟。With DPM 2019 UR1, you can exclude the specific disk from a VMware VM backup. 深入了解Learn more.

支援額外的驗證層以刪除線上備份Support for additional layer of authentication to delete online backup

在 DPM 2019 UR1 中,已針對重要作業新增另一層驗證。With DPM 2019 UR1, an additional a layer of authentication is added for critical operations. 當您搭配 [刪除資料] 作業執行 [停止保護] 時,系統將會提示您輸入安全性 PIN。You will be prompted to enter a security PIN when you perform Stop Protection with Delete data operations.

新 Cmdlet 參數New cmdlet parameter

DPM 2019 UR1 包含新的參數 [-CheckReplicaFragmentation]DPM 2019 UR1 includes a new parameter [-CheckReplicaFragmentation] . 這個新的參數會計算複本的片段百分比,並已包含在 Copy-DPMDatasourceReplica Cmdlet 中。The new parameter, calculates the fragmentation percentage for a replica, and is included in the Copy-DPMDatasourceReplica cmdlet.

DPM 2019 UR2 中的新功能New features in DPM 2019 UR2

如需 DPM 2019 UR2 中支援之新功能/功能更新的相關資訊,請參閱下列各節。See the following sections for information about the new features/feature updates supported in DPM 2019 UR2.

如需了解在 UR2 中修正的問題及 UR2 的安裝指示,請參閱知識庫文章For issues fixed in UR2, and the installation instructions for UR2, see the KB article.

支援使用叢集共用磁碟區 (CSV) 的 SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集執行個體 (FCI)Support for SQL Server Failover Cluster Instance (FCI) using Cluster Shared Volume (CSV)

DPM 2019 UR2 支援使用叢集共用磁碟區 (CSV) 的 SQL Server 容錯移轉叢集執行個體 (FCI)。DPM 2019 UR2 supports SQL Server Failover Cluster Instance (FCI) using Cluster Shared Volume (CSV). 使用 CSV 時,會簡化 SQL Server 執行個體的管理。With CSV, the management of your SQL Server Instance is simplified. 因為您具備哪個節點擁有磁碟的抽象概念,因此可從任何節點管理基礎儲存體。You will be able to manage the underlying storage from any node as there is an abstraction to which node owns the disk. 深入了解Learn more.

將磁碟區與磁碟區移轉最佳化Optimized Volume to Volume Migration

DPM 2019 UR2 支援將磁碟區到磁碟區移轉最佳化。DPM 2019 UR2 supports optimized Volume to Volume Migration. 磁碟區到磁碟區移轉最佳化可讓您更快地將資料來源移到新的磁碟區。The optimized Volume to Volume Migration allows you to move data sources to the new volume much faster. 增強型移轉程序只會將作用中的備份複本 (作用中複本) 遷移到新的磁碟區。The enhanced migration process migrates only active backup copy (Active Replica) to the new volume. 所有新的復原點都會在新的磁碟區上建立,而現有的復原點會保留在現有的磁碟區上,並根據保留原則加以清除。All the new recovery points are created on the new volume while existing recovery points are maintained on the existing volume and are purged as per the retention policy. 深入了解Learn more.

使用 Azure 資料箱進行離線備份 (預覽)Offline Backup using Azure Data Box (Preview)

DPM 2019 UR2 支援使用 Azure 資料箱進行離線備份。DPM 2019 UR2 supports Offline backup using Azure Data Box. 有了 Microsoft Azure 資料箱 整合,您可以克服將數 TB 的備份資料從內部部署移至 Azure 儲存體的挑戰。With Microsoft Azure Data Box integration, you can overcome the challenge of moving terabytes of backup data from on-premises to Azure storage. 使用 Azure 資料箱,您無需購買自己的 Azure 相容磁碟和連接器,也可輕鬆地將暫存儲存體佈建為暫存位置。Azure Data Box saves the effort required to procure your own Azure-compatible disks and connectors or to provision temporary storage as a staging location. Microsoft 也會處理端對端傳輸物流,您可以透過 Azure 入口網站進行追蹤。Microsoft also handles the end-to-end transfer logistics, which you can track through the Azure portal. 深入了解Learn more.

作為 DPM 資料庫的 SQL Server 2019 支援SQL Server 2019 support as DPM database

DPM 2019 支援 SQL 伺服器 2019 作為 DPM 資料庫。DPM 2019 supports SQL server 2019 as DPM database. 您可以在遠端伺服器或 DPM 伺服器上安裝 SQL Server。You can install SQL Server on a remote server, or on the DPM server. 安裝 DPM 之前,此資料庫必須已安裝並在執行中。The database must be installed and running before you install DPM. 深入了解Learn more.

DPM 1807 的新功能What's new in DPM 1807

DPM 1807 修正了許多 Bug 改善效能。DPM 1807 provides a number of bug fixes to improve the performance.

若要檢視已修正的 Bug 清單及 DPM 1807 的安裝指示,請參閱 KB 文章 4339950To view the list of bugs fixed and the installation instructions for DPM 1807, see KB article 4339950.

DPM 1801 的新功能New features in DPM 1801

System Center DPM 1801 支援備份及還原 VMware 虛擬機器 (VM),並將 Modern Backup Storage 的優點延伸到您的 VMware 備份。System Center DPM 1801 supports back up and restore of VMware virtual machines (VMs), and extends the benefits of Modern Backup Storage to your VMware backups. 如需有關如何備份 VMware VM 的詳細資訊,請參閱此文章For detailed information on how to back up VMware VMs, see this article.

  • 最多可省下 50% 的儲存空間Up to 50% storage savings
  • 備份速度加快三倍Three times faster backups
  • 工作負載與磁碟區的親和性Workload-volume affinity

DPM 2016 的新功能New features in DPM 2016

下列功能是 DPM 的新增功能,或是 DPM 2016 的改進功能。The following features are either new to DPM, or are improved for DPM 2016.

  • Modern Backup Storage - 使用復原檔案系統 (ReFS) 區塊複製技術來儲存增量備份,DPM 2016 可改善儲存空間的使用量與效能。Modern Backup Storage - Using Resilient File System (ReFS) block-cloning technology to store incremental backups, DPM 2016 improves storage utilization and performance. 備份儲存空間會隨著實際執行資料來源而成長和縮小。Backup storage grows and shrinks with the production data source. 不會過度配置儲存空間。There is no over-allocation of storage.

  • 復原變更追蹤 (RCT) - DPM 使用 RCT (Hyper-V 中的原生變更追蹤),這樣就不需要進行耗時的一致性檢查。Resilient change tracking (RCT) - DPM uses RCT (the native change tracking in Hyper-V), which removes the need for time-consuming consistency checks. RCT 提供的復原優於 VSS 快照集備份提供的變更追蹤。RCT provides better resiliency than the change tracking provided by VSS snapshot-based backups. DPM 也會使用 RCT 進行增量備份。DPM also uses RCT for incremental backup. 它會識別虛擬機器的 VHD 變更,並只傳輸變更追蹤程式指出的區塊。It identifies VHD changes for virtual machines, and transfers only those blocks that are indicated by the change tracker.

  • 叢集感知更新期間持續保護 - Windows Server 2016 隨附叢集 OS 輪流更新,其中叢集可以升級至 Windows Server 2016 而不用降級。Continued protection during cluster aware updates - Windows Server 2016 comes with the cluster OS rolling update, where a cluster can be upgraded to Windows Server 2016 without bringing it down. DPM 2016 會在升級期間持續保護 VM,維持備份服務等級協定 (SLA)。DPM 2016 continues to protect VMs during the upgrade, maintaining the backup service level agreement (SLA).

  • 受防護的 VM 備份 - Windows Server 2016 中的受防護 VM 有助於防止機密 VM 遭惡意程式碼和惡意系統管理員檢驗、竄改和竊取資料。Shielded VM Backups - Shielded VMs in Windows Server 2016 help protect sensitive VMs from inspection, tampering, and data theft by malware and malicious administrators. DPM 2016 備份會保留受防護 VM 提供的保護,以確保它們可以順利、安全地復原。DPM 2016 backups retain the protections provided by shielded VMs to ensure they can be recovered seamlessly and securely.

  • Hyper-V 搭配儲存空間直接存取 - DPM 會辨識並保護在儲存空間直接存取上部署的 Hyper-V VM,在分類式及超融合式案例中提供無縫的 VM 備份及復原。Hyper-V with Storage Spaces Direct - DPM recognizes and protects Hyper-V VMs deployed on Storage Spaces Direct, delivering seamless backup and recovery of VMs in disaggregated and hyper-converged scenarios.

  • Hyper-V 與 ReFS SOFS 叢集 - DPM 2016 可以備份在 ReFS 型 SOFS 叢集上部署的 Hyper-V VM。Hyper-V with ReFS SOFS Cluster - DPM 2016 can back up Hyper-V VMs deployed on ReFS-based SOFS clusters. 支援備份與復原 RCT 型 VM 與非 RCT VM。Backup and recovery of RCT-based VMs and non-RCT VMs is supported.

  • 將 DPM 實際執行伺服器升級至 2016 不需要重新啟動 - 當您升級至 DPM 2016,您不需要重新啟動實際執行伺服器。Upgrading a DPM production server to 2016 doesn't require a reboot - When you upgrade to DPM 2016, you are not required to reboot the production server. 若要避免重新啟動實際執行伺服器,升級至 DPM 2016 並在實際執行伺服器上升級 DPM 代理程式。To avoid rebooting the production server, upgrade to DPM 2016 and upgrade the DPM agent on the production servers. 備份將會繼續,且您可以在需要的時候重新啟動實際執行伺服器。Backups continue and you reboot the production server when you want.

Modern Backup StorageModern Backup Storage

Modern Backup Storage 是一個提供多項優點的功能,包括:Modern Backup Storage is a feature that provides several benefits including:

改善的儲存空間節約成效Improved storage savings

Modern Backup Storage 使用了復原檔案系統 (ReFS) 等技術,達到節省 30 至 40% 儲存空間的成效。Modern Backup Storage achieves 30-40% storage savings using technologies such as Resilient File System (ReFS). 使用 ReFS 磁碟區並在 VHDX 上儲存備份,表示沒有任何本機磁碟管理員 (LDM) 限制或儲存空間過度配置。Using ReFS volumes and storing backups on VHDXs means there are no Local Disk Manager (LDM) limits or storage over-allocations. DPM 儲存空間耗用量具有彈性︰它會根據實際執行資料來源的儲存空間變更而增減。DPM storage consumption is flexible: it grows and shrinks based on the production data source’s storage changes.

更快速的備份Faster backups

DPM 2016 會使用區塊複製,在 ReFS 磁碟區上儲存備份。DPM 2016 uses block cloning to store backups on ReFS volumes. 相對於使用寫入時複製來儲存備份 (在 DPM 2012 R2 中由 VolSnap 使用),DPM 2016 的區塊複製是使用寫入時配置。Instead of using copy-on-write to store backups (which was used by VolSnap in DPM 2012 R2), DPM 2016's block cloning uses allocate-on-write. 這項變更可以改善 IOPS 效率,讓備份可以加快近 70%。This change improves IOPS efficiency, making backups nearly 70% faster.

選擇您資料來源的磁碟區,以提高儲存空間效率Choose the volumes for your data source to increase storage efficiency

DPM 的工作負載感知儲存功能可透過針對給定的資料來源提供彈性儲存選項來降低成本。DPM's workload-aware storage feature decreases costs by providing flexible storage choices for a given data source. 這表示 DPM 可以使用昂貴、高效能的磁碟來備份高 IOPS 工作負載,例如 SQL 或 SharePoint。This means DPM can use expensive, high-performance disks for backing up high-IOPS workloads, such as SQL or SharePoint. 低效能儲存空間可用於減少 IOPS 的工作負載。Low performant storage can be used for reduced-IOPS workloads.

備份儲存空間耗用量會與實際執行資料來源相符Backup storage consumption in line with production data source

沒有邏輯磁碟管理員 (LDM) 限制,資料來源會依需求增減,不需要手動介入。Without Logical Disk Manager (LDM) limits, data sources grow and shrink as needed, without the need for manual intervention. DPM 不需要事先將儲存空間配置給資料來源,且可以動態允許備份依需求調整,利用更少的儲存空間達到更高的效率。DPM doesn't need to allocate storage to data sources beforehand, and can dynamically allow the backups to adjust as needed, thus achieving higher efficiency with less storage required.

HYPER-V 保護增強功能Hyper-V protection improvements

下列資訊是與透過 DPM 2016 保護 VM 之改進功能有關的資訊。The following information touches on the improvements to protecting VMs with DPM 2016.

復原變更追蹤 (RCT)Resilient Change Tracking (RCT)

在 Windows Server 2016 中,Hyper-V 虛擬硬碟已經內建變更追蹤功能。In Windows Server 2016, Hyper-V virtual hard disks have built-in change tracking. 因此,在主應用程式中斷或 VM 移轉的情況下,會自動保留變更追蹤。As a result, in the case of a Host outage, or VM migration, change-tracking is automatically preserved. 使用 RCT,備份:With RCT, backups:

  • 更加可靠 :VM 移轉後不需要一致性檢查,are more reliable : consistency checks aren't required after VM migration,
  • 可以擴充 :更多的平行備份以及較少的儲存體額外負荷,are scalable : more parallel backups and less storage overhead,
  • 有更佳的效能 :對生產網狀架構影響較低且備份更快速。have improved performance : lower impact on the production fabric and faster backup.

啟用 RCT VM 備份Enabling RCT VM backup

根據預設,在 Windows Server 2016 上部署並使用 DPM 2016 保護的 Hyper-V VM 會啟用 RCT。Hyper-V VMs deployed on Windows Server 2016 and protected using DPM 2016 have RCT by default. 在 Windows Server 2012 R2 或更早版本上部署的 VM 不支援 RCT。VMs deployed on Windows Server 2012 R2 or earlier do not support RCT. 不過,您可以升級舊版的 VM。However, you can upgrade older VMs. 升級舊版的 VM 以啟用 RCT:To upgrade older VMs to enable RCT:

  1. 在 Hyper-V 管理員中,關閉虛擬機器。In Hyper-V Manager, shut down the virtual machine.

  2. 在 [Hyper-V 管理員] 中,選取 [動作] > [升級設定版本]。In Hyper-V Manager, select Action > Upgrade Configuration Version .

    如果虛擬機器無法使用此選項,表示虛擬機器已經是 Hyper-V 主機所支援的最高組態版本。If this option isn't available for the virtual machine, then it's already at the highest configuration version supported by the Hyper-V host. 如需有關檢查或升級虛擬機器組態版本的其他資訊,請參閱文章將虛擬機器版本升級到 Windows Server 2016For additional information about checking or upgrading the virtual machine configuration version, see the article, upgrading virtual machine version to Windows Server 2016.

    如果您想要使用 Windows PowerShell 來升級虛擬機器組態,請執行下列命令,其中 vmname 是虛擬機器的名稱。If you want to use Windows PowerShell to upgrade the virtual machine configuration, run the following command where vmname is the name of the virtual machine.

    Update-VMVersion <vmname>
    
  3. 在 DPM 2016 伺服器上:On the DPM 2016 server:

    • 停止保護該 VM 並選取 [保留資料]。Stop protection of the VM and select Retain Data .
    • 在 DPM 2016 系統管理員主控台中,按一下 [保護] > 在工具功能區上按一下 [新增] 來啟動 [建立保護精靈]。In the DPM 2016 Administrator Console, click Protection > on the tool ribbon, click New to start the Create Protection Wizard. 逐一完成精靈並選取 [重新整理] 更新資料來源。Go through the wizard and select Refresh to update the data sources.
    • 選取您的 VM 並建立新的保護群組。Select your VM and create a new protection group.
    • 保留範圍到期後,請刪除舊的 VM 保留的資料。Delete the old VM's retained data once the retention range has expired.

這會備份使用各種組態部署且已啟用 RCT 的 VM。This backs up RCT-enabled VMs deployed in various configurations. 下列各節說明支援的案例︰The following sections describe the supported scenarios:

在叢集作業系統輪流升級期間符合備份 SLAMeet backup SLA during cluster operating system rolling upgrade

叢集 OS 輪流升級是一項 Windows Server 2016 的功能,用來升級叢集節點的作業系統 (從 Windows Server 2012 R2 升級至 Windows Server 2016) 而不需要停止 Hyper-V 或向外延展檔案伺服器 (SOFS) 工作負載。Cluster OS rolling upgrade is a feature of Windows Server 2016 used to upgrade the cluster nodes' operating system, from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016, without stopping the Hyper-V or Scale-Out File Server (SOFS) workloads. 叢集 OS 輪流升級可確保在作業系統升級期間不會中斷保護。Cluster OS rolling upgrade ensures protection is not interrupted during operating system upgrades. 這個持續的保護符合備份 SLA、強化持續性,並可讓備份系統管理員安心。This sustained protection meets the backup SLA, reinforces continuity, and provides peace of mind for backup administrators. 如需叢集 OS 輪流升級程序的詳細資訊,請參閱文章:叢集 OS 輪流升級程序For detailed information on the cluster OS rolling upgrade process, see the article, Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade Process.

若要啟用不間斷的保護,請針對每個節點執行下列步驟:To enable uninterrupted protection, run the following steps for each node:

  1. 清空節點上的角色。Drain Roles on the node.

    這會讓節點處於暫停狀態,並自動將該節點上的任何 VM 移轉至其他叢集節點。This puts the node in a paused state and automatically migrates any VM on that node to another cluster node.

  2. 重新啟動節點。Restart the node.

  3. 收回節點。Evict the node.

  4. 安裝 Windows Server 2016。Install Windows Server 2016.

  5. 安裝 DPM 代理程式。Install the DPM agent.

  6. 將節點新增回叢集。Add the node back to the cluster.

    這可允許在不需要一致性檢查的情況下備份,同時維持叢集運作。This allows backups to occur without consistency checks, while keeping the cluster alive.

對受防護的 VM (啟用 vTPM 的 VM) 提供極佳的保護及復原Seamless protection and recovery of Shielded VMs (vTPM-enabled VMs)

信任的平台模組 (TPM) 是可協助整合密碼編譯金鑰的電腦主機板晶片。Trusted Platform Modules (TPM) are a chip in the motherboard of computers that help integrate cryptographic keys. BitLocker 會使用這些金鑰來保護電腦,即使電腦遭竊也可以提供保護。These keys are used by BitLocker to protect the computer even if it is stolen. 虛擬 TPM (vTPM) 是 Windows Server 2016 中的一項功能。Virtual TPM (vTPM) is a feature in Windows Server 2016. 使用 vTPM,您就可以使用 BitLocker 和虛擬 TPM 晶片來將 VM 加密,藉此保護 VM。With vTPM, you can use BitLocker and a virtual TPM chip to encrypt a VM, thereby protecting the VM. 這些 VM 稱為受防護的 VM,僅可在網狀架構中狀況良好且已核准的主機上執行。These VMs, called Shielded VMs, can only be run on healthy and approved hosts in the fabric.

DPM 2016 支援備份及復原使用 vTPM 保護 VHDs/VHDXs 的受防護的 VM。DPM 2016 supports backup and recovery of Shielded VMs that have their VHDs/VHDXs protected with vTPM. 請注意,在此情況下,無法對位於受保護網狀架構外面的位置使用項目層級復原 (ILR) 與替代位置復原 (ALR)。Note that Item Level Recovery (ILR) and Alternate Location Recovery (ALR) to a location outside the guarded fabric is not available for this scenario.

保護儲存在儲存空間直接存取上的 VMProtecting VMs stored on Storage Spaces Direct

儲存空間直接存取會運用 Windows Server 2012 R2 中引進的「儲存空間」功能,可讓您使用本機儲存體部署高可用性 (HA) 儲存體系統。Storage Spaces Direct leverages the Storage Spaces feature introduced in Windows Server 2012 R2 which allows you to deploy highly available (HA) storage systems using local storage. 儲存空間直接存取運用主機的本機磁碟提供叢集儲存空間的共用集區,可用作 Hyper-V 虛擬機器檔案的主要儲存空間,或 Hyper-V 複本虛擬機器檔案的次要儲存空間。Storage Spaces Direct leverages the local disks on hosts to provide a shared pool of clustered storage that can be used as primary storage for Hyper-V virtual machine files, or for secondary storage for Hyper-V Replica virtual machines files. 儲存空間直接存取的主要使用案例是私用雲端儲存空間,對企業而言是內部部署的儲存空間,對服務提供者而言則是位於受託管私人雲端中的儲存空間。The primary use case for Storage Spaces Direct is private cloud storage, either on-premises for enterprises, or in hosted private clouds for service providers. 如需儲存空間直接存取的詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows Server 2016 中的儲存空間直接存取 上的文章。For more information about Storage Spaces Direct, see the article on Storage Spaces Direct in Windows Server 2016.

DPM 會保護使用儲存空間直接存取的 Hyper-V VM。DPM protects Hyper-V VMs that use Storage Spaces Direct. 大部分組態都有支援,包括在相同叢集上使用儲存空間直接存取超交集案例搭配 Hyper-V (運算) 和儲存空間直接存取 (儲存) 元件備份的 VM。Most configurations are supported, including the backup of VMs using the Storage Spaces Direct hyper-converged scenario with the Hyper-V (compute) and Storage Spaces Direct (storage) components on the same cluster. 請注意,不支援在 Windows Nano 伺服器上執行備份及還原虛擬機器。Note that backing up and restoring virtual machines running on a Windows Nano Server isn't supported.

保護 ReFS 型 SOFS 叢集上儲存的 VMProtecting VMs stored on ReFS-based SOFS clusters

DPM 2016 可以備份在 ReFS 型 SOFS 叢集上部署的 VM。DPM 2016 can back up VMs deployed on ReFS-based SOFS clusters.

若要保護 SOFS 叢集上的 VM,請將下列電腦帳戶新增到備份操作員群組並共用權限。To protect VMs on SOFS clusters, add the following machine accounts to the backup operator groups and share permissions.

  • 如果保護高可用性 (HA) VM,請提供主機叢集和叢集節點,以及 DPM 伺服器的電腦帳戶名稱。If protecting a highly available (HA) VM, provide the machine account name of the host cluster and cluster nodes, and DPM server.
  • 如果保護非 HA VM,請提供 Hyper-V 主機和 DPM 伺服器的電腦名稱。If protecting a non-HA VM, provide the machine name of the Hyper-V host and the DPM server.

若要將電腦帳戶新增到備份運算子群組,請在 SOFS 叢集中針對每個節點執行下列步驟:To add the machine accounts to the backup operator groups, run the following steps for each node in the SOFS cluster:

  1. 開啟命令提示字元,然後輸入 lusrmgr.msc 開啟 [本機使用者] 和 [群組]。Open the command prompt, and type, lusrmgr.msc to open Local Users and Groups.

  2. 在 [本機使用者] 和 [群組] 對話方塊中,按一下 [群組]。In the Local Users and Groups dialog, click Groups .

  3. 在群組清單中,以滑鼠右鍵按一下 [備份運算子] 然後選取 [屬性]。In the list of groups, right-click Backup Operators and select Properties .

    [備份運算子屬性] 對話方塊隨即開啟。The Backup Operators Properties dialog opens.

  4. 在 [備份運算子屬性] 對話方塊中,按一下 [新增]。In the Backup Operators Properties dialog, click Add .

  5. 在 [選取使用者、電腦、服務帳戶或群組] 對話方塊中,按一下 [物件類型]。In the Select Users, Computers, Services Accounts, or Groups dialog, click Object Types . [物件類型] 對話方塊隨即開啟。The Object Types dialog opens.

  6. 在 [物件類型] 對話方塊中,選取 [電腦] 並按一下 [確定]。In the Object Types dialog, select Computers and click OK . [物件類型] 對話方塊隨即關閉。The Object Types dialog closes.

  7. 在 [選取使用者、電腦、服務帳戶或群組]對話方塊中,輸入伺服器或叢集名稱,並按一下 [檢查名稱]。In the Select Users, Computers, Service Accounts, or Groups dialog, enter the name of the server or cluster, and click Check Names .

  8. 在您已經識別出電腦之後,請重新啟動節點。Once you have identified the computers, restart the node.

提供權限以共用To give permissions to the share

  1. 在裝載 SOFS/SMB 共用的伺服器上,開啟 [伺服器管理員] > [檔案和存放服務] > [共用]。On a server where the SOFS/SMB share is hosted, open Server Manager > File and Storage Services > Shares .

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下 [VM 儲存體共用],然後按一下 [屬性]。Right click the VM storage share, and then click Properties .

  3. 在 [屬性] 對話方塊中左側的導覽功能表上,按一下 [權限]。In the Properties dialog, on the left navigation menu, click Permissions .

  4. 按一下 [自訂權限] 開啟 [進階安全性設定] 對話方塊。Click Customize permissions to open the Advanced Security Settings dialog.

  5. 在 [權限] 索引標籤上,按一下 [新增]。On the Permissions tab, click Add .

  6. 按一下 [選取一個主體]。Click Select a Principal .

  7. 在 [選取使用者、電腦、服務帳戶或群組] 對話方塊中,按一下 [物件類型]。In the Select User, Computer, Services Account, or Group dialog, click Object Types .

  8. 在 [物件類型] 對話方塊中,選取 [電腦],並按一下 [確定]。In the Object Types dialog, select Computers , and click OK .

  9. 在 [選取使用者、電腦、服務帳戶或群組] 對話方塊中,輸入您希望擁有權限的 Hyper-V 節點或叢集的名稱。In the Select User, Computer, Service Account, or Group dialog, enter the name of the Hyper-V node or cluster name you want to have permission.

  10. 按一下 [檢查名稱] 來解析名稱,然後按一下 [確定]。Click Check Names to resolve the name, and click OK .

  11. 在 [共用的權限項目] 對話方塊中,選取[完全控制],然後按一下 [確定]。In the Permission Entry for Share dialog, select Full Control , and click OK .

  12. 在 [共用的進階安全性設定] 對話方塊中,按一下 [共用] 索引標籤並針對 [共用] 索引標籤 (而非 [權限] 索引標籤) 重複步驟 6-11。In the Advanced Security Settings for Share dialog, click the Share tab and repeat steps 6-11 for the Share tab instead of the Permissions tab.

  13. 在您完成新增伺服器的權限之後,請按一下 [套用]。When you are finished adding permissions for the servers, click Apply .

    這會準備 SOFS 共用上的 VM 來進行備份程序。This prepares the VMs on SOFS shares for the backup process.

後續步驟Next steps