使用預設設定進行應用程式監視Application monitoring using the default settings

重要

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針對系統管理員不熟悉或完全不了解的應用程式,接受所有預設值可能是開始監視的好方式。Accepting all defaults can be a good way to start monitoring an application for which the administrator has little or no knowledge. 接下來,在使用所有預設值監視一段時間後,系統管理員可以根據監視警示、Application Diagnostics 資料和 Application Advisor 報表開始調整設定。Then, after monitoring with all defaults for some time, the administrator can begin adjusting settings based on the monitoring alerts, Application Diagnostics data, and Application Advisor reports.

使用預設設定進行伺服器端監視Using default settings for server-side monitoring

您仍需要選取想要監視的應用程式以及目標管理組件,但接著您就可以使用「所有預設值」開始進行監視。You still need to select the application you want to monitor and the target management pack, but then you can start monitoring with "all defaults". 在使用所有預設設定的情況下,應用程式效能監視只會監視伺服器端,而且所有頁面的所有閾值均相同。With all default settings Application Performance Monitoring will monitor only server-side, and all thresholds for all pages will be the same. 若要查看預設值,您可以逐步執行精靈,但不變更任何項目。To see the default values, you can go through the wizard without changing anything.

使用預設設定進行用戶端監視Using default settings for client-side monitoring

預設值即已足夠來開始這項作業,並可讓您從 localhost 連線進行測試。The defaults are enough to get this started and to allow you to test it out from localhost connections. 系統依預設會將範圍設定為監視 localhost。It is scoped to monitor localhost by default.

您可以直接接受預設設定來進行用戶端監視,但請務必執行相容性檢查工作,驗證是否可以監視應用程式,以及是否應將任何頁面排除在監視以外。You can certainly accept the default settings for client-side monitoring, but it is important to run the compatibility check task to validate if the application can be monitored and if any of the pages should be excluded from monitoring. 因此,直接套用用戶端監視預設值可能有風險。Therefore, simply applying of client-side monitoring defaults might be risky. 如需執行相容性檢查工作的詳細資訊,請參閱 Before You Begin Monitoring .NET ApplicationsFor more information about running the compatibility check task, see Before You Begin Monitoring .NET Applications

一般來說,用戶端閾值設定應高於伺服器端閾值設定。In general, client-side threshold settings should be higher than server-side threshold settings. 這是因為用戶端監視也包含伺服器時間。This is because the client-side monitoring contains the server time, too. 例如,當用戶端事件分成數個部分時,有部分時間是花在伺服器上,但用戶端也會監視花在網路的時間以及花在瀏覽器中的時間。For instance, when a client-side event is divided into various parts, some of the time is spent on the server, but the client also monitors the time spent on the network and the time spent in the browser.

IP 位址篩選器和負載平衡器 IP 篩選器預設也只會啟用 localhost 的用戶端監視。IP Address Filters and Load balancers Also, IP filters by default will enable client-side monitoring for localhost only. 此外,用戶端監視還必須正確設定負載平衡器設定。Additionally, load balancer settings need to be set correctly for client-side monitoring. 如果未設定 IP 標頭,所有用戶端監視流量將顯示為來自單一 IP 位址。If the IP header is not set, all client-side monitoring traffic will appear to be coming from a single IP address. 如果使用預設設定搭配負載平衡器,Application Advisor 中的所有以 IP 和子網路為基礎的報表將無效。All IP- and subnet- based reports in Application Advisor will be invalid if the default settings are used with a load balancer.

負載平衡器沒有預設值。There is no default for the load balancers. 負載平衡器設定是您可以選擇變更的設定,不過您必須變更用戶端 IP 篩選器,因為如果不更新這些設定,將完全不會取得任何資料。The load balancer setting is one you can opt to change, whereas you must change the client IP filters because if you do not update those settings you will not get any data at all.

IP 位址篩選器 您可以使用用戶端 IP 篩選器選擇要監視的網路。IP Address Filters You can use client IP filters to choose the networks that you want to monitor. 藉由套用篩選器,系統管理員可以限制受監視電腦的範圍。By applying filters, administrators can limit the scope of the monitored computers. 根據預設,只有 localhost IP 位址會受到監視。By default, only localhost IP addresses are monitored. 如果 IP 篩選器清單空白,則所有 IP 位址都會受到監視。If the IP filter list is empty, all IP addresses are monitored. 符合篩選器定義的任何 IP 位址都會排除在用戶端監視之外。Any IP addresses that fit the filter definitions are excluded from client-side monitoring. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 How to Configure IP Address Exclusion Filters for Client-Side MonitoringFor more information, see How to Configure IP Address Exclusion Filters for Client-Side Monitoring

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