部署 System Center Operations ManagerDeploying System Center Operations Manager

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Operations Manager,建議升級至 Operations Manager 2019This version of Operations Manager has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to Operations Manager 2019.

所有 System Center Operations Manager 個別管理群組部署均可分為兩類:一種是將所有功能載入單一伺服器中的「全功能」安裝,另一種是分散式安裝。All System Center Operations Manager individual management group deployments will either be an "all-in-one" installation, where all features are loaded on a single server, or a distributed installation. 接著可以將這兩個安裝結合在一起,形成包含多個管理群組的整體 Operations Manager 基礎結構。Installations can then be combined together to form an overall Operations Manager infrastructure that consists of multiple management groups. 這些管理群組可依您的企業需求,建立彼此的關聯。These management groups can then relate to each other as your business needs require.

此節說明個別管理群組部署,此部署中只有一個管理群組,但 Operations Manager 的功能安裝在單一伺服器或分散在多部伺服器上。This section describes an individual management group deployment, where you have one management group, but the features of Operations Manager are either installed on a single server or distributed over several servers.

如需連接管理群組的詳細資訊,請參閱 Connecting Management Groups in Operations Manager (連接 Operations Manager 中的管理群組)For information about connecting management groups, see Connecting Management Groups in Operations Manager.

開始之前Before you begin

開始部署之前,您應閱讀版本資訊,並確定伺服器符合 Operations Manager 的最低系統需求。Before you begin your deployment, you should read the release notes, and ensure that your server meets the minimum system requirements for Operations Manager. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱:For more information, see:

Operations Manager 系統管理員角色指派Operations Manager Administrators role assignment

System Center Operations Manager 安裝程序會將本機電腦上的 Administrator 群組自動指派給 Operations Manager 管理員角色。The System Center Operations Manager setup procedure automatically assigns the Administrators group on the local computer to the Operations Manager Administrators role. 您必須使用具有本機管理員權限的帳戶登入,在安裝的第一部管理伺服器上執行安裝程式;這可確保您可以在安裝程式完成後開啟 Operations 主控台。You must be logged on with an account that has local Administrator rights to run Setup on the first management server that you install; this ensures that you can open the Operations console after Setup is completed. 安裝其他管理伺服器時,必須使用您隸屬的網域帳戶。When you install additional management servers, you must use a Domain account of which you are a member.

必要帳戶Required accounts

安裝期間,系統會提示您提供三個帳戶:[管理伺服器動作帳戶] 、[System Center 設定服務和 System Center 資料存取服務帳戶] 和 [資料倉儲寫入帳戶] 。During setup, you are prompted for three accounts, the management server action account, the System Center Configuration service and System Center Data Access service account, and the Data Warehouse Write account. 在 Operations Manager 中,System Center 設定服務和 System Center 資料存取服務可以使用相同的帳戶。In Operations Manager, you can use the same account for the System Center Configuration and System Center Data Access service services.

如果要安裝報表功能,系統會提示您提供一個額外的帳戶:[資料讀取器帳戶] 。If you install Reporting, you are prompted for one additional account, the Data Reader account. 如需進一步資訊,了解必須先授與才能執行安裝程式的特定權限,以及要在安裝期間指派給帳戶的權限,請檢閱服務、使用者和安全性帳戶指導。For further information regarding the specific privileges to be granted before running setup and what rights are assigned to the accounts during setup, please review the Service, User, and Security accounts guidance.

注意

如果您建立特定帳戶來進行安裝,此帳戶必須是 Microsoft SQL Server 的系統管理員伺服器角色成員,但同時也可存取 master 資料庫。If you create a specific account for installation, this account must be a member of the sysadmin server role for Microsoft SQL Server, but also have access to the master database.

注意

如果您要安裝多部管理伺服器,每次新增管理伺服器時,系統都會提示您提供 [管理伺服器動作帳戶] 和 [System Center 設定服務和 System Center 資料存取服務帳戶] 。If you install multiple management servers, you are prompted for a management server action account and a System Center Configuration service and System Center Data Access service account each time you add a management server. 每項安裝都必須提供相同的帳戶。You must provide the same accounts for each installation.

SQL Server 需求SQL Server requirements

System Center Operations Manager 需要存取執行 Microsoft SQL Server 的伺服器執行個體。System Center Operations Manager requires access to an instance of a server running Microsoft SQL Server. 此執行個體可以位於分散式安裝中不同於管理伺服器的電腦上,或是管理群組中的第一部管理伺服器上。This instance can be located on a separate computer from the management servers in a distributed installation or on the first management server in the management group. 不論如何,在您開始第一部管理伺服器安裝之前,Microsoft SQL Server 的執行個體必須已經存在並可存取。In either case, the instance of Microsoft SQL Server must already exist and be accessible before you start your first management server installation. SQL Server 定序設定必須是支援的值,而且必須啟用 SQL 全文檢索搜尋。The SQL Server Collation setting must be a supported value, and SQL Full Text Search must be enabled. 若要檢閱 Operations Manager 支援哪些 SQL Server 版本,請參閱<SQL Server 設計考量>規劃文章中的 SQL Server 需求To review which versions of SQL Server are supported for Operations Manager, see SQL Server requirements in the SQL Server Design Considerations planning article.

安裝期間,系統會提示您提供下列項目:During setup, you are prompted for the following:

  • SQL Server 資料庫伺服器名稱、AlwaysOn 可用性群組名稱,或是主要叢集名稱和執行個體名稱。The SQL Server database server name, Always On availability group name, or primary cluster name and instance name. 如果您已使用預設執行個體安裝 SQL Server,就只需要指定 SQL Server 名稱。If you have installed SQL Server by using the default instance, you only have to specify the SQL Server name.

您可以接受預設值或設定:You can accept the default values for or set:

  • SQL Server 連接埠號碼。SQL Server Port number. 預設為 1433。By default, 1433.

  • 新的操作資料庫 (用於在管理群組中安裝第一部管理伺服器),或現有操作資料庫 (在現有管理群組中安裝其他管理伺服器時)。A new operational database (for first management server installation in the management group) or an existing operational database (when installing additional management servers in an existing management group).

  • 資料庫名稱。The database name. 預設為 OperationsManager。By default, OperationsManager.

  • 初始資料庫大小。The starting database size. 預設為 1000 MB。By default, 1000 MB.

  • 資料檔案和記錄檔資料夾位置。The Data file and Log folder locations. 視 SQL Server 預設值而定,預設為 C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Data 或 C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Log。By default, these are C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Data or C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Log as appropriate to the SQL Server defaults.

重要

如果裝載 SQL Server 資料庫的遠端伺服器停用 TCP/IP,安裝程式就無法連線至 SQL Server 資料庫。If TCP/IP is disabled on a remote server that is hosting the SQL Server database, Setup will not be able to connect to the SQL Server database. 若要解決此問題,請在遠端伺服器上啟用 TCP/IP。To resolve this issue, enable TCP/IP on the remote server.

請確認已正確安裝和設定 SQL Server Reporting Services。Ensure that SQL Server Reporting Services has been correctly installed and configured. 如需如何安裝和設定 SQL Server Reporting Services 的詳細資訊,請參閱 SQL Server 安裝 (SQL Server 2014)For more information about how to install and configure SQL Server Reporting Services, see SQL Server Installation (SQL Server 2014). 如需如何安裝和設定 SQL Server 2016 Reporting Services 的詳細資訊,請參閱 SQL Server 安裝 (SQL Server 2016)For more information about how to install and configure SQL Server 2016 Reporting Services, see SQL Server Installation (SQL Server 2016).

如需協助您妥善規劃 SQL Server 組態以支援 Operations Manager 的詳細資訊,請參閱 SQL Server 設計考量For additional information to help you properly plan your SQL Server configuration in support of Operations Manager, see SQL Server Design Considerations.

後續步驟Next steps