如何建立和設定 Operations Manager 中檢視的範圍How to create and scope views in Operations Manager

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Operations Manager,建議升級至 Operations Manager 2019This version of Operations Manager has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to Operations Manager 2019.

System Center Operations Manager Operations 主控台檢視與儀表板會顯示符合特定準則的資訊。System Center Operations Manager Operations console views and dashboards display information that meets specific criteria. 當您選取某個檢視時,系統會傳送查詢至 Operations Manager 資料庫,並在結果窗格中顯示查詢的結果。When you select a view, a query is sent to the Operations Manager database and the results of the query are displayed in the results pane. 效能 Widget 可藉由儀表板來查詢資料倉儲資料庫。With dashboards, the performance widget queries the data warehouse database.

您可以使用 Operations Manager 安裝時建立的標準檢視、管理組件提供的檢視或建立自己的自訂檢視。You can use the standard views created when Operations Manager is installed, views provided by management packs, or create your own custom views.

您必須至少具有作者角色的權限,才能在 [監視] 工作區建立檢視。At a minimum, you must have the rights of the Author role to create a view in the Monitoring workspace.

使用群組設定檢視的範圍Using groups to scope views

您可以使用群組限制 Operations 主控台中的檢視,以更輕鬆地找到所需的特定資訊。You can use groups to limit a view in the Operations console, making it easier to find the specific information you need. 您可以將任何現有檢視 (除儀表板檢視外) 的領域變更為特定群組,不過,此變更只會套用到執行變更的使用者,而且當主控台重新啟動時即不會持續。You can change the scope for any existing view (other than dashboard views) to a specific group; however, this change only applies to the user who makes it and does not persist when the console is restarted.

為能持續管理,您可以建立將領域設為特定群組的檢視。For persistent management, you can create views that are scoped to a specific group. 您也可以設定儀表板檢視中的下列 Widget 的領域:You can also scope the following widgets in a dashboard view:

  • 警示Alert

  • 執行個體詳細資料Instance Details

  • 效能Performance

  • 狀況State

例如,在建立物件群組之後,您可以建立儀表板檢視,在其中將每個 Widget 的目標設為群組,針對群組成員的重要資訊提供單一檢視。For example, after you create a group of objects, you can create a dashboard view in which each widget is targeted to the group, providing a single view for important information for the members of the group.

在建立該群組的檢視之後,您可以建立將領域設為該群組並限制使用該群組檢視的使用者角色,然後將使用者指派至該使用者角色。After you create views for the group, you can create a user role that is scoped to the group and limited to the views for that group, and then assign users to that user role. 這可讓具有該使用者角色的個人監視所需的物件,同時限制他們只能看到與這些物件相關的資訊。This enables the individuals with that user role to monitor the objects they are concerned with, while limiting them to information that only pertains to those objects.

如何建立警示檢視How to create an alert view

您可以建立自訂警示檢視,只顯示要查看的警示。You can create a custom alert view that shows only those alerts that you want to see. 例如,如果您需要追蹤 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦的狀態,可建立只顯示這些電腦所產生的重大警示的檢視。For example, if you need to track the status of UNIX-based or Linux-based computers, you can create a view that shows only critical alerts generated by those computers.

  1. 在 Operations 主控台中,按一下 [我的工作區] 。In the Operations console, click My Workspace.

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [警示檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view and point to New, and click Alert View.

  3. 在警示檢視的 [內容] 對話方塊中,輸入檢視的名稱和描述。In the Properties dialog box of the alert view, type a name and a description for the view. (描述是選擇性的)。(The description is optional.)

  4. 設定準則以識別要顯示的警示:Set the criteria to identify the alerts to display:

    1. 藉由識別警示的類別或群組,縮小可能的警示集區。Narrow the pool of possible alerts by identifying a class or group for alerts. 例如,若要建立 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦的警示檢視,請在 [顯示與下列項目相關的資料] 清單中選取 [Unix 電腦] 。For example, to create an alert view for UNIX-based or Linux-based computers, select Unix Computer in the Show data related to list.

    2. 選取定義檢視內容的條件。Select the conditions that define the content of the view. 您可以選擇許多不同的條件,不論是嚴重性、優先順序或是特定欄位中含有文字的警示。There are a number of different conditions that you can choose, from severity or priority to alerts that include text in specific fields. 例如,對於 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦的警示檢視,請在 [選取條件] 清單中選取 [屬於特定的嚴重性] 。For example, for the UNIX-based or Linux-based computers alert view, select of a specific severity in the Select conditions list.

    3. 在 [準則描述] 方塊中,按一下加底線的文字來調整準則描述。Refine the criteria description by clicking the underlined text in the Criteria description box.

      對於 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦的警示檢視,請按一下 [特定] 。For the UNIX-based or Linux-based computers alert view, click specific. 在 [警示類型] 視窗中選取 [重大] ,然後按一下 [確定] 。In the Alert Type window, select Critical, and then click OK.

    注意

    您可以新增多個準則來調整檢視,以滿足您的需求。You can add multiple criteria to refine the view to fit your needs.

  5. 在 [顯示] 索引標籤中自訂警示檢視的外觀。您可以指定要顯示的欄、欄的排序順序,以及項目的分組方式。Customize the appearance of the alert view on the Display tab. You can specify the columns to display, the sort order for the columns, and the manner in which items are grouped.

  6. 按一下 [確定] 以建立檢視。Click OK to create the view.

如何建立事件檢視How to create an event view

事件檢視只能顯示管理組件收集到的事件。An event view can only display events that are collected by a management pack. Operations Manager 不會收集所有事件。Operations Manager does not collect all events.

  1. 在 Operations 主控台中,按一下 [我的工作區] 。In the Operations console, click My Workspace.

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [事件檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view, point to New, and then click Event View.

  3. 在事件檢視的 [內容] 對話方塊中,輸入檢視的名稱和描述。In the Properties dialog box of the event view, type a name and a description for the view. (描述是選擇性的)。(The description is optional.)

  4. 設定準則以識別要顯示的事件:Set the criteria to identify the events to display:

    1. 藉由識別事件的類別或群組,縮小可能的事件集區。Narrow the pool of possible events by identifying a class or group for events. 例如,若要建立 UNIX 電腦的事件檢視,請在 [顯示與下列項目相關的資料] 清單中選取 [Unix 電腦] 。For example, to create an event view for UNIX-based computers, select Unix Computer in the Show data related to list.

    2. 選取定義檢視內容的條件。Select the conditions that define the content of the view. 您有許多不同的條件可供選擇。There are a number of different conditions that you can choose. 例如,針對 UNIX 電腦事件檢視,請在 [選取條件] 清單中選取 [具有特定嚴重性等級] 。For example, for the UNIX-based computers event view, select with specific severity level in the Select conditions list.

      注意

      當您選取 [由特定規則所產生] 時,只能選取事件收集規則。When you select generated by specific rules, only event collection rules can be selected. 當您按一下 [特定] 時,如果沒看見要選取的規則,請確認所需規則的類別是 [事件集合] 。If you do not see the rule that you want to select when you click specific, ensure that the category of the rule you want is Event Collection.

    3. 在 [準則描述] 方塊中,按一下加底線的文字來調整準則描述。Refine the criteria description by clicking the underlined text in the Criteria description box.

      針對 UNIX 電腦事件檢視,請按一下 [特定] 。For the UNIX-based computers event view, click specific. 在 [事件類型] 視窗中選取 [稽核失敗] ,然後按一下 [確定] 。In the Event Type window, select Audit Failure, and then click OK.

    注意

    您可以新增多個準則來調整檢視,以滿足您的需求。You can add multiple criteria to refine the view to fit your needs.

  5. 在 [顯示] 索引標籤中自訂事件檢視的外觀。您可以指定要顯示的欄、欄的排序順序,以及項目的分組方式。Customize the appearance of the event view on the Display tab. You can specify the columns to display, the sort order for the columns, and the manner in which items are grouped.

  6. 按一下 [確定] 以建立檢視。Click OK to create the view.

如何建立狀態檢視How to Create a state view

Operations Manager 中的狀態檢視就像其他大部分的檢視類型一樣,您可以使用 [屬性] 對話方塊中的 [準則] 索引標籤,定義您想要在檢視中顯示哪些物件檢視。The state view in Operations Manager is like most other view types in that you use the Criteria tab in the Properties dialog box of the view to define which objects you want shown in your view. 然後您可以使用 [顯示] 索引標籤自訂資料在檢視中的顯示方式。You then use the Display tab to customize how the data looks in your view. [準則] 索引標籤的每個區段都可以新增其他篩選至您的檢視。Each section of the Criteria tab adds an additional filter to your view.

注意

當狀態檢視顯示時,您可能會發現有多個依照相同名稱列出的物件。When a state view is displayed, you might find that multiple objects are listed by the same name. 例如,Windows 電腦物件和管理伺服器物件可能會具有相同的電腦名稱。For example, a Windows-based computer object and management server object might have the same computer name. 在狀態檢視中,Windows 電腦物件和管理伺服器物件會列在自己的一列中,因此相同的電腦名稱會列出兩次。The Windows-based computer object and the management server object will be listed on their own row in the state view and thus, the same computer name will be listed twice. 這是正常的現象。This is expected behavior.

  1. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [狀態檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view, point to New, and then click State View.

  2. 在事件檢視的 [內容] 對話方塊中,輸入檢視的名稱和描述。In the Properties dialog box of the event view, type a name and a description for the view. (描述是選擇性的)。(The description is optional.)

  3. 在 [準則] 索引標籤上,按一下 [顯示與下列項目相關的資料] 方塊旁的省略符號 ( ... )。On the Criteria tab, click the ellipses (...) next to the Show data related to box. [選取目標類型] 對話方塊會顯示管理群組中的可用物件類型清單。The Select a Target Type dialog box displays a list of the object types available in your management group. 按一下以選取要檢視之物件的物件類型,然後按一下 [確定] 。Click to select the object type of the objects that you want to view, and then click OK.

    您所選取的物件類型會列於 [顯示與下列項目相關的資料] 方塊中。The object type you select is listed in the Show data related to box. 如果您想要縮小檢視的焦點,您也可以按一下 [顯示包含於特定群組中的資料] 旁的省略符號 ( ... )。If you want to narrow the focus of the view, you can also click the ellipses (...) next to Show data contained in a specific group. 按一下群組以篩選檢視中顯示的物件,然後按一下 [確定] 。Click a group to filter the objects shown in your view, and then click OK.

    注意

    如果沒有看到想要的物件類型,請按一下 [檢視所有目標] ,然後在 [尋找] 中輸入文字或片語以篩選所顯示的清單。If you do not see the object type that you want, click View all targets and then type a word or phrase in Find to filter the displayed list.

  4. 使用提供的核取方塊選取個別準則,以便將其他篩選器套用至要顯示於檢視中的物件。Use the checkboxes provided to select individual criteria to apply additional filters to the objects that you want to display in your view. 您可能需要在 [準則描述] 方塊中進一步定義準則。You might need to further define the criteria in the Criteria description box.

  5. 按一下 [顯示] 索引標籤。依預設會顯示狀態檢視中的所有欄位。Click the Display tab. By default, all columns in your state view display. 按一下以取消選取不要顯示的一或多個欄位。Click to deselect one or more columns that you do not want to display. 在 [欄排序方式為] 中選擇物件在檢視中的排序方式。Choose how you want to sort the objects in your view in Sort columns by.

  6. 按一下 [確定] 以建立檢視。Click OK to create the view.

如何建立效能檢視How to create a performance view

效能檢視會使用儲存在操作資料庫中的資料。Performance views use data stored in the operational database. 效能檢視只能顯示管理組件收集的效能計數器。A performance view can only display performance counters that are collected by a management pack. Operations Manager 不會收集所有效能計數器。Operations Manager does not collect all performance counters.

  1. 在 Operations 主控台中,按一下 [我的工作區] 。In the Operations console, click My Workspace.

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [效能檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view, point to New, and then click Performance View.

  3. 在效能檢視的 [內容] 對話方塊中,輸入檢視的名稱和描述。In the Properties dialog box of the performance view, type a name and a description for the view. (描述是選擇性的)。(The description is optional.)

  4. 設定準則以識別要顯示的效能資料:Set the criteria to identify the performance data to display:

    1. 識別效能資料的類別或群組。Identify a class or group for performance data. 例如,若要建立 UNIX 電腦的效能檢視,請在 [顯示與下列項目相關的資料] 清單中選取 [Unix 電腦] 。For example, to create a performance view for UNIX-based computers, select Unix Computer in the Show data related to list.

    2. 選取定義檢視內容的條件。Select the conditions that define the content of the view. 您有許多不同的條件可供選擇。There are a number of different conditions that you can choose. 針對 UNIX 電腦效能檢視,請在 [選取條件] 清單中選取 [由特定規則收集] 。For the UNIX-based computers performance view, select collected by specific rules in the Select conditions list.

    3. 在 [準則描述] 方塊中,按一下加底線的文字來調整準則描述。Refine the criteria description by clicking the underlined text in the Criteria description box.

      針對 [由特定規則收集] 條件,請按一下 [特定] 。For the collected by specific rules condition, click specific. 在 [選取規則] 視窗中選取效能集合規則,然後按一下 [確定] 。In the Select rules window, select a performance collection rule, and then click OK.

    注意

    您可以新增多個準則來調整檢視,以滿足您的需求。You can add multiple criteria to refine the view to fit your needs.

  5. 在 [顯示] 索引標籤中自訂警示檢視的外觀。您可以指定要顯示的圖表類型、圖表涵蓋的時段,以及 X 軸和 Y 軸的顯示選項。Customize the appearance of the alert view on the Display tab. You can specify the chart type to display, the period of time that the chart should cover, and the display options for the X axis and Y axis.

  6. 按一下 [確定] 以建立檢視。Click OK to create the view.

如何建立圖表檢視How to create a diagram view

在 Operations Manager 中,圖表檢視會使用範本來控制資訊在圖表中的配置。In Operations Manager, a diagram view uses a template to control the layout of the information in the diagram. 您可從現有範本中選擇,也可以建立您自己的範本。You can choose from an existing template or create your own template. 如果選擇建立您自己的範本,在建立檢視時即可設定檢視的配置。If you choose to create your own template, you configure the layout of the view while you are creating the view.

  1. 在 Operations 主控台中,按一下 [我的工作區] 。In the Operations console, click My Workspace.

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [圖表檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view, point to New, and click Diagram View.

  3. 在圖表檢視的 [內容] 對話方塊中,輸入檢視的名稱和描述。In the Properties dialog box of the diagram view, type a name and a description for the view. (描述是選擇性的)。(The description is optional.)

  4. 按一下 [瀏覽] 。Click Browse. 在 [選取物件] 對話方塊中,按一下要包含在圖表檢視之物件類型的群組,然後按一下 [確定] 。In the Select Object dialog box, click the group for the type of objects that you want to include in your diagram view, and then click OK.

  5. 按一下 [建立您自己的範本] ,指派圖表檢視配置。Click Create your own template to design a layout for your diagram view.

  6. 若要接受圖表檢視的預設值,請按一下 [建立] 。If you want to accept the default settings for the diagram view, click Create. 若要變更預設設定,請繼續進行本程序。If you want to change the default settings, continue with this procedure.

  7. 在 [圖表內容] 索引標籤的 [顯示的等級] 中鍵入數字,以顯示要在檢視中顯示的相關等級及子等級數。On the Diagram Properties tab, type a number in Levels to show to display the number of related classes and subclasses that you want in your view. 該數字包含最高等級。This number includes the top-level class. 在 [版面配置方向] 中,按一下下拉箭頭,可檢視將在您檢視中為物件顯示的選項清單。In Layout Direction, click the drop-down arrow to view a list of display options for the objects in your view. [北南] 會以垂直排列顯示物件,[東西] 則會並排顯示物件。North South displays the objects in a vertical arrangement, and East West displays the objects side by side.

  8. 按一下 [物件內容] 索引標籤。若要透過將相關的物件類型與子物件類型包含在同一個方塊中一併描述,請按一下 [方塊] 。Click the Object Properties tab. Click Boxes if you want to delineate your related object types and child object types by containing them in a box. 您也可以調整 [每列節點數] 設定,以定義另開一列之前將列出的相關物件類型數量。You can also adjust the Nodes Per Row setting to define how many of your related object types are listed before beginning another row.

  9. 在 [線條內容] 索引標籤上,使用 [內含項目線條] 設定來選擇圖表中方塊的線條格式。On the Line Properties tab, choose the format for the lines of the boxes in your diagram by using the Containment Line settings. 使用 [非內含項目線條] 設定可選擇未按方塊分組的物件格式。Choose the format for objects that are not grouped by boxes using the Non Containment Line settings. 按一下 [建立] 。Click Create.

如何建立工作狀態檢視How to create a task status view

Operations Manager 中的工作狀態檢視就像其他大部分的檢視類型一樣,您可以使用 [屬性] 對話方塊中的 [準則] 索引標籤,定義您想要在檢視中顯示哪些物件檢視。The task status view in Operations Manager is like most other view types in that you use the Criteria tab in the Properties dialog box of the view to define which objects you want shown in your view. 然後您可以使用 [顯示] 索引標籤自訂資料在檢視中的顯示方式。You then use the Display tab to customize how the data looks in your view. [準則] 索引標籤的每個區段都可以新增其他篩選至您的檢視。Each section of the Criteria tab adds an additional filter to your view.

  1. 在 Operations 主控台中,按一下 [我的工作區] 。In the Operations console, click My Workspace.

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [工作狀態檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view, point to New, and then click Task Status View.

  3. 在工作狀態檢視的 [內容] 對話方塊中,輸入檢視的名稱和描述。In the Properties dialog box of the task status view, type a name and a description for the view. (描述是選擇性的)。(The description is optional.)

  4. 在 [準則] 索引標籤上,按一下 [顯示與下列項目相關的資料] 方塊旁的省略符號 ( ... )。On the Criteria tab, click the ellipses (...) next to the Show data related to box. [選取目標類型] 對話方塊會顯示管理群組中的可用物件類型清單。The Select a Target Type dialog box displays a list of the object types available in your management group. 按一下以選取能最具體描述所要檢視之物件的物件類型,然後按一下 [確定] 。Click to select the object type that most specifically describes the objects that you want to view, and then click OK.

    您所選取的物件類型會列於 [顯示與下列項目相關的資料] 方塊中。The object type you select is listed in the Show data related to box. 如果您想要縮小檢視的焦點,您也可以按一下 [顯示包含於特定群組中的資料] 旁的省略符號 ( ... )。If you want to narrow the focus of the view, you can also click the ellipses (...) next to Show data contained in a specific group. 按一下群組以篩選檢視中顯示的物件,然後按一下 [確定] 。Click a group to filter the objects shown in your view, and then click OK.

    注意

    如果沒有看到想要的物件類型,請按一下 [檢視所有目標] ,然後在 [尋找] 中輸入文字或片語以篩選所顯示的清單。If you do not see the object type that you want, click View all targets and then type a word or phrase in Find to filter the displayed list.

  5. 使用提供的核取方塊選取個別準則,以便將其他篩選器套用至要顯示於檢視中的物件。Use the check boxes provided to select individual criteria to apply additional filters to the objects that you want to display in your view. 您可能需要在 [準則描述] 方塊中進一步定義準則。You might need to further define the criteria in the Criteria description box.

  6. 按一下 [顯示] 索引標籤。依預設會顯示狀態檢視中的所有欄位。Click the Display tab. By default, all columns in your state view display. 按一下以取消選取不要顯示的一或多個欄位。Click to deselect one or more columns that you do not want to display. 在 [欄排序方式為] 中選擇物件在檢視中的排序方式。Choose how you want to sort the objects in your view in Sort columns by.

  7. 按一下 [確定] 以建立檢視。Click OK to create the view.

如何建立網頁檢視How to create a web page view

您可以建立顯示特定網頁的檢視。You can create a view that displays a specific web page. 例如,您可以建立指向 http://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/category/systemcenteroperationsmanager 的網頁檢視,讓您可以在 Operations 主控台內存取 Operations Manager 社群論壇。For example, you can create a web page view that points to http://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/category/systemcenteroperationsmanager, which makes the community forums for Operations Manager available to you within the Operations console. 您可以與網頁檢視中顯示的網頁互動,如同在網際網路瀏覽器中操作網頁。You can interact with the web pages displayed in a web page view, just as you can in an internet browser.

  1. 在 Operations 主控台中,按一下 [我的工作區] 。In the Operations console, click My Workspace.

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [網頁檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view, point to New, and then click Web Page View.

  3. 輸入檢視的名稱和描述。Enter a name and description for the view. (描述是選擇性的)。(The description is optional.)

  4. 在 [目標網站] 欄位中,輸入要在檢視中顯示的網頁 URI。In the Target website field, enter the URI for the web page to be displayed in the view. 您可以指定網際網路或內部網路位址。You can specify an Internet or intranet address.

    注意

    網頁檢視只能在能夠存取指定網頁的電腦上顯示該網頁。The web view will only display the specified web page on computers that have access to that web page. 例如,如果您建立連結 Microsoft.com 上 System Center 網頁的網頁檢視,沒有網際網路存取權限的電腦上的 Operations 主控台將無法在網頁檢視中顯示正確的網頁。For example, if you create a web page view that links to the System Center page on Microsoft.com, an Operations console on a computer that does not have Internet access will not display the correct web page in that web page view.

  5. 按一下 [確定] 。Click OK.

如何建立儀表板檢視How to create a dashboard view

您可以在 Operations Manager Web 主控台以及 Operations 主控台中建立儀表板檢視。You can create dashboard views in the Operations Manager web console as well as the Operations console.

重要

當儀表板檢視使用資料倉儲資料庫中的資料時,操作員有可能可以在使用操作資料庫資料的檢視中,檢視他們沒有存取權限的資料。When a dashboard view uses data from the data warehouse database, operators might be able to view data that they would not otherwise have access to in views that use data from the operational database.

您可以使用儀表板檢視在單一檢視中呈現多種類型的資料。You can use dashboard views to present multiple types of data in a single view. 您可以選取由多個資料行組成的流程版面配置,或選取由多個儲存格組成的格線版面配置。You select either a flow layout, which consists of multiple columns, or a grid layout, which consists of multiple cells. 在格線版面配置中,您還可以指定儲存格的版面配置。In the grid layout, you also specify the layout of the cells.

如果您建立使用流程版面配置的儀表板檢視,可以在稍後變更資料行數目。If you create a dashboard view that uses a flow layout, you can change the number of columns afterward. 如果您建立使用格線版面配置的儀表板檢視,可以在之後變更版面配置,不過不能變更儲存格的數目。If you create a dashboard view that uses a grid layout, you can change the layout afterward but you cannot change the number of cells.

對於以上兩種版面配置,在建立儀表板檢視後,您可以新增顯示特定類型資料的 Widget。For both layouts, after you create the dashboard view, you add widgets which will display specific types of data.

注意

儀表板檢視中的資料行或儲存格可包含 Widget 或其他儀表板檢視。A column or cell in a dashboard view can contain a widget or another dashboard view.

儀表板檢視中的 Widget 可顯示特定目標物件類別或物件群組的資料。Widgets in a dashboard view can display data for a particular target class or group of objects. 若要支援您要建立的儀表板檢視,您應先針對要納入顯示之資料中的電腦或物件,建立由該電腦或物件集合所組成的群組。To support the dashboard view that you are going to create, you should first create a group containing a set of computers or objects to include in the displayed data.

注意

如果您建立的儀表板檢視包含 Widget,且 Widget 顯示包含執行個體之目標類別 (非單一類別) 的資料,便無法將該儀表板檢視匯入其他管理群組。When you create a dashboard view that includes a widget that displays data for a target class that contains instances (a non-singleton class), that dashboard view cannot be imported into other management groups.

您也可以建立服務等級儀表板檢視,追蹤所建立的服務等級目標的資料。You can also create a service level dashboard view to track data for service level objectives that you create. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Creating a Service Level Dashboard (建立服務等級儀表板)For more information, see Creating a Service Level Dashboard.

  1. 在 Operations 主控台中,按一下 [我的工作區] 。In the Operations console, click My Workspace.

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [儀表板檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view, point to New, and click Dashboard View.

  3. 在新增執行個體精靈的 [範本] 頁面上,按一下 [流程版面配置] 或 [格線版面配置] ,然後按一下 [下一步] 。In the New Instance Wizard, on the Template page, click either Flow Layout or Grid Layout, and then click Next.

  4. 在 [一般內容] 頁面上,輸入儀表板檢視的名稱。On the General Properties page, enter a name for the dashboard view. 描述是選擇性的。The description is optional. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

  5. 針對格線版面配置,請在 [選取版面配置] 頁面中,選擇要顯示的儲存格數目和儲存格的版面配置範本。For a grid layout, on the Select Layout page, choose the number of cells to display and the layout template for the cells. 版面配置範本會隨著選取的儲存格數目而改變。The layout templates change based on the number of cells selected. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

    針對流程版面配置,請在 [指定流程版面配置資料行計數] 頁面中,選取要顯示的資料行數目。For a flow layout, on the Specify the flow layout column count page, select the number of columns to display. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

  6. 檢閱 [摘要] 頁面上的設定,然後按一下 [建立] 。Review the settings on the Summary page, and then click Create.

  7. 按一下 [關閉] 。Click Close.

您建立的儀表板檢視隨即會顯示。The dashboard view that you created is displayed. 接下來,您需要設定儀表板檢視中的資料行或儲存格。Next, you configure the columns or cells in the dashboard view.

若要將 Widget 加入儀表板檢視To add widgets to a dashboard view

  1. 在儀表板檢視的儲存格或資料行中,按一下 [按一下加入 Widget] 。In a cell or column of a dashboard view, click Click to add widget.

  2. 在新增執行個體精靈的 [範本] 頁面中,選取可用的範本。In the New Instance Wizard, on the Template page, select from the available templates. 流程版面配置和格線版面配置範本的精靈頁面與新增儀表板檢視的程序相同。The wizard pages for the Flow Layout and Grid Layout templates are the same as in the new dashboard view procedure. 下列步驟提供其他 Widget 範本的指示。The following steps provide instructions for the other widget templates.

    警示 Widget:Alert Widget:

    1. 在 [一般內容] 頁面上,輸入 Widget 的名稱。On the General Properties page, enter a name for the widget. 描述是選擇性的。The description is optional. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

    2. 在 [指定範圍] 頁面上,選取群組或物件,然後按一下 [下一步] 。On the Specify the Scope page, select a group or object, and then click Next.

    3. 在 [指定準則] 頁面上,使用嚴重性、優先順序和解決狀態核取方塊來選取要顯示之資料的準則,然後按一下 [下一步] 。On the Specify the Criteria page, use the severity, priority, and resolution state checkboxes to select the criteria for data to be displayed, and then click Next.

    4. 在 [顯示] 頁面上,選取要顯示的欄。On the Display page, select the columns you want displayed. 您也可以設定排序順序和資料的分組方式。You can also configure the sort order and how to group the data. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

    5. 檢閱 [摘要] 頁面上的設定,然後按一下 [建立] 。Review the settings on the Summary page, and then click Create.

    6. 按一下 [關閉] 。Click Close.

    效能 Widget:Performance Widget:

    1. 在 [一般內容] 頁面上,輸入 Widget 的名稱。On the General Properties page, enter a name for the widget. 描述是選擇性的。The description is optional. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

    2. 在 [指定範圍和計數器] 頁面上,選取群組或物件。On the Specify the Scope and Counters page, select a group or object.

    3. 在 [指定範圍和計數器] 頁面上,按一下 [新增] 。On the Specify the Scope and Counters page, click Add.

    4. 在 [選取效能計數器] 對話方塊中,使用 [物件] 、[計數器] 和 [執行個體] 下拉式功能表來篩選 [可用項目] 所列的效能計數器。In the Select performance counters dialog box, use the Object, Counter, and Instance drop-down menus to filter the performance counters listed in Available Items. 在 [可用項目] 清單中選取效能計數器,然後依序按一下 [新增] 和 [確定] 。Select performance counters from the Available Items list, click Add, and then click OK.

      注意

      系統便會將可用效能計數器的範圍設定為在 [選取群組或物件] 中選取的群組或物件。The performance counters available are scoped to the group or object you selected in Select a group or object.

    5. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

    6. 在 [時間範圍] 頁面上,選取資料的時間範圍,然後按一下 [下一步] 。On the Time Range page, select the time range for the data, and click Next.

    7. 在 [指定圖表喜好設定] 頁面上,選取要顯示在效能圖表中的項目。On the Specify the Chart Preferences page, select the items you want displayed in the performance chart. 您可以使用向上鍵和向下鍵來設定項目的順序。You can configure order of the items by using the up and down arrows. 針對垂直軸,您可以選取 [自動] 或手動設定最小值和最大值。For the vertical axis, you can select Automatic or configure the minimum and maximum values manually. 按一下 [下一步] 。Cilck Next.

    8. 檢閱 [摘要] 頁面上的設定,然後按一下 [建立] 。Review the settings on the Summary page, and then click Create.

    9. 按一下 [關閉] 。Click Close.

    狀態 Widget:State Widget:

    1. 在 [一般內容] 頁面上,輸入 Widget 的名稱。On the General Properties page, enter a name for the widget. 描述是選擇性的。The description is optional. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

    2. 在 [指定範圍] 頁面上,按一下 [新增] 。On the Specify the Scope page, click Add.

    3. 在 [新增群組或文字] 視窗的 [可用項目] 中,按一下群組或物件並按一下 [新增] ,然後按一下 [確定] 。In the Add Groups or Objects window, click the groups or objects in Available items and click Add, and then click OK.

    4. 在 [選取類別以限制特定群組的成員範圍] 中,您可以變更選取的類別In Select a class to scope the members of the specific groups, you can change the selected class. (預設會選取 [物件])。按一下 [下一步] 。(Object is selected by default.) Click Next.

    5. 在 [指定準則] 頁面上,使用健全狀況狀態核取方塊來選取要顯示之資料的準則,然後按一下 [下一步] 。On the Specify the Criteria page, use the health state checkboxes to select the criteria for data to be displayed, and then click Next.

      注意

      您也可以選擇只顯示處於維護模式的物件。You can also select to display only objects in maintenance mode.

    6. 在 [顯示] 頁面上,選取要顯示的欄。On the Display page, select the columns you want displayed. 您也可以設定排序順序和資料的分組方式。You can also configure the sort order and how to group the data. 按一下 [下一步] 。Click Next.

    7. 檢閱 [摘要] 頁面上的設定,然後按一下 [建立] 。Review the settings on the Summary page, and then click Create.

如何建立覆寫摘要檢視How to create an overrides summary view

您只能在 [我的工作區] 中建立覆寫摘要檢視。You can only create an overrides summary view in My Workspace.

您可以在覆寫摘要檢視中檢視所有的規則和監視覆寫。You can view all rule and monitor overrides in an overrides summary view. 密封及未密封的管理組件都可使用覆寫摘要檢視。The overrides summary view can be used for both sealed and unsealed management packs.

  1. 在 Operations 主控台中,按一下 [我的工作區] 。In the Operations console, click My Workspace.

  2. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下要儲存檢視的資料夾,指向 [新增] ,然後按一下 [覆寫摘要檢視] 。Right-click the folder where you want to store the view, point to New, and then click Overrides Summary Vieew.

  3. 在覆寫摘要檢視的 [內容] 對話方塊中,輸入檢視的名稱和描述In the Properties dialog box of the overrides summary view, type a name and description for the view. (描述是選擇性的)。(The description is optional.)

  4. 設定準則以識別要顯示的效能資料:Set the criteria to identify the performance data to display:

    1. 識別效能資料的類別或群組。Identify a class or group for performance data. 例如,若要建立所有 System Center 代理程式的覆寫摘要檢視,請在 [顯示與下列項目相關的資料] 清單中選取 [代理程式] 。For example, to create an overrides summary view for all System Center agents, select Agent in the Show data related to list.

    2. 選取定義檢視內容的條件。Select the conditions that define the content of the view.

    3. 在 [準則描述] 方塊中,按一下加底線的文字來調整準則描述。Refine the criteria description by clicking the underlined text in the Criteria description box.

    注意

    您可以新增多個準則來調整檢視,以滿足您的需求。You can add multiple criteria to refine the view to fit your needs.

  5. 在 [顯示] 索引標籤中自訂警示檢視的外觀。Customize the appearance of the alert view on the Display tab.

  6. 按一下 [確定] 以建立檢視。Click OK to create the view.

後續步驟Next steps