Operations Manager 中的檢視類型View types in Operations Manager

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Operations Manager,建議升級至 Operations Manager 2019This version of Operations Manager has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to Operations Manager 2019.

在 Operations Manager 中,檢視提供您的服務效能、其健全狀況狀態,或是偵測到並顯示在警示檢視之問題的深入解析。In Operations Manager, views provide insight into the performance of your service, its health state, or the issues detected and presented in an alerts view. 檢視會根據特定條件傳回獨立的資料,而儀表板是以摘要、單一整合的方式檢視操作資料的一種方式,讓您的作業、工程和企業用來做出有意義的決策。Views return independent data based on specific criteria, whereas dashboard are a way to view operational data in a condensed, single pane of glass, which your operations, engineering, and the business can use to make meaningful decisions. 有數種儀表板類型可提供給您 IT 組織內不同的角色。There are various types of dashboards that can accommodate the various roles in your IT organization. 可能會有資料儲存管理員想要看到 SQL 伺服器使用超出配置磁碟空間量的百分比;也可能會有管理高流量網站的系統工程人員想要知道他所有 Web 伺服器的平均每秒要求數量。You may have a data storage Manager that wants to see the percentage of SQL servers using more than the allocated amount of disk space; you may have a systems engineer managing a web site with high traffic and wants to know what average requests per/sec are for all his Web servers. 儀表板以簡潔的方式和壓縮的格式表達資訊,如此使用者就可以決定他們是否需要立刻採取動作。Dashboards convey information succinctly and in a compact format so that the end user can decide if they need to take action immediately.

在您識別要監視的 IT 服務、設定監視它們的方式之後,您必須設定如何視覺化資料並提供給組織內不同的角色 (負責維持和維護服務的人員、想要查看所提供重要服務摘要可用性狀態的使用者,以及對決定 IT 是否符合其企業服務目標感興趣的管理人員)。After you identify the IT services to monitor, the configuration of how to monitor them, you need to configure how that data will be visualized and provided to the different personas in the organization who are responsible for sustaining and maintaining the service, the end-users who want to see a summarized availability status of critical services provided, and management who are interested in determining if IT is meeting its service objectives to the business.

System Center - Operations Manager 中的每種檢視類型都會顯示監視資料的不同面向。Each view type in System Center - Operations Manager displays a different aspect of monitoring data. 每種檢視類型都有不一樣的圖示,如下圖所示。Each view type has a different icon as shown in the following image.

與每種檢視類型相關聯的圖示

警示檢視類型Alert view type

警示檢視會顯示符合您特定準則的警示,例如警示嚴重性、解決狀態或指派給您的警示。The alert view displays alerts that meet your specific criteria, such as alert severity, resolution state, or alerts that are assigned to you. 如需有關建立警示檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱如何建立警示檢視For information on creating an alert view, see How to Create an Alert View.

警示檢視的範例

事件檢視類型Event view type

事件檢視會查詢事件記錄檔,並根據事件檢視內容中指定的準則顯示符合的事件。The event view queries the event logs and displays events that are based on criteria specified in the event view properties. 如需建立事件檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱如何建立事件檢視For information on creating an event view, see How to Create an Event View.

事件檢視的範例

狀態檢視類型State view type

狀態檢視會顯示元件、電腦與電腦群組之間的關聯性。The state view displays relationships between components, computers, and computer groups. 如需建立狀態檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱如何建立狀態檢視For information on creating a state view, see How to Create a State View.

分散式應用程式之狀態檢視的範例

效能檢視類型Performance view type

效能檢視可讓您自訂您要用何種方式來檢視從效能物件和計數器收集到的效能資料。The performance view allows you to customize how you want to view performance data collected from performance objects and counters. 這包括能夠同時檢視歷程和目前操作的資料。This includes the ability to view historical and current operational data together. 您必須在 [詳細資料] 窗格中選取 [顯示] ,才能在 [結果] 窗格的圖形裡顯示規則中的資料。You must select Show in the Details pane to display data from a rule in the graph in the Results pane. 如需有關建立效能檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱 How to Create a Performance ViewFor information on creating a performance view, see How to Create a Performance View.

效能檢視的範例

圖表檢視類型Diagram view type

圖表檢視會顯示一組受管理物件的圖形檢視及該等物件彼此的相互關係。The Diagram view displays a graphical view of a set of managed objects and how they relate to one another. 如需有關建立圖表檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱 How to Create a Diagram ViewFor information on creating a diagram view, see How to Create a Diagram View.

圖表檢視的範例

工作狀態檢視類型Task status view type

工作狀態檢視會顯示符合內容中指定之準則的工作,例如僅限於符合特定物件類型的工作。The task status view displays tasks that meet criteria specified in the properties, such as only those tasks that apply to certain object types. 如需有關建立工作狀態檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱 How to Create a Task Status ViewFor information on creating a task status view, see How to Create a Task Status View.

工作狀態檢視的選取視窗

注意

屬於唯讀操作員角色成員的使用者無法檢視或執行任何工作。Users that are members of the Read-only Operator role cannot view or run any tasks. 因此,唯讀操作員所開啟的工作狀態檢視中不會出現任何工作。For this reason, no tasks appear in a task status view that is opened by a Read-only Operator.

網頁檢視類型Web page view type

網頁檢視會在 Operations 主控台中以單獨的視窗顯示網頁。The Web page view displays a Web page in a separate window in the Operations console. 如需有關建立網頁檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱 How to Create a Web Page ViewFor information on creating a Web page view, see How to Create a Web Page View.

網頁檢視的範例

覆寫摘要檢視類型Overrides summary view type

您只能在 [我的工作區] 中建立覆寫摘要檢視。You can only create an overrides summary view in My Workspace.

您可以在覆寫摘要檢視中檢視所有的規則和監視覆寫。You can view all rule and monitor overrides in the overrides summary view. 密封及未密封的管理組件都可使用覆寫摘要檢視。The overrides summary view can be used for both sealed and unsealed management packs. 您可以使用多個欄位標題將項目分組,藉以自訂此檢視。You can customize this view by grouping items by multiple column headers. 如需有關建立覆寫摘要檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱 How to Create an Overrides Summary ViewFor information on creating an overrides summary view, see How to Create an Overrides Summary View.

覆寫摘要檢視的範例

儀表板檢視類型Dashboard view type

儀表板檢視可讓您在單一檢視中顯示多種類型的資料。The dashboard view allows you to present multiple types of data in a single view.

重要

當儀表板檢視使用資料倉儲資料庫中的資料時,操作員有可能可以在使用操作資料庫資料的檢視中,檢視他們沒有存取權限的資料。When a dashboard view uses data from the data warehouse database, operators might be able to view data that they would not otherwise have access to in views that use data from the operational database.

範例儀表板檢視

如需有關建立儀表板檢視的詳細資訊,請參閱 How to Create a Dashboard ViewFor information on creating a dashboard view, see How to Create a Dashboard View.

後續步驟Next steps