Operations Manager 中的儀表板Dashboards in Operations Manager

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Operations Manager,建議升級至 Operations Manager 2019This version of Operations Manager has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to Operations Manager 2019.

儀表板具有特定配置,它會指定實際裝載內容之儲存格的排列方式。A dashboard has a particular layout, which specifies the arrangement of the cells that actually host content.  儀表板中的每個儲存格可以包含單一的 Widget。  Each cell in a dashboard can contain a single widget.  Widget 會存取一組特定資料或執行特定函式,並在儀表板中顯示其資訊。 A widget accesses a particular set of data or performs a particular function and presents its information in the dashboard.  每個 Widget 可提供一組特定的自訂項目,您可以根據特定需求進行修改。 Each widget provides a specific set of customizations that you can modify according to your particular requirements.  根據您選取的 [儀表板版面配置],儀表板可能會有一組固定的 Widget 或者允許您定義一些儲存格設定,而每一個都可以包含您所選擇的 Widget。 Depending on the Dashboard Layout that you select, the dashboard may have a fixed set of widgets or may allow you to define a number of configuration of cells that can each contain a widget of your choice.

Operations Manager 2019 UR2 與更新版本支援在 Web 主控台中建立資料夾,而且您可以在其中放置儀表板。Operations Manager 2019 UR2 and later supports folders' creation in web console, inside which, you can place dashboards. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在 Web 主控台中建立資料夾For more information, see create a folder in web console

注意

從 Operations 主控台建立的資料夾和檢視可以在 Web 主控台中檢視,但從 Web 主控台建立的儀表板則無法在 Operations 主控台中看到。Folders and views created from operations console can be viewed in the web console but the dashboards created from the web console will not be visible in the operations console.

Operations Manager 中的儀表板提供下列優點︰Dashboards in Operations Manager deliver the following benefits:

  • 儀表板會在管理組件中定義和共用。A dashboard is defined and shared in a management pack.
  • 針對 Operations Manager 使用者,撰寫儀表板是一個簡單程序。Authoring a dashboard is a simple process for an Operations Manager user. 透過 [新建儀表板和 Widget]**** 精靈, Operations 主控台和 Web 主控台中都可以建立新的儀表板或是修改現有的儀表板。A new dashboard can be created or an existing dashboard modified in both the Operations console and the Web console with the New Dashboard and Widget wizard. 不過,如果預設的儀表板範本不符合您的需求,您可以使用 Visual Studio 製作擴充功能,利用 Visual Studio 撰寫自訂儀表板與建立自訂 WidgetHowever, if the default dashboard templates do not meet your requirements, you can author custom dashboards and create custom widgets with Visual Studio using the Visual Studio Authoring Extensions.
  • 一旦建立之後,就可從 Operations 主控台、Web 主控台和 SharePoint Web 組件使用儀表板。Once created, a dashboard is available from the Operations console, the Web console and the SharePoint Web Part.

儀表板範本Dashboard templates

當您建立儀表板時,首先必須要指定的就是其範本,這會定義儀表板中將包含的 Widget 以及其配置。The first thing that you must specify when you create a dashboard is its template, which will define the widgets that will be included in the dashboard and their layout. 一旦建立之後,您無法變更儀表板的範本。 You cannot change the dashboard's template once it has been created. 下列各節提供可用範本的詳細資料。 The following sections provide details on the available templates. 其他範本可能會透過 Operations Manager 後續版本,或者協力廠商來提供。 Additional templates may be provided with subsequent versions of Operations Manager or from third parties.

服務等級儀表板Service Level dashboard

服務等級儀表板會顯示一或多個服務等級協定,以及其包含之服務等級目標的相關資訊。A Service Level Dashboard displays information on one or more Service Level Agreements and their included Service Level Objectives. 您無法設定個別的元件,但可以編輯儀表板設定,以定義要包含的 SLA 和時段。 You cannot configure the individual components but can edit the configuration of the dashboard to define the SLAs and time period to include.

  • 服務等級元件,會列出您針對儀表板選取之 SLA。Service Levels component that lists the SLAs that you selected for the dashboard.
  • 服務等級目標元件,會列出服務等級儲存格中選取之 SLA 的 SLO。Service Level Objectives component which lists the SLOs for the SLA that is selected in the Service Level cell.
  • 服務等級詳細資料元件,會顯示目前選取之 SLO 度量的視覺化計速器,以及顯示度量歷程記錄的折線圖。Service Level Details component that displays a speedometer visualization for the current measure of the selected SLO and a line chart showing the history of the measure.

摘要儀表板Summary dashboard

摘要儀表板包含一組固定的 Widget,顯示狀態、效能及警示資訊的組合。A Summary Dashboard includes a fixed set of widgets displaying a combination of state, performance, and alert information. Widget 各自獨立,且不會根據另一個小工具中選取之物件顯示資訊。 The widgets are independent of on another and do not display information based on the objects selected in another widget. 當您建立該名稱以外的儀表板,但在儀表板建立之後個別設定每個 Widget 時,您不會提供任何組態。  You do not provide any configuration when you create the dashboard other than the name but instead configure each widget independently after the dashboard is created. 摘要儀表板包含下列 Widget。Summary Dashboards include the following widgets.  

  • 依效能排序物件小工具 (前 N 個)Object by Performance Widget (Top N)  
  • 效能小工具 (效能)Performance Widget (Performance)
  • 狀態小工具 (狀態)State Widget (State)
  • 警示小工具 (警示)Alert Widget (Alert)

物件狀態Object state 

物件狀態儀表板包含多個 Widget,顯示特定物件或群組的相關資訊。An Object State dashboard includes multiple widgets showing information about a particular object or group. 您無法設定個別的 Widget,但可以編輯儀表板設定,來定義將包含所有 Widget (除了包含警示的準則以外) 的目標物件或群組。 You cannot configure the individual widgets but can edit the configuration of the dashboard to define the target object or group that all the widgets will include in addition to the criteria for included alerts.  

物件狀態儀表板包含下列 Widget。Object State dashboards include the following widgets.  

  • 顯示目標物件或群組之監視器的物件健康情況小工具 (健康情況)。Object Health Widget (Health) showing the monitors for the target object or group. 如果群組僅在包含以群組本身為目標的監視 (而非群組成員的監視) 時選取。 If a group is selected only monitors targeted at the group itself are included, not the monitors of the group's members.
  • 顯示健康情況狀態與目標物件主機之未決警示計數的狀態磚小工具 (主機)。State Tiles Widget (Host) showing the health state and open alert count for the target object's host. 請注意,如果您選取非裝載目標 (例如群組或儀表板的分散式應用程式),此 Widget 將會是空的。 Note that if you selected an unhosted target such as a group or a distributed application for the dashboard, this widget will be empty.
  • 顯示目標所包含之任何物件的健康情況狀態的狀態小工具 (包含的物件)。State Widget (Contained objects) showing the health state of any objects contained by the target. 如果目標是群組,這將是群組的成員。 If the target is a group, then this will be the members of the group. 如果目標沒有包含的物件,此 Widget 將會是空的。 If the target has no contained objects, then this widget will be empty.
    顯示目標物件或群組之詳細資訊的執行個體詳細資料小工具 (物件詳細資料)。Instance Details Widget (Object Details) that displays the details of the target object or group.
  • 顯示目標與其包含之任何物件的作用中警示的警示小工具 (警示)。Alert Widget (Alerts) showing the active alerts for the target and any of its contained objects. 如果目標是群組,則會包含群組成員的警示。 If the target is a group, then alerts from the members of the group are included. 您針對要包含在儀表板本身之設定中的警示設定準則,而非針對此個別 Widget。 You set the criteria for which alerts are included in the configuration for the dashboard itself instead of for this individual widget.

欄版面配置Column layout

欄版面配置是可讓您設定您自己的配置,以及加入和設定您自己的 Widget 集合的空白儀表板。A Column Layout is an empty dashboard that allows you to set your own layout and add and configure your own set of widgets. 當您建立儀表板時,您會指定儀表板將擁有的資料行數目。 When you create the dashboard, you specify the number of columns that it will have. 儀表板會在每個資料行中的一個儲存格的開頭。 The dashboard will start with one cell in each column. 您可以透過按一下儀表板右側頂端的齒輪圖示,然後選取 [加入儲存格] 來新增其他儲存格。 You can add additional cells by clicking the gear icon at the top right of the dashboard and selecting Add Cell.

格線版面配置Grid layout

格線版面配置是可讓您設定您自己的配置,以及加入和設定您自己的 Widget 集合的空白儀表板。A Grid Layout is an empty dashboard that allows you to set your own layout and add and configure your own set of widgets. 當您建立儀表板時,您會指定它將擁有的儲存格數目,並選取這些儲存格的版面配置。 When you create the dashboard, you specify the number of cells that it will have and select a layout for the cells. 您可以在儀表板建立之後變更儲存格的版面配置,但您無法變更儲存格的數目。 You can change the layout of the cells after the dashboard has been created, but you can't change the number of cells.

儀表板 WidgetDashboard widgets

下表描述每個儀表板 Widget 和它們提取其資訊的位置。The following table describes each dashboard widget and where they pull their information from.

小工具Widget 描述Description 資料來源Data Source 彙總資料Aggregated Data
效能 WidgetPerformance widgets
依效能排序物件Object by Performance 顯示一份依照特定效能計數器的值來排序的物件清單。Displays a list of objects sorted according to the value of a particular performance counter. 然後從每個物件收集的資料計算平均值,該平均值會用於排名。An average is calculated from the collected data for each object, and then that average value is used for the ranking. 資料倉儲 DBData Warehouse DB Yes
效能圖表Performance Chart 顯示一個折線圖,以及包含物件和其目前健全狀況狀態之清單的資料表。Displays a line chart and a table with a list of objects and their current health state. 資料倉儲 DBData Warehouse DB Yes
警示 WidgetAlert widgets
警示清單Alert List 顯示一個資料表,其中包含與物件或物件群組相關,且符合指定準則的警示。Displays a table with alerts related to an object or group of objects and that match a specified criteria. 操作 DBOperational DB No
內容相關式警示Contextual Alert 顯示一個資料表,其中包含與儀表板內另一個控制項中所選物件相關,且符合指定準則的警示。Displays a table with alerts related to an object selected in another control in the dashboard and that match a specified criteria. 操作 DBOperational DB No
物件 WidgetObject widgets
執行個體詳細資料Instance Details 顯示特定物件的健全狀況和其所有屬性值。Displays the health and the values of all properties of a specific object. 操作 DBOperational DB N/AN/A
內容相關式健全狀況Contextual Health 顯示一個資料表,其中包含直接以儀表板內另一個控制項中所選物件為目標,且符合指定準則的監視。Displays a table that includes monitors directly targeted at an object selected in another control in the dashboard and that match a specified criteria. 操作 DBOperational DB No
詳細資料Details 顯示儀表板內另一個控制項中選取之物件的健全狀況和所有屬性值。Displays the health and the values of all properties of an object selected in another control in the dashboard. 操作 DBOperational DB N/AN/A
物件詳細資料磚Object Detail Tiles 顯示下列物件或群組成員的磚集合。Displays the following set of tiles for an object or the members of a group.
- 摘要磚,顯示符合準則之物件的健全狀況和警示數目。- Summary tile showing the health and number of alerts for the object that match a criteria.
- 每個服務等級協定的 SLA 磚,其中包含物件。- SLA tiles for each Service Level Agreements that the object is included in.
- 與物件或群組成員相關之一或多個效能計數器的效能磚。- Performance tiles for one or more performance counters associated with the object or members of the group.
操作 DBOperational DB N/AN/A
物件健全狀況Object Health 顯示一個資料表,其中包含已選取物件和其包含物件的監視清單。Displays a table with a list of monitors for the selected object and its contained objects. 操作 DBOperational DB No
StateState 顯示一個資料表,其中包含物件屬性與目前的健全狀況狀態的清單。Displays a table with a list of objects with their properties and current health state.  操作 DBOperational DB No
狀態磚State Tiles 顯示一個摘要磚,顯示符合準則之物件的健全狀況和警示數目。Displays a summary tile showing the health and number of alerts for the object that match a criteria. 操作 DBOperational DB No
PowerShell WidgetPowerShell widgets
PowerShell 格線PowerShell Grid 在方格中顯示 Windows PowerShell 指令碼的結果。Displays the results of a Windows PowerShell script in a grid. N/AN/A N/AN/A
PowerShell 網頁瀏覽器PowerShell Web Browser 顯示 PowerShell 指令碼所擷取之網頁的輸出。Displays the output of a web page retrieved by a PowerShell script. N/AN/A N/AN/A
SLA WidgetSLA widgets
物件 SLAObject SLA 以圖形方式顯示一或多個服務等級協定中,每個服務等級目標的最後一個測量值。Graphically displays the last measured value each Service Level Objective in one ore more Service Level Agreements. 資料倉儲 DBData Warehouse DB N/AN/A
SLASLA 以圖形方式顯示一或多個服務等級協定中,每個服務等級目標的最後一個測量值。Graphically displays the last measured value of each Service Level Objective in one more Service Level Agreements. 資料倉儲 DBData Warehouse DB N/AN/A
SLA 磚SLA Tiles 顯示一個 SLA 磚,顯示物件的最後一個服務等級目標值。Displays an SLA tile showing the last Service Level Objective value for the object. 如果有多個服務等級目標,磚就會不斷循環不同的值。If there are multiple Service Level Objectives, then the tile cycles through the different values. 資料倉儲 DBData Warehouse DB N/AN/A
其他 WidgetMiscellaneous widgets
拓撲Topology 顯示所選映像上一或多個物件的圖示。Displays an icon for one or more objects on a selected image. 作業資料庫Operations DB N/AN/A
網頁瀏覽器Web Browser 顯示一個網頁,選擇性地傳送管理群組的識別碼、儀表板內另一個 Widget 中所選物件的識別碼,和儀表板內另一個 Widget 中已選取警示的識別碼。Displays a web, optionally sending the ID of the management group, the ID of an object selected in another widget in the dashboard, and the ID of an alert selected in another widget in the dashboard. 這可讓您建立可使用 Operations Manager SDK 來擷取資訊,或執行其他動作來動態回應儀表板中使用者選取的網頁。This allows you to create a web page that could use the Operations Manager SDK to retrieve information or perform some other action dynamically in response to a user selection in the dashboard. 操作 DBOperational DB N/AN/A

如需每個 Widget 以及可設定之屬性的詳細資訊,請參閱 Management Pack Authoring Guide (管理組件編寫指南) 的 Operations Manager Dashboard Widgets (Operations Manager 儀表板 Widget)For additional details of each widget and the configurable properties available, please see Operations Manager Dashboard Widgets from the Management Pack Authoring Guide.

後續步驟Next steps