在 Operations Manager 中存取 UNIX 和 Linux 電腦Accessing UNIX and Linux computers in Operations Manager

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Operations Manager,建議升級至 Operations Manager 2019This version of Operations Manager has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to Operations Manager 2019.

在 System Center - Operations Manager 中,管理伺服器會使用兩種通訊協定來與 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦進行通訊:In System Center - Operations Manager, the management server uses two protocols to communicate with the UNIX or Linux computer:

  • 安全殼層 (SSH)Secure Shell (SSH)

    用於安裝、升級和移除代理程式。Used for installing, upgrading, and removing agents.

  • Web Services for Management (WS-Management)Web Services for Management (WS-Management)

    用於所有監視操作,並包含探索已安裝的代理程式。Used for all monitoring operations and include the discovery of agents that were already installed.

使用的通訊協定會視管理伺服器上要求的動作或資訊而定。The protocol that is used depends on the action or information that is requested on the management server. 所有動作 (例如代理程式維護、監視、規則、工作和復原) 均會根據其無特殊權限或特殊權限帳戶的需求,設定為使用預先定義的設定檔。All actions, such as agent maintenance, monitors, rules, tasks, and recoveries, are configured to use predefined profiles according to their requirement for an unprivileged or privileged account.

注意

本主題提及的所有認證均與 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦上已建立的帳戶相關,而不是與安裝 Operations Manager 期間設定的 Operations Manager 帳戶相關。All credentials referred to in this topic pertain to accounts that have been established on the UNIX or Linux computer, not to the Operations Manager accounts that are configured during the installation of Operations Manager. 請連絡您的系統管理員,瞭解認證和驗證資訊。Contact your system administrator for credentials and authentication information.

如需指定認證與設定帳戶的詳細指示,請參閱如何設定認證以存取 UNIX 和 Linux 電腦For detailed instructions for specifying credentials and configuring accounts, see How to Set Credentials for Accessing UNIX and Linux Computers.

UNIX 或 Linux 電腦上的驗證Authentication on the UNIX or Linux computer

在 Operations Manager 中,不再需要系統管理員將 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦的根密碼提供給管理伺服器。In Operations Manager, the system administrator is no longer is required to provide the root password of the UNIX or Linux computer to the management server. 現在藉由提高權限,無特殊權限的帳戶可以取得 UNIX 或 Linux 電腦上特殊權限帳戶的身分識別。Now by elevation, an unprivileged account can assume the identity of a privileged account on the UNIX or Linux computer. 提高權限程序是由使用管理伺服器提供的認證的 UNIX su (超級使用者) 和 sudo 程式執行。The elevation process is performed by the UNIX su (superuser) and sudo programs that use the credentials that the management server supplies. 針對使用 SSH 的特殊權限代理程式維護作業 (例如探索、部署、升級、解除安裝和代理程式復原),系統提供 su 的支援、sudo 提高權限以及 SSH 金鑰驗證 (有或沒有複雜密碼) 的支援。For privileged agent maintenance operations that use SSH (such as discovery, deployment, upgrades, uninstall, and agent recovery), support for su, sudo elevation, and support for SSH key authentication (with or without passphrase) is provided. 針對特殊權限 WS-Management 作業 (例如檢視安全記錄檔),系統新增 sudo 提高權限 (沒有密碼) 的支援。For privileged WS-Management operations (such as viewing secure log file), support for sudo elevation (without password) is added.

存取 UNIX 和 Linux 電腦主題Accessing UNIX and Linux computers topics