在 VMM 計算網狀架構中設定主機群組Set up host groups in the VMM compute fabric

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM),建議升級至 VMM 2019This version of Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to VMM 2019.

請閱讀本文,以了解如何在 System Center - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 網狀架構中設定和管理主機群組。Read this article to learn about setting up and managing host groups in the System Center - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) fabric.

VMM 主機群組是一種可將網狀架構資源群組在一起的邏輯實體。A VMM host group is a logical entity that groups fabric resources together. 您可以將虛擬機器主機或叢集分組,或建立巢狀主機群組。You can group virtual machine hosts or clusters, or create nested host groups. 建立主機群組之後,於主機群組層級指派與設定資源。After you've created host groups you assign and configure resources at the host group level. 這些資源接著就會套用至群組中的所有主機和叢集。Those resources are then applied to all hosts and clusters in the group.

您可以根據不同的準則建立主機群組。You can create host groups based upon different criteria. 例如,根據實體位置、硬體功能或特定工作負載。For example based on physical location, hardware capabilities, or specific workloads. 您可以將主機群組的權限指派給 VMM 系統管理員、委派的系統管理員及唯讀的系統管理員使用者角色。You can assign permissions for host groups to the VMM admin, delegated administrators, and read-only admin user roles. 這些使用者角色的成員可以檢視並管理在主機群組層級指派給他們的網狀架構資源。Members of these user roles can view and manage the fabric resources that are assigned to them at the host group levels. 當您在 VMM 中建立私人雲端時,您可以選取雲端中要包含的主機群組,然後將主機群組中的資源配置到雲端。When you create private clouds in VMM, you select which host groups will be included in the cloud, and then allocate resources in the host groups to the cloud.

建立主機群組Create host groups

  1. 按一下 [網狀架構] > [伺服器] > [所有主機] > [建立主機群組] 。Click Fabric > Servers > All Hosts > Create Host Group.

  2. 輸入群組名稱。Type in a group name. 若要在樹狀結構中的特定位置建立主機群組,以滑鼠右鍵按一下所需的父節點,然後按一下 [建立主機群組]。-To create a host group at a specific location in the tree, right-click the desired parent node, and then click Create Host Group.

建立主機群組之後,您可以修改下列群組的內容。After you've created a host group you can modify the following properties for the group.

索引標籤Tab 內容Property
一般General 設定主機群組名稱、主機群組階層中的位置、描述,以及是否允許未加密的 BITS 檔案傳輸。Configure the host group name, the location in the host group hierarchy, the description, and whether to allow unencrypted BITS file transfers.
放置規則Placement Rules VMM 會自動識別您可以部署虛擬機器的最適合主機。VMM automatically identifies the most suitable host to which you can deploy virtual machines. 不過,您可以指定自訂放置規則。However, you can specify custom placement rules. 根據預設,主機群組會使用父主機群組的放置設定。By default, a host group uses the placement settings from the parent host group.
主機保留Host Reserves 主機保留設定指定 VMM 保留給主機作業系統使用的資源數量。Host reserve settings specify the amount of resources that VMM sets aside for the host operating system to use. 主機必須能夠在不使用主機保留的情況下符合虛擬機器的資源需求,才能在主機上放置虛擬機器。For a virtual machine to be placed on a host, the host must be able to meet the virtual machine’s resource requirements without using host reserves. 您可以針對個別主機群組和個別主機設定主機保留。You can set host reserves for individual host groups and for individual hosts. 根主機群組「所有主機」的主機保留設定會設定所有主機的預設主機保留。The host reserve settings for the root host group, All Hosts, sets the default host reserves for all hosts. 您可以設定下列資源的保留值:You can configure reserve values for the following resources:

CPUCPU

記憶體Memory

磁碟 I/ODisk I/O

磁碟空間Disk space

網路 I/ONetwork I/O
動態最佳化Dynamic Optimization 進行動態最佳化和電源最佳化設定。Configure dynamic optimization and power optimization settings. 動態最佳化可平衡主機叢集內的虛擬機器負載。Dynamic optimization balances the virtual machines load within a host cluster. 電源最佳化可讓 VMM 撤除平衡叢集的主機並關閉這些主機,以節省電源。Power optimization enables VMM to evacuate hosts of a balanced cluster and turn them off to save power.
網路Network 檢視繼承設定,以及設定是否要從父主機群組繼承網路邏輯資源。View inheritance settings, and configure whether to inherit network logical resources from parent host groups. 網路邏輯資源包含下列各項:The network logical resources include the following:

IP 位址集區IP address pools

負載平衡器Load balancers

邏輯網路Logical networks

MAC Address PoolsMAC address pools
存放裝置Storage 檢視並將存放裝置配置到主機群組。View and allocate storage to a host group.
自訂內容Custom Properties 管理下列物件類型的自訂內容:Manage custom properties for the following object types:

虛擬機器Virtual machine

虛擬機器範本Virtual machine template

主機Host

主機叢集Host cluster

主機群組Host group

服務範本Service template

服務執行個體Service instance

電腦層Computer tier

雲端Cloud

後續步驟Next steps

建立主機群組之後,您就能在 VMM 網狀架構中部署 Hyper-V 主機。After you've created host groups, you can deploy Hyper-V hosts in the VMM fabric.