在 VMM 網狀架構中從裸機電腦佈建向外延展檔案伺服器 (SOFS) 叢集Provision a scale-out file server (SOFS) cluster from bare metal computers in the VMM fabric

重要

已不再支援此版本的 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM),建議升級至 VMM 2019This version of Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) has reached the end of support, we recommend you to upgrade to VMM 2019.

除了在 System Center - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) 網狀架構中將現有的檔案伺服器新增至 SOFS 叢集之外,VMM 還可以探索並將裸機電腦佈建為 SOFS 叢集節點。In addition to adding existing file servers to an SOFS cluster in the System Center - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) fabric, VMM can discover provision bare-metal machines as SOFS cluster nodes. 本文包含在 VMM 中設定裸機 SOFS 叢集的步驟。This article includes the steps for setting up a bare metal SOFS cluster in VMM.

在您開始使用 Intune 之前Before you start

以下是您需要部署的項目:Here's what you need for the deployment:

  • 實體電腦,部署為 SOFS 叢集節點。Physical computers to deploy as SOFS cluster nodes. 這些電腦必須符合下表所述的必要條件。These computers must meet the prerequisites described in the table below. 它們可以在作業系統上執行,或者在部署過程中將覆寫的作業系統上執行。They can be running on operating system, or an operating system that will be overwritten during the deployment process.
  • 虛擬硬碟,含有適當的作業系統 (位於 VMM 資源庫共用上)。Virtual hard disk with an appropriate operating system, located on a VMM library share. 建立虛擬硬碟時,您可以建立一部虛擬機器、安裝客體作業系統,然後搭配 /generalize 和 /oobe 選項使用 Sysprep。When you create the virtual hard disk, you can create a virtual machine, install the guest operating system, and then use Sysprep with the /generalize and the /oobe options.

    您部署在叢集節點中的虛擬硬碟,其作業系統必須支援從虛擬硬碟 (VHD) 選項開機。The operating system on the virtual hard disk that you deploy on the cluster nodes must support the boot from virtual hard disk (VHD) option.
  • PXE 伺服器 (使用 Windows 部署服務所設定) 是裸機部署的必要項目。PXE server configured with Windows Deployment Services is needed for bare metal deployment.

實體電腦需求Physical computer requirements

必要條件Prerequisite 詳細資料Details
BMCBMC 每部實體電腦都必須安裝基礎板管理控制器 (BMC),並透過 VMM 啟用超出訊號範圍的管理。Each physical computer must have a baseboard management controller (BMC) installed that enables out-of-band management by VMM.

透過 BMC,您可以不受制於作業系統的方式遠端存取電腦,並控制系統功能 (例如開啟或關閉電腦的功能)。Through a BMC, you can access the computer remotely, independent of the operating system, and control system functions such as the ability to turn the computer off or on.

BMC 必須使用其中一種受支援的頻外管理通訊協定,並在 BMC 設定中啟用管理通訊協定功能。The BMCs must use one of the supported out-of-band management protocols, and the management protocol must be enabled in the BMC settings.

支援的通訊協定:智慧型平台管理介面 (IPMI) 1.5 或 2.0 版、資料中心管理介面 (DCMI) 1.0 版、System Management Architecture for Server Hardware (SMASH) 1.0 版 (透過 WS-Management (WS-Man)),以及 Integrated Lights-Out (iLO) 這類自訂通訊協定Supported protocols: Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) versions 1.5 or 2.0; Data Center Management Interface (DCMI) version 1.0; System Management Architecture for Server Hardware (SMASH) version 1.0 over WS-Management (WS-Man); custom protocols such as Integrated Lights-Out (iLO)

BMC 必須使用 BMC 型號適用的最新版韌體。The BMCs should use the latest version of firmware for the BMC model.

BMC 必須使用登入認證進行設定,而且必須使用靜態 IP 位址或 DHCP。The BMCs must be configured with logon credentials and must use either static IP addressing or DHCP. 如果您使用 DHCP,建議您設定 DHCP 以指派固定 IP 位址給每個 BMC,例如藉由使用 DHCP 保留。If you use DHCP, we recommend that you configure DHCP to assign a constant IP address to each BMC, for example by using DHCP reservations.

VMM 管理伺服器必須可以存取設定 BMC 的網路區段。The VMM management server must be able to access the network segment on which the BMCs are configured.
作業系統Operating system 實體電腦必須執行 Windows Server 2012 R2 或更新版本。Physical computers must be running Windows Server 2012 R2 or later.
帳戶Accounts 您將需要兩個 RunAs 帳戶。You'll need two RunAs accounts.

有一個執行身分帳戶可用來將電腦加入網域,而另一個帳戶可用來存取每部電腦上的 BMC。A Run As account for joining computers to the domain, and an account for access to the BMC on each computer.

PFX 伺服器需求PFX server requirements

必要條件Prerequisite 詳細資料Details
部署需求Deployment requirements 您必須擁有一部透過 Windows 部署服務設定的 PXE 伺服器。You must have a PXE server configured with Windows Deployment Services.

如果您的環境中目前有透過 Windows 部署服務設定的 PXE 伺服器,您即可將該伺服器新增至 VMM。If you have an existing PXE server in your environment configured with Windows Deployment Services, you can add that server to VMM. 接著,您可以使用它,在 VMM 中進行佈建 (而 VMM 將只會辨識產生的伺服器)。Then you can use it for provisioning in VMM (and VMM will recognize only the resulting servers). 所有其他的要求,都將會依據 PXE 伺服器的設定方式,繼續由此伺服器來處理。All other requests will continue to be handled by the PXE server according to how it is configured.

如果您沒有現有的 PXE 伺服器,可以在執行支援作業系統 (Windows Server 2012 R2 或更新版本) 的伺服器上部署 Windows 部署服務角色。If you don't have an existing PXE server, you can deploy the Windows Deployment Services role on a server running a supported operating system (Windows Server 2012 R2 or later).
位置Location PXE 伺服器必須位於與您要佈建的實體電腦相同的子網路中。The PXE server must be in the same subnet as the physical computers that you want to provision.
Windows 部署服務安裝Windows Deployment Services installation 在安裝 Windows 部署服務時,您必須安裝 [部署伺服器] 和 [傳輸伺服器] 選項。When you install Windows Deployment Services you should install both the Deployment server and Transport server options. 您不需要新增映像。You don't need to add images.

在主機部署期間,VMM 會使用您已建立並存放在資源庫中的虛擬硬碟。During host deployment, VMM uses a virtual hard disk that you've created and stored in the library.

您不需設定 [PXE 回應] 索引標籤上的設定。VMM 具有自己的 PXE 提供者。You don't need to configure settings on the PXE response tab. VMM provides its own PXE provider.
權限Permissions 當您新增 PXE 伺服器時,必須為 PXE 伺服器上擁有本機系統管理員權限的帳戶指定認證資料。When you add a PXE server, you must specify account credentials for an account that has local administrator permissions on the PXE server. 您可以輸入使用者名稱和密碼,或指定執行身分帳戶。You can enter a user name and password or specify a Run As account. 您可以在開始之前或部署期間建立 RunAs 帳戶。You can create the RunAs account before you begin, or during deployment.

虛擬磁碟和範本需求Virtual disk and template requirements

必要條件Prerequisite 詳細資料Details
虛擬硬碟Virtual hard disk 請確認您已一般化 VMM 程式庫共用中的虛擬硬碟。Make sure you have a generalized virtual hard disk in a VMM library share. 它應該執行 Windows Server 2012 R2 或更新版本。It should be running Windows Server 2012 R2 or later.

針對實際執行伺服器,建議您使用固定磁碟 (.vhd 或 .vhdx 檔案格式) 來提高效能,並且協助保護使用者資料。We recommend that for production servers, you use a fixed disk (.vhd or .vhdx file format) to increase performance and to help protect user data.

確認您已在 VMM 資源庫共用中將虛擬硬碟一般化。Make sure you have a generalized virtual hard disk in a VMM library share. 它應該執行 Windows Server 2012 R2 或更新版本。It should be running Windows Server 2012 R2 or later.
動態磁碟Dynamic disk 當您建立實體電腦設定檔時,VMM 會將動態磁碟轉換成固定磁碟。When you create a physical computer profile, VMM converts a dynamic disk to a fixed disk.
自訂驅動程式Custom drivers 如果您打算將自訂驅動程式指派給實體電腦設定檔,則需利用 .CR (自訂資源) 副檔名將它們新增至一或多個資料夾中的 VMM 資源庫共用。If you plan to assign custom drivers to a physical computer profile, you add them to a VMM library share in one or more folders with a .CR (custom resources) extension. VMM 會將其辨識為自訂資源。VMM recognizes them as custom resources.
回應檔案Answer file 就像自訂資源,如果您希望實體電腦設定檔包含對回應檔案 (Unattend.xml 檔案) 的參考,請在開始部署之前,先建立回應檔案,然後將它新增至 VMM 資源庫共用。Like custom resources, if you want a physical computer profile to include references to an answer file (Unattend.xml file), create the answer file and add it to a VMM library share before you start deployment. 例如,您可能想要建立回應檔案來啟用遠端桌面服務,並將它放在資源庫共用中。For example, you might want to create an answer file to enable Remote Desktop Services and place it on a library share. 然後,當您設定實體電腦設定檔時,即可選取該檔案。Then you can select that file when you configure a physical computer profile.
RDSRDS 如果您使用遠端桌面服務 (RDS) 來管理伺服器,建議您在映像中啟用 RDS 連線。If you use Remote Desktop Services (RDS) to manage servers, we recommend that you enable the RDS connections in the image. 您也可以使用實體電腦設定檔中的回應檔案來啟用 RDS。You can also enable RDS by using an answer file in the physical computer profile.
邏輯網路Logical networks 如果您已經在 VMM 中設定邏輯網路或邏輯交換器,即可在實體電腦設定檔中納入這些設定。If you have already configured logical networks or logical switches in VMM, you can include those configurations in the physical computer profile.

若要在實體電腦設定檔中納入靜態 IP 位址 (透過邏輯網路來控制),請設定邏輯網路。To include static IP addressing controlled through a logical network in a physical computer profile configure the logical network. 邏輯網路必須包含至少一個網站和靜態 IP 位址集區。The logical network must include at least one network site and static IP address pool.

由於您要將從裸機建立的主機指派給主機群組或父主機群組,因此這個網站也必須可供上述群組使用。The network site must also be available to the host group or to a parent host group where you want to assign the hosts that you will be creating from bare metal.
邏輯交換器Logical switch 若要使用邏輯交換器,請安裝所有必要的虛擬交換器擴充功能和擴充功能提供者,並在建立實體電腦設定檔之前,先建立交換器。To use a logical switch, install all necessary virtual switch extensions and extension providers, and create the switch before you create the physical computer profile.

在邏輯交換器中,最佳做法是針對虛擬通訊埠納入一或多個通訊埠分類。In the logical switch, as a best practice, include one or more port classifications for the virtual ports.

若要將邏輯交換器套用至實體電腦設定檔中的實體介面卡,請確定您已在實體電腦上安裝所需的 NIC 數目。To apply a logical switch to physical adapters in a physicl computer profile, make sure that you have installed the intended number of NICs on the physical computer.

部署步驟Deployment steps

  1. 開始之前:開始之前,請確認上述必要條件。Before you start: Verify the prerequisites above before you start.
  2. 準備實體電腦:在每部實體電腦上設定 BIOS 以支援虛擬化。Prepare physical computer-Set up the BIOS on each physical computer to support virtualization.
  3. 準備 PXE 伺服器環境:將 PXE 伺服器新增至 VMM 網狀架構。Prepare the PXE server environment: Add the PXE server to the VMM fabric.
  4. 新增驅動程式檔案:如果您想要使用自訂驅動程式,請將驅動程式檔案新增至 VMM 資源庫。Add driver files: Add driver files to the VMM library if you want to use custom drivers.
  5. 建立設定檔:建立實體電腦的設定檔。Create profile: Create a profile for the physical computers.
  6. 建立叢集:執行 [建立叢集檔案伺服器精靈] 來探索實體電腦、設定叢集,然後開始叢集部署。Create the cluster: Run the Create Clustered File Server Wizard to discover the physical computers, configure the cluster, and start the cluster deployment. 實體電腦會從 PXE 伺服器上自訂的 Windows PE 映像開機。The physical computers boot from a customized Windows PE image on the PXE server. 啟用容錯移轉叢集和檔案伺服器角色。The Failover Cluster and File Server roles are enable. 在建立叢集之後,即會啟用向外延展檔案伺服器角色。After the cluster is created the Scale-Out File Server role is enabled. 電腦隨即重新啟動。The computer is then restarted.
  7. 將節點新增至 SOFS 叢集:佈建節點之後,您可以使用它們來建立新的叢集,或將其新增至現有的叢集。Add nodes to SOFS cluster: After you've provisioned the nodes you can create a new cluster with them, or add them to an existing one.

準備實體電腦Prepare physical computers

準備每一部要支援虛擬化的電腦,如下所示:Prepare each computer to support virtualization, as follows:

  1. 將 BIOS 開機順序設為從支援開機前執行環境 (PXE) 的網路介面卡 (作為第一個裝置) 開機。Set the BIOS boot order to boot from a Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE)-enabled network adapter as the first device.
  2. 在每一部電腦上設定 BMC 的登入認證與 IP 位址設定。Configure the log on credentials and IP address settings for the BMC on each computer.
  3. 如果您的環境具有多部 DNS 伺服器,其中複寫可能會花一些時間,我們強烈建議您為指派給實體電腦的電腦名稱建立 DNS 項目,並允許提供時間讓 DNS 複寫發生。If your environment has multiple DNS servers, where replication may take some time, we strongly recommend that you create DNS entries for the computer names that will be assigned to the physical computers, and allow time for DNS replication to occur. 否則,電腦部署可能會失敗。Otherwise, deployment of the computers may fail.

將 PXE 伺服器新增至 VMM 網狀架構Add a PXE server to the VMM fabric

  1. 按一下 [網狀架構] > [伺服器] > [常用] > [新增] > [新增資源] > [PXE 伺服器] 。Click Fabric > Servers > Home > Add > Add Resources > PXE Server.
  2. 在 [電腦名稱] 中,指定 PXE 伺服器名稱。In Computer name specify the PXE server name.
  3. 新增具有 PXE 伺服器本機系統管理員權限之帳戶的認證。Add the credentials for an account that has local administrator permissions on the PXE server. 您可以使用現有的執行身分帳戶,或建立新的帳戶。You can specify an existing Run As account, or create a new account. 以手動方式輸入使用者認證,格式為 domain_name\user_name。Manually enter user credentials in the format domain_name\user_name. 然後按一下 [新增] 。Then click Add.
  4. 在 [作業] 中,確認作業狀態為 [已完成] ,然後關閉對話方塊。In Jobs, verify that the job status is Completed, and close the dialog box. 此作業會設定新的 PXE 伺服器、在 PXE 伺服器上安裝 VMM 代理程式、匯入新的 Windows 預先安裝環境 (Windows PE) 映像,並將 PXE 伺服器的電腦帳戶新增至 VMM。The job sets up the new PXE server, installs the VMM agent on the PXE server, imports a new Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) image, and adds the machine account to VMM for the PXE server.
  5. 在 [網狀架構] > [伺服器] > [PXE 伺服器] 中,確認已新增 PXE 伺服器。Verify that the PXE server is added in Fabric > Servers > PXE Servers. 代理程式狀態應為 [回應中] 。The agent status should be Responding.

將自訂資源新增至資源庫Add custom resources to the library

如果您打算指派自訂驅動程式,程式庫中必須有驅動程式檔案。If you plan to assign custom drivers, the driver files must exist in the library. 您可以在資源庫中標記驅動程式,讓您稍後可以依標籤篩選它們。You can tag the drivers in the library, so that you can later filter them by tag. 新增檔案之後,當您設定實體電腦設定檔時,就可以指定驅動程式檔案。After files are added, when you configure a physical computer profile, you can specify the driver files. 當 VMM 在實體電腦上安裝作業系統時,即會安裝指定的驅動程式。VMM installs the specified drivers when it installs the operating system on a physical computer.

在實體電腦設定檔中,您可以選擇依標籤篩選驅動程式,或是選擇以實體電腦上相符的隨插即用 (PnP) 識別碼來篩選驅動程式。In the physical computer profile, you can select to filter the drivers by tags, or you can select to filter drivers with matching Plug and Play (PnP) IDs on the physical computer. 若您選擇依標籤篩選驅動程式,VMM 會比對您指派給資源庫中驅動程式的標籤以及您在設定檔中指派的標籤,以決定要套用的驅動程式。If you select to filter the drivers by tags, VMM determines the drivers to apply by matching the tags that you assign to the drivers in the library to the tags that you assign in the profile. 如果您選取使用相符的 PnP 識別碼篩選驅動程式,就不需要指派自訂標籤。If you select to filter drivers with matching PnP IDs, you don't need to assign custom tags.

  1. 找出您要新增至程式庫的驅動程式套件。Locate a driver package that you want to add to the library.
  2. 在位於程式庫伺服器 (其與您要部署實體電腦的群組關聯) 上的程式庫共用中,建立一個儲存伺服器的資料夾,然後將驅動程式套件複製至該資料夾。In the library share that is located on the library server that is associated with the group where you want to deploy the physical computers, create a folder to store the drivers, and then copy the driver package to the folder.
  3. 強烈建議您為每個驅動程式套件建立不同的資料夾,如此您才不會將驅動程式資料夾中的資源混在一起。We strongly recommend that you create a separate folder for each driver package, and that you do not mix resources in the driver folders. 若您將其他資源庫資源 (例如 .iso 映像檔、.vhd 檔案或以 .inf 為副檔名的指令碼) 內含於相同的資料夾中,則 VMM 資源庫伺服器將不會發現這些資源。If you include other library resources such as .iso images, .vhd files or scripts with an .inf file name extension in the same folder, the VMM library server will not discover those resources. 此外,當您刪除資源庫中的 .inf 驅動程式套件時,VMM 會刪除驅動程式 .inf 檔案所在的整個資料夾。Also, when you delete an .inf driver package from the library, VMM deletes the entire folder where the driver .inf file resides.
  4. 在 VMM 主控台 > [資源庫] > [資源庫伺服器] 中,展開共用所在的資源庫伺服器、以滑鼠右鍵按一下該共用,然後按一下 [重新整理] 。In the VMM console > Library > Library Servers, expand the library server where the share is located, right-click the share, and then click Refresh. 重新整理資源庫之後,資料夾應該就會出現。After the library refreshes, the folder should appear.
  5. 視需要指派標籤。Assign tags if required. 在 [資源庫] 中,展開您建立來儲存驅動程式的資料夾,然後按一下包含該驅動程式套件的資料夾。In Library, expand the folder that you created to store the drivers, and click the folder that contains the driver package.
  6. 在 [實體資源庫物件] 中,以滑鼠右鍵按一下 .inf 驅動程式檔案,然後按一下 [內容] 。In the Physical Library Objects, right-click the driver .inf file, and then click Properties.
  7. 在 [驅動程式檔案名稱內容] > [自訂標籤] 中,輸入以分號分隔的自訂標籤,或按一下 [選取] 來指派可用的標籤,或者建立並指派新的標籤。In the Driver File Name Properties > Custom tags, enter custom tags separated by a semi-colon, or click Select to assign available tags or to create and assign new ones. 如果您按一下 [選取] 然後按一下 [新標籤] ,即可在您按下 [確定] 後改變標籤名稱。If you click Select, and then click New Tag, you can change the name of the tag after you click OK. 例如,若您新增了一個網路介面卡驅動程式檔案,您可建立一個名為 ServerModel NetworkAdapterModel 的標籤,其中 ServerModel 是伺服器型號,而 NetworkAdapterModel 則是網路介面卡型號。For example, if you added a network adapter driver file, you could create a tag that is named ServerModel NetworkAdapterModel, where ServerModel is the server model and NetworkAdapterModel is the network adapter model.

建立實體電腦設定檔Create a physical computer profile

開始之前,先判斷實體電腦使用的是可延伸韌體介面 (EFI) 或 BIOS。Before you start, determine whether the physical computers use Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) or BIOS. 如果兩者都有,請針對每個類型建立個別的設定檔。If you have both, create a separate profile for each type.

  1. 按一下 [資源庫] > [常用] > [建立] > [實體電腦設定檔] 。Click Library > Home > Create > Physical Computer Profile.
  2. 在 [新增實體電腦設定檔精靈] > [設定檔描述] 中,輸入名稱和描述,然後選取 [VM 主機] 。In the New Physical Computer Profiles Wizard > Profile Description type in a name and description and select VM host.
  3. 在 [作業系統映像] > [虛擬硬碟檔案] > [瀏覽] 中,按一下已新增到資源庫共用的一般化虛擬硬碟檔案。In OS Image > Virtual hard disk file > Browse, click the generalized virtual hard disk that you added to the library share. 如果是動態磁碟,VMM 預設會在主機部署期間將它轉換成固定磁碟。By default, if the disk is dynamic VMM converts it to a fixed disk during host deployment. 針對實際執行的伺服器,建議您使用固定磁碟來增強效能,並協助保護使用者資料。We recommend that for production servers you use a fixed disk to increase performance and help protect user data.
  4. 在 [硬體設定] > [管理 NIC] 中,選取您要用來與 VMM 進行通訊的網路介面卡,以及是否要使用 DHCP 或靜態位址。In Hardware Configuration > Management NIC select the network adapter you'll use to communicate with VMM and whether to use DHCP or a static address. 如果您想要使用介面卡的一致裝置命名 (CDN),或設定邏輯交換器與通訊埠,請按一下 [實體內容] 。If you want to use Consistent Device Naming (CDN) for the adapter or configure logical switches and ports click Physical Properties. 按一下 [新增] ,以新增介面卡。Click Add to add the adapter.
  5. 在 [磁碟] 中,指定第一個磁碟的磁碟分割配置。In Disk specify the partitioning scheme for the first disk. 如果實體電腦設定檔是 EFI,您可以使用 GPT。You can use GPT if the physical computer profile is EFI. 在 [磁碟分割資訊] 中,選取磁碟區標籤、是否要使用所有剩餘可用空間或特定的大小,以及是否要將磁碟分割指定為開機磁碟分割。In Partition Information select the volume label, whether to use all remaining free space or a specific size, and whether to designate the partition as the boot partition. 您也可以新增磁碟或磁碟分割。You can also add a new disk or partition. 進行部署時,VMM 會將虛擬硬碟檔案複製到開機分割區,並在同一個磁碟上自動建立一個系統分割區。During deployment VMM will copy the virtual hard disk file to the boot partition and automatically create a system partition on the same disk.
  6. 在 [驅動程式篩選器] 中,您可以篩選在部署主機時要套用至作業系統的驅動程式。In Driver filter filter the drivers that will be applied to the operating system during host deployment. 您可以依隨插即用識別碼或特定標籤進行篩選。You can filter by Plug and Play ID or by specific tags. 如果您選取使用相符標籤來篩選驅動程式,請確定已將驅動程式檔案新增至程式庫,並指派了對應的標籤。If you select to filter drivers with matching tags make sure you've added driver files to the library and assigned corresponding tags.
  7. 在 [作業系統組態] 中,指定 Hyper-V 主機或叢集應加入的網域,並指定本機系統管理認證和識別資訊。In OS Configuration specify the domain that the Hyper-V host or cluster should join, specify local admin credentials and identity information. 新增產品金鑰以進行安裝,並設定時區。Add the product key for installation, and set the time zone. 在 GUIRunOnce 中,您可以指定當使用者第一次登入 Hyper-V 主機時要執行的一或多個命令。In GUIRunOnce you can specify one or more commands that will run when the user logs on to the Hyper-V host for the first time.
  8. 在 [主機設定] 中,指定主機用來存放與虛擬機器 (放置於該主機中) 相關聯之檔案的路徑。In Host Settings specify the path of the host to store the files that are associated with virtual machines placed on the host. 請勿指定磁碟機 C,因為它無法用於放置。Don't specify drive C because it's not available for placement. 如果您沒有指定路徑,則會依據 VMM 放置設定來決定最適合的位置。If you don't specify a path VMM placement will determine the most suitable location.
  9. 驗證 [摘要] 中的設定。In Summary verify the settings. 等待作業顯示為已完成狀態,然後驗證 [資源庫] > [設定檔] > [實體電腦設定檔] 中的設定檔。Wait until Jobs shows a status of completed, and then verify the profile in Library > Profiles > Physical Computer Profiles.

從裸機佈建向外延展檔案伺服器叢集Provision a Scale-Out File Server cluster from bare metal

[建立叢集檔案伺服器精靈] 會執行下列動作:The Create Clustered File Server Wizard does the following:

  1. 透過頻外管理探索實體電腦Discovers the physical computers through out-of-band management
  2. 使用實體電腦設定檔,在電腦上部署 Windows Server 作業系統映像 (若已設定執行此操作)。Deploys the Windows Server operating system image on the computers by using the physical computer profile (if configured to do so)
  3. 在電腦上啟用檔案伺服器角色Enables the file server role on the computers
  4. 在叢集上啟用向外延展檔案伺服器角色Enables the Scale-Out File Server role on the cluster
  5. 將佈建的電腦新增為受 VMM 管理的向外延展檔案伺服器叢集Adds the provisioned computers as a Scale-Out File Server cluster under VMM management

執行精靈:Run the wizard:

  1. 按一下 [網狀架構] > [伺服器] > [常用] > [建立] > [檔案伺服器叢集] 。Click Fabric > Servers > Home > Create > File Server Cluster.

  2. 在 [建立叢集檔案伺服器精靈] > [一般] 中,視需要輸入叢集名稱、檔案伺服器名稱和叢集 IP 位址。In the Create Clustered File Server Wizard > General type in a cluster name, file server name, and cluster IP addresses if needed.

  3. 在 [資源類型] 中,選取佈建裸機電腦的選項。In Resource Type select the option to provision bare-metal computers. 選取實體電腦設定檔,然後按 [下一步] 。Select the physical computer profile and click Next.

  4. 在 [認證和通訊協定] 中,按一下執行身分帳戶旁邊的 [瀏覽] ,然後選擇具有 BMC 存取權限的帳戶。In Credentials and Protocols click Browse next to the Run As account and choose the account with permissions to access the BMC. 在 [通訊協定] 清單中,按一下您想要用來進行探索的超出訊號範圍管理通訊協定。In the Protocol list click the out-of-band management protocol you want to use for discovery. 如果您想要使用 DCMI,請按一下 [智慧平台管理介面 (IPMI)] 。If you want to use DCMI click Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI). 其中並未列出 DCMI 1.0,但它是受支援的。DCMI 1.0 isn't listed but it is supported. 確定您為 BMC 型號使用的是最新版韌體。Make sure you use the latest version of firmware for the BMC model.

  5. 在 [探索範圍] 中,指定包含 BMC 之 IP 位址的 IP 位址範圍。In Discovery Scope specify the IP address scope that includes the IP addresses of the BMCs. 您可以新增單一位址、子網路或範圍。You can add a single address, a subnet, or range.

  6. 在 [目標資源] 中,選取您想要佈建的電腦、允許一些時間來進行深度探索,然後按一下項目以檢閱及修改資訊。In Target Resources select the computers you want to provision, allow time for deep discovery, and click items to review and modify information. 請注意,如果實體網路介面卡的數目不符合電腦設定檔中定義的實體介面卡數目,則您必須新增遺失的資訊。Note that if the number of physical network adapters doesn't match the number of physical adapters defined in the computer profile you'll need to add the missing information. 如果您不想立即部署電腦,可以選取它的 BMC IP 位址,然後按一下 [移除] 。If you don't want to deploy a computer immediately you can select its BMC IP address and click Remove.

  7. 在 [部署自訂] 中進行設定,然後在沒有出現其他遺失資訊的相關警告時按 [下一步] 。In Deployment Customization configure the settings and when there are no more warnings about missing information click Next.

    • DHCP:如果實體電腦設定檔會使用 DHCP,按一下電腦名稱中的 BMC IP 位址和類型。DHCP: If your physical computer profile uses DHCP click an BMC IP address and type in a computer name. 決定是否要跳過 AD 檢查。Decide whether to skip the AD check. 如果您進行檢查,部署將繼續執行 (如果電腦帳戶存在)。If you do the check deployment will continue if the computer account exists. 按一下每個 BMC IP 位址的項目。Click the entry for each BMC IP address.
    • 靜態:如果設定檔的每個 BMC IP 位址都使用靜態 IP 位址,請鍵入用來與 VMM 通訊之電腦網路介面卡的 MAC 位址。Static: If the profile uses static IP addresses for each BMC IP address, type in a MAC address of the computer's network adapter that's used to communicate with VMM. 按一下您想要使用的邏輯網路。Click the logical network you want to use. 預設邏輯網路是設定檔中所指定的網路。The default logical network is the one indicated in the profile. 按一下您想要使用的 IP 子網路。Click the IP subnet you want to use. 子網路清單的範圍,會與為相關聯網站中的邏輯網路所定義的相同。The subnet list is scope to what's defined for the logical network in the associated network sites. 您應該選取的 IP 子網路,是對應至部署伺服器的實體位置和介面卡連線的網路。You should select the IP subnet that corresponds to the physical location in which you're deploying the server and the network to which the adapter is connected. 您可以自動指派 IP 位址,或指派特定的位址。you can automatically assign an IP address or assign a specific address.
  8. 確認 [摘要] 中的設定,然後按一下 [完成] 。In Summary, confirm the settings and click Finish. 若要確認已新增叢集,按一下 [網狀架構] > [存放裝置] > [檔案伺服器] 。To confirm the cluster was added, click Fabric > Storage > File Servers.