Visual Studio 2015 平台目標與相容性 Visual Studio 2015 Platform Targeting and Compatibility

Visual Studio 2015 包含許多嶄新且令人興奮的新功能,以支援跨平台行動開發、網路和雲端開發、IDE 生產力增強等等。Visual Studio 2015 contains many new and exciting features to support cross-platform mobile development, web and cloud development, IDE productivity enhancements, and more.

系統需求System Requirements

如需 Visual Studio 2015 的系統需求,請參閱 Visual Studio 2015 系統需求頁面The system requirements for Visual Studio 2015 can be found on the Visual Studio 2015 System Requirement page.

平台目標Platform Targeting

Visual Studio 提供尖端工具與技術,以建立充分利用最新的平台功能的應用程式。Visual Studio provides cutting-edge tools and technologies to create apps that take advantage of the latest platforms capabilities. Visual Studio 2015 也顧及 Windows 7 等舊版平台,讓您可以建立新的應用程式或現代化在舊版的 Windows 上執行的現有應用程式,同時還能利用 Visual Studio 2015 的強化開發工具、品質提升及小組共同作業功能。Visual Studio 2015 also targets earlier platforms such as Windows 7, so you can create new apps or modernize existing apps that execute on earlier versions of Windows while leveraging the enhanced development tools, quality enablement, and team collaboration capabilities in Visual Studio 2015. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱管理專案中的參考Visual Studio 多目標概觀For more information, see Managing Project References and Visual Studio Multi-Targeting Overview.

Visual Studio 2015 對 Windows 桌面開發的支援Visual Studio 2015 Support for Windows Desktop Development

目標平台 1Targeted Platform 1 機器碼開發Native Code Development 受控碼開發Managed Code Development
Windows 10Windows 10 ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2
Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2
Windows 8Windows 8 ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2
Windows 7Windows 7 ✔️✔️ ✔️✔️
Windows VistaWindows Vista ✔️ 3✔️ 3 ✔️ 3✔️ 3
Windows XPWindows XP ✔️ 3✔️ 3 ✔️ 3, 5✔️ 3, 5
Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️ 2✔️ 2
Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012 ✔️✔️ ✔️✔️
Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2 ✔️✔️ ✔️✔️
Windows Server 2008Windows Server 2008 ✔️✔️ ✔️✔️
Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003 ✔️ 3✔️ 3 ✔️ 4, 5✔️ 4, 5
註腳: Footnotes:
1. Visual Studio 可支援此處所列的平台 (需搭配各平台最新的 Service Pack 使用)。1. Visual Studio supports the listed platforms when used with the latest available service pack for that platform. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Microsoft 支援週期For more information, see Microsoft Support Lifecycle.
2. 請參閱下表中 Visual Studio 2015 支援的 Windows 通用與 Microsoft Store 應用程式開發。2. See table below for Visual Studio 2015 support for Windows Universal and Windows Store app development.
3. 目標平台無法使用遠端偵錯與分析工具。3. Remote debugging and profiling tools not available for targeted platform.
4. 需要 Visual Studio 2010 的並存安裝。4. Requires side-by-side installation of Visual Studio 2010. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱︰A look ahead at the Visual Studio 11 product lineup and platform support (Visual Studio 11 產品列表及平台支援預覽)。For more information, see: A Look Ahead at the Visual Studio 2012 Product Lineup and Platform Support.
5. 需要使用 Visual Studio 受控多重目標5. Requires using Visual Studio managed multi-targeting.

Visual Studio 2015 支援 Windows 通用、 Windows 市集和 Windows Phone 應用程式開發Visual Studio 2015 Support for Windows Universal, Windows Store, and Windows Phone App Development

您可以使用下列版本的 Visual Studio 2015 建立 Windows 通用、Windows 市集和 Windows Phone 應用程式。You can create Windows Universal, Windows Store, and Windows Phone apps with the following editions of Visual Studio 2015.

Visual Studio 2015 版Visual Studio 2015 Edition 供開發所安裝的 OSInstalled OS for Development Windows 通用Windows Universal Windows 8.1 版 Microsoft Store 應用程式Windows Store apps for Windows 8.1 Windows Phone 8.1 應用程式Windows Phone 8.1 apps Windows 8 版 Microsoft Store 應用程式Windows Store apps for Windows 8 Windows Phone 8 應用程式Windows Phone 8 apps
Enterprise、Professional、CommunityEnterprise, Professional, Community Windows 10Windows 10 ✔️✔️ ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️✔️ 不受支援 3Not Supported 3 ✔️ 4, 5✔️ 4, 5
Enterprise、Professional、CommunityEnterprise, Professional, Community Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 ✔️ 1✔️ 1 ✔️ 2✔️ 2 ✔️✔️ 不受支援 3Not Supported 3 ✔️ 4, 5✔️ 4, 5
Enterprise、Professional、CommunityEnterprise, Professional, Community WindowsWindows
Server 2012 R2Server 2012 R2
僅限組建Build only 僅限建置 2Build only 2 僅限組建Build only 不受支援Not supported 僅限組建Build only
Enterprise、Professional、CommunityEnterprise, Professional, Community Windows 8Windows 8 ✔️ 1✔️ 1 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported 不支援Not Supported ✔️ 5✔️ 5
Enterprise、Professional、CommunityEnterprise, Professional, Community WindowsWindows
Server 2012Server 2012
僅限組建Build only 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported 僅限組建Build only
Enterprise、Professional、CommunityEnterprise, Professional, Community Windows 7Windows 7 僅限組建Build only 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported
Express for Windows 10Express for Windows 10 Windows 10Windows 10 ✔️✔️ 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported 不受支援Not supported
註腳: Footnotes:
1. 在 Windows 10 之前版本的作業系統上執行時,某些適用於 Windows 通用開發的 Visual Studio 功能可能會降級。1. When running on OS earlier than Windows 10, some Visual Studio features for Windows Universal development may be degraded.
2. 包含對 Windows 8.1 遠端偵錯的支援。2. Includes support for remote debugging to Windows 8.1.
3. Visual Studio 2015 支援將 Microsoft Store 應用程式專案從 Windows 8 移轉至 Windows 8.1。3. Visual Studio 2015 supports migration of Windows Store app projects from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1. Visual Studio 2013 仍可保留現有的 Windows 8 專案,包括 Windows 8.1 和 Windows 8 的遠端偵錯。Existing Windows 8 projects may be maintained with Visual Studio 2013, including remote debugging to Windows 8.1 and Windows 8. 使用 Visual Studio 2012 建立新的 Windows 8 專案。Use Visual Studio 2012 to create new Windows 8 projects.
4. Visual Studio 2015 支援將 Windows Phone 7 和 7.5 專案移轉至 Windows Phone 8。4. Visual Studio 2015 supports migration of Windows Phone 7 and 7.5 projects to Windows Phone 8.
5. 支援將 Windows Phone 8 專案移轉至 Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1。5. Supports migration of Windows Phone 8 projects to Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1.

舊版相容性Compatibility with Previous Releases

Windows 8.1 和 Windows Phone 8.1 的 Windows 市集應用程式專案可以在 Visual Studio 2015 中開啟。Windows Store app projects for Windows 8.1 and Windows Phone 8.1 can be opened in Visual Studio 2015.

您可以並存安裝及使用 Visual Studio 2015 與 Visual Studio 2013 和 Visual Studio 2012。You can install and use Visual Studio 2015 alongside Visual Studio 2013 and Visual Studio 2012. 它也可以安裝在 Visual Studio 2015 RC 之上,而不需要解除安裝 RC。It can also be installed on top of Visual Studio 2015 RC without having to uninstall RC.

.NET 4.6 是與 .NET 4、.NET 4.5、.NET 4.5.1 和 .NET 4.5.2 高度相容的直接更新。.NET 4.6 is a highly compatible in-place update of .NET 4, .NET 4.5, .NET 4.5.1, and .NET 4.5.2. 如需 .NET 相容性的詳細資訊,請參閱 .NET Framework 中的應用程式相容性See Application Compatibility in the .NET Framework for more information on .NET compatibility.

升級路徑Upgrade paths

遵循支援的升級路徑時,Visual Studio 來源、解決方案和專案檔案都會繼續運作;但是,您應該要有對來源進行一些變更的準備。When following the supported upgrade paths, your Visual Studio source, solution, and project files will continue to work; however, you should expect to make some changes to sources. 雖然我們無法保證不同版本之間的二進位碼相容性,但我們會盡全力記錄重大變更以協助您進行更新。While we cannot guarantee binary compatibility between releases, we will do our best to document significant changes to assist you with updates.

Release Management 升級路徑Release Management upgrade paths

Release Management 2015 是完整的版面配置,其中包含最新的新增功能和軟體更新。Release Management 2015 is a full layout that includes the latest feature additions and software updates. 在嘗試升級至 Release Management 2015 之前,請確定您有目前資料庫和 RSA 密碼編譯金鑰的完整備份 (請參閱此部落格文章的 RSA 密碼編譯金鑰匯出指示)。Before you try to upgrade to Release Management 2015, make sure that you have a full backup of your current databases and RSA crypto key (see this blog post for RSA crypto keys export instructions). 如果 Release Management 安裝失敗,您將無法在未執行還原作業的狀態下,重新啟動更新或回復至舊版 Release Management。If the Release Management installation fails, you will be unable to restart the update or roll back to the earlier version of Release Management without performing a restore operation.

下列的升級路徑適用於此版本。The following upgrade paths apply to this release.

支援的升級Supported upgrades

  • Visual Studio 2013 Release Management 至 Visual Studio 2015 Release ManagementRelease Management for Visual Studio 2013 to Release Management for Visual Studio 2015
  • Visual Studio 2013 Release Management Update 4 至 Visual Studio 2015 Release ManagementRelease Management for Visual Studio 2013 Update 4 to Release Management for Visual Studio 2015
  • Visual Studio 2015 RC Release Management 至 Visual Studio 2015 Release ManagementRelease Management for Visual Studio 2015 RC to Release Management for Visual Studio 2015

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