這個 Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) 提供者類別設定指派存取權的設定。This Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) provider class configures settings for assigned access.


class WEDL_AssignedAccess {
    [Key] string UserSID;
    [Read, Write] string AppUserModelId;
    [Read] sint32 Status;


下表列出所有的方法和屬性,屬於這個類別。The following tables list any methods and properties that belong to this class.


這個類別會包含任何方法。This class contains no methods.


屬性Property 資料類型Data type 限定詞Qualifiers 描述Description




您想要做為指派的存取帳戶的使用者帳戶的安全性識別碼 (SID)。The security identifier (SID) for the user account that you want to use as the assigned access account.



[讀取]、 [寫入][read, write]

應用程式使用者模型識別碼 (AUMID) Windows 應用程式的啟動指派存取權的帳戶。The Application User Model ID (AUMID) of the Windows app to launch for the assigned access account.




指出 「 已指派的存取 」 設定的目前狀態:Indicates the current status of the assigned access configuration:

Value 描述Description


有效的帳戶已設定,但沒有任何 Windows 應用程式指定。A valid account is configured, but no Windows app is specified. 指派存取權不會啟用。Assigned access is not enabled.


已啟用指派的存取。Assigned access is enabled.


UserSID 錯誤: 找不到帳戶。UserSID error: cannot find the account.


UserSID 錯誤: 帳戶設定檔不存在。UserSID error: the account profile does not exist.


AppUserModelID 錯誤: 找不到 Windows 應用程式。AppUserModelID error: cannot find the Windows app.


工作排程器錯誤:無法排程工作。Task Scheduler error: Could not schedule task. 請確定工作排程器服務正在執行。Make sure that the Task Scheduler service is running.


未指定的錯誤。Unspecified error.


若要指派存取權的變更不會影響目前登入; 任何工作階段您必須登出再重新登入。Changes to assigned access do not affect any sessions that are currently signed in; you must sign out and sign back in.


下列 Windows PowerShell 指令碼會示範如何使用這個類別來設定存取帳戶。The following Windows PowerShell script demonstrates how to use this class to set up an assigned access account.

#---Define variables---

$COMPUTER = "localhost"
$NAMESPACE = "root\standardcimv2\embedded"

# Define the assigned access account. 
# To use a different account, change $AssignedAccessAccount to a user account that is present on your device.

$AssignedAccessAccount = "KioskAccount"

# Define the Windows app to launch, in this example, use the Application Model User ID (AUMID) for Windows Calculator.
# To use a different Windows app, change $AppAUMID to the AUMID of the Windows app to launch.
# The Windows app must be installed for the account.

$AppAUMID = "Microsoft.WindowsCalculator_8wekyb3d8bbwe!App"

#---Define helper functions---

function Get-UsernameSID($AccountName) {

# This function retrieves the SID for a user account on a machine.
# This function does not check to verify that the user account actually exists.

    $NTUserObject = New-Object System.Security.Principal.NTAccount($AccountName)
    $NTUserSID = $NTUserObject.Translate([System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier])

    return $NTUserSID.Value

#---Set up the new assigned access account---

# Get the SID for the assigned access account.

$AssignedAccessUserSID = Get-UsernameSID($AssignedAccessAccount)

# Check to see if an assigned access account is already set up, and if so, clear it.

$AssignedAccessConfig = get-WMIObject -namespace $NAMESPACE -computer $COMPUTER -class WEDL_AssignedAccess

if ($AssignedAccessConfig) {

# Configuration already exists.  Delete it so that we can create a new one, since only one assigned access account can be set up at a time.



# Configure assigned access to launch the specified Windows app for the specified account.

Set-WmiInstance -class WEDL_AssignedAccess -ComputerName $COMPUTER -Namespace $NAMESPACE -Arguments @{
        UserSID = $AssignedAccessUserSID;
        AppUserModelId = $AppAUMID
        } | Out-Null;

# Confirm that the settings were created properly.

$AssignedAccessConfig = get-WMIObject -namespace $NAMESPACE -computer $COMPUTER -class WEDL_AssignedAccess

if ($AssignedAccessConfig) {

    "Set up assigned access for the " + $AssignedAccessAccount + " account."
    "  UserSID = " + $AssignedAccessConfig.UserSid
    "  AppModelId = " + $AssignedAccessConfig.AppUserModelId

} else {

    "Could not set up assigned access account."


Windows EditionWindows Edition 支援Supported
Windows 10 HomeWindows 10 Home No
Windows 10 專業版Windows 10 Pro Yes
Windows 10 企業版Windows 10 Enterprise Yes
Windows 10 教育版Windows 10 Education Yes