generalizegeneralize

Windows®安裝程式的 一般化 設定階段用來建立可在整個組織中使用的 windows 參照映射。The generalize configuration pass of Windows® Setup is used to create a Windows reference image that can be used throughout an organization. 一般化 設定階段中的設定可讓您將此參照映射的所有部署的行為自動化。Settings in the generalize configuration pass enable you to automate the behavior for all deployments of this reference image. 相較之下,套用於 specialize 設定階段的設定可讓您覆寫單一特定部署的行為。In comparison, settings applied in the specialize configuration pass enable you to override behavior for a single, specific deployment.

當系統經過一般化後,指定的 Windows 安裝其特定設定資料即會移除。When a system is generalized, specific configuration data for a given installation of Windows is removed. 例如,在 一般化 設定階段期間,系統會從映射中移除唯一的安全識別碼 (SID) 和其他硬體特定的設定。For example, during the generalize configuration pass, the unique security ID (SID) and other hardware-specific settings are removed from the image.

只有當您使用 Sysprep 命令搭配 /generalize 選項時,才會執行 一般化 設定階段。The generalize configuration pass runs only when you use the Sysprep command with the /generalize option. 回應檔案區段中的回應檔案設定,會在進行 <generalize> Sysprep 一般化之前套用至系統。Answer file settings in the <generalize> section of an answer file are applied to the system before Sysprep generalization occurs. 之後系統即會關機。The system then shuts down.

下圖顯示 一般化 設定階段的流程。The following diagram shows the process of the generalize configuration pass.

一般化設定階段

特殊化設定階段會在系統下次開機後立即執行。The specialize configuration pass runs immediately after the next time that the system boots. 當您執行 Sysprep 時,可以藉由指定 /audit/oobe,判斷 windows 是否會開機至 audit 模式或 Windows 歡迎畫面。When you run Sysprep, you can decide whether Windows will boot to audit mode or Windows Welcome by specifying /audit or /oobe. 無論電腦是否設定為開機進入 audit 模式或 Windows 歡迎畫面, specialize 的設定階段一律會在電腦一般化之後執行。The specialize configuration pass always runs after a computer has been generalized, regardless of whether the computer is configured to boot to audit mode or Windows Welcome.

任何移動或複製 Windows 映像至新電腦的方法,都必須使用 sysprep/generalize 命令來準備。Any method of moving or copying a Windows image to a new computer must be prepared with the sysprep /generalize command. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Sysprep (一般化) Windows 安裝For more information, see Sysprep (Generalize) a Windows installation.

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設定階段運作方式How Configuration Passes Work

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auditUserauditUser

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oobeSystemoobeSystem

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