行動裝置製造Mobile manufacturing

在您完成其他指南中所涵蓋的準備裝置步驟之後,焦點會移至準備裝置進行最終零售設定。After you have a completed the steps covered in the other guides to prepare the device, the focus shifts to preparing the device for the final retail configuration.

在此過程中,您可以設定最後的設定值、移除偵錯記錄,以及最佳化作業系統進行出貨。During this process, you set the final configuration values, remove debug logging, and optimize the OS for shipment. 接下來,您可以判斷作業系統傳輸到製造線中裝置硬體的方式。Next, you determine how the OS will be transferred to the device hardware in the manufacturing line.

製造縮略字Manufacturing acronyms

以下是可能派上用場的一些常見縮略字。Here are some common acronyms that might come in handy.

ATEATE

自動化測試設備automated test equipment

BERBER

位元錯誤率bit error rate

BISTBIST

內建自我測試built-in self-test

COTCOT

測試成本cost of test

CIT 測試CIT Testing

電腦互動式測試 — 裝置的半自動化測試。computer interactive testing—semi-automated testing of the device. 在這個階段中,裝置會連線到電腦或工作站During this stage, the device is connected to a PC or workstation

DIBDIB

裝置介面面板device interface board

DFTDFT

針對測試設計designed for test

DUTDUT

受測試的裝置device under test

ESDESD

靜電放電electrostatic discharge

EVMEVM

錯誤向量大小error vector magnitude

FAFA

最終組件final assembly

FQCFQC

最終品質檢查final quality check

NISTNIST

國家標準暨技術研究院National Institute of Standards and Technology

OOBTOOBT

立即可用的測試out-of-the-box test

PIBPIB

探查介面面板probe interface board

RTCRTC

即時時鐘 — 用來追蹤目前時間的內建硬體時鐘real-time clock—on-board hardware clock used to track the current time

SCMSCM

轉包製造商subcontract manufacturer

SOCSOC

晶片上的系統system on a chip

UPHUPH

每小時單位數units per hour

UUTUUT

受測試的單位unit under test

一般的製造指引General manufacturing guidance

Windows 10 行動裝置版的目標是協力廠商可以成功建立跨製造、測試和維護最快速且有效的程序。The goal for Windows 10 Mobile is that partners are successful in establishing efficient and effective processes that span manufacturing, testing, and servicing. 為此,Microsoft 將提供用來製造和支援 Windows 10 行動裝置版裝置上的工具和程序指引。To that end, Microsoft will provide guidance on the tools and process that are used for manufacturing and support of a Windows 10 Mobile device. 本指南說明 OEM 在製造程序期間可以使用的工具和技術。This guidance describes the tools and techniques that are available to OEMs during the manufacturing process.

製造安全性需求Manufacturing security requirements

必須設定最終的零售版映像以符合一組安全性需求。Final retail images must be configured to meet a set of security requirements. 為了協助 OEM 確保其零售版映像符合這些需求,Windows 10 行動裝置版會在第一次開機期間自動檢查這些需求的部分。To help OEMs ensure that their retail images meet these requirements, Windows 10 Mobile automatically checks for some of these requirements during first boot. OEM 必須驗證其他需求。Other requirements must be verified by OEMs.

行動裝置部署與映像Mobile deployment and imaging

準備好建置和測試行動裝置版本的 Windows 10 嗎?Getting ready to build and test Windows 10 for mobile editions? 此練習將逐步解說如何建置新行動裝置並自訂裝置,以符合您的客戶需求。Here's a lab that walks through building new mobile devices and customizing them to meet your customers' needs.

完整版作業系統的製造模式Manufacturing mode of the full operating system

製造模式是完整版作業系統的模式,可用於製造相關的工作,例如元件和支援測試。Manufacturing mode is a mode of the full operating system that can be used for manufacturing-related tasks, such as component and support testing.

Microsoft 製造作業系統 (MMOS)Microsoft Manufacturing OS (MMOS)

Microsoft 製造作業系統 (MMOS) 是作業系統的最佳化組態,可協助有效率的製造。Microsoft Manufacturing OS (MMOS) is an optimized configuration of the operating system that facilitates efficient manufacturing.

刷新工具Flashing tools

您可以開發自訂的刷新工具來處理裝置的生命週期需求You can develop a custom flashing tool to address the life cycle needs of the device

製造工作流程Manufacturing workflow

OEM 必須決定要用來在其製造工廠中實作 MMOS 的製造程序。OEMs need to determine the manufacturing process to use to implement MMOS in their manufacturing facilities.

為討論製造程序,將會使用簡化的製造線工作流程模型。To discuss the manufacturing process, a simplified model of the manufacturing line workflow will be used. 請注意,每個 OEM 必須有唯一的處理程序;這個簡化的模型會用來作為一般的參考點。Note that each OEM will have a unique process; this simplified model is used as a common reference point.

簡單的原廠流程Simple factory flow

oem-manu-簡單-原廠-流程-apollo

面板測試/SMT – 映像是透過一組程式設計人員刷新。Board tests/SMT – Image is flashed via gang programmer.

最後組件,開機 – 將面板與塑膠結合;第一次在製造場所啟動裝置。Final assembly, Boot – Marry board with plastic; the first time the device is booted on the manufacturing floor.

手動測試 – 產線工作人員執行裝置測試,例如音效、震動、相機、鍵盤等等。Manual tests – Line worker runs device tests such as sound, vibration, camera, keyboard, and so on.

RF/呼叫測試 – 自動化測試中將裝置放入行動網卡來啟用電源和測試資料的記錄。RF/Call testing – Automated testing in which the device is tethered to enable power and the recording of test data.

最後一個佈建 – 已寫入 IMEI 資料、已載入自訂項目且已完成標記的自動化程序。Final provisioning – Automated process where IMEI data is written, customizations are loaded, and labeling is completed.

最後的 QA/封裝 – 最終手動驗證裝置,然後封裝。Final QA/Packaging – Final manual verification of the device, then packaging.

隨機取樣測試 – 已從封裝中移除指定數目的裝置,並測試這些裝置。Random sample testing – A specified number of devices are removed from packaging and tested. 如果失敗達到特定臨界值,可能會回收整條產線。If failures reach a certain threshold, the entire line may be recalled.

製造程序選項Manufacturing process options

每個製造商會使用不同的技術和工具來製造 Windows 10 行動裝置版裝置。Each manufacturer has different techniques and tooling that they use to manufacture Windows 10 Mobile devices. 以下說明兩個選項,但鼓勵 OEM 視需要結合方法並進行創新。Two options are described here, but the OEM is encouraged to combine approaches and innovate as needed. 建立 OEM 製造線的人員擁有關於製造的最佳技術專業知識。The best technical expertise regarding manufacturing resides with those who built the OEM manufacturing line. 選取適用於您製造流程和業務的指導方針。Select the guidance that works for your manufacturing processes and business.

此處提供兩個範例製造程序的摘要。A summary of two example manufacturing processes is provided here.

製造程序選項 1:從 WIM MMOS 映像開機Manufacturing process option 1: boot from WIM MMOS image

您可以暫時將 WIM (Windows 映像) Microsoft 製造作業系統 (MMOS) 映像複製到裝置,接著開機進入在靜態 RAM 記憶體中執行的該映像。You can temporarily copy a WIM (Windows Imaging) Microsoft Manufacturing OS (MMOS) image over to a device and then boot to that image that is running in volatile RAM memory. 如需 MMOS 的詳細資訊,請參閱 Microsoft 製造作業系統For more information about MMOS, see Microsoft Manufacturing OS.

因為裝置上使用的是永遠不會提供的測試 WIM MMOS 映像,這個方法可進行其他製造工具 (傳輸、延伸器) 的佈建。Because the test WIM MMOS image that will never ship is used on the device, this approach enables the provisioning of additional manufacturing tools (transports, extenders). 此外,OEM 也可以使用測試映像中的任何功能原生 API。Also, OEMs can use any functional native APIs in the test image. 額外的原廠測試專用驅動程式或其他軟體都可以包含在 WIM MMOS 映像。Additional factory test-only drivers or other software can be included in the WIM MMOS image.

使用這種方法的優點之一,是在 RAM 中從 WIM 映像開機的速度比刷新映像還快。One advantage of using this approach is that booting from a WIM Image in RAM is faster than flashing the image.

oem-manu-原廠-處理程序-wim-mmos

如需詳細資訊,請參閱使用 WIM MMOS 映像For more info, see Working with WIM MMOS images.

製造程序選項 2:重新整理裝置Manufacturing process option 2: reflash the device

此程序會使用兩個映像:一個用於原廠測試,以及最終傳送裝置的最後一個黃金映像。This process uses two images: one for factory testing, and a final golden image for the final shipping device. 如同 MMOS WIM 映像,裝置上使用的是永遠不會提供的測試映像。Like the MMOS WIM image, the test image that will never ship is used on the device. 這表示可以包含其他製造工具 (傳輸、延伸器),且可以呼叫製造專用的原生 API。This mean that additional manufacturing tools (transports, extenders) can be included and manufacturing only native APIs can be called.

oem-manu-簡單-重新整理-流程-apollo

如果適當的話,這種方法可以使用不同版本的作業系統進行測試。This approach makes it possible, if appropriate, to use a different version of the operating system for testing. 當測試應用程式要移轉至 Windows 10 行動裝置版時,這可能是實用的臨時措施。This may be a useful interim measure as test applications are being migrated to Windows 10 Mobile.

這種方法的缺點之一是必須設計製造線,才能容納接近製造程序結束時所發生的重新刷新時間。One tradeoff in this approach is that the manufacturing line must be designed to accommodate the reflashing time that occurs near the end of the manufacturing process.

如需使用刷新工具的詳細資訊,請參閱刷新工具For more info on working with the flashing tools, see Flashing tools.

依製造階段的範例測試區域Example test area by manufacturing phase

依製造階段的測試區域只能以範例方式被提;每個製造商可能會想要以不同的方式排序測試。Test area by manufacturing phase is provided only as an example; each manufacturer may wish to sequence the tests differently.

數據機測試 (RF / 行動數據測試)Modem testing (RF / cellular testing)

數據機 RF 校正Modem RF calibration

Wi-Fi RX/TX 電源Wi-Fi RX/TX Power

藍牙 RX/TX 電源Bluetooth RX/TX Power

裝置測試Device testing

顯示器Display

數字鍵台Keypad

SIM 介面SIM interface

儲存卡Storage card

相機Camera

RTCRTC

喇叭Speaker

麥克風Microphone

感應器 – ALSSensor – ALS

感應器 – 磁力計Sensor – Magnetometer

感測器 – 近接Sensor – Proximity

感應器 – 加速計Sensor – Accelerometer

手持式介面Handset interface

電源 - 目前待命Power - stand by current

裝置佈建Device provisioning

IMEIIMEI

SIM 鎖定SIM Lock

藍牙 MACBluetooth MAC

感應器校正Sensors calibration

安全性佈建Security provisioning

MO 佈建MO provisioning