Windows Server 2016 Standard 和 Datacenter 版本的比較Comparison of Standard and Datacenter editions of Windows Server 2016

適用於︰WindowsServer 2016Applies To: Windows Server 2016

鎖定與限制Locks and Limits

鎖定與限制Locks and Limits WindowsServer 2016 StandardWindows Server 2016 Standard WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
使用者數目上限Maximum number of users 以 CAL 為依據Based on CALs 以 CAL 為依據Based on CALs
SMB 連線數上限Maximum SMB connections 1677721616777216 1677721616777216
RRAS 連線數上限Maximum RRAS connections 沒有限制unlimited 沒有限制unlimited
IAS 連線數上限Maximum IAS connections 21474836472147483647 21474836472147483647
RDS 連線數上限Maximum RDS connections 6553565535 6553565535
64 位元通訊端數目上限Maximum number of 64-bit sockets 6464 6464
核心數目上限Maximum number of cores 沒有限制unlimited 沒有限制unlimited
RAM 上限Maximum RAM 24 TB24 TB 24 TB24 TB
可以用作虛擬客體Can be used as virtualization guest 是,2 部虛擬機器,加上每份授權一部 Hyper-V 主機Yes; 2 virtual machines, plus one Hyper-V host per license 是,無限制的虛擬機器,加上每份授權一部 Hyper-V 主機Yes; unlimited virtual machines, plus one Hyper-V host per license
伺服器可加入網域Server can join a domain yes yes
邊緣網路保護/防火牆Edge network protection/firewall no no
DirectAccessDirectAccess yes yes
DLNA 轉碼器和網路媒體串流DLNA codecs and web media streaming 是,若以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器Yes, if installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,若以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器Yes, if installed as Server with Desktop Experience

伺服器角色Server roles

可用的 Windows Server 角色Windows Server roles available 角色服務Role services WindowsServer 2016 StandardWindows Server 2016 Standard WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
Active Directory 憑證服務Active Directory Certificate Services Yes Yes
Active Directory Domain ServicesActive Directory Domain Services Yes Yes
Active Directory 同盟服務Active Directory Federation Services Yes Yes
AD 輕量型目錄服務AD Lightweight Directory Services Yes Yes
AD Rights Management ServicesAD Rights Management Services Yes Yes
裝置健康情況證明Device Health Attestation Yes Yes
DHCP 伺服器DHCP Server Yes Yes
DNS 伺服器DNS Server Yes Yes
傳真伺服器Fax Server Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services 檔案伺服器File Server Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services 網路檔案的 BranchCacheBranchCache for Network Files Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services 重複資料刪除Data Deduplication Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services DFS 命名空間DFS Namespaces Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services DFS 複寫DFS Replication Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services 檔案伺服器資源管理員File Server Resource Manager Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services 檔案伺服器 VSS 代理程式服務File Server VSS Agent Service Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services iSCSI 目標伺服器iSCSI Target Server Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services iSCSI 目標儲存提供者iSCSI Target Storage Provider Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services Server for NFSServer for NFS Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services 工作資料夾Work Folders Yes Yes
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services 存放服務Storage Services Yes Yes
主機守護者服務Host Guardian Service Yes Yes
Hyper-VHyper-V Yes 是;包含受防護的虛擬機器Yes; including Shielded Virtual Machines
MultiPoint 服務MultiPoint Services Yes Yes
網路控制卡Network Controller No Yes
網路原則與存取服務Network Policy and Access Services 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
列印和文件服務Print and Document Services Yes Yes
遠端存取Remote Access Yes Yes
遠端桌面服務Remote Desktop Services Yes Yes
大量啟用服務Volume Activation Services Yes Yes
Web 服務 (IIS)Web Services (IIS) Yes Yes
Windows 部署服務Windows Deployment Services 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
WindowsServer Essentials 體驗Windows Server Essentials Experience Yes Yes
WindowsServer Update ServicesWindows Server Update Services Yes Yes

功能Features

可透過伺服器管理員 (或 PowerShell) 安裝的 Windows Server 功能Windows Server Features installable with Server Manager (or PowerShell) WindowsServer 2016 StandardWindows Server 2016 Standard WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
.NET Framework 3.5.NET Framework 3.5 Yes Yes
.NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6 Yes Yes
背景智慧型傳送服務 (BITS)Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) Yes Yes
BitLocker 磁碟機加密BitLocker Drive Encryption Yes Yes
BitLocker 網路解除鎖定BitLocker Network Unlock 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
BranchCacheBranchCache Yes Yes
Client for NFSClient for NFS Yes Yes
容器Containers 是 (Windows 容器無限制;Hyper-V 容器最多 2 個)Yes (Windows containers unlimited; Hyper-V containers up to 2) 是(所有容器類型無限制)Yes (all container types unlimited)
資料中心橋接Data Center Bridging Yes Yes
Direct PlayDirect Play 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
增強的存放區Enhanced Storage Yes Yes
容錯移轉叢集Failover Clustering Yes Yes
群組原則管理Group Policy Management Yes Yes
主機守護者 Hyper-V 支援Host Guardian Hyper-V Support No Yes
I/O 服務品質I/O Quality of Service Yes Yes
可裝載 IIS 的 Web 核心IIS Hostable Web Core Yes Yes
網際網路列印用戶端Internet Printing Client 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
IPAM 伺服器IPAM Server Yes Yes
iSNS 伺服器服務iSNS Server service Yes Yes
LPR 連接埠監視器LPR Port Monitor 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Management OData IIS 延伸模組Management OData IIS Extension Yes Yes
媒體基礎Media Foundation Yes Yes
訊息佇列Message Queueing Yes Yes
多重路徑 I/OMultipath I/O Yes Yes
MultiPoint 連線程式MultiPoint Connector Yes Yes
網路負載平衡Network Load Balancing Yes Yes
對等名稱解析通訊協定Peer Name Resolution Protocol Yes Yes
高品質 Windows 音訊/視訊體驗Quality Windows Audio Video Experience Yes Yes
RAS 連線管理員系統管理組件RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
遠端協助Remote Assistance 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
遠端差異壓縮Remote Differential Compression Yes Yes
RSATRSAT Yes Yes
RPC over HTTP ProxyRPC over HTTP Proxy Yes Yes
安裝並啟動事件收集Setup and Boot Event Collection Yes Yes
簡單 TCP/IP 服務Simple TCP/IP Services 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
SMB 1.0/CIFS 檔案共用支援SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support 已安裝Installed 已安裝Installed
SMB 頻寬限制SMB Bandwidth Limit Yes Yes
SMTP 伺服器SMTP Server Yes Yes
SNMP 服務SNMP Service Yes Yes
軟體負載平衡器Software Load Balancer Yes Yes
儲存體複本Storage Replica No Yes
Telnet 用戶端Telnet Client Yes Yes
TFTP 用戶端TFTP Client 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
適用於網狀架構管理的 VM 防護工具VM Shielding Tools for Fabric Management Yes Yes
WebDAV 重新導向器WebDAV Redirector Yes Yes
Windows 生物特徵辨識架構Windows Biometric Framework 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Defender 功能Windows Defender features 已安裝Installed 已安裝Installed
Windows Identity Foundation 3.5Windows Identity Foundation 3.5 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows 內部資料庫Windows Internal Database Yes Yes
Windows PowerShellWindows PowerShell 已安裝Installed 已安裝Installed
Windows 處理序啟用服務Windows Process Activation Service Yes Yes
Windows Search 服務Windows Search Service 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Server BackupWindows Server Backup Yes Yes
Windows Server 移轉工具Windows Server Migration Tools Yes Yes
Windows 標準式存放裝置管理Windows Standards-Based Storage Management Yes Yes
Windows TIFF IFilterWindows TIFF IFilter 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
WinRM IIS 延伸模組WinRM IIS Extension Yes Yes
WINS 伺服器WINS Server Yes Yes
無線區域網路服務Wireless LAN Service Yes Yes
WoW64 支援WoW64 support 已安裝Installed 已安裝Installed
XPS 檢視器XPS Viewer 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience 是,以桌面體驗安裝為伺服器時Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
正式運作的功能Features available generally WindowsServer 2016 StandardWindows Server 2016 Standard WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
最佳做法分析程式Best Practices Analyzer Yes Yes
直接存取Direct Access Yes Yes
動態記憶體 (虛擬環境中)Dynamic Memory (in virtualization) Yes Yes
熱新增/取代 RAMHot Add/Replace RAM Yes Yes
Microsoft Management ConsoleMicrosoft Management Console Yes Yes
基本伺服器介面Minimal Server Interface Yes Yes
網路負載平衡Network Load Balancing Yes Yes
Windows PowerShellWindows PowerShell Yes Yes
Server Core 安裝選項Server Core installation option Yes Yes
Nano Server 安裝選項Nano Server installation option Yes Yes
伺服器管理員Server Manager Yes Yes
SMB 直接傳輸與 SMB (透過 RDMA)SMB Direct and SMB over RDMA Yes Yes
軟體定義的網路Software-defined Networking No Yes
存放管理服務Storage Management Service Yes Yes
儲存空間Storage Spaces Yes Yes
儲存空間直接存取Storage Spaces Direct No Yes
大量啟用服務Volume Activation Services Yes Yes
VSS (磁碟區陰影複製服務) 整合VSS (Volume Shadow Copy Service) integration Yes Yes
WindowsServer Update ServicesWindows Server Update Services Yes Yes
Windows 系統資源管理員Windows System Resource Manager Yes Yes
伺服器授權記錄Server license logging Yes Yes
已繼承的啟用Inherited activation 若託管於 Datacenter 則作為客體As guest if hosted on Datacenter 可為主機或客體Can be host or guest
工作資料夾Work folders Yes Yes

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