安裝 Nano ServerInstall Nano Server

適用於︰WindowsServer 2016Applies To: Windows Server 2016

重要

從 Windows Server 版本 1709 開始,Nano Server 僅以容器基礎 OS 映像的形式來提供。Starting in Windows Server, version 1709, Nano Server will be available only as a container base OS image. 請查看 Nano Server 的變更以了解這代表的意義。Check out Changes to Nano Server to learn what this means.

WindowsServer 2016 提供新的安裝選項︰Nano Server。Windows Server 2016 offers a new installation option: Nano Server. Nano Server 是一個遠端管理的伺服器作業系統,已針對私人雲端和資料中心最佳化。Nano Server is a remotely administered server operating system optimized for private clouds and datacenters. 它類似於 Server Core 模式的 WindowsServer,但明顯較小、沒有本機登入功能,而且只支援 64 位元應用程式、工具和代理程式。It is similar to Windows Server in Server Core mode, but significantly smaller, has no local logon capability, and only supports 64-bit applications, tools, and agents. 比起 WindowsServer,它佔用的磁碟空間更少、設定的速度明顯地更快,而且所需的更新和重新啟動次數更少。It takes up far less disk space, sets up significantly faster, and requires far fewer updates and restarts than Windows Server. 如果重新啟動,重新啟動的速度會更快。When it does restart, it restarts much faster. WindowsServer 2016 Standard 和 Datacenter Edition 提供 Nano Server 安裝選項。The Nano Server installation option is available for Standard and Datacenter editions of Windows Server 2016.

Nano Server 適用於一些案例:Nano Server is ideal for a number of scenarios:

  • 作為 Hyper-V 虛擬機器的「計算」主機 (可以是叢集或非叢集)As a "compute" host for Hyper-V virtual machines, either in clusters or not

  • 作為向外延展檔案伺服器的存放裝置主機。As a storage host for Scale-Out File Server.

  • 作為 DNS 伺服器As a DNS server

  • 作為執行 Internet Information Services (IIS) 的網頁伺服器As a web server running Internet Information Services (IIS)

  • 作為使用雲端應用程式模式開發並在容器或虛擬機器客體作業系統中執行的應用程式主機As a host for applications that are developed using cloud application patterns and run in a container or virtual machine guest operating system

Nano Server 中的重要差異Important differences in Nano Server

由於 Nano Server 經過最佳化,作為輕量型作業系統,用來執行以容器和微服務為基礎的「雲端原生」應用程式,或是作為靈活且符合成本效益的資料中心主機,並大幅減少使用量,因此 Nano Server 與 Server Core 或「使用桌面體驗的伺服器」有重要的差異︰Because Nano Server is optimized as a lightweight operating system for running “cloud-native” applications based on containers and micro-services or as an agile and cost-effective datacenter host with a dramatically smaller footprint, there are important differences in Nano Server versus Server Core or Server with Desktop Experience installations:

  • Nano Server 為「無周邊」,不具本機登入功能或圖形化使用者介面。Nano Server is "headless;" there is no local logon capability or graphical user interface.
  • 僅支援 64 位元應用程式、工具及代理程式。Only 64-bit applications, tools, and agents are supported.
  • Nano Server 無法作為 Active Directory 網域控制站。Nano Server cannot serve as an Active Directory domain controller.
  • 不支援群組原則。Group Policy is not supported. 不過,您可以使用預期狀態設定大規模地套用設定。However, you can use Desired State Configuration to apply settings at scale.
  • 無法將 Nano Server 設為使用 Proxy 伺服器存取網際網路。Nano Server cannot be configured to use a proxy server to access the internet.
  • 不支援 NIC 小組 (具體而言,指負載平衡和容錯移轉,或稱 LBFO)。NIC Teaming (specifically, load balancing and failover, or LBFO) is not supported. 改為支援切換內嵌小組 (SET)。Switch-embedded teaming (SET) is supported instead.
  • 不支援 System Center Configuration Manager 及 System Center Data Protection Manager。System Center Configuration Manager and System Center Data Protection Manager are not supported.
  • 不支援最佳做法分析程式 (BPA) Cmdlet 及 BPA 與伺服器管理員整合。Best Practices Analyzer (BPA) cmdlets and BPA integration with Server Manager are not supported.
  • Nano Server 不支援虛擬主機匯流排介面卡 (HBA)。Nano Server does not support virtual host bus adapters (HBAs).
  • Nano Server 不需要以產品金鑰啟用。Nano Server does not need to be activated with a product key. Nano Server 做為 Hyper-V 主機運作時,不支援自動虛擬機器啟用(AVMA)。When functioning as a Hyper-V host, Nano Server does not support Automatic Virtual Machine Activation (AVMA). Nano Server 主機上執行的虛擬電腦可使用金鑰管理服務(KMS) 搭配一般的大量授權金鑰,或使用Active Directory 型啟用來啟用。Virtual machines running on a Nano Server host can be activated using Key Management Service (KMS) with a generic volume license key or using Active Directory-based activation.
  • Nano Server 隨附的 Windows PowerShell 的版本具有重大差異。The version of Windows PowerShell provided with Nano Server has important differences. 如需詳細資料,請參閱 Nano Server 上的 PowerShellFor details, see PowerShell on Nano Server.
  • Nano Server 僅在最新商務分支 (CBB) 模型上受支援,Nano Server 目前沒有長期維護分支 (LTSB) 版本。Nano Server is supported only on the Current Branch for Business (CBB) model--there is no Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB) release for Nano Server at this time. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱下列各子章節。See the following subsection for more information.

最新商務分支Current Branch for Business

Nano Server 由更為活躍的模型提供服務,稱作最新商務分支 (CBB),以替使用快速開發週期移至「雲端節奏」的客戶提供支援。Nano Server is serviced with a more active model, called Current Branch for Business (CBB), in order to support customers who are moving at a “cloud cadence," using rapid development cycles. 在此模型中,Nano Server 預期每年會有兩到三次的功能更新版本。In this model, feature update releases of Nano Server are expected two to three times per year. 此模型需要軟體保證,才能在生產環境中部署及操作 Nano Server。This model requires Software Assurance for Nano Servers deployed and operated in production. 為了維持支援,系統管理員不得落後超過兩個 CBB 版本。To maintain support, administrators must stay no more than two CBB releases behind. 不過,這些版本不會自動更新現有的部署;系統管理員會依其便利性手動安裝新的 CBB 版本。However, these releases do not auto-update existing deployments; administrators perform manual installation of a new CBB release at their convenience. 如需其他資訊,請參閱 WindowsServer 2016 新的最新商務分支服務選項For some additional information, see Windows Server 2016 new Current Branch for Business servicing option.

Server Core 和「使用桌面體驗的伺服器」安裝選項仍由長期維護分支 (LTSB) 模型提供服務,由 5 年的主流支援及 5 年的延伸支援組成。The Server Core and Server with Desktop Experience installation options are still serviced on the Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB) model, comprising 5 years of mainstream support and 5 years of extended support.

安裝案例Installation scenarios

評估Evaluation

您可以從 WindowsServer 評估版取得 WindowsServer 的 180 天授權評估版。You can obtain a 180-day-licensed evaluation copy of Windows Server from Windows Server Evaluations. 若要試用 Nano Server,請選擇 /[Nano Server/] | /[64 位元 EXE/] 選項,然後回到 Nano Server 快速入門部署 Nano Server 以開始使用。To try out Nano Server, choose the Nano Server | 64-bit EXE option, and then come back to either Nano Server Quick Start or Deploy Nano Server to get started.

全新安裝Clean installation

因為您藉由設定 VHD 來安裝 Nano Server,所以全新安裝會是最快速且最簡單的部署方法。Because you install Nano Server by configuring a VHD, a clean installation is the quickest and simplest deployment method.

  • 若要使用 DHCP 取得 IP 位址,以快速開始進行 Nano Server 的基本部署,請參閱 Nano Server 快速入門To get started quickly with a basic deployment of Nano Server using DHCP to obtain an IP address, see the Nano Server Quick Start
  • 如果您已經熟悉 Nano Server 的基本概念,從部署 Nano Server 開始的更詳細主題提供一組完整的指示,來自訂映像、使用網域、線上或離線安裝伺服器角色和其他功能的套件,以及執行其他更多工作。If you're already familiar with the basics of Nano Server, the more detailed topics starting with Deploy Nano Server offer a full set of instructions for customizing images, working with domains, installing packages for server roles and other features both online and offline, and much more.

重要

一旦安裝程式完成,而且您已安裝所有必要的伺服器角色和功能之後,請立即檢查並安裝 WindowsServer 2016 的可用更新。Once Setup has completed and immediately after you have installed all of the server roles and features you need, check for and install updates available for Windows Server 2016. 針對 Nano Server,請參閱管理 Nano Server 的<在 Nano Server 中管理更新>一節。For Nano Server, see the "Managing updates in Nano Server" section of Manage Nano Server.

升級Upgrade

因為 Nano Server 是 WindowsServer 2016 的新功能,所以從舊版作業系統升級到 Nano Server 之間沒有升級路徑。Since Nano Server is new for Windows Server 2016, there isn't an upgrade path from older operating system versions to Nano Server.

移轉Migration

因為 Nano Server 是 WindowsServer 2016 的新功能,所以從舊版作業系統升級到 Nano Server 之間沒有移轉路徑。Since Nano Server is new for Windows Server 2016, there isn't migration path from older operating system versions to Nano Server.


如果您需要不同的安裝選項,您可以回到 Windows Server 2016 主頁面If you need a different installation option, you can head back to the main Windows Server 2016 page

找不到需要的內容嗎?Not finding content you need? Windows 10 使用者,請於意見反應中樞告訴我們您想要什麼。Windows 10 users, tell us what you want on Feedback Hub.