安裝 Server CoreInstall Server Core

適用於:Windows Server (半年度管道) 和 Windows Server 2016Applies To: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel) and Windows Server 2016

第一次安裝 Windows Server 2016 時,您會有下列安裝選項:When you install Windows Server 2016 for the first time, you have the following installation options:

注意

在下列清單中,沒有「桌面體驗」的版本是 Server Core 安裝選項In the following list, editions without “Desktop Experience” are the Server Core installation options

  • Windows Server StandardWindows Server Standard
  • Windows Server Standard 含桌面體驗Windows Server Standard with Desktop Experience
  • Windows Server DatacenterWindows Server Datacenter
  • Windows Server Datacenter 含桌面體驗Windows Server Datacenter with Desktop Experience

安裝 Windows Server 版本 1709 時,您會有下列安裝選項:When you install Windows Server, version 1709, you have the following installation options:

  • Windows Server StandardWindows Server Standard
  • Windows Server DatacenterWindows Server Datacenter

[Server Core] 選項可以減少所需的磁碟空間和潛在的攻擊面。因此,除非您對 [含有桌面體驗的伺服器] 選項所包含的額外使用者介面元素與圖形化管理工具有特定需求,否則建議您選擇 Server Core 安裝。The Server Core option reduces the space required on disk and the potential attack surface, so we recommend that you choose the Server Core installation unless you have a particular need for the additional user interface elements and graphical management tools that are included in the Server with Desktop Experience option. 如果您確實認為需要額外的使用者介面元素,請參閱安裝「含有桌面體驗的伺服器」If you do feel you need the additional user interface elements, see Install Server with Desktop Experience.

[Server Core] 選項不會安裝標準使用者介面 (桌面體驗);您可以使用命令列、Windows PowerShell 或透過遠端方法來管理伺服器。With the Server Core option, the standard user interface (the Desktop Experience) is not installed; you manage the server using the command line, Windows PowerShell, or by remote methods.

注意

與 WindowsServer 某些更早的版本不同,您無法在安裝完成後在 Server Core 與桌面體驗伺服器之間進行轉換。Unlike some previous releases of Windows Server, you cannot convert between Server Core and Server with Desktop Experience after installation. 如果您安裝 Server Core,並稍後決定使用桌面體驗伺服器,您應該執行全新安裝。If you install Server Core and later decide to use Server with Desktop Experience, you should do a fresh installation.

使用者介面︰命令提示字元User interface: command prompt

在本機安裝、設定、解除安裝伺服器角色:在命令提示字元使用 Windows PowerShell。Install, configure, uninstall server roles locally: at a command prompt with Windows PowerShell.

從遠端 Windows 用戶端電腦 (或有安裝桌面的伺服器) 安裝、設定、解除安裝伺服器角色:使用伺服器管理員、遠端伺服器管理工具 (RSAT)、Windows PowerShell 或 Project Honolulu。Install, configure, uninstall server roles remotely from a Windows client computer (or server with Desktop installed: with Server Manager, Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT), Windows PowerShell, or Project Honolulu.

注意

對於 RSAT,您必須使用 Windows 10 版本。For RSAT, you must use the Windows 10 version. Microsoft Management Console 在本機無法使用。Microsoft Management Console is not available locally.

可用的伺服器角色:Server roles available:

  • Active Directory 憑證服務Active Directory Certificate Services
  • Active Directory 網域服務Active Directory Domain Services
  • DHCP 伺服器DHCP Server
  • DNS 伺服器DNS Server
  • 檔案服務 (包括檔案伺服器資源管理員)File Services (including File Server Resource Manager)
  • Active Directory 輕量型目錄服務 (AD LDS)Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS)
  • Hyper-VHyper-V
  • 列印和文件服務Print and Document Services
  • 串流處理媒體服務Streaming Media Services
  • 網頁伺服器 (包括 ASP.NET 子集)Web Server (including a subset of ASP.NET)
  • WindowsServer 更新伺服器Windows Server Update Server
  • Active Directory Rights Management ServerActive Directory Rights Management Server
  • 路由及遠端存取伺服器和下列子角色:Routing and Remote Access Server and the following sub-roles:
  • 遠端桌面服務連線代理人Remote Desktop Services Connection Broker
  • 授權Licensing
  • 虛擬化Virtualization
  • 大量啟用服務Volume Activation Services

Windows Server 2016 安裝Windows Server 2016 installation

若要以 Windows Server 2016 的 Server Core 安裝選項來安裝,請參閱 Windows Server 安裝與升級To install the Server Core installation option in Windows Server 2016, see Windows Server Installation and Upgrade.

Windows Server 版本 1709 安裝Windows Server, version 1709, installation

Windows Server 版本 1709 的安裝步驟和安裝舊版 Windows Server 一樣 (從 .ISO 映像),但有以下例外:Installation steps for Windows Server, version 1709, are the same as installing previous versions of Windows Server (from an .ISO image), with the following exceptions:

  • 不支援從先前的 Windows Server to Windows Server 版本 1709 升級。No supported upgrades from previous versions of Windows Server to Windows Server, version 1709. 永遠需要全新安裝。A fresh installation is always required. 這表示當您從 Windows 電腦桌面執行 setup.exe 時,安裝體驗不允許升級選項 (呈現灰色)。This means that when you run setup.exe from the desktop of a Windows computer, the setup experience will not permit the upgrade option (it is grayed out).
  • Windows Server 版本 1709 沒有評估版。There’s no evaluation version for Windows Server, version 1709.
  • 沒有 OEM 或零售版。There’s no OEM or retail version. Windows Server 版本 1709 只能透過「軟體保證」或忠誠計畫取得授權。Windows Server version 1709 can only be licensed through Software Assurance or loyalty programs.

若要取得 Windows Server 版本 1709,請參閱Windows Server 版本 1709 簡介To get Windows Server version 1709, see Introducing Windows Server, version 1709.