安裝含有桌面體驗的伺服器Install Server with Desktop Experience

適用於︰WindowsServer 2016Applies To: Windows Server 2016

當您使用安裝精靈安裝 WindowsServer 2016 時,您可以在 WindowsServer 2016WindowsServer (含有桌面體驗的伺服器) 之間進行選擇。When you install Windows Server 2016 using the Setup wizard, you can choose between Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server (Server with Desktop Experience). WindowsServer 2016 的 [含有桌面體驗的伺服器] 選項,相當於已安裝桌面體驗功能之 WindowsServer 2012 R2 中的 [完整] 安裝選項。The Server with Desktop Experience option is the Windows Server 2016 equivalent of the Full installation option available in Windows Server 2012 R2 with the Desktop Experience feature installed. 如果您不在安裝精靈中做出選擇,系統將會安裝 WindowsServer 2016,這是 [Server Core] 安裝選項。If you do not make a choice in the Setup wizard, Windows Server 2016 is installed; this is the Server Core installation option.

此 [含有桌面體驗的伺服器] 選項會安裝標準使用者介面和所有工具,包括需要在 WindowsServer 2012 R2 中另外安裝的用戶體驗功能。The Server with Desktop Experience option installs the standard user interface and all tools, including client experience features that required a separate installation in Windows Server 2012 R2. 伺服器角色及功能可由伺服器管理員或其他方法安裝。Server roles and features are installed with Server Manager or by other methods. 與 Server Core 選項相較下,它需要更多的磁碟空間,而且具有較高的維護需求。因此,除非您特別需要 [含有桌面體驗的伺服器] 選項所包含的額外使用者介面元素與圖形化管理工具,否則我們建議您選擇 Server Core 安裝。Compared with the Server Core option, it requires more space on disk,and has higher servicing requirements, so we recommend that you choose the Server Core installation unless you have a particular need for the additional user interface elements and graphical management tools that are included in the Server with Desktop Experience option. 如果您認為不需要額外元素即可進行,請參閱安裝 Server CoreIf you feel you can work without the additional elements, see Install Server Core. 如需更輕量型的選項,請參閱安裝 Nano ServerFor an even more lightweight option, see Install Nano Server.

注意

與 WindowsServer 某些更早的版本不同,您無法在安裝完成後在 Server Core 與桌面體驗伺服器之間進行轉換。Unlike some previous releases of Windows Server, you cannot convert between Server Core and Server with Desktop Experience after installation. 如果您安裝桌面體驗伺服器,並稍後決定使用 Server Core,您應該執行全新安裝。If you install Server with Desktop Experience and later decide to use Server Core, you should do a fresh installation.

使用者介面:標準圖形化使用者介面 (「伺服器圖形化介面」)。User interface: standard graphical user interface ("Server Graphical Shell"). 伺服器圖形化介面包含新的 Windows10 殼層。The Server Graphical Shell includes the new Windows 10 shell. 此選項預設安裝的特定 Windows 功能為User-Interfaces-Infra、Server-GUI-Shell、Server-GUI-Mgmt-Infra、InkAndHandwritingServices、ServerMediaFoundation 及桌面體驗。The specific Windows features installed by default with this option are User-Interfaces-Infra, Server-GUI-Shell, Server-GUI-Mgmt-Infra, InkAndHandwritingServices, ServerMediaFoundation and Desktop Experience. 雖然這些功能會顯示於此版本的「伺服器管理員」中,系統並不支援將它們解除安裝,也不會在未來版本中提供此功能。While these features do appear in Server Manager in this release, uninstalling them is not supported and they will not be available in future releases.

在本機安裝、設定、解除安裝伺服器角色:使用「伺服器管理員」或使用 Windows PowerShellInstall, configure, uninstall server roles locally: with Server Manager or with Windows PowerShell

在遠端安裝、設定、解除安裝伺服器角色:使用「伺服器管理員」、「遠端伺服器」、RSAT 或 Windows PowerShellInstall, configure, uninstall server roles remotely: with Server Manager, Remote Server, RSAT, or Windows PowerShell

Microsoft Management Console:已安裝Microsoft Management Console: installed

安裝案例Installation scenarios

評估Evaluation

您可以從 Windows Server 評估版取得 Windows Server 的 180 天授權評估版。You can obtain a 180-day-licensed evaluation copy of Windows Server from Windows Server Evaluations. 選擇 [WindowsServer 2016 | 64 位元 ISO 選項] 進行下載,您也可以瀏覽 [Windows Server 2016 | 虛擬實驗室]Choose the Windows Server 2016 | 64-bit ISO option to download, or you can visit the Windows Server 2016 | Virtual Lab.

重要

對於 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH 之前的 Windows Server 2016 版本,您只能執行從已使用 [桌面體驗] 選項 (非 [Server Core] 選項) 安裝之 Windows Server 2016 的評估版轉換為零售版的這項轉換。For releases of Windows Server 2016 prior to 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH, you can only perform this conversion from evaluation to retail with Windows Server 2016 that has been installed by using the Desktop Experience option (not the Server Core option). 從 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH 版本開始與未來的版本,您可以將評估版本轉換零售,無論使用何種安裝選項。Starting with version 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH and later releases, you can convert evaluation editions to retail regardless of the installation option used.

全新安裝Clean installation

若要從媒體安裝 [含有桌面體驗的伺服器] 安裝選項,請將媒體插入磁碟機、重新啟動電腦,然後執行 Setup.exe。To install the Server with Desktop Experience installation option from the media, insert the media in a drive, restart the computer, and run Setup.exe. 在開啟的精靈中,選取 [WindowsServer (含有桌面體驗的伺服器)] (Standard 或 Datacenter),然後完成精靈。In the wizard that opens, select Windows Server (Server with Desktop Experience) (Standard or Datacenter), and then complete the wizard.

升級Upgrade

升級表示從現有作業系統版本移至更新的版本,但仍使用相同硬體。Upgrade means moving from your existing operating system release to a more recent release while staying on the same hardware.

如果您已經有適當 WindowsServer 產品的完整安裝,您可以將它升級至適當 WindowsServer 2016 版本的 [含有桌面體驗的伺服器] 安裝,如下所示。If you already have a Full installation of the appropriate Windows Server product, you can upgrade it to a Server with Desktop Experience installation of the appropriate edition of Windows Server 2016, as indicated below.

重要

在此版本中,虛擬機器中的升級效果最佳,因為虛擬機器不需要特定 OEM 硬體驅動程式,就能成功升級。In this release, upgrade works best in virtual machines where specific OEM hardware drivers are not needed for a successful upgrade. 否則,建議使用移轉選項。Otherwise, migration is the recommended option.

  • 不支援從 32 位元到 64 位元架構的就地升級。In-place upgrades from 32-bit to 64-bit architectures are not supported. 所有 WindowsServer 2016 版本只支援 64 位元。All editions of Windows Server 2016 are 64-bit only.
  • 不支援從某種語言到另一種語言的就地升級。In-place upgrades from one language to another are not supported.
  • 如果伺服器是網域控制站,請參閱將網域控制站升級為 WindowsServer 2012 R2 與 WindowsServer 2012 以取得重要資訊。If the server is a domain controller, see Upgrade Domain Controllers to Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012 for important information.
  • 不支援從 WindowsServer 2016 的發行前版本 (預覽) 升級。Upgrades from pre-release versions (previews) of Windows Server 2016 are not supported. 執行 WindowsServer 2016 的全新安裝。Perform a clean installation to Windows Server 2016.
  • 不支援將 Server Core 安裝切換到含桌面的伺服器安裝,以及將含桌面的伺服器安裝切換到 Server Core 安裝的升級。Upgrades that switch from a Server Core installation to a Server with a Desktop installation (or vice versa) are not supported.

如果您在左欄看不到目前的版本,則不支援升級到這個 WindowsServer 2016 版本。If you do not see your current version in the left column, upgrading to this release of Windows Server 2016 is not supported.

如果您在右欄看到多個版本,則支援從相同版本開始升級到列出的任一版本。If you see more than one edition in the right column, upgrading to either edition from the same starting version is supported.

如果您執行這個版本:If you are running this edition: 您可以升級到這些版本:You can upgrade to these editions:
WindowsServer 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard WindowsServer 2016 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 R2 StandardWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard WindowsServer 2016 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 R2 EssentialsWindows Server 2012 R2 Essentials WindowsServer 2016 EssentialsWindows Server 2016 Essentials
Windows Storage Server 2012 StandardWindows Storage Server 2012 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 StandardWindows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2012 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 StandardWindows Storage Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 StandardWindows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2012 R2 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup

如需移至 WindowsServer 2016 的許多其他選項,例如在大量授權版本、評估版及其他版本之間的授權轉換,請參閱升級選項中的詳細資訊。For many additional options for moving to Windows Server 2016, such as license conversion among volume licensed editions, evaluation editions, and others, see details at Upgrade Options.

移轉Migration

移轉表示藉由在一組不同的硬體或虛擬機器上執行全新安裝,然後將舊版伺服器的工作負載轉移到新的伺服器,來從現有作業系統移至 WindowsServer 2016。Migration means moving from your existing operating system to Windows Server 2016 by performing a clean installation on a different set of hardware or virtual machine and then transferring the older server's workloads to the new server. 視您安裝的伺服器角色而定,移轉可能有極大的差異,這會在 WindowsServer Installation, Upgrade, and Migration (WindowsServer 安裝、升級和移轉) 中深入討論。Migration, which might vary considerably depending on the server roles you have installed, is discussed in detail at Windows Server Installation, Upgrade, and Migration.

移轉的功能會因不同的伺服器角色而異。The ability to migrate varies among different server roles. 下表說明移至 WindowsServer 2016 的特定伺服器角色升級和移轉選項。The follwogin grid explains your server role upgrade and migration options specifically for moving to Windows Server 2016. 如需個別角色移轉指南,請瀏覽在 WindowsServer 中移轉角色與功能For individual role migration guides, visit Migrating Roles and Features in Windows Server. 如需安裝和升級的詳細資訊,請參閱 WindowsServer Installation, Upgrade, and Migration (WindowsServer 安裝、升級和移轉)。For more information about installation and upgrades, see Windows Server Installation, Upgrade, and Migration.

伺服器角色Server Role 是否可從 WindowsServer 2012 R2 升級?Upgradeable from Windows Server 2012 R2? 是否可從 WindowsServer 2012 升級?Upgradeable from Windows Server 2012? 是否支援移轉?Migration Supported? 是否可以在不停機的情況下完成移轉?Can migration be completed without downtime?
Active Directory 憑證服務Active Directory Certificate Services Yes Yes Yes No
Active Directory 網域服務Active Directory Domain Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory Federation ServicesActive Directory Federation Services No No Yes 否 (不需要新增節點至伺服器陣列)No (new nodes need to be added to the farm)
Active Directory 輕量型目錄服務Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory Rights Management ServicesActive Directory Rights Management Services Yes Yes Yes No
容錯移轉叢集Failover Cluster 使用包含節點 [暫停-清空]、[收回] 的 Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade (叢集作業系統輪流升級) 程序,升級至 WindowsServer 2016 並重新加入原始叢集時,則為是。Yes with Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade process which includes node Pause-Drain, Evict, upgrade to Windows Server 2016 and rejoin the original cluster. 當伺服器遭升級用叢集移除後再新增至其他叢集時,則為是。Yes, when the server is removed by the cluster for upgrade and then added to a different cluster. 當伺服器不是叢集的一部分時,則為否。Not while the server is part of a cluster. 當伺服器遭升級用叢集移除後再新增至其他叢集時,則為是。Yes, when the server is removed by the cluster for upgrade and then added to a different cluster. Yes 若是 WindowsServer 2012 容錯移轉叢集,則為否。No for Windows Server 2012 Failover Clusters. 若是含 Hyper-V VM 的 WindowsServer 2012 R2 容錯移轉叢集,或執行向外延展檔案伺服器角色的 WindowsServer 2012 R2 容錯移轉叢集,則為是。Yes for Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters with Hyper-V VMs or Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters running the Scale-out File Server role. 請參閱 Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade (叢集作業系統輪流升級)。See Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade.
檔案和存放服務File and Storage Services Yes Yes 因子功能而異Varies by sub-feature No
列印和傳真服務Print and Fax Services No No 是 (Printbrm.exe)Yes (Printbrm.exe) No
遠端桌面服務Remote Desktop Services 是,適用於所有子角色,但不支援混合模式的伺服器陣列Yes, for all sub-roles, but mixed mode farm is not supported 是,適用於所有子角色,但不支援混合模式的伺服器陣列Yes, for all sub-roles, but mixed mode farm is not supported Yes No
Web 伺服器 (IIS)Web Server (IIS) Yes Yes Yes No
WindowsServer Essentials 體驗Windows Server Essentials Experience Yes 不適用 - 新功能N/A – new feature Yes No
WindowsServer Update ServicesWindows Server Update Services Yes Yes Yes No
工作資料夾Work Folders Yes Yes Yes 是,使用叢集作業系統輪流升級時從 WS 2012 R2 叢集進行。Yes from WS 2012 R2 cluster when using Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade.

重要

一旦安裝程式完成,而且您已安裝所有必要的伺服器角色和功能之後,請立即使用 Windows Update 或其他更新方法來檢查並安裝 WindowsServer 2016 的可用更新。Once Setup has completed and immediately after you have installed all of the server roles and features you need, check for and install updates available for Windows Server 2016 by using Windows Update or other update methods.


如果您需要其他安裝選項,或者如果您已經完成安裝,並準備好要部署特定工作負載,您可以回到 WindowsServer 2016 主頁面If you need a different installation option, or if you've completed installation and are ready to deploy specific workloads, you can head back to the main Windows Server 2016 page.