在 Windows Server 中移轉角色和功能Migrating Roles and Features in Windows Server

適用於:WindowsServer 2016、WindowsServer 2012 R2、WindowsServer 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

此頁面包含工具和資訊的連結,可協助指引您完成將角色和功能移轉至 Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2 和 Windows Server 2012 的程序。This page contains links to information and tools that help guide you through the process of migrating roles and features to Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2012. 許多角色和功能都可以使用 Windows Server 移轉工具進行移轉,這一組工具共有五個在 Windows Server 2008 R2 中導入的 Windows PowerShell Cmdlet,可用來輕鬆移轉角色及功能項目和資料。Many roles and features can be migrated by using Windows Server Migration Tools, a set of five Windows PowerShell cmdlets that was introduced in Windows Server 2008 R2 for easily migrating role and feature elements and data.

移轉指南支援將指定的角色和功能從一個伺服器移轉至另一個 (而不是就地升級)。The migration guides support migrations of specified roles and features from one server to another (not in-place upgrades). 除非指引中另有說明,支援的移轉指的都是在實體與虛擬電腦之間,以及在 Windows Server 的完整安裝選項與執行 Server Core 安裝選項的伺服器之間進行的移轉。Unless otherwise noted in the guides, migrations are supported between physical and virtual computers, and between full installation options of Windows Server and servers that are running the Server Core installation option.

在您開始前Before you begin

在您開始移轉角色和功能之前,請確認來源和目的地伺服器是否都在執行適用於其作業系統的最新 Service Pack。Before you begin migrating roles and features, verify that both source and destination servers are running the most current service packs that are available for their operating systems. 目前已有 Windows Server 2012 R2 與 Windows Server 2012 移轉指南電子書可供閱讀。An e-book of Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012 migration guides is now available. 如需詳細資訊並下載電子書,請參閱 Microsoft 技術電子書庫For more information, and to download the e-book, see the E-Book Gallery for Microsoft Technologies.

注意

每當您移轉或升級到任何 Windows Server 版本時,都應該檢閱和了解該版本的支援週期原則與時間範圍,並進行適當規劃。Whenever you migrate or upgrade to any version of Windows Server, you should review and understand the support lifecycle policy and timeframe for that version and plan accordingly. 您可以針對感興趣的特定 Windows Server 版本搜尋週期資訊You can search for the lifecycle information for the particular Windows Server release that you are interested in.

WindowsServer 2016Windows Server 2016

移轉指南Migration Guides

Windows Server 2016 的更新版移轉指南仍在開發製作中。Updated migration guides for Windows Server 2016 are under development. 當這些指南推出時,請回到這個位置來查看是否有更新。Check back at this location for updates as they become available. 有很多時候,Windows Server 2012 R2 移轉指南中的步驟仍然適用於 Windows Server 2016。In many cases, the steps in the Windows Server 2012 R2 migration guides are still relevant for Windows Server 2016.

Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2

移轉指南Migration Guides

依照下列指南中的步驟,將角色和功能從執行 Windows Server 2003、Windows Server 2008、Windows Server 2008 R2、Windows Server 2012 或 Windows Server 2012 R2 的伺服器移轉到 Windows Server 2012 R2。Follow the steps in these guides to migrate roles and features from servers that are running Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, or Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2012 R2. Windows Server 2012 R2 的 Windows Server 移轉工具支援跨子網路移轉。Windows Server Migration Tools in Windows Server 2012 R2 supports cross-subnet migrations.

WindowsServer 2012Windows Server 2012

移轉指南Migration Guides

依照下列指南中的步驟,將角色和功能從執行 Windows Server 2003、Windows Server 2008、Windows Server 2008 R2 或 Windows Server 2012 的伺服器移轉到 Windows Server 2012。Follow the steps in these guides to migrate roles and features from servers that are running Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, or Windows Server 2012 to Windows Server 2012. Windows Server 2012 的 Windows Server 移轉工具支援跨子網路移轉。Windows Server Migration Tools in Windows Server 2012 supports cross-subnet migrations.

如需其他移轉資源,請瀏覽將角色和功能移轉到 Windows Server 2012For additional migration resources, visit Migrate Roles and Features to Windows Server 2012.

Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2

移轉指南Migration Guides

依照下列指南中的步驟,將角色和功能從執行 Windows Server 2003、Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的伺服器移轉到 Windows Server 2008 R2。Follow the steps in these guides to migrate roles and features from servers that are running Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, or Windows Server 2008 R2 to Windows Server 2008 R2. Windows Server 2008 R2 的 Windows Server 移轉工具不支援跨子網路移轉。Windows Server Migration Tools in Windows Server 2008 R2 does not support cross-subnet migrations.

如需其他移轉資源,請瀏覽將角色和功能移轉到 Windows Server 2008 R2For additional migration resources, visit Migrate Roles and Features to Windows Server 2008 R2.