Windows Server 2016 啟用Windows Server 2016 Activation

下面資訊概述最初規劃金鑰管理服務 (KMS) 啟用 (與 Windows Server 2016 相關) 時必須檢閱的考量。The following information outlines initial planning considerations that you need to review for Key Management Services (KMS) activation involving Windows Server 2016. 如需與此處未列出舊版作業系統相關的 KMS 啟用資訊,請參閱步驟 1:檢閱和選取啟用方法For information about KMS activation involving operating systems older than those listed here, see Step 1: Review and Select Activation Methods.

KMS 會使用用戶端-伺服器模式來啟用用戶端。KMS uses a client-server model to active clients. KMS 用戶端會連線到 KMS 伺服器 (稱為 KMS 主機) 來啟用。KMS clients connect to a KMS server, called the KMS host, for activation. KMS 主機必須在您的區域網路上。The KMS host must reside on your local network.

KMS 主機不需要是專用伺服器,而且 KMS 可以與其他服務並存。KMS hosts do not need to be dedicated servers, and KMS can be cohosted with other services. 您可以在執行 Windows 10、Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows 8.1 或 Windows Server 2012 的任何實體或虛擬系統上執行 KMS 主機。You can run a KMS host on any physical or virtual system that is running Windows 10, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1, or Windows Server 2012.

在 Windows 10 或 Windows 8.1 上執行的 KMS 主機只能啟用執行用戶端作業系統的電腦。A KMS host running on Windows 10 or Windows 8.1 can only activate computers running client operating systems. 下表針對包括 Windows Server 2016 和 Windows 10 用戶端的網路,摘要說明其 KMS 主機和用戶端需求。The following table summarizes KMS host and client requirements for networks that include Windows Server 2016 and Windows 10 clients.

產品金鑰群組Product key group KMS 可以裝載於 注意:KMS 伺服器上可能需要更新以支援這些新用戶端的啟動。KMS can be hosted on Note: Updates might be required on the KMS server to support activation of any of these newer clients. 如果您收到啟用錯誤,請檢查您已進行此表格下方所列的適當更新。If you receive activation errors, check that you have the appropriate updates listed below this table. 由這個 KMS 主機啟用的 Windows 版本Windows editions activated by this KMS host
Windows Server 2016 的大量授權Volume License for Windows Server 2016 WindowsServer 2012Windows Server 2012

WindowsServer 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2

WindowsServer 2016Windows Server 2016

Windows Server 2016 (所有版本)Windows Server 2016 (all editions)

Windows 10 LTSB (2015 和 2016)Windows 10 LTSB (2015 and 2016)

Windows 10 專業版Windows 10 Professional

Windows 10 企業版Windows 10 Enterprise

Windows Server 2012 R2 (所有版本)Windows Server 2012 R2 (all editions)

Windows 8.1 專業版Windows 8.1 Professional

Windows 8.1 企業版Windows 8.1 Enterprise

Windows Server 2012 (所有版本)Windows Server 2012 (all editions)

Windows 2008 R2 (所有版本)Windows 2008 R2 (all editions)

Windows 7 專業版Windows 7 Professional

Windows 7 企業版Windows 7 Enterprise

Windows 10 的大量授權Volume license for Windows 10 Windows 7Windows 7

Windows8Windows 8

Windows 8.1Windows 8.1

Windows 10Windows 10
Windows 10 專業版Windows 10 Professional

Windows 10 專業版 NWindows 10 Professional N

Windows 10 企業版Windows 10 Enterprise

Windows 10 企業版 NWindows 10 Enterprise N

Windows 10 教育版Windows 10 Education

Windows 10 教育版 NWindows 10 Education N

Windows 10 企業版 LTSBWindows 10 Enterprise LTSB

Windows 10 企業版 LTSB NWindows 10 Enterprise LTSB N

Windows 8.1 專業版Windows 8.1 Professional

Windows 8.1 企業版Windows 8.1 Enterprise

Windows 7 專業版Windows 7 Professional

Windows 7 企業版Windows 7 Enterprise

「適用於 Windows 10 的 Windows Server 2012 R2」的大量授權Volume license for "Windows Server 2012 R2 for Windows 10" WindowsServer 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2

Windows Server 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard

Windows Server 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter

WindowsServer 2012 R2 StandardWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard

WindowsServer 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter

WindowsServer 2016Windows Server 2016
Windows 10 專業版Windows 10 Professional

Windows 10 企業版Windows 10 Enterprise

Windows Server 2012 R2 (所有版本)Windows Server 2012 R2 (all editions)

Windows 8.1 專業版Windows 8.1 Professional

Windows 8.1 企業版Windows 8.1 Enterprise

Windows Server 2012 (所有版本)Windows Server 2012 (all editions)

Windows 2008 R2 (所有版本)Windows 2008 R2 (all editions)

Windows 7 專業版Windows 7 Professional

Windows 7 企業版Windows 7 Enterprise

注意

根據 KMS 伺服器正在執行的作業系統,以及您要啟動的作業系統,您可能需要安裝一或多個更新:Depending on which operating system your KMS server is running and which operating systems you want to activate, you might need to install one or more of these updates:

單一 KMS 主機可以支援無數台 KMS 用戶端。A single KMS host can support an unlimited number of KMS clients. 如果您有 50 台以上的用戶端,建議您至少配備兩個 KMS 主機,以免其中一個 KMS 主機突然無法使用。If you have more than 50 clients, we recommend that you have at least two KMS hosts in case one of your KMS hosts becomes unavailable. 大部分的組織最多只需要兩個 KMS 主機就可以運作整個基礎結構。Most organizations can operate with as few as two KMS hosts for their entire infrastructure.

解決 KMS 運作需求Addressing KMS operational requirements

KMS 可以啟用實體和虛擬電腦,但是若要符合 KMS 啟用的條件,網路必須擁有至少最低數量的電腦 (稱為啟用門檻)。KMS can activate physical and virtual computers, but to qualify for KMS activation, a network must have a minimum number of computers (called the activation threshold). 只有在達到這個門檻之後,KMS 用戶端才能啟用。KMS clients activate only after this threshold is met. 為了確保達到啟用門檻,KMS 主機會計算網路上要求啟用的電腦數量。To ensure that the activation threshold is met, a KMS host counts the number of computers that are requesting activation on the network.

KMS 主機會計算最近連線。KMS hosts count the most recent connections. 當用戶端或伺服器連絡 KMS 主機時,主機會將電腦識別碼加入其計數,然後在其回應中傳回目前的計數值。When a client or server contacts the KMS host, the host adds the machine ID to its count and then returns the current count value in its response. 如果計數夠高,會啟動用戶端或伺服器。The client or server will activate if the count is high enough. 如果計數為 25 或更高,會啟動用戶端。Clients will activate if the count is 25 or higher. 如果計數為 5 或更高,會啟用伺服器和 Microsoft Office 產品的大量版本。Servers and volume editions of Microsoft Office products will activate if the count is five or greater. KMS 只會計算過去 30 天的唯一連線,並只會儲存 50 個最近的連絡人。The KMS only counts unique connections from the past 30 days, and only stores the 50 most recent contacts.

KMS 啟用的有效期為 180 天,此期間稱為啟用有效間隔。KMS activations are valid for 180 days, a period known as the activation validity interval. KMS 用戶端必須至少每 180 天連線到 KMS 主機更新啟用,才能保持啟用狀態。KMS clients must renew their activation by connecting to the KMS host at least once every 180 days to stay activated. 根據預設,KMS 用戶端電腦會每 7 天嘗試更新它們的啟用。By default, KMS client computers attempt to renew their activation every seven days. 用戶端啟用更新之後,啟用有效間隔會重新開始計算。After a client’s activation is renewed, the activation validity interval begins again.

解決 KMS 功能需求Addressing KMS functional requirements

KMS 啟用需要 TCP/IP 連線。KMS activation requires TCP/IP connectivity. KMS 主機和用戶端預設都是使用網域名稱系統 (DNS)。KMS hosts and clients are configured by default to use Domain Name System (DNS). 根據預設,KMS 主機會使用 DNS 動態更新自動發佈 KMS 用戶端所需的資訊,讓 KMS 用戶端可以尋找並連線到 KMS 主機。By default, KMS hosts use DNS dynamic update to automatically publish the information that KMS clients need to find and connect to them. 您可以接受這些預設設定,或者如果您有特殊的網路和安全性設定需求,可以手動設定 KMS 主機和用戶端。You can accept these default settings, or if you have special network and security configuration requirements, you can manually configure KMS hosts and clients.

啟用第一台 KMS 主機之後,第一台主機使用的 KMS 金鑰可以用來在網路上啟用最多 5 台額外的 KMS 主機。After the first KMS host is activated, the KMS key that is used on the first host can be used to activate up to five more KMS hosts on your network. KMS 主機啟用之後,系統管理員可以使用相同的金鑰重新啟用相同的主機最多 9 次。After a KMS host is activated, administrators can reactivate the same host up to nine times with the same key.

如果組織需要 6 台以上的 KMS 主機,您應該為組織的 KMS 金鑰要求額外的啟用,例如,如果一個大量授權合約有 10 個實體位置,而您希望每個位置都有一個本機 KMS 主機。If your organization needs more than six KMS hosts, you should request additional activations for your organization’s KMS key—for example, if you have ten physical locations under one volume licensing agreement and you want each location to have a local KMS host.

注意

若要要求這種例外狀況,請連絡啟用客服中心。To request this exception, contact your Activation Call Center. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Microsoft 大量授權For more information, see Microsoft Volume Licensing.

根據預設,執行 Windows 10、Windows Server 2016、Windows 8.1、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、Windows 7、Windows Server 2008 R2 大量授權版本的電腦為不需要另外設定的 KMS 用戶端。Computers that are running volume licensing editions of Windows 10, Windows Server 2016, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 are, by default, KMS clients with no additional configuration needed.

如果您將電腦從 KMS 主機、MAK 或 Windows 零售版轉換成 KMS 用戶端,請安裝適用的 KMS 用戶端安裝識別碼。If you are converting a computer from a KMS host, MAK, or retail edition of Windows to a KMS client, install the applicable KMS Client Setup Key. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱附錄 A:KMS 用戶端安裝識別碼For more information, see Appendix A: KMS Client Setup Keys.