Windows Server 2016 的升級與轉換選項Upgrade and conversion options for Windows Server 2016

適用於:Windows Server 2016Applies To: Windows Server 2016

本主題包含 Windows Server® 2016 升級各式各樣的舊版作業系統使用各種不同的方法的相關資訊。This topic includes information about upgrading to Windows Server® 2016 from a variety of previous operating systems using a variety of methods.

移到 Windows Server 2016 的程序可能會根據哪一種作業系統的開頭和您所拍攝的路徑大幅而有所不同。The process of moving to Windows Server 2016 might vary greatly depending on which operating system you are starting with and the pathway you take. 我們會使用下列字詞來區分不同的動作,而這些無法參與新的 Windows Server 2016 部署。We use the following terms to distinguish among different actions, any of which could be involved in a new Windows Server 2016 deployment.

  • 安裝在您的硬體的新的作業系統基本概念。Installation is the basic concept of getting the new operating system on your hardware. 具體而言,清除安裝需要刪除先前的作業系統。Specifically, a clean installation requires deleting the previous operating system. 安裝 Windows Server 2016 的相關資訊,請查看系統需求和安裝 Windows Server 2016 資訊For information about installing Windows Server 2016, see System Requirements and Installation Information for Windows Server 2016. 安裝 Windows Server 的其他版本的相關資訊,請查看Windows Server 安裝並升級For information about installing other versions of Windows Server, see Windows Server Installation and Upgrade.

  • 移轉表示藉由傳送到不同的硬體或一樣集來移動您現有的作業系統的 Windows Server 2016。Migration means moving from your existing operating system to Windows Server 2016 by transferring to a different set of hardware or virtual machine. 在詳細資料中討論移轉,可能會視您已安裝的伺服器角色,Windows Server 安裝、升級、和移轉Migration, which might vary considerably depending on the server roles you have installed, is discussed in detail at Windows Server Installation, Upgrade, and Migration.

  • 叢集 OS 循環升級是讓系統管理員可以從 Windows Server 2012 R2 升級作業系統叢集節點以 Windows Server 2016 不停止 HYPER-V 或延展檔案伺服器的 Windows Server 2016 中的新功能工作負載。Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade is a new feature in Windows Server 2016 that enables an administrator to upgrade the operating system of the cluster nodes from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016 without stopping the Hyper-V or the Scale-Out File Server workloads. 這項功能可讓您以避免當機,這可能會影響服務層級合約。This feature allows you to avoid downtime which could impact Service Level Agreements. 這個新的功能討論更多詳細資訊,叢集作業系統升級This new feature is discussed in more detail at Cluster operating system rolling upgrade.

  • 授權轉換在某些作業系統版本,您可以將特定版本的版本轉換成利用簡單的指令和適當的授權金鑰,只要單一步驟在同一個版本的另一個版本。License conversion In some operating system releases, you can convert a particular edition of the release to another edition of the same release in a single step with a simple command and the appropriate license key. 我們將這項」授權轉換」。We call this “license conversion.” 例如,如果您執行 Windows Server 2016 標準,您可以將它轉換到 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter。For example, if you are running Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can convert it to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter.

  • 升級表示移動從現有的作業系統版本較新版本時停留在相同的硬體。Upgrade means moving from your existing operating system release to a more recent release while staying on the same hardware. (這有時候稱為「就地「升級。)例如您的伺服器執行的 Windows Server 2012 或 Windows Server 2012 R2,如果您可以升級它 Windows Server 2016。(This is sometimes called "in-place" upgrade.) For example, if your server is running Windows Server 2012, or Windows Server 2012 R2, you can upgrade it to Windows Server 2016. 您可以從作業系統的試用版升級至較新版本,或有時候大量授權的版本一般零售版作業系統從舊零售版零售版,以。You can upgrade from an evaluation version of the operating system to a retail version, from an older retail version to a newer version, or, in some cases, from a volume-licensed edition of the operating system to an ordinary retail edition.

重要

升級虛擬特定 OEM 的硬體驅動程式,不需要成功升級的電腦中的運作效果最佳。Upgrade works best in virtual machines where specific OEM hardware drivers are not needed for a successful upgrade.

重要

適用於版本的 Windows Server 2016 14393.0.161119-1705 之前。RS1_REFRESH,您只能執行從評估轉換成零售以使用桌面體驗選項(不 Server Core 選項)已安裝的 Windows Server 2016。For releases of Windows Server 2016 prior to 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH, you can only perform conversion from evaluation to retail with Windows Server 2016 that has been installed by using the Desktop Experience option (not the Server Core option). 開始使用版本 14393.0.161119-1705 年。RS1_REFRESH 與未來的版本,您可以將評估版轉換到零售版,無論使用 [安裝] 選項。Starting with version 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH and later releases, you can convert evaluation editions to retail regardless of the installation option used.

重要

如果您的伺服器使用 NIC 小組,停用升級,以及然後重新它後升級完成之前 NIC 小組。If your server uses NIC Teaming, disable NIC Teaming prior to upgrade, and then re-enable it after upgrade is complete. 查看NIC 小組概觀如需詳細資訊。See NIC Teaming Overview for details.

升級到 Windows Server 2016 的零售舊版的 Windows ServerUpgrading previous retail versions of Windows Server to Windows Server 2016

下表摘要的已經授權(也就不是評估)Windows 作業系統可以升級到 Windows Server 2016 的版本。The table below briefly summarizes which already licensed (that is, not evaluation) Windows operating systems can be upgraded to which editions of Windows Server 2016.

請注意支援的路徑下列一般指導方針的操作︰Note the following general guidelines for supported paths:

  • 不支援從架構 32 位元 64 位元來升級。Upgrades from 32-bit to 64-bit architectures are not supported. Windows Server 2016 的所有版本才都會 64 位元。All editions of Windows Server 2016 are 64-bit only.
  • 不支援到另一種語言從升級。Upgrades from one language to another are not supported.
  • 如果網域控制站伺服器,查看升級 Windows Server 2012 與 Windows Server 2012 R2 網域控制站的重要資訊。If the server is a domain controller, see Upgrade Domain Controllers to Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012 for important information.
  • 更新的發行前版本(預覽)的 Windows Server 2016 不支援。Upgrades from pre-release versions (previews) of Windows Server 2016 are not supported. 執行 Windows Server 2016 的全新安裝。Perform a clean installation to Windows Server 2016.
  • 不支援升級從 Server Core 安裝切換到伺服器桌面安裝(反之亦然)。Upgrades that switch from a Server Core installation to a Server with a Desktop installation (or vice versa) are not supported.
  • 從先前的 Windows Server 安裝升級到 Windows Server 的試用版不支援。Upgrades from a previous Windows Server installation to an evaluation copy of Windows Server are not supported. 應該安裝評估版本為的全新安裝。Evaluation versions should be installed as a clean installation.

如果您看不到您目前的版本中左欄,升級到此版本的 Windows Server 2016 不支援。If you do not see your current version in the left column, upgrading to this release of Windows Server 2016 is not supported.

如果您看到右欄中的多個版本,升級到任一支援相同開始版本的版本。If you see more than one edition in the right column, upgrading to either edition from the same starting version is supported.

如果您執行此版本:If you are running this edition: 您可以升級至這些版本:You can upgrade to these editions:
Windows Server 2012 標準Windows Server 2012 Standard Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 資料中心Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Windows Server 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2 標準Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2 資料中心Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter Windows Server 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2 的基本資訊Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials Windows Server 2016 EssentialsWindows Server 2016 Essentials
Windows Storage Server 2012 標準Windows Storage Server 2012 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 StandardWindows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 群組Windows Storage Server 2012 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 群組Windows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 標準Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 StandardWindows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 群組Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 群組Windows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup

每個伺服器角色考量升級Per-server-role considerations for upgrading

支援的升級路徑零售舊版的 Windows Server 2016,即使在已安裝的特定伺服器角色可能需要額外的準備或角色繼續運作在升級之後的動作。Even in supported upgrade paths from previous retail versions to Windows Server 2016, certain server roles that are already installed might require additional preparation or actions for the role to continue functioning after the upgrade. 每個伺服器角色您想要升級的詳細資訊,可能需要額外的步驟,請參考 TechNet Library 特定主題。Consult the specific TechNet Library topics for each server role you intend to upgrade for details of additional steps that might be required.

將目前的試用版轉換成目前零售版Converting a current evaluation version to a current retail version

您可以將 Windows Server 2016 標準試用版轉換到 Windows Server 2016 標準(零售)或 Datacenter(零售)。You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard to either Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail) or Datacenter (retail). 同樣地,您可以將 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 試用版轉換到零售版。Similarly, you can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Datacenter to the retail version.

重要

適用於版本的 Windows Server 2016 14393.0.161119-1705 之前。RS1_REFRESH,您只能執行此評估轉換成零售版與 Windows Server 2016 使用桌面體驗選項(不 Server Core 選項)來安裝。For releases of Windows Server 2016 prior to 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH, you can only perform this conversion from evaluation to retail with Windows Server 2016 that has been installed by using the Desktop Experience option (not the Server Core option). 開始使用版本 14393.0.161119-1705 年。RS1_REFRESH 與未來的版本,您可以將評估版轉換到零售版,無論使用 [安裝] 選項。Starting with version 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH and later releases, you can convert evaluation editions to retail regardless of the installation option used.

嘗試將評估轉換為零售之前,請確認您的伺服器,確實執行試用版。Before you attempt to convert from evaluation to retail, verify that your server is actually running an evaluation version. 若要這樣做,請執行下列其中一項:To do this, do either of the following:

  • 從提升權限的命令提示字元中執行slmgr.vbs /dlv;評估版版本將會在輸出包含「EVAL」。From an elevated command prompt, run slmgr.vbs /dlv; evaluation versions will include “EVAL” in the output.

  • 從 [開始] 畫面上,請打開[控制台]From the Start screen, open Control Panel. 開放系統及安全性,然後系統Open System and Security, and then System. 檢視 Windows 啟動區域中的 Windows 啟用狀態系統頁面。View Windows activation status in the Windows activation area of the System page. 按一下[檢視詳細資料在 Windows 啟用如需有關您的 Windows 啟用狀態。Click View details in Windows activation for more information about your Windows activation status.

如果您已經啟動 Windows 桌面顯示評估期間的剩餘時間。If you have already activated Windows, the Desktop shows the time remaining in the evaluation period.

伺服器執行的零售版而不是試用版,若看到「升級到 Windows Server 2016 的零售舊版的 Windows Server」區段本主題適用於要升級到 Windows Server 2016 的指示操作。If the server is running a retail version instead of an evaluation version, see the “Upgrading previous retail versions of Windows Server to Windows Server 2016” section of this topic for instructions to upgrade to Windows Server 2016.

適用於Windows Server 2016 Essentials:您可以透過輸入零售版、大量授權或 OEM 按鍵的命令中轉換完整零售版本slmgr.vbsFor Windows Server 2016 Essentials: You can convert to the full retail version by entering a retail, volume license, or OEM key in the command slmgr.vbs.

是否伺服器執行的 Windows Server 2016 標準或 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 評估版,您可以將它零售版,如下所示:If the server is running an evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard or Windows Server 2016 Datacenter, you can convert it to a retail version as follows:

  1. 如果伺服器網域控制站,您無法將它轉換到零售版。If the server is a domain controller, you cannot convert it to a retail version. 此時,請執行零售版的伺服器上安裝其他網域控制站和移除評估版本執行的網域控制站 AD DS。In this case, install an additional domain controller on a server that runs a retail version and remove AD DS from the domain controller that runs on the evaluation version. 如需詳細資訊,請查看升級 Windows Server 2012 與 Windows Server 2012 R2 網域控制站For more information, see Upgrade Domain Controllers to Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012.
  2. 朗讀授權條款。Read the license terms.
  3. 從提升權限的命令提示字元中,判斷目前的版本名稱命令的DISM /online /Get-CurrentEditionFrom an elevated command prompt, determine the current edition name with the command DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition. 請記下的版本 ID 縮寫表單的名稱版本。Make note of the edition ID, an abbreviated form of the edition name. 然後執行DISM /online /Set-Edition: \ < 版本 ID\ > /ProductKey: WINTAB-XXXXX-WINTAB-XXXXX-WINTAB-XXXXX-WINTAB-XXXXX-WINTAB-XXXXX /AcceptEula,提供的版本 ID 和零售 product 金鑰。Then run DISM /online /Set-Edition:<edition ID> /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEula, providing the edition ID and a retail product key. 伺服器便會重新開機兩次。The server will restart twice.

針對 Windows Server 2016 標準的試用版,您也可以使用此相同的指令和適當 product 鍵一個步驟的 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 零售版本轉換。For the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can also convert to the retail version of Windows Server 2016 Datacenter in one step using this same command and the appropriate product key.

秘訣的詳細資訊 Dism.exe,查看DISM 命令列選項Tip For more information about Dism.exe, see DISM Command-line options.

將目前的零售版轉換至不同目前零售版Converting a current retail edition to a different current retail edition

在任何時候安裝 Windows Server 2016 之後,您可以執行安裝程式來修復(有時稱為「修復就地」)安裝或特定有意思轉換到不同的版本。At any time after installing Windows Server 2016, you can run Setup to repair the installation (sometimes called “repair in place”) or, in certain cases, to convert to a different edition. 您可執行安裝程式來執行「維修就地「任何版本的 Windows Server 2016。結果將會與您開始使用相同的版本。You can run Setup to perform a “repair in place” on any edition of Windows Server 2016; the result will be the same edition you started with.

適用於 Windows Server 2016 標準,您可以將系統轉換為 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter,如下所示:從提升權限的命令提示字元中,判斷目前的版本名稱命令的DISM//online 日取得-CurrentEditionFor Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can convert the system to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter as follows: From an elevated command prompt, determine the current edition name with the command DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition. 請記下的版本 ID 縮寫表單的名稱版本。Make note of the edition ID, an abbreviated form of the edition name. 然後執行DISM /online /Set-Edition: \ < 版本 ID\ > /ProductKey: WINTAB-XXXXX-WINTAB-XXXXX-WINTAB-XXXXX-WINTAB-XXXXX-WINTAB-XXXXX /AcceptEula,提供的版本 ID 和零售 product 金鑰。Then run DISM /online /Set-Edition:<edition ID> /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEula, providing the edition ID and a retail product key. 伺服器便會重新開機兩次。The server will restart twice.

將目前的零售版轉換至目前大量授權的版本Converting a current retail version to a current volume-licensed version

隨時都在安裝 Windows Server 2016 之後,您可以免費將它轉換之間零售版、大量授權的版本或 OEM 版本。At any time after installing Windows Server 2016, you can freely convert it between a retail version, a volume-licensed version, or an OEM version. 版本保持不變這個轉換期間。The edition remains the same during this conversion. 如果您從評估版開始,首先,將它轉換成零售版,然後您可以間轉換如下所述。If you are starting with an evaluation version, convert it to the retail version first, and then you can inter-convert as described here.

若要這樣做,請從提升權限的命令提示字元中執行:slmgr /ipk \ < key\ >To do this, from an elevated command prompt, run: slmgr /ipk <key>

位置 \ < key\ > 是適當的音量授權、零售或 OEM product 金鑰。Where <key> is the appropriate volume-license, retail, or OEM product key.