WindowsServer 2016 的升級和轉換選項Upgrade and conversion options for Windows Server 2016

適用於︰WindowsServer 2016Applies To: Windows Server 2016

本主題包含有關使用各種方式從舊版作業系統升級到 WindowsServer® 2016 的資訊。This topic includes information about upgrading to Windows Server® 2016 from a variety of previous operating systems using a variety of methods.

視您開始使用的作業系統和採取的方式而定,移至 WindowsServer 2016 的程序可能有極大的差異。The process of moving to Windows Server 2016 might vary greatly depending on which operating system you are starting with and the pathway you take. 我們使用下列詞彙來區別不同的動作,任何一項都可能涉及新的 WindowsServer 2016 部署。We use the following terms to distinguish among different actions, any of which could be involved in a new Windows Server 2016 deployment.

  • 安裝 是讓您的硬體有新作業系統的基本概念。Installation is the basic concept of getting the new operating system on your hardware. 特別是,全新安裝 需要刪除之前的作業系統。Specifically, a clean installation requires deleting the previous operating system. 如需安裝 WindowsServer 2016 的相關資訊,請參閱 System Requirements and Installation Information for WindowsServer 2016 (WindowsServer 2016 的系統需求與安裝資訊)。For information about installing Windows Server 2016, see System Requirements and Installation Information for Windows Server 2016. 如需安裝其他 WindowsServer 版本的相關資訊,請參閱 WindowsServer Installation and Upgrade (WindowsServer 安裝與升級)。For information about installing other versions of Windows Server, see Windows Server Installation and Upgrade.

  • 移轉表示透過轉移到一組不同的硬體或虛擬機器,從現有的作業系統移至 WindowsServer 2016。Migration means moving from your existing operating system to Windows Server 2016 by transferring to a different set of hardware or virtual machine. 視您安裝的伺服器角色而定,移轉可能有極大的差異,這會在 WindowsServer Installation, Upgrade, and Migration (WindowsServer 安裝、升級和移轉) 中深入討論。Migration, which might vary considerably depending on the server roles you have installed, is discussed in detail at Windows Server Installation, Upgrade, and Migration.

  • 叢集作業系統輪流升級是 WindowsServer 2016 中的新功能,可讓系統管理員將叢集節點的作業系統從 WindowsServer 2012 R2 升級至 WindowsServer 2016,而不需停止 Hyper-V 或「向外延展檔案伺服器」工作負載。Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade is a new feature in Windows Server 2016 that enables an administrator to upgrade the operating system of the cluster nodes from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016 without stopping the Hyper-V or the Scale-Out File Server workloads. 這項功能可讓您避免可能影響服務等級協定的停機時間。This feature allows you to avoid downtime which could impact Service Level Agreements. Cluster operating system rolling upgrade (叢集作業系統輪流升級) 會更詳細地討論這項新功能。This new feature is discussed in more detail at Cluster operating system rolling upgrade.

  • 授權轉換:在某些作業系統版本中,您可使用簡單的命令與適當的授權金鑰執行一個步驟,就能將特定的版本轉換成另一種版本。License conversion In some operating system releases, you can convert a particular edition of the release to another edition of the same release in a single step with a simple command and the appropriate license key. 我們將此方式稱為「授權轉換」。We call this “license conversion.” 例如,如果您的伺服器執行 WindowsServer 2016 Standard,您可以將它轉換為 WindowsServer 2016 Datacenter。For example, if you are running Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can convert it to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter.

  • 升級表示從現有作業系統版本移至更新的版本,但仍使用相同硬體。Upgrade means moving from your existing operating system release to a more recent release while staying on the same hardware. (這有時稱為「就地」用戶端)。例如,如果您的伺服器執行 WindowsServer 2012 或 WindowsServer 2012 R2,則可以將它升級到 WindowsServer 2016。(This is sometimes called "in-place" upgrade.) For example, if your server is running Windows Server 2012, or Windows Server 2012 R2, you can upgrade it to Windows Server 2016. 您可以從評估版的作業系統升級到零售版,或從較舊的零售版升級到較新的版本,而在某些情況下,您甚至可以從大量授權版本的作業系統升級到一般的零售版。You can upgrade from an evaluation version of the operating system to a retail version, from an older retail version to a newer version, or, in some cases, from a volume-licensed edition of the operating system to an ordinary retail edition.

重要

虛擬機器中的升級效果最佳,因為虛擬機器不需要特定 OEM 硬體驅動程式,就能成功升級。Upgrade works best in virtual machines where specific OEM hardware drivers are not needed for a successful upgrade.

重要

對於 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH 之前的 Windows Server 2016 版本,您只能執行從已使用 [桌面體驗] 選項 (非 [Server Core] 選項) 安裝之 Windows Server 2016 的評估版轉換為零售版的這項轉換For releases of Windows Server 2016 prior to 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH, you can only perform conversion from evaluation to retail with Windows Server 2016 that has been installed by using the Desktop Experience option (not the Server Core option). 從 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH 版本開始與未來的版本,您可以將評估版本轉換零售,無論使用何種安裝選項。Starting with version 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH and later releases, you can convert evaluation editions to retail regardless of the installation option used.

重要

如果您的伺服器使用 NIC 小組,請在升級之前停用 NIC 小組,然後在完成升級之後重新予以啟用。If your server uses NIC Teaming, disable NIC Teaming prior to upgrade, and then re-enable it after upgrade is complete. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 NIC 小組概觀See NIC Teaming Overview for details.

將舊的 WindowsServer 零售版升級到 WindowsServer 2016Upgrading previous retail versions of Windows Server to Windows Server 2016

下表簡單地摘要說明哪些已經授權的 (也就是非評估版) Windows 作業系統可以升級到哪些版本的 WindowsServer 2016。The table below briefly summarizes which already licensed (that is, not evaluation) Windows operating systems can be upgraded to which editions of Windows Server 2016.

請記住所支援路徑的下列一般指導方針:Note the following general guidelines for supported paths:

  • 不支援從 32 位元到 64 位元架構的升級。Upgrades from 32-bit to 64-bit architectures are not supported. 所有 WindowsServer 2016 版本只支援 64 位元。All editions of Windows Server 2016 are 64-bit only.
  • 不支援從某種語言到另一種語言的升級。Upgrades from one language to another are not supported.
  • 如果伺服器是網域控制站,請參閱將網域控制站升級為 WindowsServer 2012 R2 與 WindowsServer 2012 以取得重要資訊。If the server is a domain controller, see Upgrade Domain Controllers to Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012 for important information.
  • 不支援從 WindowsServer 2016 的發行前版本 (預覽) 升級。Upgrades from pre-release versions (previews) of Windows Server 2016 are not supported. 執行 WindowsServer 2016 的全新安裝。Perform a clean installation to Windows Server 2016.
  • 不支援將 Server Core 安裝切換到含桌面的伺服器安裝,以及將含桌面的伺服器安裝切換到 Server Core 安裝的升級。Upgrades that switch from a Server Core installation to a Server with a Desktop installation (or vice versa) are not supported.
  • 不支援從舊版的 WindowsServer 安裝升級至評估版的 WindowsServer。Upgrades from a previous Windows Server installation to an evaluation copy of Windows Server are not supported. 評估版應該安裝為全新安裝。Evaluation versions should be installed as a clean installation.

如果您在左欄看不到目前的版本,則不支援升級到這個 WindowsServer 2016 版本。If you do not see your current version in the left column, upgrading to this release of Windows Server 2016 is not supported.

如果您在右欄看到多個版本,則支援從相同版本開始升級到列出的任一版本。If you see more than one edition in the right column, upgrading to either edition from the same starting version is supported.

如果您執行這個版本:If you are running this edition: 您可以升級到這些版本:You can upgrade to these editions:
WindowsServer 2012 StandardWindows Server 2012 Standard WindowsServer 2016 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Datacenter WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 R2 StandardWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard WindowsServer 2016 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 R2 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter WindowsServer 2016 DatacenterWindows Server 2016 Datacenter
WindowsServer 2012 R2 EssentialsWindows Server 2012 R2 Essentials WindowsServer 2016 EssentialsWindows Server 2016 Essentials
Windows Storage Server 2012 StandardWindows Storage Server 2012 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 StandardWindows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2012 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 StandardWindows Storage Server 2012 R2 Standard Windows Storage Server 2016 StandardWindows Storage Server 2016 Standard
Windows Storage Server 2012 R2 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2012 R2 Workgroup Windows Storage Server 2016 WorkgroupWindows Storage Server 2016 Workgroup

升級時每個伺服器角色的考量Per-server-role considerations for upgrading

即使在從舊的零售版到 WindowsServer 2016 支援的升級路徑中,已經安裝的特定伺服器角色可能需要額外的準備或動作,以便角色在升級之後繼續運作。Even in supported upgrade paths from previous retail versions to Windows Server 2016, certain server roles that are already installed might require additional preparation or actions for the role to continue functioning after the upgrade. 對於您要升級的每個伺服器角色,請參閱特定 TechNet Library 主題,以取得可能需要之額外步驟的詳細資料。Consult the specific TechNet Library topics for each server role you intend to upgrade for details of additional steps that might be required.

將目前的評估版轉換為目前的零售版Converting a current evaluation version to a current retail version

您可以將 WindowsServer 2016 Standard 評估版轉換為 WindowsServer 2016 Standard (零售) 或 Datacenter (零售)。You can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard to either Windows Server 2016 Standard (retail) or Datacenter (retail). 同樣地,您也可以將 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 評估版轉換為零售版。Similarly, you can convert the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Datacenter to the retail version.

重要

對於 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH 之前的 Windows Server 2016 版本,您只能執行從已使用 [桌面體驗] 選項 (非 [Server Core] 選項) 安裝之 Windows Server 2016 的評估版轉換為零售版的這項轉換。For releases of Windows Server 2016 prior to 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH, you can only perform this conversion from evaluation to retail with Windows Server 2016 that has been installed by using the Desktop Experience option (not the Server Core option). 從 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH 版本開始與未來的版本,您可以將評估版本轉換零售,無論使用何種安裝選項。Starting with version 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH and later releases, you can convert evaluation editions to retail regardless of the installation option used.

嘗試從評估版轉換為零售版之前,請確認您的伺服器的確是執行評估版。Before you attempt to convert from evaluation to retail, verify that your server is actually running an evaluation version. 若要這樣做,請執行下列其中一項:To do this, do either of the following:

  • 從提升權限的命令提示字元,執行 slmgr.vbs /dlv;評估版的輸出中將包含 "EVAL"。From an elevated command prompt, run slmgr.vbs /dlv; evaluation versions will include “EVAL” in the output.

  • 從 [開始] 畫面中,開啟 [控制台]From the Start screen, open Control Panel. 依序開啟 [系統及安全性][系統]Open System and Security, and then System. 檢視 [系統] 頁面之 [Windows 啟用] 區域中的 Windows 啟用狀態。View Windows activation status in the Windows activation area of the System page. 按一下 [Windows 啟用] 中的 [檢視詳細資料],了解 Windows 啟用狀態的詳細資訊。Click View details in Windows activation for more information about your Windows activation status.

如果已經啟用 Windows,桌面會顯示評估期的剩餘時間。If you have already activated Windows, the Desktop shows the time remaining in the evaluation period.

如果伺服器是執行零售版而不是評估版,請參閱本主題的<將舊的 WindowsServer 零售版升級到 WindowsServer 2016>小節,了解升級到 WindowsServer 2016 的指示。If the server is running a retail version instead of an evaluation version, see the “Upgrading previous retail versions of Windows Server to Windows Server 2016” section of this topic for instructions to upgrade to Windows Server 2016.

對於 WindowsServer 2016 Essentials:只要在命令 slmgr.vbs 中輸入零售、大量授權或 OEM 金鑰,即可轉換成完整的零售版。For Windows Server 2016 Essentials: You can convert to the full retail version by entering a retail, volume license, or OEM key in the command slmgr.vbs.

如果伺服器執行 WindowsServer 2016 Standard 或 WindowsServer 2016 Datacenter 的評估版,您可以按照下列方式將它轉換成零售版:If the server is running an evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard or Windows Server 2016 Datacenter, you can convert it to a retail version as follows:

  1. 如果伺服器是網域控制站,則不能轉換成零售版。If the server is a domain controller, you cannot convert it to a retail version. 在這種情況下,請在執行零售版的伺服器上安裝另一個網域控制站,然後從評估版上執行的網域控制站中移除 AD DS。In this case, install an additional domain controller on a server that runs a retail version and remove AD DS from the domain controller that runs on the evaluation version. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱將網域控制站升級為 WindowsServer 2012 R2 與 WindowsServer 2012For more information, see Upgrade Domain Controllers to Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012.
  2. 閱讀授權條款。Read the license terms.
  3. 從提升權限的命令提示字元,使用命令 DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition判斷目前的版本名稱。From an elevated command prompt, determine the current edition name with the command DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition. 記下版本識別碼,它是版本名稱的簡短形式。Make note of the edition ID, an abbreviated form of the edition name. 然後,提供版本識別碼和零售版產品金鑰,來執行 DISM /online /Set-Edition:<版本識別碼> /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEulaThen run DISM /online /Set-Edition:<edition ID> /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEula, providing the edition ID and a retail product key. 伺服器將重新啟動兩次。The server will restart twice.

對於 WindowsServer 2016 Standard 的評估版,您也可以使用這個相同的命令及適當的產品金鑰,以一個步驟轉換成 WindowsServer 2016 Datacenter 的零售版。For the evaluation version of Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can also convert to the retail version of Windows Server 2016 Datacenter in one step using this same command and the appropriate product key.

提示:如需 Dism.exe 的詳細資訊,請參閱 DISM 命令列選項Tip For more information about Dism.exe, see DISM Command-line options.

將目前的零售版轉換為不同的目前零售版Converting a current retail edition to a different current retail edition

安裝 WindowsServer 2016 之後,您可以隨時執行安裝程式來修復安裝 (有時也稱為「就地修復」),或者在特定情況下,將它轉換為不同的版本。At any time after installing Windows Server 2016, you can run Setup to repair the installation (sometimes called “repair in place”) or, in certain cases, to convert to a different edition. 您可以在任何版本的 WindowsServer 2016 上執行安裝程式來執行「就地修復」;結果會是您一開始使用的相同版本。You can run Setup to perform a “repair in place” on any edition of Windows Server 2016; the result will be the same edition you started with.

對於 WindowsServer 2016 Standard,您可以將系統轉換成 WindowsServer 2016 Datacenter,方法如下:從提升權限的命令提示字元,使用 DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition 來判斷目前的版本名稱。For Windows Server 2016 Standard, you can convert the system to Windows Server 2016 Datacenter as follows: From an elevated command prompt, determine the current edition name with the command DISM /online /Get-CurrentEdition. 記下版本識別碼,它是版本名稱的簡短形式。Make note of the edition ID, an abbreviated form of the edition name. 然後,提供版本識別碼和零售版產品金鑰,來執行 DISM /online /Set-Edition:<版本識別碼> /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEulaThen run DISM /online /Set-Edition:<edition ID> /ProductKey:XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX /AcceptEula, providing the edition ID and a retail product key. 伺服器將重新啟動兩次。The server will restart twice.

將目前的零售版轉換為目前的大量授權版Converting a current retail version to a current volume-licensed version

安裝 WindowsServer 2016 之後,您可以隨時在零售版、大量授權版或 OEM 版本之間自由地轉換。At any time after installing Windows Server 2016, you can freely convert it between a retail version, a volume-licensed version, or an OEM version. 在此轉換期間,會維持相同版本。The edition remains the same during this conversion. 如果您是從試用版開始,先將它轉換成零售版本,然後您就可以如此處所述互相轉換。If you are starting with an evaluation version, convert it to the retail version first, and then you can inter-convert as described here.

若要這樣做,請從提升權限的命令提示字元執行:slmgr /ipk <key>To do this, from an elevated command prompt, run: slmgr /ipk <key>

其中 <key> 是適當的大量授權、零售或 OEM 產品金鑰。Where <key> is the appropriate volume-license, retail, or OEM product key.

找不到需要的內容嗎?Not finding content you need? Windows 10 使用者,請於意見反應中樞告訴我們您想要什麼。Windows 10 users, tell us what you want on Feedback Hub.