系統需求System Requirements

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 半年度管道Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server Semi-Annual Channel

本主題說明執行 Windows Server® 2016 或 Windows Server 版本 1709 的最低系統需求。This topic addresses the minimum system requirements to run Windows Server® 2016 or Windows Server, version 1709.

注意

此版本建議使用全新安裝。In this release, clean installations are recommended.

注意

如果在安裝的時候,您選擇 [伺服器核心] 選項進行安裝,您應該要注意這不會安裝任何 GUI 元件,且您將無法使用伺服器管理員來安裝或取消安裝這些 GUI 元件。If at the time of installation, you choose to install with the Server Core option, you should be aware that no GUI components are installed at all and you will not be able to install or uninstall them with Server Manager. 如果您需要 GUI 功能,請務必在您安裝 Windows Server 2016 時選擇 [含桌面體驗的伺服器] 選項。If you need GUI features, be sure to choose the "Server with Desktop Experience" option when you install Windows Server 2016. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱安裝 Nano ServerFor more information, see Install Nano Server

檢閱系統需求Review system requirements

下列是 Windows Server 2016 的預估系統需求。The following are estimated system requirements Windows Server 2016. 如果您的電腦低於「最低」需求,則無法正確安裝本產品。If your computer has less than the "minimum" requirements, you will not be able to install this product correctly. 視系統設定以及安裝的應用程式和功能而定,實際需求會有所不同。Actual requirements will vary based on your system configuration and the applications and features you install.

除非另行指定,否則這些最低系統需求適用於所有的安裝選項 ([Server Core]、[含桌面體驗的伺服器] 和 [Nano 伺服器]) 以及 Standard 和 Datacenter 版本。Unless otherwise specified, these minimum system requirements apply to all installation options (Server Core, Server with Desktop Experience, and Nano Server) and both Standard and Datacenter editions.

重要

因為有太多可能的部署方式,所以不太可能提出一般通用的「建議」系統需求。The highly diverse scope of potential deployments makes it unrealistic to state "recommended" system requirements that would be generally applicable. 請參閱每一個要部署的伺服器角色相關文件,取得更多有關特定伺服器角色所需資源的詳細資料。Consult documentation for each of the server roles you intend to deploy for more details about the resource needs of particular server roles. 為了達到最佳效果,可執行測試部署,判斷特定部署案例的適當系統需求。For the best results, conduct test deployments to determine appropriate system requirements for your particular deployment scenarios.

處理器Processor

處理器效能不僅取決於處理器的時脈頻率,也取決於處理器核心的數目及處理器快取的大小。Processor performance depends not only on the clock frequency of the processor, but also on the number of processor cores and the size of the processor cache. 下列是本產品的處理器需求:The following are the processor requirements for this product:

最低需求Minimum:

  • 1.4 Ghz 64 位元處理器1.4 GHz 64-bit processor
  • 相容於 x64 指令集Compatible with x64 instruction set
  • 支援 NX 與 DEPSupports NX and DEP
  • 支援 CMPXCHG16b、LAHF/SAHF 與 PrefetchWSupports CMPXCHG16b, LAHF/SAHF, and PrefetchW
  • 支援第二層地址翻譯 (EPT 或 NPT)Supports Second Level Address Translation (EPT or NPT)

Coreinfo 是一種工具,可用來確認您的 CPU 具有其中哪些功能。Coreinfo is a tool you can use to confirm which of these capabilities your CPU has.

RAMRAM

下列是本產品的預估 RAM 需求:The following are the estimated RAM requirements for this product:

最低需求Minimum:

  • 512 MB ([含桌面體驗的伺服器] 安裝選項為 2 GB)512 MB (2 GB for Server with Desktop Experience installation option)
  • ECC (錯誤修正程式碼) 類型或類似的技術ECC (Error Correcting Code) type or similar technology

重要

如果您用最低支援的硬體參數 (一個處理器核心和 512 MB RAM) 建立虛擬機器,然後嘗試在虛擬機器安裝此版本,會造成安裝失敗。If you create a virtual machine with the minimum supported hardware parameters (1 processor core and 512 MB RAM) and then attempt to install this release on the virtual machine, Setup will fail.

若要避免此狀況,請執行下列其中一項動作:To avoid this, do one of the following:

  • 在您嘗試安裝此版本的虛擬機器上配置 800 MB 以上的 RAM。Allocate more than 800 MB RAM to the virtual machine you intend to install this release on. 安裝完成之後,您可以根據實際的伺服器設定來變更配置,儘量減少為 512 MB RAM。Once Setup has completed, you can change the allocation to as little as 512 MB RAM, depending on the actual server configuration.
  • 用 SHIFT+F10 中斷此版本在虛擬機器上的開機程序。Interrupt the boot process of this release on the virtual machine with SHIFT+F10. 在開啟的命令提示字元中,使用 Diskpart.exe 建立並格式化安裝磁碟分割。In the command prompt that opens, use Diskpart.exe to create and format an installation partition. 執行 Wpeutil createpagefile /path=C:\pf.sys (假設您建立的安裝磁碟分割為 C:)。Run Wpeutil createpagefile /path=C:\pf.sys (assuming the installation partition you created was C:). 關閉命令提示字元,繼續進行安裝。Close the command prompt and proceed with Setup.

儲存體控制器和磁碟空間需求Storage controller and disk space requirements

執行 Windows Server 2016 的電腦必須包含符合 PCI Express 架構規格的儲存裝置介面卡。Computers that run Windows Server 2016 must include a storage adapter that is compliant with the PCI Express architecture specification. 伺服器上歸類為硬碟機的永續性存放裝置不能為 PATA。Persistent storage devices on servers classified as hard disk drives must not be PATA. 針對開機、分頁或資料磁碟機,Windows Server 2016 不允許使用 ATA/PATA/IDE/EIDE。Windows Server 2016 does not allow ATA/PATA/IDE/EIDE for boot, page, or data drives.

下列是系統磁碟分割的預估 最小 磁碟空間需求。The following are the estimated minimum disk space requirements for the system partition.

最低需求:32 GBMinimum: 32 GB

注意

請注意,32 GB 應視為成功安裝的絕對最小值Be aware that 32 GB should be considered an absolute minimum value for successful installation. 此最小值應該可讓您以 Web 服務 (IIS) 伺服器角色在 Server Core 模式中安裝 Windows Server 2016。This minimum should allow you to install Windows Server 2016 in Server Core mode, with the Web Services (IIS) server role. 使用「Server Core」模式的伺服器比使用「Server 含 GUI」模式的相同伺服器大約少 4 GB。A server in Server Core mode is about 4 GB smaller than the same server in Server with a GUI mode.

如果是下列任何情況,系統磁碟分割將需要額外的空間:The system partition will need extra space for any of the following circumstances:

  • 如果您透過網路安裝系統。If you install the system over a network.
  • 具有 16 GB RAM 以上的電腦將需要更多的磁碟空間,以供分頁、休眠及傾印檔案使用。Computers with more than 16 GB of RAM will require more disk space for paging, hibernation, and dump files.

網路介面卡需求Network adapter requirements

此版本中使用的網路介面卡應該包含這些功能:Network adapters used with this release should include these features:

最低需求Minimum:

  • 可支援 Gigabit 輸送量的乙太網路介面卡An Ethernet adapter capable of at least gigabit throughput
  • 符合 PCI Express 架構規格。Compliant with the PCI Express architecture specification.
  • 支援開機前執行環境 (PXE)。Supports Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE).

支援網路偵錯 (KDNet) 的網路介面卡會很有用,但不是最低需求。A network adapter that supports network debugging (KDNet) is useful, but not a minimum requirement.

其他需求Other requirements

執行此版本的電腦也必須具備下列各項:Computers running this release also must have the following:

  • DVD 光碟機 (如果您要從 DVD 媒體安裝作業系統)DVD drive (if you intend to install the operating system from DVD media)

以下項目並非必要,但是對於某些特定功能來說不可或缺:The following items are not strictly required, but are necessary for certain features:

  • 支援安全開機的 UEFI 2.3.1c 型系統與韌體UEFI 2.3.1c-based system and firmware that supports secure boot
  • 信賴平台模組Trusted Platform Module

  • 可支援 Super VGA (1024 x 768) 或更高解析度的圖形裝置和監視器Graphics device and monitor capable of Super VGA (1024 x 768) or higher-resolution

  • 鍵盤及 Microsoft® 滑鼠 (或其他相容指標裝置)Keyboard and Microsoft® mouse (or other compatible pointing device)

  • 網際網路存取 (可能需要付費)Internet access (fees may apply)

注意

信賴平台模組 (TPM) 晶片於安裝此版本時並非必要,但是使用特定功能 (例如 BitLocker 磁碟機加密) 時則為必要。A Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip is not strictly required to install this release, though it is necessary in order to use certain features such as BitLocker Drive Encryption. 如果您的電腦使用 TPM,它必須符合下列需求︰If your computer uses TPM, it must meet these requirements:

  • 硬體架構的 TPM 必須實作 TPM 規格的 2.0 版。Hardware-based TPMs must implement version 2.0 of the TPM specification.
  • 實作版本 2.0 的 TPM 必須具備由硬體供應商預先佈建到 TPM 的 EK 憑證,或者可支援由裝置於第一次開機期間擷取。TPMs that implement version 2.0 must have an EK certificate that is >either pre-provisioned to the TPM by the hardware vendor or be capable of >being retrieved by the device during the first boot.
  • 實作版本 2.0 的 TPM 必須隨附 SHA-256 PCR 記憶體組並針對 SHA-256 實作 PCR 0 到 23。TPMs that implement version 2.0 must ship with SHA-256 PCR banks and >implement PCRs 0 through 23 for SHA-256. 可接受 TPM 隨附可同時使用於 SHA-1 與 SHA-256 度量的單一可切換 PCR 記憶體組。It is acceptable to ship TPMs >with a single switchable PCR bank that can be used for both SHA-1 and >SHA-256 measurements.
  • 關閉 TPM 的 UEFI 選項並非必要。A UEFI option to turn off the TPM is not a requirement.

安裝 Nano 伺服器Installation of Nano Server

如需將 Windows Server 2016 安裝為 Nano Server 的詳細步驟,請參閱安裝 Nano ServerFor detailed steps to install Windows Server 2016 as a Nano Server, see Install Nano Server.

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