簡化的管理附錄Simplified Administration Appendix

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

伺服器管理員中新增伺服器對話方塊 (Active Directory)Server Manager Add Servers Dialog (Active Directory)

新增伺服器]對話方塊,讓搜尋 Active Directory 伺服器、 作業系統、 使用萬用字元,以及位置。The Add Servers dialog allows searching Active Directory for servers, by operating system, using wildcards, and by location. 對話方塊也可使用 DNS 查詢完整的網域名稱或前置詞的名稱。The dialog also allows using DNS queries by fully qualified domain name or prefix name. 這些搜尋使用原生的 DNS 和 LDAP 通訊協定實作透過不 AD Windows PowerShell 針對 AD 管理閘道透過繽紛-表示您的網域控制站連絡由伺服器管理員中,甚至可執行 Windows Server 2003、.NET。These searches use native DNS and LDAP protocols implemented through .NET, not AD Windows PowerShell against the AD Management Gateway through SOAP - meaning that the domain controllers contacted by Server Manager can even run Windows Server 2003. 您也可以匯入檔案的伺服器來提供方便的名稱。You can also import a file with server names for provisioning purposes.

下列 LDAP 篩選器會使用 Active Directory 搜尋:The Active Directory search uses the following LDAP filters:

(&(ObjectCategory=computer)  

(&(ObjectCategory=computer)(cn=dc*)(OperatingSystemVersion=6.2*))  

(&(ObjectCategory=computer)(OperatingSystemVersion=6.1*))  

(&(ObjectCategory=computer)(OperatingSystemVersion=6.0*))  

(&(ObjectCategory=computer)(|(OperatingSystemVersion=5.2*)(OperatingSystemVersion=5.1*)))  

Active Directory 搜尋傳回屬性下列動作:The Active Directory search returns the following attributes:

( dnsHostName )( operatingSystem )( cn )  

伺服器管理員遠端伺服器狀態Server Manager Remote Server Status

伺服器管理員會使用位址路由通訊協定遠端伺服器的協助工具測試。Server Manager tests remote server accessibility using Address Routing Protocol. 未列出任何伺服器無法回應 ARP 要求,即使它們集區中。Any servers not responding to ARP requests are not listed, even if they are in the pool.

如果 ARP 看,然後 DCOM 和 WMI 是連接到伺服器返回狀態的資訊。If ARP responds, then DCOM and WMI connections are made to the server to return status information. 如果無法取得 RPC、 DCOM 和 WMI,伺服器管理員無法完全管理伺服器。If RPC, DCOM, and WMI are unreachable, server manager cannot fully manage the server.

Windows PowerShell 模組載入Windows PowerShell Module Loading

Windows PowerShell 3.0 實作載入動態模組。Windows PowerShell 3.0 implements dynamic module loading. 使用模組匯入cmdlet 不再通常需要;改為,只要叫用 cmdlet、 別名或函式自動載入模組。Using the Import-Module cmdlet is typically no longer required; instead, simply invoking the cmdlet, alias, or function automatically loads the module.

若要查看已載入的模組,使用取得模組cmdlet。To see loaded modules, use the Get-Module cmdlet.

Get-Module  

簡化的管理

若要查看已安裝所有模組匯出函式與 cmdlet,使用:To see all installed modules with their exported functions and cmdlets, use:

Get-Module -ListAvailable  

主要案例使用模組匯入命令是當您需要存取 「 AD: 「 Windows PowerShell virtual 磁碟機而已已經載入模組。The main case for using the import-module command is when you need access to the "AD:" Windows PowerShell virtual drive and nothing else has already loaded the module. 例如,使用下列命令:For example, using the following commands:

import-module activedirectory  
cd ad:  
dir  

移除 Hotfix 發行的舊版作業系統RID Issuance Hotfixes for Previous Operating Systems

查看更新已可偵測與避免太多消耗上執行的 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域控制站的全域 RID 集區的See An update is available to detect and prevent too much consumption of the global RID pool on a domain controller that is running Windows Server 2008 R2.

Ntdsutil.exe 安裝媒體的變更Ntdsutil.exe Install from Media Changes

Windows Server 2012 新增兩個額外選項 Ntdsutil.exe 命令列工具適用於(IFM 媒體建立) IFM功能表。Windows Server 2012 adds two additional options to the Ntdsutil.exe command-line tool for the IFM (IFM Media Creation) menu. 這些可讓您不需要先進行的匯出 NTDS 離線重組建立 IFM 存放區。DIT 資料庫檔案。These allow you to create IFM stores without first performing an offline defrag of the exported NTDS.DIT database file. 當磁碟空間不收費時,這可以節省時間建立 IFM。When disk space is not a premium, this saves time creating the IFM.

下表描述新的兩個功能表項目:The following table describes the two new menu items:

功能表項目Menu Item 解釋Explanation
建立完整 NoDefrag %sCreate Full NoDefrag %s 建立媒體 IFM 不需要重組完整 AD DC 或到資料夾 %s AD 日 LDS 執行個體Create IFM media without defragmenting for a full AD DC or an AD/LDS instance into folder %s
建立 Sysvol 完整 NoDefrag %sCreate Sysvol Full NoDefrag %s 使用 SYSVOL 以及不完整 AD dc 重組到資料夾 %s 建立 IFM 媒體Create IFM media with SYSVOL and without defragmenting for a full AD DC into folder %s

簡化的管理

簡化的管理