廣告樹系修復-備份完整伺服器AD Forest Recovery - Backing up a full server

適用於: Windows Server 2016、 Windows Server 2012 和 2012 R2、 Windows Server 2008 和 2008 R2Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2, Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2

因為它可以還原到不同的硬體或其他作業系統的執行個體的樹系修復準備建議 server 的完整備份。A full server backup is recommended to prepare for a forest recovery because it can be restored to different hardware or a different operating system instance. 您可以使用 Windows Server 備份」來執行 server 的完整備份。Using Windows Server Backup you can perform a full backup of your server.

Windows Server 備份Windows Server Backup

預設不會安裝 Windows Server 備份。Windows Server Backup is not installed by default. 在 Windows Server 2016 和 Windows Server 2012 R2,請遵循下列步驟來安裝它。In Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server 2012 R2, install it by following the steps below.

注意

請留意,步驟會有些許 Windows Server 2016 和 Windows Server 2012 R2。Please be aware that the steps may vary slightly between Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server 2012 R2.

步驟來安裝 Windows Server 2008 和 Windows Server 2008 R2,請查看安裝 Windows Server 備份For steps to install it in Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, see Installing Windows Server Backup.

若要安裝 Windows Server 備份To install Windows Server Backup

  1. 開放伺服器管理員,按一下 [新增角色與功能Open Server Manager and click Add roles and features.
  2. 新增角色與功能精靈On the Add Roles and Features Wizard click Next.
  3. 安裝類型畫面中,保留預設的 [以角色為基礎,或為基礎的功能的安裝下一步On the Installation Type screen, leave the default Role-based or feature-based installation and click Next.
  4. 伺服器選取畫面中,按一下 [On the Server Selection screen, click Next.
  5. 伺服器角色畫面上按一下On the Server Roles screen click Next.
  6. 功能畫面上,選取Windows Server 備份並按下一步 ![安裝備份On the Features screen, select Windows Server Backup and click Next Install Backup</span></span>
  7. 按一下安裝Click Install.
  8. 安裝完成後,按一下關閉Once the installation is complete, click Close.

備份與 Windows Server 備份To perform a backup with Windows Server Backup

  1. 開放伺服器管理員,按一下 [工具,然後按一下 [ Windows Server 備份Open Server Manager, click Tools, and then click Windows Server Backup.
    • 在 Windows Server 2008 R2 和 Windows Server 2008,按一下[開始],指向 [系統管理工具,然後按一下 [ Windows Server 備份In Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Windows Server Backup. 安裝備份
  2. 如果您的提示,請在使用者 Account 控制項對話方塊中,提供者備份認證,然後再按一下[確定]If you are prompted, in the User Account Control dialog box, provide Backup Operator credentials, and then click OK.
  3. 按一下本機備份Click Local Backup.
  4. 動作功能表上,按備份一次On the Action menu, click Backup once.
  5. 備份一次精靈中,在備份選項頁面上,按一下 [的其他不同選項,然後按一下 [下一步In the Backup Once Wizard, on the Backup options page, click Different options, and then click Next. 安裝備份
  6. 選取備份設定頁面上,按一下 [完整伺服器(建議選項),然後按一下 [下一步On the Select backup configuration page, click Full server (recommended), and then click Next.
  7. 指定目的地類型頁面上,按一下 [本機磁碟機遠端共用資料夾,然後按一下 [下一步On the Specify destination type page, click Local drives or Remote shared folder, and then click Next.
  8. 選擇備份目的地頁面上,選擇備份的位置。On the Select Backup Destination page, choose the backup location. 如果您選取 [本機磁碟機選擇到本機磁碟機,或如果您選取 [遠端分享選擇網路共用。If you selected local drive choose a local drive or if you selected remote share choose a network share.
  9. 在確認畫面上,按一下 [備份On the confirmation screen, click Backup. 安裝備份
  10. 完成此按一下關閉Once this has completed click Close.
  11. 關閉 Windows Server 備份。Close Windows Server Backup.

注意

如果您收到錯誤,表示不的備份儲存位置可使用時,您將需要排除已選取的磁碟區的其中一個或新增新的磁碟區或遠端分享。If you get an error stating that no backup storage location is available, you will need to either exclude one of the volumes that has been selected or add a new volume or remote share. 如果您收到警告這部選取磁碟區也包含了要備份的項目清單中,判斷是否要移除,然後按一下[確定]If you get a warning stating that the selected volume is also included in the list of items to backup, determine whether or not to remove and click Ok.

備份 windows server 使用 Wbadmin.exeUsing Wbadmin.exe to backup a windows server

Wbadmin.exe 是一個命令列的公用程式,可讓您備份及還原您的作業系統、磁碟區、檔案、資料夾和應用程式的命令提示字元。Wbadmin.exe is a command-line utility that enables you to back up and restore your operating system, volumes, files, folders, and applications from a command prompt.

若要執行使用 Wbadmin.exe server 的完整備份To perform a full server backup using Wbadmin.exe

  1. 打開提升權限的命令提示字元中,輸入下列命令並按下 ENTER:Open an elevated command prompt, type the following command and press ENTER:

    wbadmin start backup -backuptarget:<Drive_letter_to store_backup>: -include:<Drive_letter_to_include>:
    

安裝備份

後續步驟Next Steps