廣告樹系修復-執行完整伺服器復原AD Forest Recovery - Performing a full server recovery

適用於: Windows Server 2016、 Windows Server 2012 和 2012 R2、 Windows Server 2008 和 2008 R2Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2, Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2

使用下列程序來執行完整伺服器修復的 Windows Server 2016 R2、 2012年或 2012年。Use the following procedure to perform a full server recovery for Windows Server 2016, 2012 R2, or 2012.

Active Directory 完整伺服器復原Active Directory Full Server Recovery

完整伺服器復原時,需要您要還原至不同的硬體或其他作業系統的執行個體。A full server recovery is necessary if you are restoring to different hardware or a different operating system instance. 請牢記下列動作:Keep in mind the following:

  • 目標伺服器必須為等於備份的數字的數字磁碟機,或更高需要相同。The number drives on the target server needs to be equal to the number in the backup and they need to be the same size or greater.
  • 目標伺服器必須自以存取作業系統 DVD修復您的電腦選項。The target server needs to be started from the operating system DVD in order to access the Repair your computer option.
  • 如果的目標俠 HYPER-V 備份執行 VM 中儲存在網路位置,您必須安裝舊版的網路介面卡。If the target DC is running in a VM on Hyper-V and the backup is stored on a network location, you must install a legacy network adapter.
  • 您在執行完整伺服器修復之後,您需要另行購買執行授權 SYSVOL 中, 所述AD 樹系修復-執行 DFSR 複寫 SYSVOL 授權同步處理After you perform a full server recovery, you need to separately perform an authoritative restore of SYSVOL, as described in AD Forest Recovery - Performing an authoritative synchronization of DFSR-replicated SYSVOL.

根據您案例中,使用下列程序來執行完整還原。Depending on your scenario, use one of the following procedures to perform a full restore.

執行完整伺服器本機的最新的映像備份與還原Perform a full server restore with a local backup with the latest image

  1. [開始] 的 Windows 安裝程式,指定的語言、 時間及貨幣格式與鍵盤選項,然後按一下下一步Start Windows Setup, specify the Language, Time and currency format, and keyboard options and click Next.
  2. 按一下修復您的電腦Click Repair your computer.
    伺服器還原
  3. 按一下疑難排解Click Troubleshoot.
    伺服器還原
  4. 按一下系統映像修復Click System Image Recovery.
    伺服器還原
  5. 按一下Windows Server 2016Click Windows Server 2016.
    伺服器還原
  6. 如果您的最新的本機備份還原,按一下 [使用最新可用系統映像 (建議選項) ,按一下 [If you are restoring the most recent local backup, click Use the latest available system image (recommended) and click Next. 伺服器還原
  7. 您現在將會提供的選項:You will now be given an option to:
    • 格式並重新分割磁碟Format and repartition disks
    • 安裝驅動程式Install drivers
    • 取消選取進階功能自動重新,並檢查是否為磁碟的錯誤。De-selecting the Advanced features of automatically restarting and checking for disk errors. 這是預設支援。These are enabled by default. 伺服器還原
  8. 按一下下一步Click Next.
  9. 按一下完成Click Finish. 您將會詢問您是否確定您想要繼續提示。You will be prompted asking if you are sure you want to continue. 按一下[是]Click Yes.
    伺服器還原
  10. 一旦完成後執行授權 SYSVOL 中, 所述AD 樹系修復-執行 DFSR 複寫 SYSVOL 授權同步處理Once this completes perform an authoritative restore of SYSVOL, as described in AD Forest Recovery - Performing an authoritative synchronization of DFSR-replicated SYSVOL.

執行任何影像本機或遠端伺服器完整還原Perform a full server restore with any image local or remote

  1. [開始] 的 Windows 安裝程式,指定的語言、 時間及貨幣格式與鍵盤選項,然後按一下下一步Start Windows Setup, specify the Language, Time and currency format, and keyboard options and click Next.
  2. 按一下修復您的電腦Click Repair your computer.
  3. 按一下疑難排解,按一下 [系統映像修復,並按Windows Server 2016Click Troubleshoot, click System Image Recovery, and click Windows Server 2016.
  4. 如果您的最新的本機備份還原,按一下 [選擇系統映像,按一下 [If you are restoring the most recent local backup, click Select a system image and click Next.

  5. 現在您可以選擇您想要還原備份的位置。Now you can select the location of the backup that you want to restore. 如果影像本機您可以從清單中選取它。If the image is local you can select it from the list.

  6. 如果網路共用上影像,請選取進階If the image is on a network share, select Advanced. 您也可以選取進階如果您要安裝的驅動程式。You can also select Advanced if you need to install a driver. 伺服器還原
  7. 如果您從網路還原之後按進階選取搜尋網路上的系統映像的If you are restoring from the network after clicking Advanced select Search for a system image on the network. 系統可能會提示您還原網路連接。You may be prompted to restore network connectivity. 選取 [確定]。Select Ok.
    伺服器還原
  8. 輸入底色備份分享位置 (例如,\\server1\backups),然後按一下[確定]Type the UNC path to the backup share location (for example, \\server1\backups) and click OK. 您也可以輸入目標伺服器,例如 \\192.168.1.3\backups 的 IP 位址。You can also type the IP address of the target server, such as \\192.168.1.3\backups.
    伺服器還原
  9. 輸入認證需要存取分享,然後按一下 [確定]。Type credentials necessary to access the share and click OK.
  10. 現在選取要還原的日期和時間系統映像的,按一下 [Now Select the date and time of system image to restore and click Next.
  11. 您現在將會提供的選項:You will now be given an option to:
    1. 格式並重新分割磁碟Format and repartition disks
    2. 安裝驅動程式Install drivers
    3. 取消選取進階功能自動重新,並檢查是否為磁碟的錯誤。De-selecting the Advanced features of automatically restarting and checking for disk errors. 這是預設支援。These are enabled by default.
  12. 按一下下一步Click Next.
  13. 按一下完成Click Finish. 您將會詢問您是否確定您想要繼續提示。You will be prompted asking if you are sure you want to continue. 按一下[是]Click Yes.
  14. 一旦完成後執行授權 SYSVOL 中, 所述AD 樹系修復-執行 DFSR 複寫 SYSVOL 授權同步處理Once this completes perform an authoritative restore of SYSVOL, as described in AD Forest Recovery - Performing an authoritative synchronization of DFSR-replicated SYSVOL.

讓網路備份的網路介面卡Enabling the network adapter for a network backup

如果您需要可以從命令提示字元中從網路共用還原的網路介面卡,請使用下列步驟。If you need to enable a network adapter from the command prompt to restore from a network share, use the following steps.

  1. [開始] 的 Windows 安裝程式,指定的語言、 時間及貨幣格式與鍵盤選項,然後按一下下一步Start Windows Setup, specify the Language, Time and currency format, and keyboard options and click Next.
  2. 按一下修復您的電腦Click Repair your computer. I
  3. 按一下疑難排解,按一下 [命令提示字元Click Troubleshoot, click Command Prompt.
  4. 輸入下列命令並按一下 enter:Type the following command and press ENTER:

    wpeinit  
    
  5. 若要確認網路介面卡的名稱,請輸入:To confirm the name of the network adapter, type:

    show interfaces  
    

    輸入下列命令,並在每個命令之後按下 ENTER:Type the following commands and press ENTER after each command:

    netsh  
    
    interface  
    
    tcp  
    
    ipv4  
    
    set address "Name of Network Adapter" static IPv4 Address SubnetMask IPv4 Gateway Address 1  
    

    例如:For example:

    set address "Local Area Connection" static 192.168.1.2 255.0.0.0 192.168.1.1 1  
    

    輸入quit以返回 [命令提示字元。Type quit to return to a command prompt. 輸入ipconfig /all確認網路介面卡有 IP 位址,請嘗試 ping 裝載確認連接備份分享的伺服器的 IP 位址。Type ipconfig /all to verify the network adapter has an IP address and try to ping the IP address of the server that hosts the backup share to confirm connectivity. 當您完成時,請關閉命令提示字元。Close the command prompt when you are done.

  6. 現在的網路介面卡正在運作,請選取 [上述步驟以完成還原。Now that the network adapter is working, select the steps above to complete the restore.

後續步驟Next Steps