指派網域名稱Assigning Domain Names

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

您必須計劃中指定每個網域名稱。You must assign a name to every domain in your plan. Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 網域有兩種類型的名稱: 網域名稱系統 」 (DNS) 和 NetBIOS 名稱。Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) domains have two types of names: Domain Name System (DNS) names and NetBIOS names. 一般而言,這兩個名稱會顯示使用者。In general, both names are visible to end users. Active Directory 網域的 DNS 名稱包含兩個組件,尾碼前置詞。The DNS names of Active Directory domains include two parts, a prefix and a suffix. 建立網域名稱時,第一次判斷 DNS 前置詞。When creating domain names, first determine the DNS prefix. 這是在 DNS 網域名稱的第一個標籤。This is the first label in the DNS name of the domain. 尾碼會判斷當您選取的樹系根網域名稱。The suffix is determined when you select the name of the forest root domain. 下表列出的 DNS 名稱命名規則前置詞。The following table lists the prefix naming rules for DNS names.

規則Rule 解釋Explanation
選取 [前置詞不會變成過時。Select a prefix that is not likely to become outdated. 避免名稱,例如 product 列或作業系統,可能會在未來的變更。Avoid names such as a product line or operating system that might change in the future. 我們建議使用的地理位置名稱。We recommend using geographical names.
選取 [包含只網際網路標準字元前置詞。Select a prefix that includes Internet standard characters only. A Z、 z,0-9 與 (-),但無法完全數字。A-Z, a-z, 0-9, and (-), but not entirely numerical.
包含的 15 字元或較少中前置詞。Include 15 characters or less in the prefix. 如果您選擇首碼長度或較少的 15 字元,NetBIOS 名稱為前置詞相同。If you choose a prefix length of 15 characters or less, the NetBIOS name is the same as the prefix.

如需詳細資訊,請查看 Active Directory 適用於電腦、 網域、 網站及 Ou 命名規格 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=106629)。For more information, see Naming conventions in Active Directory for computers, domains, sites, and OUs (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=106629).

注意

Windows Server 2008 和 Windows Server 2003 Dcpromo.exe 可讓您建立單一標籤 DNS 網域名稱,雖然您不應該使用的數個原因單一標籤 DNS 網域名稱。Although Dcpromo.exe in Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2003 allows you to create a single-label DNS domain name, you should not use a single-label DNS name for a domain for several reasons. 在 Windows Server 2008 R2 Dcpromo.exe 不允許您建立單一標籤 DNS 網域名稱。In Windows Server 2008 R2, Dcpromo.exe does not allow you to create a single-label DNS name for a domain. 如需詳細資訊,請查看http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=92467。For more information, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=92467.

如果目前 NetBIOS 的網域名稱不當代表地區或滿足命名規則前置詞失敗時,選取新的前置詞。If the current NetBIOS name of the domain is inappropriate to represent the region or fails to satisfy the prefix naming rules, select a new prefix. 若是如此,NetBIOS 的網域名稱是不同的 DNS 網域前置詞。In this case, the NetBIOS name of the domain is different from the DNS prefix of the domain.

每個新的網域部署,選取首碼所定義適合地區的滿足命名規則前置詞。For each new domain that you deploy, select a prefix that is appropriate for the region and that satisfies prefix naming rules. 我們建議您的網域名稱 NetBIOS 為相同的 DNS 前置詞。We recommend that the NetBIOS name of the domain be the same as the DNS prefix.

文件 DNS 前置詞和 NetBIOS 您選取每個您森林中的網域名稱。Document the DNS prefix and NetBIOS names that you select for each domain in your forest. 您可以將 DNS 和 NetBIOS 名稱資訊新增到 「 規劃網域 」 試算表,您要建立的全新和已升級網域計劃的文件。You can add the DNS and NetBIOS name information to the "Domain Planning" worksheet that you created to document your plan for new and upgraded domains. 若要打開它,下載 Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip 從工作協助工具的 Windows Server 2003 部署套件 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558) 和開放 「 網域規劃 」 (DSSLOGI_5.doc)。To open it, download Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip from Job Aids for Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558) and open "Domain Planning" (DSSLOGI_5.doc).