收集資訊的網路Collecting Network Information

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

連絡您組織的網路群組收集的資訊,並與它們定期通訊關於您的實體網路拓撲是設計的有效網站拓撲 Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 中的第一個步驟。The first step in designing an effective site topology in Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) is to consult your organization's networking group to collect information and communicate with them regularly about your physical network topology.

建立位置對應Creating a location map

建立位置對應,表示您的組織的實體網路基礎結構。Create a location map that represents the physical network infrastructure of your organization. 位置的地圖上找出包含群組的電腦與內部連接 10 mb 秒 (Mbps) 或更高版本(速度區域網路(區域網路)或更好)的地理位置。On the location map, identify the geographic locations that contain groups of computers with internal connectivity of 10 megabits per second (Mbps) or higher (local area network (LAN) speed or better).

建立位置對應之後, 文件通訊連結,連結速度,與每個位置間頻寬的類型。After creating a location map, document the type of communication link, its link speed, and the available bandwidth between each location. 取得寬區域 (wan) 拓撲從您網路的群組。Obtain a wide area network (WAN) topology from your networking group. 清單 WAN 賽道每一種與他們的頻寬,會看到「判斷成本」一節中的建立網站連結設計For a list of common WAN circuit types and their bandwidths, see "Determining the cost" section in Creating a Site Link Design. 您將需要此資訊來建立網站連結稍後網站拓撲設計程序。You will need this information to create site links later in the site topology design process.

您可以在一段指定時間的通訊通道上傳送的資料量是指頻寬。Bandwidth refers to the amount of data that you can transmit across a communication channel in a given amount of time. 可用的頻寬指的是實際可供使用 AD DS 頻寬。Available bandwidth refers to the amount of bandwidth actually available for use by AD DS. 您可以從您的網路群組,取得頻寬資訊或您可以使用通訊協定分析器,例如網路監視器,這是與 Windows Server 2008 出貨元件分析流量每個連結。You can obtain available bandwidth information from your networking group, or you can analyze traffic on each link by using a protocol analyzer such as Network Monitor, which is a component that ships with Windows Server 2008 . 安裝監視器網路相關資訊,會看到監視網路流量 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=107058)。For information about installing Network Monitor, see Monitoring network traffic (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=107058).

每個位置和其他連結到該位置的文件。Document each location and the other locations that are linked to it. 此外,記錄通訊的連結和它提供的頻寬類型。In addition, record the type of communication link and its available bandwidth. 試算表中列出的通訊的連結和可用的頻寬協助您,會看到工作協助工具的 Windows Server 2003 部署套件 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558),下載 Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip,並打開 (DSSTOPO_1.doc)」地理位置和通訊連結]。For a worksheet to assist you in listing communication links and available bandwidth, see Job Aids for Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558), download Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip, and open "Geographic Locations and Communication Links" (DSSTOPO_1.doc).

列出的 IP 子網路中每個位置Listing IP subnets within each location

您的文件的通訊連結和每個位置間頻寬之後,錄製中每個位置的 IP 子網路。After you document the communication links and the available bandwidth between each location, record the IP subnets within each location. 如果您不會已經知道子網路遮罩及每個位置的 IP 位址,請洽詢您的網路群組。If you do not already know the subnet mask and IP address within each location, consult your networking group.

AD DS 關聯網站比較工作站的 IP 位址的每個網站相關聯的子網路工作站。AD DS associates a workstation with a site by comparing the workstation's IP address with the subnets that are associated with each site. 在您的網域控制站加入網域,AD DS 也會檢查它們的 IP 位址,並放入最適合的網站。As you add domain controllers to a domain, AD DS also examines their IP addresses and places them in the most appropriate site.

試算表中列出的 IP 子網路中每個位置協助您,會看到工作協助工具的 Windows Server 2003 部署套件 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558),下載 Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip,並打開」的位置,子網路「(DSSTOPO_2.doc)。For a worksheet to assist you in listing the IP subnets within each location, see Job Aids for Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558), download Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip, and open "Locations and Subnets" (DSSTOPO_2.doc).

注意

IP 版本除了 4 (IPv4) 地址、Windows Server 2008 也支援 6 (IPv6) 版本的 IP 子網路首碼。In addition to IP version 4 (IPv4) addresses, Windows Server 2008 also supports IP version 6 (IPv6) subnet prefixes. 適用於試算表中列出的 IPv6 子網路首碼協助您,請查看附錄答位置和子網路首碼For a worksheet to assist you in listing the IPv6 subnet prefixes, see Appendix A: Locations and Subnet Prefixes.

列出網域並為每個位置的使用者人數Listing domains and number of users for each location

使用者的位置在每個地區網域是其中一個比例,以判斷位置的區域網域控制站伺服器通用,也就是網站拓撲設計程序的下一個步驟。The number of users for each regional domain that is represented in a location is one of the factors that determine the placement of regional domain controllers and global catalog servers, which is the next step in the site topology design process. 例如,計畫中的位置,讓他們仍可登入網域如果 WAN 連結失敗包含超過 100 區域網域使用者放置地區網域控制站。For example, plan to place a regional domain controller in a location that contains more than 100 regional domain users so they can still log on to the domain if the WAN link fails.

錄製位置,都可以在每個位置,與每個網域都會在每個位置的使用者的網域。Record the locations, the domains that are represented in each location, and the number of users for each domain that is represented in each location. 試算表中列出的網域和的使用者都可以在每個位置的數目協助您,會看到工作協助工具的 Windows Server 2003 部署套件 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558),下載 Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip,並打開 (DSSTOPO_3.doc)「網域和使用者在每一個位置]。For a worksheet to assist you in listing the domains and the number of users that are represented in each location, see Job Aids for Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558), download Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip, and open "Domains and Users in Each Location" (DSSTOPO_3.doc).