建立 DNS 基礎結構設計Creating a DNS Infrastructure Design

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

建立您的 Active Directory 樹系和網域設計之後,您必須支援您 Active Directory 邏輯結構網域名稱系統」(DNS) 基礎結構設計。After you create your Active Directory forest and domain designs, you must design a Domain Name System (DNS) infrastructure to support your Active Directory logical structure. DNS 可讓使用者使用易記連接到電腦和其他資源 IP 網路上的易記名稱。DNS enables users to use friendly names that are easy to remember to connect to computers and other resources on IP networks. Windows Server 2008 的 active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 需要 DNS。Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) in Windows Server 2008 requires DNS.

設計支援 AD DS DNS 的程序會根據您的組織已經是否有現有的 DNS 伺服器服務而有所不同,或您的部署新的 DNS 伺服器服務:The process for designing DNS to support AD DS varies according to whether your organization already has an existing DNS Server service or you are deploying a new DNS Server service:

如果您的組織已經現有的 DNS 基礎結構,您必須確定您了解如何使用 Active Directory 命名空間互動 DNS 基礎結構。If your organization has an existing DNS infrastructure, you must make sure that you understand how your DNS infrastructure will interact with the Active Directory namespace. 為了幫助您記載您現有的 DNS 基礎結構設計試算表,下載 Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip 從工作協助工具的 Windows Server 2003 部署套件 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558) 和 (DSSLOGI_8.doc) 開放」DNS 庫存 ]。For a worksheet to assist you in documenting your existing DNS infrastructure design, download Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip from Job Aids for Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558) and open "DNS Inventory" (DSSLOGI_8.doc).

注意

除了版本 4 的 IP 位址 (IPv4)、Windows Server 2008 也支援 IP 版本 6 (IPv6) 的位址。In addition to IP version 4 (IPv4) addresses, Windows Server 2008 also supports IP version 6 (IPv6) addresses. 適用於試算表中列出的 IPv6 位址時記載您目前的 DNS 結構遞迴名稱解析方法協助您,請查看附錄 a: DNS 庫存For a worksheet to assist you in listing the IPv6 addresses while documenting the recursive name resolution method of your current DNS structure, see Appendix A: DNS Inventory.

設計 DNS 基礎結構支援 AD DS 之前,可以了解 DNS 階層、DNS 名稱解析程序,以及如何 DNS 支援 AD DS 很有幫助。Before you design your DNS infrastructure to support AD DS, it can be helpful to read about the DNS hierarchy, the DNS name resolution process, and how DNS supports AD DS. 如需 DNS 階層和名稱解析程序,查看 [DNS 技術參考 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=48145)。For more information about the DNS hierarchy and name resolution process, see the DNS Technical Reference (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=48145). 如需有關如何 DNS 支援 AD DS,查看 [DNS 支援的 Active Directory 技術參考 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=48147)。For more information about how DNS supports AD DS, see the DNS Support for Active Directory Technical Reference (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=48147).

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