建立一個網站設計Creating a Site Design

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

建立網站設計包含決定的位置將會變成網站、建立網站物件、建立物件子網路,以及子網路關聯的網站。Creating a site design involves deciding which locations will become sites, creating site objects, creating subnet objects, and associating the subnets with sites.

決定即將網站的位置。Deciding which locations will become sites

選擇的位置建立網站的方式如下:Decide which locations to create sites for as follows:

  • 建立網站的所有的計劃放置網域控制站的位置。Create sites for all locations in which you plan to place domain controllers. 請參考」網域控制站的位置」(DSSTOPO_4.doc) 試算表找出加入網域控制站的位置所述的資訊。Refer to the information documented in the "Domain Controller Placement" (DSSTOPO_4.doc) worksheet to identify locations that include domain controllers.

  • 建立這些位置,包括執行需要建立網站的應用程式的伺服器的網站。Create sites for those locations that include servers that are running applications that require a site to be created. 某些應用程式,例如散發檔案系統命名空間 (DFSN),使用網站物件找出最近戶端伺服器。Certain applications, such as Distributed File System Namespaces (DFSN), use site objects to locate the closest servers to clients.

    注意

    如果您的組織會有多個網路相近快速且可靠的連接,您可以在單一 Active Directory 網站包含所有的網路的子網路。If your organization has multiple networks in close proximity with fast, reliable connections, you can include all of the subnets for those networks in a single Active Directory site. 例如,如果來回退貨網路之間兩部伺服器在不同的延遲子網路 10 ms 或較少,您可以在相同的 Active Directory 網站包含這兩個子網路。For example, if the round-trip return network latency between two servers in different subnets is 10 ms or less, you can include both subnets in the same Active Directory site. 如果有兩個位置間網路延遲超過 10 ms,您不應包含子網路中單一 Active Directory 網站。If the network latency between the two locations is greater than 10 ms, you should not include the subnets in a single Active Directory site. 即使在延遲 10 ms 或較少,您可以選擇要部署不同的地點,如果您想要分割網站的 Active Directory 應用程式間的流量。Even when latency is 10 ms or less, you may elect to deploy separate sites if you want to segment the traffic between sites for Active Directory-based applications.

  • 如果網站不需要的位置,新增的網站的位置已的最大的寬形區域 (wan) 速度和可用的頻寬位置的子網路。If a site is not required for a location, add the subnet of the location to a site for which the location has the maximum wide area network (WAN) speed and available bandwidth.

將會變成網站及網路位址,以及在每個位置的子網路遮罩文件位置。Document locations that will become sites and the network addresses and subnet masks within each location. 試算表中列出的網站來協助您,會看到工作協助工具的 Windows Server 2003 部署套件 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558),下載 Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip,並打開 (DSSTOPO_6.doc)」關聯子網路的網站]。For a worksheet to assist you in documenting sites, see Job Aids for Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102558), download Job_Aids_Designing_and_Deploying_Directory_and_Security_Services.zip, and open "Associating Subnets with Sites" (DSSTOPO_6.doc).

建立一個網站物件設計Creating a site object design

每個您有要建立的網站的位置,計劃在 Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 中建立網站物件。For every location where you have decided to create sites, plan to create site objects in Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS). 將會變成網站的 [關聯子網路與網站「工作表的文件位置。Document locations that will become sites in the "Associating Subnets with Sites" worksheet.

如需如何建立網站物件的詳細資訊,請建立一個網站 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=107067)。For more information about how to create site objects, see Create a Site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=107067).

建立子網路物件設計Creating a subnet object design

針對每一個的 IP 子網路和相關的每個位置的子網路遮罩,計劃中 AD DS 代表在網站中的 IP 位址建立子網路物件。For every IP subnet and subnet mask associated with each location, plan to create subnet objects in AD DS representing all the IP addresses within the site.

在建立時 Active Directory 物件子網路,網路的 IP 子網路和子網路遮罩有關的資訊會自動被翻譯成網路首碼長度記號格式/When creating an Active Directory subnet object, the information about network IP subnet and subnet mask is automatically translated into the network prefix length notation format /. 例如,網路 IP 版本 4 (IPv4) 位址 172.16.4.0 子網路遮罩 255.255.252.0 顯示為 172.16.4.0 月 22。For example, the network IP version 4 (IPv4) address 172.16.4.0 with a subnet mask 255.255.252.0 appears as 172.16.4.0/22. 除了 IPv4 位址,Windows Server 2008 也支援 6 (IPv6) 版本的 IP 子網路首碼,例如 3FFE:FFFF:0:C000: 110:: / 64。In addition to IPv4 addresses, Windows Server 2008 also supports IP version 6 (IPv6) subnet prefixes, for example, 3FFE:FFFF:0:C000::/64. 如需在每個位置的 IP 子網路,查看」的位置,子網路「(DSSTOPO_2.doc) 試算表中收集網路資訊附錄答位置和子網路首碼For more information about IP subnets in each location, see the "Locations and Subnets" (DSSTOPO_2.doc) worksheet in Collecting Network Information and Appendix A: Locations and Subnet Prefixes.

將網站物件所指的「建立關聯子網路的網站] (DSSTOPO_6.doc) 試算表」決定的位置將會變成網站」一節,以判斷哪一個子網路中的每個子網路物件就是相關聯的網站。Associate each subnet object with a site object by referring to the "Associating Subnets with Sites" (DSSTOPO_6.doc) worksheet in "Deciding Which Locations Will Become Sites" section to determine which subnet is to be associated with which site. 相關的 [關聯子網路與網站」(DSSTOPO_6.doc) 工作表中每個位置的子網路 Active Directory 物件的文件。Document the Active Directory subnet object associated with each location in the "Associating Subnets with Sites" (DSSTOPO_6.doc) worksheet.

如需如何建立物件子網路,請建立一個子網路 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=107068)。For more information about how to create subnet objects, see Create a Subnet (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=107068).