檢測軍人層級功能升級Identifying Your Functional Level Upgrade

適用於:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

您可以提高網域及森林功能等級之前,您必須評估您目前的環境並找出功能層級需求最符合您的組織的需求。Before you can raise domain and forest functional levels, you have to evaluate your current environment and identify the functional level requirement that best meets the needs of your organization. 檢測軍人網域中樹系位於每個網域、 作業系統 service pack 可執行的每個網域控制站,並想要升級網域控制站日期的網域控制站的評估您目前的環境。Assess your current environment by identifying the domains in your forest, the domain controllers that are located in each domain, the operating system and service packs that each domain controller is running, and the date that you plan to upgrade the domain controllers. 如果您的網域控制站的淘汰計劃,請確定您知道完整的影響,如此一來,就可以在您的環境。If you plan to retire a domain controller, make sure that you understand the full impact that doing so will have on your environment.

下列下可能會使您從較舊版本的 Windows Server 作業系統升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 功能層級:The following circumstances might prevent you from upgrading an earlier version of the Windows Server operating system to the Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 functional level:

  • 不足的硬體Insufficient hardware

  • 網域控制站執行的是 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 相容的防毒程式A domain controller running an antivirus program that is incompatible with Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2

  • 不會執行 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的特定版本程式之使用Use of a version-specific program that does not run on Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2

  • 需要升級程式的最新的 service packThe need to upgrade a program with the latest service pack

文件此資訊可協助您找出的步驟進行以確保您擁有完全正常運作的 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 環境。Documenting this information can help you identify the steps to take to ensure that you have a fully functional Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 environment.

您評估您目前的環境之後,您必須以找出適用於您組織的功能層級升級。After you assess your current environment, you have to identify the functional level upgrade that applies to your organization. 可以使用這些選項:These options are available:

  • Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的 Windows 2000 原生模式環境Windows 2000 native-mode environment to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2

  • Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的 Windows Server 2003 森林Windows Server 2003 forest to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2

  • 新的 Windows Server 2008 樹系New Windows Server 2008 forest

  • 新的 Windows Server 2008 R2 樹系New Windows Server 2008 R2 forest

升級原生 Windows 2000 Active Directory 森林中的功能層級Upgrading functional levels in a native Windows 2000 Active Directory forest

在僅包含 Windows 2000 的網域控制站的 Windows 2000 原生環境,下列層級,預設設定功能的層級,以手動方式提高之前維持在這些層級:In a Windows 2000 native environment that consists only of Windows 2000-based domain controllers, the functional levels are set by default to the following levels, and they remain at these levels until you raise them manually:

  • Windows 2000 原生網域功能層級Windows 2000 native domain functional level

  • Windows 2000 的樹系功能層級Windows 2000 forest functional level

若要使用 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的所有森林層級和網域層級功能,您需要此 Windows 2000 的環境升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2。To use all the forest-level and domain-level features in Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 , you have to upgrade this Windows 2000 environment to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 . 您可以執行此升級其中一項下列方法:You can perform this upgrade in either of the following ways:

  • 將最近安裝的 Windows Server 2008-基礎 Windows Server 2008 R2 或-入樹系,根據網域控制站,然後淘汰所有執行 Windows 2000 的網域控制站。Introduce newly installed Windows Server 2008 -based or Windows Server 2008 R2 -based domain controllers into the forest, and then retire all domain controllers running Windows 2000.

  • 執行所有現有執行網域控制站 Windows 2000 森林中執行 Windows Server 2003 的網域控制站就地的升級。Perform an in-place upgrade of all existing domain controllers running Windows 2000 in the forest to domain controllers running Windows Server 2003. 接著,執行的 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域控制站的就地升級。Then, perform an in-place upgrade of those domain controllers to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 . 如需詳細資訊,請查看以 Windows Server 2008 AD DS 網域 [LH\ 升級 Active Directory 網域]For more information, see Upgrading Active Directory Domains to Windows Server 2008 AD DS Domains [LH].

    重要

    Windows Server 2008 R2 是 x64 型作業系統。Windows Server 2008 R2 is an x64-based operating system. 如果您的伺服器執行的 Windows Server 2003 x64 版本,您可以順利執行就地升級的 Windows Server 2008 R2 這台電腦的作業系統。If your server is running an x64-based version of Windows Server 2003, you can successfully perform an in-place upgrade of this computer's operating system to Windows Server 2008 R2 . 如果您的伺服器執行的 Windows Server 2003 x86 型版本,您無法以 Windows Server 2008 R2 升級此電腦。If your server is running an x86-based version of Windows Server 2003, you cannot upgrade this computer to Windows Server 2008 R2 .

若要使用 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域層級功能不是整個 Windows 2000 樹系升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2、 提高只網域功能等級 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2。To use the Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 domain-level features without upgrading your entire Windows 2000 forest to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 , raise only the domain functional level to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 .

注意

您提高網域功能等級之前,您必須先升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域中的所有 Windows 2000 的網域控制站。Before you raise the domain functional level, you must upgrade all Windows 2000-based domain controllers in that domain to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 .

森林中的所有 Windows 2000 的網域控制站都取代執行 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域控制站之後,您可以提高 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的樹系功能層級。After you replace all the Windows 2000-based domain controllers in the forest with domain controllers that run Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 , you can raise the forest functional level to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 . 自動擔任功能森林中的所有網域原生或更高到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 到 Windows 2000 設定的層級。Doing so automatically raises the functional level of all domains in the forest that are set to Windows 2000 native or higher to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 .

如需有關引發樹系和網域功能層級,以及程序,才能執行這些工作,查看部署 Windows Server 2008 森林根網域 [LH]For more information about raising forest and domain functional levels, and for procedures to perform those tasks, see Deploying a Windows Server 2008 Forest Root Domain [LH].

升級 Windows Server 2003 Active Directory 森林中的功能層級Upgrading functional levels in a Windows Server 2003 Active Directory forest

在組成僅為基礎 Windows Server 2003 的網域控制站的 Windows Server 2003 環境,下列層級,預設設定功能的層級,以手動方式提高之前維持在這些層級:In a Windows Server 2003 environment that consists of only Windows Server 2003-based domain controllers, the functional levels are set by default to the following levels, and they remain at these levels until you raise them manually:

  • Windows 2000 原生網域功能層級Windows 2000 native domain functional level

  • Windows 2000 的樹系功能層級Windows 2000 forest functional level

若要使用 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的所有森林層級和網域層級功能,您需要此 Windows Server 2003 的環境升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2。To use all the forest-level and domain-level features in Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 , you have to upgrade this Windows Server 2003 environment to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 . 您可以執行此升級其中一項下列方法:You can perform this upgrade in either of the following ways:

  • 將新安裝的 Windows Server 2008-基礎 Windows Server 2008 R2 或-入樹系,根據網域控制站然後淘汰所有執行 Windows Server 2003 的網域控制站或升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2。Introduce a newly installed Windows Server 2008 -based or Windows Server 2008 R2 -based domain controller into the forest, and then retire all domain controllers running Windows Server 2003 or upgrade them to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 .

  • 執行所有現有網域控制站執行到執行 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域控制站的 Windows Server 2003 就地的升級。Perform an in-place upgrade of all existing domain controllers running Windows Server 2003 to domain controllers running Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 . 如需詳細資訊,請查看以 Windows Server 2008 AD DS 網域 [LH\ 升級 Active Directory 網域]For more information, see Upgrading Active Directory Domains to Windows Server 2008 AD DS Domains [LH].

重要

Windows Server 2008 R2 是 x64 型作業系統。Windows Server 2008 R2 is an x64-based operating system. 如果您的伺服器執行的 Windows Server 2003 x64 版本,您可以順利執行就地升級的 Windows Server 2008 R2 這台電腦的作業系統。If your server is running an x64-based version of Windows Server 2003, you can successfully perform an in-place upgrade of this computer's operating system to Windows Server 2008 R2 . 如果您的伺服器執行的 Windows Server 2003 x86 型版本,您無法升級執行 Windows Server 2008 R2 這台電腦。If your server is running an x86-based version of Windows Server 2003, you cannot upgrade this computer to run Windows Server 2008 R2 .

若要使用所有的 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域層級功能不是整個 Windows Server 2003 樹系升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2、 提高只網域功能等級 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2。To use all the Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 domain-level features without upgrading your entire Windows Server 2003 forest to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 , raise only the domain functional level to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 .

注意

您提高網域功能等級之前,您必須先升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域中的所有 Windows Server 2003 根據網域控制站。Before you raise the domain functional level, you must upgrade all Windows Server 2003-based domain controllers in that domain to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 .

森林中的所有 Windows Server 2003 根據網域控制站都升級到 Windows Server 2008 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 之後,您可以提高 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的樹系功能層級。After you upgrade all the Windows Server 2003-based domain controllers in the forest to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 , you can raise the forest functional level to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 . 自動擔任功能所有網域森林中的 Windows Server 2008,或 Windows Server 2008 R2 的 Windows Server 2003 已設定的層級。Doing so automatically raises the functional level of all domains in the forest that are set to Windows Server 2003 to Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 .

如需有關引發樹系和網域功能層級,以及程序,才能執行這些工作,查看部署 Windows Server 2008 森林根網域 [LH]For more information about raising forest and domain functional levels, and for procedures to perform those tasks, see Deploying a Windows Server 2008 Forest Root Domain [LH].

新的 Windows Server 2008 森林中的升級功能層級Upgrading functional levels in a new Windows Server 2008 forest

當您安裝新的 Windows Server 2008 森林中的第一個網域控制站時,功能層級下列層級,預設設定,並手動提高之前維持在這些層級:When you install the first domain controller in a new Windows Server 2008 forest, functional levels are set by default to the following levels, and they remain at these levels until you raise them manually:

  • Windows 2000 原生網域功能層級Windows 2000 native domain functional level

  • Windows 2000 的樹系功能層級Windows 2000 forest functional level

功能層級,讓您選擇加入新的 Windows Server 2008 樹系的 Windows 2000 或 Windows Server 2003 根據網域控制站的設定,這些預設的層級。Functional levels are set at these default levels to give you the option of adding Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003-based domain controllers to your new Windows Server 2008 forest. 建立網域森林根之後,網域功能層級的每個您新增到 Windows Server 2008 的樹系網域是設定為 Windows 2000 原生。After you create a forest root domain, the domain functional level for each domain that you add to the Windows Server 2008 forest is set to Windows 2000 native. 不過,如果您想在執行 Windows Server 2008 您新的 Windows Server 2008 環境中的所有網域控制站,為的樹系功能的層級,然後網域功能層級,當您安裝您森林中的第一個網域控制站的 Windows Server 2008。However, if you want all domain controllers in your new Windows Server 2008 environment to run Windows Server 2008 , set the forest functional level, and then the domain functional level, to Windows Server 2008 when you install the first domain controller in your forest. 如此一來節省時間,並讓所有的樹系層級和網域層級功能在 Windows Server 2008。Doing this saves time and enables all the forest-level and domain-level features in Windows Server 2008 .

重要

如果您在 Windows Server 2008 的功能運作的樹系層級,而您嘗試安裝 Windows Server 2003 成員的伺服器上的 Active Directory 或 Windows 2000 成員伺服器,安裝失敗。If the forest operates at the Windows Server 2008 functional level and you attempt to install Active Directory on a Windows Server 2003-based member server or a Windows 2000-based member server, the installation fails.

如需有關引發樹系和網域功能層級,以及程序,才能執行這些工作,查看部署 Windows Server 2008 森林根網域 [LH]For more information about raising forest and domain functional levels, and for procedures to perform those tasks, see Deploying a Windows Server 2008 Forest Root Domain [LH].

新的 Windows Server 2008 R2 森林中的升級功能層級Upgrading functional levels in a new Windows Server 2008 R2 forest

當您安裝新的 Windows Server 2008 R2 森林中的第一個網域控制站時,功能層級下列層級,預設設定,並手動提高之前維持在這些層級:When you install the first domain controller in a new Windows Server 2008 R2 forest, functional levels are set by default to the following levels, and they remain at these levels until you raise them manually:

  • Windows Server 2003 網域功能層級Windows Server 2003 domain functional level

  • Windows Server 2003 森林功能層級Windows Server 2003 forest functional level

功能層級,讓您選擇加入新的 Windows Server 2008 R2 樹系的 Windows Server 2003 根據網域控制站的設定,這些預設的層級。Functional levels are set at these default levels to give you the option of adding Windows Server 2003-based domain controllers to your new Windows Server 2008 R2 forest. 建立網域森林根之後,您新增到 Windows Server 2008 R2 的樹系的每個網域網域功能層級是以 Windows Server 2003 設定。After you create a forest root domain, the domain functional level for each domain that you add to the Windows Server 2008 R2 forest is set to Windows Server 2003. 不過,若要所有網域控制站在您執行 Windows Server 2008 R2 的新 Windows Server 2008 R2 環境中,為的樹系功能的層級,然後網域功能層級,當您安裝的第一個網域控制站在您的樹系 Windows Server 2008 R2。However, if you want all domain controllers in your new Windows Server 2008 R2 environment to run Windows Server 2008 R2 , set the forest functional level, and then the domain functional level, to Windows Server 2008 R2 when you install the first domain controller in your forest. 如此一來節省時間,並讓所有的樹系層級和網域層級功能在 Windows Server 2008 R2。Doing this saves time and enables all forest-level and domain-level features in Windows Server 2008 R2 .

重要

如果在 Windows Server 2008 R2 功能層級的樹系運作,且您嘗試安裝在 Windows Server 2008 的 Active Directory-根據或 Windows Server 2003 成員 server 或 Windows 2000 的成員,伺服器上安裝失敗。If the forest operates at the Windows Server 2008 R2 functional level and you attempt to install Active Directory on a Windows Server 2008 -based or Windows Server 2003-based member server, or on a Windows 2000-based member server, the installation fails.

如需有關引發樹系和網域功能層級,以及程序,才能執行這些工作,查看部署 Windows Server 2008 森林根網域 [LH]For more information about raising forest and domain functional levels, and for procedures to perform those tasks, see Deploying a Windows Server 2008 Forest Root Domain [LH].

注意

雖然 ADMT v3.1 必須安裝在 Windows Server 2008,您可以使用 ADMT v3.1 網域一或多個 Windows Server 2008 R2 網域控制站主控移轉物件。Although ADMT v3.1 must be installed on Windows Server 2008, you can use ADMT v3.1 to migrate objects to a domain that is hosted by one or more Windows Server 2008 R2 domain controllers. 如需詳細資訊,請查看文章 976659中 「 Microsoft 知識庫 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=180398)。For more information, see article 976659 in the Microsoft Knowledge Base (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=180398).