Microsoft Project HonoluluMicrosoft Project Honolulu

適用於:Windows Server (半年度管道)、Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012 和 Windows 10Applies To: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012 and Windows 10

什麼是 Honolulu?What is Honolulu?

Honolulu 是在本機部署以瀏覽器為基礎的管理工具組,可在沒有任何 Azure 或雲端相依性的情況下用來進行 Windows Server 的內部部署管理。Honolulu is a locally deployed, browser-based, management tool set that enables on-premises administration of Windows Servers with no Azure or cloud dependency. Honolulu 讓 IT 系統管理員完整控制其伺服器基礎結構的各個層面,對於管理未連線至網際網路的私人網路特別有用。Honolulu gives IT Admins full control over all aspects of their Server infrastructure, and is particularly useful for management on private networks that are not connected to the Internet.

Honolulu 是「內建」管理工具 (例如伺服器管理員和 MMC) 的現代化進化。Honolulu is the modern evolution of “in-box" management tools, like Server Manager and MMC. 它是 System Center 和 Operations Management Suite 的補充,而非用來取代這些產品和服務。It is complementary to System Center and Operations Management Suite, and is not intended to replace these products and services.

Honolulu 如何運作?How does Honolulu work?

Honolulu 應用程式在網頁瀏覽器中執行。The Honolulu app runs in a web browser. 應用程式透過可安裝在 Windows Server 2016 或 Windows 10 上的 Honolulu 閘道來管理 Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2 以及 Windows Server 2012 節點。The app manages Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2012 nodes through the Honolulu gateway that you can install on Windows Server 2016 or Windows 10. 閘道透過遠端 PowerShell 和透過 WinRM 的 WMI 來管理伺服器。The gateway manages servers via Remote PowerShell and WMI over WinRM. 應用程式和閘道都從輕量 .msi 套件安裝,您可以從此連結下載該套件:https://aka.ms/HonoluluDownloadThe app and gateway both install from a single lightweight .msi package that you can download from this link: https://aka.ms/HonoluluDownload

發佈網頁伺服器至 DNS 以及設定公司防火牆可讓您從公用網際網路存取 Honolulu,方便您隨處透過 Microsoft Edge 或 Google Chrome 連上並管理您的伺服器 (尚未測試其他瀏覽器的相容性)。Publishing the web server to DNS and setting up the corporate firewall can allow you to access Honolulu from the public internet, enabling you to connect to, and manage, your servers from anywhere with Microsoft Edge or Google Chrome (other browsers' compatibility has not been tested).

Honolulu 的用途為何?What does Honolulu do?

下載 Honolulu Ignite 海報Download the Honolulu Ignite poster

支援的作業系統Supported operating systems

您可以在下列 Windows 作業系統上安裝 Honolulu:You can install Honolulu on the following Windows operating systems:

版本Version 安裝模式Installation Mode
Windows 10Windows 10 桌面模式Desktop mode
Windows Server 版本 1709Windows Server, version 1709 閘道模式Gateway mode
Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016 閘道模式Gateway mode

桌面模式:從安裝 Honolulu 閘道的同一部電腦連線至 Honolulu 閘道 (亦即http://localhost:[port])Desktop Mode: Connect to the Honolulu gateway from the same computer on which it's installed (i.e. http://localhost:[port])

閘道模式:從不同電腦的用戶端瀏覽器連線至 Honolulu 閘道 (亦即https://servername)Gateway Mode: Connect to the Honolulu gateway from a client browser on a different machine (i.e. https://servername)

您可以使用 Honolulu 管理下列 Windows 作業系統 :You can use Honolulu to manage the following Windows operating systems:

版本Version 受管理節點 (透過伺服器管理員)Managed node via Server Manager 受管理叢集 (透過容錯移轉叢集管理員)Managed cluster via Failover Cluster Mgr 受管理 HCI 叢集 (透過 HC 叢集管理員 (早期預覽))Managed HCI cluster via HC Cluster Mgr (early preview)
Windows Server 版本 1709Windows Server, version 1709 Yes Yes 是,測試人員組建Yes, on Insider builds
Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016 Yes Yes 未來Future
Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2 Yes Yes N/A
Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012 Yes Yes N/A

注意

Honolulu 需要 Windows Server 2012 和 2012 R2 未隨附的 PowerShell 功能。Honolulu requires PowerShell features that are not included in Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2. 如果您將會使用 Honolulu 管理 Windows Server 2012 或 2012 R2,您會需要在這些伺服器上安裝 Windows Management Framework (WMF) 5.0 或更高版本。If you will manage Windows Server 2012 or 2012 R2 with Honolulu, you will need to install Windows Management Framework (WMF) version 5.0 or higher on those servers.

在 PowerShell 中輸入 $PSVersiontable,確認已安裝 WMF 且版本是 5.0 或更高版本。Type $PSVersiontable in PowerShell to verify that WMF is installed, and that the version is 5.0 or higher.

如果尚未安裝,您可以下載 WMF 5.1If it is not installed, you can download WMF 5.1.

部署選項Deployment options

權限的運作方式How permissions work

在 Windows 10 上安裝 Honolulu 時,您可以從 [開始] 功能表[系統匣] 開啟應用程式。When you install Honolulu on Windows 10, you'll be able to open the app from the Start Menu or the System Tray. 使用者介面將在瀏覽器中開啟並使用您的登入使用者帳戶進行驗證,這些認證會傳遞以連線至受管理 Windows Server 節點。The user interface will open in a browser and you'll be authenticated with your logged-in user account, and those credentials will pass through to connect to managed Windows Server nodes.

在 Windows Server 上,Honolulu 會啟動網路服務,接聽您在安裝期間指定的連接埠。On Windows Server, Honolulu starts a network service that listens on the port you specify during installation. 可以透過網頁瀏覽器存取連接埠以及有權登入閘道機器的任何使用者,都能開啟應用程式。Any user who has access to the port with a web browser, and rights to log on to the gateway machine, can open the app. 但是,因為應用程式是以網路服務的權限執行,所以您需要在伺服器上設定某種形式的 Kerberos 委派以取得單一登入體驗。But since the app is running with the permissions of a network service, you will need to configure some form of Kerberos delegation on the server to get a single sign-on experience. 需要信任 Honolulu 閘道機器,才能將它委派給目標節點。The Honolulu Gateway machine will need to be trusted to delegate to the target node.