部署 BranchCache 裝載快取模式Deploy BranchCache Hosted Cache Mode

適用於:Windows Server(以每年次管道)、Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

Windows Server 2016 核心網路指南指示計畫和部署所需的正常運作的網路,以及新的 Active Directory 核心元件®在新的樹系的網域。The Windows Server 2016 Core Network Guide provides instructions for planning and deploying the core components required for a fully functioning network and a new Active Directory® domain in a new forest.

本指南如何提供部署 BranchCache 一或多個位置 client 的電腦執行 Windows 的 Read-Only 網域控制站分公司裝載快取模式中的指示核心網路上建置®10、Windows 8.1 或 Windows 8,並加入網域。This guide explains how to build on the core network by providing instructions for deploying BranchCache in hosted cache mode in one or more branch offices with a Read-Only Domain Controller where client computers are running Windows® 10, Windows 8.1, or Windows 8, and are joined to the domain.

重要

如果您打算部署,或在已部署執行的 Windows Server 2008 R2 的 BranchCache 裝載快取伺服器請勿使用本指南。Do not use this guide if you are planning to deploy or have already deployed a BranchCache hosted cache server that is running Windows Server 2008 R2. 本指南部署裝載快取模式與 Windows server 裝載快取伺服器的指示®2016、Windows Server 2012 R2 或 Windows Server 2012。This guide provides instructions for deploying hosted cache mode with a hosted cache server that is running Windows Server® 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, or Windows Server 2012.

本指南包含下列各節。This guide contains the following sections.

必要條件使用本指南Prerequisites for using this guide

這是 Windows Server 2016 核心網路指南小幫手指南。This is a companion guide to the Windows Server 2016 Core Network Guide. 若要部署 BranchCache 裝載快取本指南使用的模式,您必須先執行動作。To deploy BranchCache in hosted cache mode with this guide, you must first do the following.

  • 使用核心網路節目表部署中主要辦公室核心網路或已經有技術核心網路指南提供安裝及網路上正確運作。Deploy a core network in your main office by using the Core Network Guide, or already have the technologies provided in the Core Network Guide installed and functioning correctly on your network. 這些技術包括 TCP\ 日 IP v4,DHCP、Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS),以及 DNS。These technologies include TCP/IP v4, DHCP, Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), and DNS.

    注意

    Windows Server 2016核心網路指南Windows Server 2016 技術文件庫中可使用。The Windows Server 2016 Core Network Guide is available in the Windows Server 2016 Technical Library.

  • 部署 BranchCache 內容伺服器執行 Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2 或 Windows Server 2012 中主要辦公室或雲端的資料中心。Deploy BranchCache content servers that are running Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, or Windows Server 2012 in your main office or in a cloud data center. 如需如何部署 BranchCache 內容伺服器的資訊,請其他資源For information on how to deploy BranchCache content servers, see Additional Resources.

  • 建立您的分支 office,您的主要辦公室之間的寬形區域網路 (WAN) 連接,必要時,您的雲端資源,利用 virtual 私人網路 (VPN)、DirectAccess 或其他連接方法。Establish wide area network (WAN) connections between your branch office, your main office and, if appropriate, your Cloud resources, by using a virtual private network (VPN), DirectAccess, or other connection method.

  • 部署您分公司 client 電腦執行其中一項下列作業系統,提供 BranchCache 背景聰明傳輸服務(位元)、超文字傳輸通訊協定 (HTTP),以及伺服器訊息區 (SMB) 的支援。Deploy client computers in your branch office that are running one of the following operating systems, which provide BranchCache with support for Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS), Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and Server Message Block (SMB).

    • Windows 10 企業版Windows 10 Enterprise
    • Windows 10 教育版Windows 10 Education
    • Windows 8.1 企業版Windows 8.1 Enterprise
    • Windows 8 企業版Windows 8 Enterprise

注意

在下列作業系統中,BranchCache 不支援 HTTP 和 SMB 功能,但支援 BranchCache 位元的功能。In the following operating systems, BranchCache does not support HTTP and SMB functionality, but does support BranchCache BITS functionality.

  • Windows 10 專業版、位元支援只Windows 10 Pro, BITS support only
  • Windows 8.1 專業版,位元支援只Windows 8.1 Pro, BITS support only
  • Windows 8 專業版、位元支援只Windows 8 Pro, BITS support only

有關本指南About this guide

已有的 Windows Server 2016 核心網路指南或 Windows Server 2012 核心網路節目表中的指示來部署核心網路,網路和系統管理員或先前已部署包括 Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) 網域名稱服務 (DNS)、動態主機設定通訊協定 (DHCP) 核心網路節目表中包含技術的人的設計目的是本指南並 TCP\ 日 IP v4。This guide is designed for network and system administrators who have followed the instructions in the Windows Server 2016 Core Network Guide or Windows Server 2012 Core Network Guide to deploy a core network, or for those who have previously deployed the technologies included in the Core Network Guide, including Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), Domain Name Service (DNS), Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), and TCP/IP v4.

您檢視的每一種技術,此部署案例中所使用的設計和部署指南至於。It is recommended that you review the design and deployment guides for each of the technologies that are used in this deployment scenario. 這些指南可協助您判斷這個部署案例提供服務和設定,您需要針對您組織的網路。These guides can help you determine whether this deployment scenario provides the services and configuration that you need for your organization's network.

未提供哪些本指南What this guide does not provide

本指南不提供概念 BranchCache,包括 BranchCache 模式和功能的相關資訊的資訊。This guide does not provide conceptual information about BranchCache, including information about BranchCache modes and capabilities.

本指南不提供了解如何部署 WAN 連接或其他技術分公司例如 DHCP、RODC 或 VPN 伺服器的資訊。This guide does not provide information about how to deploy WAN connections or other technologies in your branch office, such as DHCP, a RODC, or a VPN server.

此外,此指南不提供部署裝載快取伺服器時,您應該使用的硬體上指導方針。In addition, this guide does not provide guidance on the hardware you should use when you deploy a hosted cache server. 也可在您裝載快取的伺服器,但是您必須先判斷,根據工作負載、硬體功能,以及新的 office 大小、是否將特定電腦上安裝 BranchCache 裝載快取伺服器和多少快取配置的磁碟空間執行其他服務和應用程式。It is possible to run other services and applications on your hosted cache server, however you must make the determination, based on workload, hardware capabilities, and branch office size, whether to install BranchCache hosted cache server on a particular computer, and how much disk space to allocate for the cache.
本指南不提供如何設定執行 Windows 7 的電腦的指示操作。This guide does not provide instructions for configuring computers that are running Windows 7. 如果您正在執行 Windows 7 的分公司 client 電腦,您必須設定這些使用不同的本指南 client 電腦正在執行 Windows 10、Windows 8.1 和「Windows 8 所提供的程序。If you have client computers that are running Windows 7 in your branch offices, you must configure them using procedures that are different than those provided in this guide for client computers that are running Windows 10, Windows 8.1, and Windows 8.

此外,如果您執行 Windows 7 的電腦,您必須設定裝載快取伺服器伺服器的憑證,來 client 電腦信任的憑證授權單位發行。In addition, if you have computers running Windows 7, you must configure your hosted cache server with a server certificate that is issued by a certification authority that client computers trust. \ (所有 client 電腦執行 Windows 10、Windows 8.1 或 Windows 8,如果您不需要設定裝載快取伺服器伺服器的憑證。)(If all of your client computers are running Windows 10, Windows 8.1, or Windows 8, you do not need to configure the hosted cache server with a server certificate.)

重要

如果您裝載快取的伺服器執行 Windows Server 2008 R2、使用 Windows Server 2008 R2 BranchCache 部署指南而本指南部署 BranchCache 裝載快取模式。If your hosted cache servers are running Windows Server 2008 R2, use the Windows Server 2008 R2 BranchCache Deployment Guide instead of this guide to deploy BranchCache in hosted cache mode. 適用於群組原則設定該要執行的 Windows 版本的 Windows 7 到 Windows 10 的所有 BranchCache 戶端節目表中所述。Apply the Group Policy settings that are described in that guide to all BranchCache clients that are running versions of Windows from Windows 7 to Windows 10. 無法本指南使用的步驟來設定電腦正在執行 Windows Server 2008 R2。Computers that are running Windows Server 2008 R2 cannot be configured by using the steps in this guide.

技術概觀Technology overviews

這個系列指南 BranchCache 是您需要安裝和設定的唯一技術。For this companion guide, BranchCache is the only technology that you need to install and configure. 您必須執行 Windows PowerShell BranchCache 命令內容伺服器,例如網路上的檔案伺服器,不過您不需要變更或重新設定內容伺服器以任何其他方式。You must run Windows PowerShell BranchCache commands on your content servers, such as Web and file servers, however you do not need to change or reconfigure the content servers in any other way. 此外,您必須在您的網域控制站的 Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2 或 Windows Server 2012 上執行 AD DS 使用群組原則設定 client 的電腦。In addition, you must configure client computers by using Group Policy on your domain controllers that are running AD DS on Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, or Windows Server 2012.

BranchCacheBranchCache

BranchCache 是隨附於某些版本的 Windows Server 2016 和 Windows 10 作業系統、以及於某些版本的 Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows 8.1、Windows Server 2012、Windows 8、Windows Server 2008 R2 和 Windows 7 的寬形區域網路 (WAN) 頻寬最佳化技術。BranchCache is a wide area network (WAN) bandwidth optimization technology that is included in some editions of the Windows Server 2016 and Windows 10 operating systems, as well as in some editions of Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows 7.

若要最佳化 WAN 的頻寬,當使用者存取 content 遠端伺服器,BranchCache 下載 client 要求 content 從您的主要辦公室或裝載的雲端內容伺服器並快取 content 在分公司的位置,讓在本機而不是透過 WAN 存取相同 content 分公司其他 client 電腦。To optimize WAN bandwidth when users access content on remote servers, BranchCache downloads client-requested content from your main office or hosted cloud content servers and caches the content at branch office locations, allowing other client computers at branch offices to access the same content locally rather than over the WAN.

當您 BranchCache 部署裝載快取模式時,您必須在分公司設定 client 電腦裝載快取模式戶端,以和您必須再部署分公司裝載快取的伺服器。When you deploy BranchCache in hosted cache mode, you must configure client computers in the branch office as hosted cache mode clients, and then you must deploy a hosted cache server in the branch office. 本指南示範如何部署 prehashed 和預先載入 content 從您的網頁伺服器您裝載快取,並檔案 server\ 型內容伺服器。This guide demonstrates how to deploy your hosted cache server with prehashed and preloaded content from your Web and file server-based content servers.

群組原則Group Policy

Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012 中的群組原則是用來提供及適用於一或多個您想要的設定原則設定目標的使用者和 Active Directory 環境中的電腦的基礎結構。Group Policy in Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2012 is an infrastructure used to deliver and apply one or more desired configurations or policy settings to a set of targeted users and computers within an Active Directory environment.

這個基礎結構包含的群組原則引擎和多 client\ 端的擴充功能 (CSEs) 負責朗讀目標 client 電腦上的原則設定。This infrastructure consists of a Group Policy engine and multiple client-side extensions (CSEs) that are responsible for reading policy settings on target client computers.

群組原則在本案例中用於 BranchCache 裝載快取模式設定的網域成員 client 電腦。Group Policy is used in this scenario to configure domain member client computers with BranchCache hosted cache mode.

若要繼續使用此快速入門,請查看BranchCache 裝載快取模式部署概觀To continue with this guide, see BranchCache Hosted Cache Mode Deployment Overview.