網路功能Networking

適用於:Windows Server(以每年次管道)、Windows Server 2016Applies To: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016

Icon depicting two networked computers 網路屬於基礎軟體定義 Datacenter (SDDC) 平台與 Windows Server 2016 提供新的和已改進軟體定義網路 (SDN) 技術協助您前往您的組織完全實現 SDDC 方案。Networking is a foundational part of the Software Defined Datacenter (SDDC) platform, and Windows Server 2016 provides new and improved Software Defined Networking (SDN) technologies to help you move to a fully realized SDDC solution for your organization.

當您軟體定義資源以管理網路時,您可以一次,描述應用程式的基礎結構需求,然後選擇位置的應用程式-場所或執行在雲端中。When you manage networks as a software defined resource, you can describe an application’s infrastructure requirements one time, and then choose where the application runs - on premises or in the cloud.

一致性與相等自信安全性效能、服務及可用性品質,表示您的應用程式現在的縮放比例,以更輕鬆,順暢,您可以執行的任何位置的應用程式。This consistency means that your applications are now easier to scale, and you can seamlessly run applications - anywhere - with equal confidence about security, performance, quality of service, and availability.

注意

若要下載 Windows 伺服器,查看Windows 伺服器評估To download Windows Server, see Windows Server Evaluations.

Windows Server 2016 中新增下列網路功能新技術:Windows Server 2016 adds the following new networking technologies:

  • 軟體定義網路:Network Controller 提供的集中、程式化點的管理、設定、監視,以及疑難排解 virtual 和實體網路基礎結構,在您的資料中心自動化。Software Defined Networking: Network Controller provides a centralized, programmable point of automation to manage, configure, monitor, and troubleshoot virtual and physical network infrastructure in your datacenter. Network Controller 可讓您使用網路功能模擬,以輕鬆地部署的軟體負載平衡 (SLB) 最佳化您 tenants 的網路流量載入虛擬機器 (VMs) 並提供的連接 tenants RAS 閘道選項他們必須之間網際網路、上 prem,以及雲端資源。Network Controller allows you to use Network Function Virtualization to easily deploy virtual machines (VMs) for Software Load Balancing (SLB) to optimize network traffic loads for your tenants, and RAS Gateways to provide tenants with the connectivity options they need between Internet, on-prem, and cloud resources. 您也可以使用 Network Controller 管理 Datacenter 防火牆 Vm 和 HYPER-V 主機。You can also use Network Controller to manage Datacenter Firewall on VMs and Hyper-V hosts.

  • 網路平台︰ 使用現有的網路平台技術的新功能,您可以使用 DNS 原則自訂您的 DNS 伺服器回應查詢,請使用處理組合遠端直接記憶體存取 (RDMA) 和乙太網路流量的聚合型的 NIC、使用切換 Embedded 小組 (SET) 建立 HYPER-V Virtual 參數連接到 RDMA Nic,並使用 IP 位址管理 (IPAM) 管理 DNS 區域和伺服器以及 DHCP 及 IP 位址。Network Platform: Using new features for existing Network Platform technologies, you can use DNS Policy to customize your DNS server responses to queries, use a converged NIC that handles combined Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) and Ethernet traffic, use Switch Embedded Teaming (SET) to create Hyper-V Virtual Switches connected to RDMA NICs, and use IP Address Management (IPAM) to manage DNS zones and servers as well as DHCP and IP addresses.

如需詳細資訊,請查看Windows 伺服器支援網路案例For more information, see Windows Server Supported Networking Scenarios.

下列章節提供 SDN 技術和網路平台技術的相關資訊。The following sections provide information about SDN technologies and Network Platform technologies.

軟體定義網路技術Software Defined Networking technologies

軟體定義網路與 #40;SDN 與 #41;Software Defined Networking (SDN)

您可以使用本主題以深入了解在 Windows Server、System Center 和 Microsoft Azure 會提供 SDN 技術。You can use this topic to learn about the SDN technologies that are provided in Windows Server, System Center, and Microsoft Azure.

注意

HYPER-V 主機和虛擬機器 (VMs) 執行 SDN 基礎結構伺服器,例如 Network Controller and 軟體負載平衡節點,您必須安裝 Windows Server 2016 Datacenter edition。For Hyper-V hosts and virtual machines (VMs) that run SDN infrastructure servers, such as Network Controller and Software Load Balancing nodes, you must install Windows Server 2016 Datacenter edition. HYPER-V 主機包含只承租人工作負載 Vm 連接 SDN\ 控制網路,您可以執行 Windows Server 2016 Standard edition。For Hyper-V hosts that contain only tenant workload VMs that are connected to SDN-controlled networks, you can run Windows Server 2016 Standard edition.

部署軟體定義網路基礎結構使用指令碼,Deploy a Software Defined Network infrastructure using scripts

本指南使用 virtual 網路和閘道實驗室測試環境中的部署 Network Controller 的方式指示。This guide provides instructions on how to deploy Network Controller with virtual networks and gateways in a test lab environment.

Network ControllerNetwork Controller

Network Controller 提供的集中、程式化點的管理、設定、監視,以及疑難排解 virtual 和實體網路基礎結構,在您的資料中心自動化。Network Controller provides a centralized, programmable point of automation to manage, configure, monitor, and troubleshoot virtual and physical network infrastructure in your datacenter.

軟體負載平衡和 #40;SLB 與 #41;適用於 SDNSoftware Load Balancing (SLB) for SDN

雲端服務提供者 (CSPs) 與要部署的軟體定義網路 (SDN) 在 Windows Server 2016 中的企業可以使用軟體負載平衡 (SLB) 平均散發承租人和承租人客戶網路流量分配 virtual 網路資源。Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) and Enterprises that are deploying Software Defined Networking (SDN) in Windows Server 2016 can use Software Load Balancing (SLB) to evenly distribute tenant and tenant customer network traffic among virtual network resources. Windows Server SLB 可讓伺服器多個主機相同的工作負載,可用性和延展性。The Windows Server SLB enables multiple servers to host the same workload, providing high availability and scalability.

適用於 SDN RAS 閘道RAS Gateway for SDN

RAS 閘道,也就是軟體為基礎,multitenant、Windows Server 2016 中邊境閘道通訊協定 (BGP) 適用的路由器是雲端服務提供者 (CSPs) 和主機多個承租人 virtual 網路使用 HYPER-V 網路模擬針對企業設計。RAS Gateway, which is a software-based, multitenant, Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) capable router in Windows Server 2016, is designed for Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) and Enterprises that host multiple tenant virtual networks using Hyper-V Network Virtualization.

網路功能模擬Network Function Virtualization

軟體定義的資料中心,在網路硬體裝置執行的功能 \(例如負載平衡器、防火牆、路由器、參數和如此 on\)會越來越正在擬化檔案為 virtual 裝置。In software defined datacenters, network functions that are being performed by hardware appliances (such as load balancers, firewalls, routers, switches, and so on) are increasingly being virtualized as virtual appliances. 這「網路功能模擬」是伺服器模擬和網路模擬自然進展。This "network function virtualization" is a natural progression of server virtualization and network virtualization.

Datacenter 防火牆概觀Datacenter Firewall Overview

Datacenter 防火牆是網路層級 5-有序元組通訊協定,來源和目的地的連接埠號碼([來源和目的地的 IP 位址)、狀態、multitenant 防火牆。Datacenter Firewall is a network layer, 5-tuple (protocol, source and destination port numbers, source and destination IP addresses), stateful, multitenant firewall.

網路技術Networking Technologies

下表中提供一些在 Windows Server 2016 的網路技術的連結。The following table provides links to some of the networking technologies in Windows Server 2016.

網路中的新功能What's New in Networking

您可以使用下列的區段以探索新的網路技術和 Windows Server 2016 中的現有技術的新功能。You can use the following sections to discover new networking technologies and new features for existing technologies in Windows Server 2016.

BranchCacheBranchCache

BranchCache 是寬區域網路 (WAN) 頻寬最佳化技術。BranchCache is a wide area network (WAN) bandwidth optimization technology. 若要最佳化 WAN 的頻寬,當使用者存取 content 遠端伺服器上的,BranchCache 從您的主要辦公室擷取 content 或裝載的雲端內容伺服器和快取 content 分公司的位置,在電腦本機而不是透過 WAN 存取 content 分公司允許 client。To optimize WAN bandwidth when users access content on remote servers, BranchCache fetches content from your main office or hosted cloud content servers and caches the content at branch office locations, allowing client computers at branch offices to access the content locally rather than over the WAN.

Windows Server 2016 核心網路指南Core Network Guide for Windows Server 2016

了解如何部署 Windows Server Core 網路節目表與網路,以及將功能新增至您的網路部署核心網路小幫手指南使用。Learn how to deploy a Windows Server network with the Core Network Guide, as well as add features to your network deployment with Core Network Companion Guides.

DirectAccessDirectAccess

DirectAccess 可讓遠端使用者的組織網路資源連接。DirectAccess allows connectivity for remote users to organization network resources.

DirectAccess 文件,現在已位於存取和 server 的遠端管理Windows Server 2016 目錄的區段,在遠端存取DirectAccess documentation is now located in the Remote access and server management section of the Windows Server 2016 table of contents, under Remote Access. 如需詳細資訊,請查看DirectAccessFor more information, see DirectAccess.

網域名稱系統與 #40; DNS 和 #41;Domain Name System (DNS)

網域名稱系統 (DNS) 是業界標準系列通訊協定構成 TCP/IP,並在一起 DNS Client 和 DNS 伺服器提供電腦名稱 TO-IP 位址對應名稱解析度服務到電腦和使用者。Domain Name System (DNS) is one of the industry-standard suite of protocols that comprise TCP/IP, and together the DNS Client and DNS Server provide computer name-to-IP address mapping name resolution services to computers and users.

動態主機設定通訊協定與 #40; DHCP 和 #41;Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)

動態主機設定通訊協定 (DHCP) 是,自動 IP 位址和其他設定的相關的資訊,例如子網路遮罩及 [預設閘道提供網際網路通訊協定 (IP) 主機 client 日伺服器通訊協定。Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a client/server protocol that automatically provides an Internet Protocol (IP) host with its IP address and other related configuration information, such as the subnet mask and default gateway.

HYPER-V 網路模擬Hyper-V Network Virtualization

HYPER-V 網路模擬 (HNV) 可模擬的客戶網路共用實體網路基礎結構上方。Hyper-V Network Virtualization (HNV) enables virtualization of customer networks on top of a shared physical network infrastructure.

HYPER-V Virtual 開關切換至Hyper-V Virtual Switch

HYPER-V Virtual 切換是軟體層級 2 乙太網路切換,當您安裝 HYPER-V 伺服器角色是提供 HYPER-V 管理員。The Hyper-V Virtual Switch is a software-based layer-2 Ethernet network switch that is available in Hyper-V Manager when you install the Hyper-V server role. 切換包含程式受管理和延伸虛擬電腦連接到 virtual 網路和實體網路功能。The switch includes programmatically managed and extensible capabilities to connect virtual machines to both virtual networks and the physical network. 此外,HYPER-V Virtual 切換提供原則執法的安全性、隔離與服務層級。In addition, Hyper-V Virtual Switch provides policy enforcement for security, isolation, and service levels.

HYPER-V Virtual 切換文件,現在已位於模擬Windows Server 2016 目錄的區段。Hyper-V Virtual Switch documentation is now located in the Virtualization section of the Windows Server 2016 table of contents. 如需詳細資訊,請查看HYPER-V Virtual 切換For more information, see Hyper-V Virtual Switch.

IP 位址管理與 #40; IPAM 和 #41;IP Address Management (IPAM)

IP 位址管理 (IPAM) 是整合的套件的工具,可讓端點-規劃、部署、管理及監視您的 IP 位址基礎結構,豐富的使用者體驗。IP Address Management (IPAM) is an integrated suite of tools to enable end-to-end planning, deploying, managing and monitoring of your IP address infrastructure, with a rich user experience. 自動 IPAM 探索 IP 位址基礎結構伺服器和您網路上的網域名稱系統 (DNS) 伺服器,並讓您可以管理他們的中央介面。IPAM automatically discovers IP address infrastructure servers and Domain Name System (DNS) servers on your network and enables you to manage them from a central interface.

網路負載平衡Network Load Balancing

網路負載平衡 (NLB) 將流量分配使用 TCP/IP 網路通訊協定的幾個伺服器。Network Load Balancing (NLB) distributes traffic across several servers using the TCP/IP networking protocol. 對於非 SDN 部署,NLB 可確保無應用程式,例如執行 (IIS) 的網頁伺服器可調整新增載入增加更多的伺服器。For non-SDN deployments, NLB ensures that stateless applications, such as Web servers running Internet Information Services (IIS), are scalable by adding more servers as the load increases.

網路承載和最佳化技術Network Offload and Optimization Technologies

Windows Server 2016 中的網路承載和最佳化技術包含軟體僅(,)的功能和技術的軟體和硬體 (SH) 整合的功能和技術,和硬體只(哈)的功能和技術。Network offload and optimization technologies in Windows Server 2016 include Software Only (SO) features and technologies, Software and Hardware (SH) integrated features and technologies, and Hardware Only (HO) features and technologies.

下列承載和最佳化技術文件,還有。The following offload and optimization technology documentation is also available.

網路原則伺服器Network Policy Server

網路原則 Server (NPS) 可讓您建立並執行適用於連接要求驗證與授權全組織網路存取原則。Network Policy Server (NPS) allows you to create and enforce organization-wide network access policies for connection request authentication and authorization.

網路 Shell (Netsh)Network Shell (Netsh)

您可以使用 [網路介面 (netsh) 網路公用來管理 Windows Server 2016 和 Windows 10 中的網路技術。You can use the Network Shell (netsh) networking utility to manage networking technologies in Windows Server 2016 and Windows 10.

網路效能子系統調整Network Subsystem Performance Tuning

本主題提供選擇伺服器的工作負載的網路介面卡的相關資訊、排序網路介面計數器相關的效能,並調整網路介面卡效能相關網路的技術,例如接收端縮放比例 (RSS)、收到側邊聯合 (RSC),及其他網路。This topic provides information about choosing the right network adapter for your server workload, ordering network interfaces, network related performance counters, and performance tuning network adapters and related networking technologies, such as Receive Side Scaling (RSS), Receive Side Coalescing (RSC), and others.

NIC 小組NIC Teaming

NIC 小組可讓您一或多個軟體 virtual 網路介面卡插入群組實體乙太網路卡。NIC Teaming allows you to group physical Ethernet network adapters into one or more software-based virtual network adapters. 這些 virtual 網路介面卡提供快的效能與網路介面卡失敗容錯。These virtual network adapters provide fast performance and fault tolerance in the event of a network adapter failure.

品質的服務 (QoS) 原則Quality of Service (QoS) Policy

您可以使用 QoS 原則的網路頻寬管理的中心點整體 Active Directory 基礎結構建立 QoS 設定檔,視訊光碟使用群組原則設定。You can use QoS Policy as a central point of network bandwidth management across your entire Active Directory infrastructure by creating QoS profiles, whose settings are distributed with Group Policy.

遠端存取Remote Access

您可以使用遠端存取的技術,例如 DirectAccess 並虛擬私人網路 (VPN) 提供連絡資源來連接遠端工作人員。You can use Remote Access technologies, such as DirectAccess and Virtual Private Networking (VPN) to provide remote workers with connectivity to internal network resources. 此外,您可以使用遠端存取的區域網路 (LAN) 路由和 Web 應用程式 Proxy。In addition, you can use Remote Access for local area network (LAN) routing, and for Web Application Proxy. Web 應用程式在您的企業網路,讓使用者以外的公司網路存取的任何裝置上提供反向 proxy 功能。which provides reverse proxy functionality for web applications inside your corporate network to allow users on any device to access them from outside the corporate network.

遠端存取文件,現在已位於存取和 server 的遠端管理Windows Server 2016 目錄的區段。Remote Access documentation is now located in the Remote access and server management section of the Windows Server 2016 table of contents. 如需詳細資訊,請查看遠端存取For more information, see Remote Access.

如需有關 Web 應用程式 Proxy 是以角色遠端存取伺服器角色的服務,請查看在 Windows Server 2016 Web 應用程式 ProxyFor more information about Web Application Proxy, which is a role service of the Remote Access server role, see Web Application Proxy in Windows Server 2016.

Virtual 私人網路 (VPN)Virtual Private Networking (VPN)

Windows Server 2016 中DirectAccess 和 VPN是以角色服務的遠端存取伺服器角色。In Windows Server 2016, DirectAccess and VPN is a role service of the Remote Access server role.

當您安裝遠端存取為 VPN 伺服器時,您可以使用 Virtual 私人網路 (VPN) 同時也會維持加密連接的資訊隱私透過網際網路-提供您遠端員工連接到您的公司網路。When you install Remote Access as a VPN server, you can use Virtual Private Networking (VPN) to provide your remote employees with connections to your organization network across the Internet - while also maintaining information privacy with encrypted connections.

您現在可以與 Windows Server 2016 遠端存取 VPN-Windows 10 client 電腦-部署隨時在 VPN。With Windows Server 2016 Remote Access VPN - and Windows 10 client computers - you can now deploy Always On VPN. 隨時的 VPN 可讓您管理遠端 VPN 戶端永遠連接,同時提供方便的遠端背景工作,不需要手動連接到和中斷連接的 VPN 您組織的網路。Always On VPN gives you the ability to manage remote VPN clients that are always connected, while also providing convenience for remote workers, who no longer need to manually connect to and disconnect from VPN to your organization network.

如需詳細資訊,請查看遠端存取永遠上 VPN 部署節目表適用於 Windows Server 2016 和 Windows 10For more information, see Remote Access Always On VPN Deployment Guide for Windows Server 2016 and Windows 10.

注意

VPN 文件,現在已位於存取和 server 的遠端管理Windows Server 2016 目錄的區段,在遠端存取VPN documentation is now located in the Remote access and server management section of the Windows Server 2016 table of contents, under Remote Access.

如需 VPN 的詳細資訊,請查看Virtual 私人網路 (VPN)For more information about VPN, see Virtual Private Networking (VPN).

Windows 容器網路功能Windows Container Networking

Windows 容器網路功能可讓您建立和管理連接容器端點上的 Windows 10 和 Windows Server 主機的網路使用業界標準工具和工作流程。Windows Container Networking allows you to create and manage networks for connecting container endpoints on both Windows 10 and Windows Server hosts by using standard industry tools and workflows. Windows 容器的網路支援多拓撲,包括私人、平面-L2,以及傳送 L3。Windows container networks support multiple topologies, including private, flat-L2, and routed-L3.

也支援是重疊,您可以在本機主機上使用 Docker、Kubernetes 或建立 Windows PowerShell 透過與 Windows 主機網路服務 (HNS) 通訊的增益集。Also supported are overlays that you can create locally on the host by using Docker, Kubernetes, or Windows PowerShell through plugins that communicate with the Windows Host Networking Service (HNS). 您可以建立及管理 multi\ 節點叢集網路透過較高的層級協調流程系統透過每個節點的 HNS 本機代理通訊。You can create and manage multi-node cluster networks through higher level orchestration systems by communicating through a local agent to each node’s HNS.

Windows 網際網路名稱服務」(WINS)Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)

Windows 網際網路名稱服務」(WINS) 是舊版的電腦名稱登記和解析度服務電腦 NetBIOS 名稱地圖的 IP 位址。Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) is a legacy computer name registration and resolution service that maps computer NetBIOS names to IP addresses. 建議使用 DNS 透過使用 WINS。Using DNS is recommended over using WINS.

其他資源Additional Resources

網路資源,取得 Windows Server 2016 都可在下列位置之前作業系統。Networking resources for operating systems earlier than Windows Server 2016 are available at the following locations.