軟體定義網路技術Software Defined Networking Technologies

適用於:Windows Server(以每年次管道)、Windows Server 2016Applies To: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016

在本區段中主題提供概觀和隨附於 Windows Server 2016 的軟體定義網路技術的相關技術的資訊。The topics in this section provide overview and technical information about the Software Defined Networking technologies that are included in Windows Server 2016.

有許多的技術,建立的 Microsoft 軟體定義網路 (SDN) 方案,包括:There are many technologies that work together to create Microsoft's Software Defined Networking (SDN) solutions, including the following:

  • 邊境閘道通訊協定與 #40;BGP 和 #41;Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

    設定 Windows Server 2016 遠端存取服務 (RAS) 閘道,邊境閘道通訊協定 (BGP) 提供您管理您 tenants' VM 網路與他們遠端網站間網路流量的路由的能力。When configured on a Windows Server 2016 Remote Access Service (RAS) Gateway, Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) provides you with the ability to manage the routing of network traffic between your tenants' VM networks and their remote sites. BGP 減少需要手動路由路由器設定,因為它是動態路由通訊協定,並自動學習所使用的網站 VPN 連接連接之間的路徑。BGP reduces the need for manual route configuration on routers because it is a dynamic routing protocol, and automatically learns routes between sites that are connected by using site-to-site VPN connections.

  • Datacenter 防火牆概觀Datacenter Firewall Overview

    Datacenter 防火牆是與 Windows Server 2016 包含新的服務。Datacenter Firewall is a new service included with Windows Server 2016. 它是網路層級 5-有序元組通訊協定,來源和目的地的連接埠號碼([來源和目的地的 IP 位址)、狀態、multitenant 防火牆。It is a network layer, 5-tuple (protocol, source and destination port numbers, source and destination IP addresses), stateful, multitenant firewall. 當部署,即服務提供者服務提供承租人系統管理員可以安裝,並設定防火牆原則,以協助保護其 virtual 垃圾流量來自網際網路的網路及內部網路。When deployed and offered as a service by the service provider, tenant administrators can install and configure firewall policies to help protect their virtual networks from unwanted traffic originating from Internet and intranet networks.

  • HYPER-V 網路模擬Hyper-V Network Virtualization

    HYPER-V 網路模擬 (HNV) 可模擬的客戶網路共用實體網路基礎結構上方。Hyper-V Network Virtualization (HNV) enables virtualization of customer networks on top of a shared physical network infrastructure.

  • 內部 DNS 服務與 #40; Idn 和 #41;適用於 SDNInternal DNS Service (iDNS) for SDN

    裝載的虛擬機器 (VMs) 和應用程式需要 DNS 通訊在自己的網路和網際網路上的外部資源。Hosted virtual machines (VMs) and applications require DNS to communicate within their own networks and with external resources on the Internet. 與 Idn,您可以使用 DNS 名稱解析服務提供 tenants 其名稱隔離的本機空間,以及網際網路資源。With iDNS, you can provide tenants with DNS name resolution services for their isolated, local name space and for Internet resources.

  • Network ControllerNetwork Controller

    網路控制器提供的集中、 程式化點的管理、 設定、 監視,以及疑難排解 virtual 和實體網路基礎結構,在您的資料中心自動化。The network controller provides a centralized, programmable point of automation to manage, configure, monitor, and troubleshoot virtual and physical network infrastructure in your datacenter.

  • 網路功能模擬Network Function Virtualization

    藉由硬體裝置 (例如負載平衡器、 防火牆、 路由器、 參數,等等) 執行網路功能的越來越正在擬化檔案為 virtual 裝置。Network functions that are being performed by hardware appliances (such as load balancers, firewalls, routers, switches, and so on) are increasingly being virtualized as virtual appliances.

    網路、 參數,閘道、 Nat、 負載平衡器、 和防火牆,Microsoft 已擬化檔案。Microsoft has virtualized networks, switches, gateways, NATs, load balancers, and firewalls.

  • 適用於 SDN RAS 閘道RAS Gateway for SDN

    RAS 閘道為軟體,multitenant,邊境閘道通訊協定 (BGP) 可路由器專為雲端服務提供者 (Csp) 和主機多個承租人 virtual 網路使用 HYPER-V 網路模擬針對企業設計的 Windows Server 2016 中。RAS Gateway is a software-based, multitenant, Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) capable router in Windows Server 2016 that is designed for Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) and Enterprises that host multiple tenant virtual networks using Hyper-V Network Virtualization.

  • 遠端直接記憶體存取和 #40;RDMA 與 #41;切換 Embedded 小組與 #40; 以及設定與 #41;Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) and Switch Embedded Teaming (SET)

    您可以使用的聚合型的 NIC 結合 RDMA 和乙太網路流量使用單一網路介面卡。You can use a converged NIC to combine both RDMA and Ethernet traffic using a single network adapter. 聚合型的而可讓您的單一網路介面卡用於管理,遠端直接記憶體存取 RDMA 式存放裝置及承租人傳輸。The converged NIC allows you to use a single network adapter for management, Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA)-enabled storage, and tenant traffic. 這樣可以降低相關聯的資料中心的每個伺服器大寫費用,因為您需要管理不同類型的資料傳輸每個伺服器較少的網路介面卡。This reduces the capital expenditures that are associated with each server in your datacenter, because you need fewer network adapters to manage different types of traffic per server.

    設定為 HYPER-V Virtual 切換中整合的小組 NIC 方案。SET is a NIC Teaming solution that is integrated in the Hyper-V Virtual Switch. 設定可讓成單一設定團隊,這可以改善可用性和提供容錯移轉的最多按的實體 NIC 小組。SET allows the teaming of up to eight physical NICS into a single SET team, which improves availability and provides failover. 您可以在 Windows Server 2016 建立會限制使用 RDMA 伺服器訊息區 (SMB) 的設定團隊。In Windows Server 2016, you can create SET teams that are restricted to the use of Server Message Block (SMB) and RDMA.

  • 軟體負載平衡和 #40;SLB 與 #41;適用於 SDNSoftware Load Balancing (SLB) for SDN

    雲端服務提供者 (Csp) 與要部署的軟體定義網路 (SDN) 在 Windows Server 2016 中的企業可以使用軟體負載平衡 (SLB) 平均散發承租人和承租人客戶網路流量分配 virtual 網路資源。Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) and Enterprises that are deploying Software Defined Networking (SDN) in Windows Server 2016 can use Software Load Balancing (SLB) to evenly distribute tenant and tenant customer network traffic among virtual network resources. Windows Server SLB 可讓伺服器多個主機相同的工作負載,可用性和延展性。The Windows Server SLB enables multiple servers to host the same workload, providing high availability and scalability.

  • System Center **您可以使用 System Center 2016 一樣 Manager (VMM) 和 Operations Manager 部署與管理 SDN 基礎結構,包括網路控制器、 軟體負載平衡器、 和閘道。System Center** You can use System Center 2016 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) and Operations Manager to deploy and manage the SDN infrastructure, including network controllers, software load balancers, and gateways. 您也可以使用 VMM 集中定義控制 virtual 的網路原則並連結到您的應用程式或工作負載的原則。You can also use VMM to centrally define and control virtual network policies and link the policies to your applications or workloads.

  • Windows 容器Windows Containers

    Windows Server 容器是用來與其他服務的容器主機上執行分開應用程式或服務的輕量型作業系統模擬方法。Windows Server Containers are a lightweight operating system virtualization method used to separate applications or services from other services that are running on the same container host. 若要於此,每個容器會有自己的作業系統,程序,檔案系統、登錄和 IP 位址的檢視。To enable this, each container has its own view of the operating system, processes, file system, registry, and IP addresses. 與 Windows Server 2016,您現在可以連接 Windows Server 容器 virtual 網路。With Windows Server 2016, you can now connect Windows Server containers to virtual networks. Windows 容器功能類似虛擬電腦中的網路。Windows containers function similarly to virtual machines in regards to networking. 每個容器有 virtual 網路介面卡是連接到 virtual 切換,輸入 / 輸出流量轉送所。Each container has a virtual network adapter that is connected to a virtual switch, over which inbound and outbound traffic is forwarded. 若要執行的容器主機上之間隔離,網路區間是每個 Windows Server 和建立 HYPER-V 容器容器的網路介面卡已安裝的。To enforce isolation between containers on the same host, a network compartment is created for each Windows Server and Hyper-V Container into which the network adapter for the container is installed. Windows Server 容器使用主機但 vNIC 附加至 virtual 切換。Windows Server containers use a Host vNIC to attach to the virtual switch. HYPER-V 容器使用(不的公用程式 vm 公開)合成 VM NIC 附加至 virtual 切換。Hyper-V Containers use a Synthetic VM NIC (not exposed to the Utility VM) to attach to the virtual switch.