網路承載和最佳化技術Network Offload and Optimization Technologies

適用於:Windows Server(以每年次管道)、Windows Server 2016Applies To: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016

您可以使用本主題的技術網路卸載和最佳化,可在 Windows Server 2016 的簡短的概觀。You can use this topic for a brief overview of Network Offload and Optimization technologies that are available in Windows Server 2016.

注意

本主題中,除了下列網路卸載和最佳化技術文件會提供。In addition to this topic, the following Network Offload and Optimization Technologies documentation is available.

本指南卸載網路與 Windows Server 2016 最佳化技術現在已可供下載 Word 格式 TechNet 主題館的每個技術和功能,本主題中所提到提供額外的詳細資料並將告訴您如何這些功能,協助讓網路更有效率。The guide Network Offload and Optimization Technologies in Windows Server 2016 is now available for download in Word format from TechNet Gallery and provides additional detail on each technology and feature mentioned in this topic, and discusses how these features help make networking more efficient.

這些技術包括軟體只(...)的功能和技術,軟體和硬體 (SH) 整合的功能和技術,和硬體只(哈)的功能和技術。These technologies include Software Only (SO) features and technologies, Software and Hardware (SH) integrated features and technologies, and Hardware Only (HO) features and technologies.

重要

讓的功能和技術可在所有硬體架構,無論 NIC 速度或 NIC 能力,同時 SH 和嘿的功能都可使用的功能或技術支援,您的網路介面卡,才。SO features and technologies are available in all hardware architectures, regardless of NIC speed or NIC capabilities, while SH and HO features are available only when the features or technologies are supported by your network adapter.

以下是詳細資料等等,SH,並哈功能和技術,可在 Windows Server 2016。Following are details on the SO, SH, and HO features and technologies that are available in Windows Server 2016.

只有(...)軟體的功能和技術Software Only (SO) features and technologies

下列讓功能和技術可在 Windows Server 2016 和所述網路卸載和最佳化技術指南。The following SO features and technologies are available in Windows Server 2016 and are documented in the Network Offload and Optimization Technologies guide.

  • 存取控制清單 (ACLs)Access Control Lists (ACLs). 存取控制清單是 HYPER-V 和軟體所定義網路 (SDN) 第 1 版 (v1) 功能的管理 VM 的安全性。Access Control Lists are a Hyper-V and Software Defined Networking (SDN) version 1 (v1) feature for managing security for a VM.
  • 延伸 AclExtended ACLs. HYPER-V Virtual 切換延伸 Acl 可讓您設定的 HYPER-V Virtual 切換擴充連接埠存取控制清單防火牆防護和承租人虛擬機器 (VMs) 資料中心中的執行的安全性原則。Hyper-V Virtual Switch extended ACLs enable you to configure the Hyper-V Virtual Switch Extended Port Access Control Lists to provide firewall protection and enforce security policies for the tenant Virtual Machines (VMs) in datacenters. 如擴充連接埠存取控制清單此程式庫中相關資訊,請查看建立的延伸連接埠存取控制清單的安全性原則For information about Extended Port Access Control Lists in this library, see Create Security Policies with Extended Port Access Control Lists.
  • NIC 小組NIC Teaming. NIC 小組是彙總的多個 NIC 連接埠插入實體主機感知為單一 NIC 連接埠。NIC Teaming is the aggregation of multiple NIC ports into an entity the host perceives as a single NIC port. 這提供失敗的單一 NIC 連接埠保護 \(或已連接到 it\ 電纜)。This provides protection against the failure of a single NIC port (or the cable that is connected to it). 它也彙總網路流量的輸送。It also aggregates network traffic for faster throughput. 如 NIC 小組此程式庫中相關資訊,請查看NIC 小組For information about NIC Teaming in this library, see NIC Teaming.
  • 軟體定義網路 (SDN) AclSoftware Defined Networking (SDN) ACLs. Windows Server 2016 中 SDN 擴充功能有新的改進支援 Acl 方式。The SDN-extension in Windows Server 2016 has a new, improved way to support ACLs. 在 Windows Server 2016 SDN v2 堆疊,而不是 Acl 和延伸 Acl 使用 SDN Acl。In the Windows Server 2016 SDN v2 stack, SDN ACLs are used instead of ACLs and Extended ACLs. 您可以使用 Network Controller 管理 SDN Acl。You can use Network Controller to manage SDN ACLs.
  • 服務 (QoS) SDN 品質SDN Quality of Service (QoS). SDN 擴充功能在 Windows Server 2016 中的有新的改進的方式提供頻寬控制 \(輸出晚餐、出口限制,並輸入 limits\)5-tuple 為基礎。The SDN extension in Windows Server 2016 has a new, improved way to provide bandwidth control (egress reservations, egress limits, and ingress limits) on a 5-tuple basis. 通常這些原則已經套用在但 vNIC 或 vmNIC 層級,但它們可以更特定做。Typically, these policies are applied at the vNIC or vmNIC level, but they can be made much more specific. 在 Windows Server 2016 SDN v2 堆疊,而不是 vmQoS 使用 SDN QoS。In the Windows Server 2016 SDN v2 stack, SDN QoS is used instead of vmQoS. 您可以使用 Network Controller 管理 SDN QoS。You can use Network Controller to manage SDN QoS.
  • 切換 Embedded 小組 (SET)Switch Embedded Teaming (SET). 設定為替代 NIC 小組方案,您可以在 Windows Server 2016 中包含 HYPER-V 和軟體所定義網路 (SDN) 堆疊的環境中使用。SET is an alternative NIC Teaming solution that you can use in environments that include Hyper-V and the Software Defined Networking (SDN) stack in Windows Server 2016. 設定 HYPER-V Virtual 開關切換至整合 NIC 小組的某些功能。SET integrates some NIC Teaming functionality into the Hyper-V Virtual Switch. 切換 Embedded 小組此程式庫中相關資訊,請查看遠端直接記憶體存取 (RDMA) 和切換 Embedded 小組(設定)For information about Switch Embedded Teaming in this library, see Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) and Switch Embedded Teaming (SET).
  • Virtual 收到縮放比例 (vRSS) 側邊Virtual Receive Side Scaling (vRSS). 使用軟體 vRSS 散播傳入資料傳輸 vm 跨多個處理器邏輯 (LPs) VM。Software vRSS is used to spread incoming traffic destined for a VM across multiple logical processors (LPs) of the VM. 這可讓 VM 處理多個網路流量是單一 LP 將無法處理。This enables the VM to handle more networking traffic than a single LP would be able to handle. 如需詳細資訊,請查看Virtual 收到側邊縮放比例 (vRSS)For more information, see Virtual Receive Side Scaling (vRSS).
  • 服務 (vmQoS) 一樣品質Virtual Machine Quality of Service (vmQoS). 一樣品質服務是 HYPER-V 功能可讓切換為設定流量由每個 VM 限制。Virtual Machine Quality of Service is a Hyper-V feature that allows the switch to set limits on traffic generated by each VM. 它也會讓 VM 一個 VM 無法挨餓另一個 VM 的頻寬,預約連接外部網路上的頻寬金額。It also enables a VM to reserve an amount of bandwidth on the external network connection so that one VM can’t starve another VM for bandwidth. 在 Windows Server 2016 SDN v2 堆疊 vmQoS 是 SDN QoS 取代。In the Windows Server 2016 SDN v2 stack, vmQoS is replaced by SDN QoS.

軟體和硬體 (SH) 整合的功能和技術Software and Hardware (SH) integrated features and technologies

下列 SH 功能和技術可在 Windows Server 2016 和所述網路卸載和最佳化技術指南。The following SH features and technologies are available in Windows Server 2016 and are documented in the Network Offload and Optimization Technologies guide.

  • 匯集 NICConverged NIC. 聚合型的 NIC 是一種技術,讓 virtual Nic HYPER-V 主機公開 RDMA 服務主機處理程序。Converged NIC is a technology that allows virtual NICs in the Hyper-V host to expose RDMA services to host processes. 在 Windows Server 2016 不同 Nic 不再需要的 RDMA。In Windows Server 2016, separate NICs are no longer required for RDMA. 匯集 NIC」功能讓 Virtual Nic 主機磁碟分割 (vNICs) 公開 RDMA 主機磁碟分割,並分享 Nic RDMA 流量 VM 及其他 TCP 日 UDP 流量之間的頻寬公平且更容易管理的方式。The Converged NIC feature allows the Virtual NICs in the Host partition (vNICs) to expose RDMA to the host partition and share the bandwidth of the NICs between the RDMA traffic and the VM and other TCP/UDP traffic in a fair and manageable manner.

  • 資料中心橋接 (DCB)Data Center Bridging (DCB). DCB 是一套協會和電子工程師 (IEEE) 標準,可讓資料中心,儲存空間、資料網路、叢集 Inter\ 處理序通訊 (IPC) 和管理流量所有分享相同乙太網路基礎結構匯集的架構。DCB is a suite of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standards that enable Converged Fabrics in the data center, where storage, data networking, cluster Inter-Process Communication (IPC), and management traffic all share the same Ethernet network infrastructure. 如需詳細資訊,請查看的資料中心橋接 (DCB)For more information, see Data Center Bridging (DCB).

  • HYPER-V 網路模擬-v1 (HNVv1)Hyper-V Network Virtualization - v1 (HNVv1). HYPER-V 網路模擬 (HNV) 引進了 Windows Server 2012 中,可模擬客戶網路共用實體網路基礎結構上方。Introduced in Windows Server 2012, Hyper-V Network Virtualization (HNV) enables virtualization of customer networks on top of a shared physical network infrastructure. 實體網路 fabric 需要變更降到最低,HNV 提供服務提供者部署及三 cloud 上任何位置點一下移轉承租人工作負載靈敏度:雲端服務提供者、私人雲端,或是公用 Microsoft Azure 雲端。With minimal changes necessary on the physical network fabric, HNV gives service providers the agility to deploy and migrate tenant workloads anywhere across the three clouds: the service provider cloud, the private cloud, or the Microsoft Azure public cloud.

  • HYPER-V 網路模擬-v2 NVGRE (HNVv2 NVGRE)Hyper-V Network Virtualization - v2 NVGRE (HNVv2 NVGRE). 在 Windows Server 2016 和 System Center 一樣 Manager,Microsoft 提供的端點網路模擬方案,包括 RAS 閘道、軟體負載平衡、網路控制器,以及更多。In Windows Server 2016 and System Center Virtual Machine Manager, Microsoft provides an end-to-end network virtualization solution that includes RAS Gateway, Software Load Balancing, Network Controller, and more. 如需詳細資訊,請查看在 Windows Server 2016 HYPER-V 網路模擬概觀For more information, see Hyper-V Network Virtualization Overview in Windows Server 2016.

  • HYPER-V 網路模擬-v2 VxLAN (HNVv2 VxLAN)Hyper-V Network Virtualization - v2 VxLAN (HNVv2 VxLAN). 查看先前的資訊。See previous information.

  • IPsec 工作卸載 (IPsecTO)IPsec Task Offload (IPsecTO). IPsec 工作承載是可用於處理器而 IPsec 加密工作作業系統 NIC 功能。IPsec task offload is a NIC feature that enables the operating system to use the processor on the NIC for the IPsec encryption work.

重要

IPsec 工作卸載是一種取代的技術。IPsec Task Offload is a deprecated technology. 建議您不要使用 IPsec 工作卸載因為它可能不支援 Microsoft 未來。It is recommended that you do not use IPsec Task Offload because it might not be supported by Microsoft in the future.

  • 私人本機的區域網路 virtual (PVLAN)Private virtual Local Area Network (PVLAN). PVLANs 允許只有在虛擬相同模擬伺服器上的電腦之間的通訊。PVLANs allow communication only between virtual machines on the same virtualization server. 實體網路介面卡未結合 virtual 私人網路。A private virtual network is not bound to a physical network adapter. 隔離的所有外部模擬伺服器,以及任何網路流量管理作業系統和外部網路上的網路流量 virtual 私人網路。A private virtual network is isolated from all external network traffic on the virtualization server, as well any network traffic between the management operating system and the external network. 這種網路時,您必須建立隔離網路環境,例如測試隔離的網域。This type of network is useful when you need to create an isolated networking environment, such as an isolated test domain. HYPER-V 和 SDN 堆疊支援只 PVLAN 隔離式連接埠模式。The Hyper-V and SDN stacks support PVLAN Isolated Port mode only.

  • 遠端直接記憶體存取 (RDMA)Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA). RDMA 是網路的技術,提供最小化 CPU 使用率的高輸送量、低延遲通訊。RDMA is a networking technology that provides high-throughput, low-latency communication that minimizes CPU usage. 如 RDMA 此程式庫中相關資訊,請查看遠端直接記憶體存取 (RDMA) 和切換 Embedded 小組(設定)For information about RDMA in this library, see Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) and Switch Embedded Teaming (SET).

  • 接收縮放比例 (RSS) 側邊Receive Side Scaling (RSS). 接收側邊縮放比例是 NIC 功能,隔離的串流不同的設定,並傳送到不同的處理的處理器。Receive Side Scaling is a NIC feature that segregates different sets of streams and delivers them to different processors for processing. 這 parallelizes 處理,讓縮放非常高資料率主機的網路。This parallelizes the networking processing, enabling a host to scale to very high data rates. 如需詳細資訊,請查看收到側邊縮放比例 (RSS)For more information, see Receive Side Scaling (RSS).

  • 單一根 Input\ 輸出模擬 (SR-IOV)Single Root Input-Output Virtualization (SR-IOV). SR-IOV 可直接從而移動到 VM 不通過 HYPER-V 主機 VM 流量。SR-IOV allows VM traffic to move directly from the NIC to the VM without passing through the Hyper-V host. SR-IOV 是無與倫比 VM 效能改進。SR-IOV is an incredible improvement in performance for a VM. 它有,但是,不足的能力來管理管道該主機。It suffers, however, from a lack of ability for the host to manage that pipe. SR-IOV 只能使用時工作負載運作良好受信任,通常只有在主機中的 VM 和。SR-IOV must only be used when the workload is well-behaved, trusted, and generally the only VM in the host.

  • TCP Chimney 承載TCP Chimney Offload. TCP Chimney 卸載,也就是 TCP 引擎卸載(配備),是一種技術,可讓卸載 NIC 處理所有 TCP 主機TCP Chimney Offload, also known as TCP Engine Offload (TOE), is a technology that allows the host to offload all TCP processing to the NIC. 因為 Windows Server TCP 堆疊幾乎更有效率比配備引擎,TCP Chimney 卸載不建議使用。Because the Windows Server TCP stack is almost always more efficient than the TOE engine, using TCP Chimney Offload is not recommended.

重要

TCP Chimney 卸載是一種取代的技術。TCP Chimney Offload is a deprecated technology. 建議您不要使用 TCP Chimney 卸載因為它可能不支援 Microsoft 未來。It is recommended that you do not use TCP Chimney Offload because it might not be supported by Microsoft in the future.

  • Virtual 區域網路 (VLAN)Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN). VLAN 是乙太網路框架標頭,以讓的區域網路分割多個 Vlan,每個使用自己的地址空間擴充功能。VLAN is an extension to the Ethernet frame header to enable partitioning of a Local Area Network into multiple VLANs, each using its own address space. 如需詳細資訊,請查看NIC 小組與區域網路 (Vlan)For more information, see NIC Teaming and Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs).

  • 一樣佇列 (VMQ)Virtual Machine Queue (VMQ). 一樣佇列是每個 VM 中的配置佇列 NIC 功能。Virtual Machine Queue is a NIC feature that allocates a queue for each VM. 而會收到流量分為適當佇列。The NIC divides the incoming traffic into the appropriate queues. 每個佇列中斷對應至不同的處理器。Interrupts for each queue are mapped to different processors. 如需詳細資訊,請查看Virtual 收到側邊縮放比例 (vRSS)和 [NIC Teaming 並一樣佇列 (VMQs)] 區段主題中的NIC 小組For more information, see Virtual Receive Side Scaling (vRSS) and the section "NIC Teaming and Virtual Machine Queues (VMQs)" in the topic NIC Teaming.

  • 一樣 Multi\ 佇列 (VMMQ)Virtual Machine Multi-Queue (VMMQ). 一樣多佇列 NIC 功能可讓 VM 多個佇列將分散的資料傳輸,每個處理的其他實體處理器。Virtual Machine Multi-Queue is a NIC feature that allows traffic for a VM to be spread across multiple queues, each processed by a different physical processor. 因為它會是在 vRSS 流量然後傳遞至 VM 中的多個 LPs。The traffic is then passed to multiple LPs in the VM as it would be in vRSS. 如此一來非常大網路的頻寬,來 vm 的形式傳遞。This allows for very large networking bandwidth to be delivered to the VM.

硬體只(哈)的功能和技術Hardware Only (HO) features and technologies

下列哈功能和技術可在 Windows Server 2016 和所述網路卸載和最佳化技術指南。The following HO features and technologies are available in Windows Server 2016 and are documented in the Network Offload and Optimization Technologies guide.

  • 地址檢查值承載已經Address Checksum Offload. 地址檢查值卸載是 NIC 卸載位址總和檢查 IP、TCP(UDP)NIC 硬體的計算都傳送和接收的功能。Address checksum offloads are a NIC feature that offloads the calculation of address checksums (IP, TCP, UDP) to the NIC hardware for both send and receive.

  • 使用位址檢查值卸載秘訣Tips on using Address Checksum Offloads. 地址檢查值卸載一律應不論是何種工作負載或情況支援。Address Checksum Offloads should ALWAYS be enabled no matter what workload or circumstance. 這最基本的所有卸載技術一律可改善您的網路效能。This most basic of all offload technologies will always improve your network performance. 檢查值承載也是必要的其他無卸載運作包括收到側邊縮放比例 (RSS)、收到區段聯合 (RSC),以及大型傳送卸載 (LSO)。Checksum offloading is also required for other stateless offloads to work including receive side scaling (RSS), receive segment coalescing (RSC), and large send offload (LSO).

  • 中斷仲裁 (IM)Interrupt Moderation (IM). IM 之前中斷作業系統緩衝多個收到封包。IM buffers multiple received packets before interrupting the operating system. 當 NIC 收到一封包開始計時器。When a NIC receives a packet it starts a timer. 當緩衝已滿或計時器後,無論是第一次,而中斷作業系統。When the buffer is full or the timer expires, whichever comes first, the NIC interrupts the operating system.

  • 巨大框架Jumbo Frames. 允許應用程式傳送較大的預設 1500 位元組框架的網路介面卡、網路功能是巨大框架。Jumbo frames is a NIC and network feature that allow an application to send frames that are much larger than the default 1500 bytes.

  • 大傳送卸載 (LSO)Large Send Offload (LSO). LSO 可讓應用程式大片的資料,而和 NIC 休息資料傳送到符合中最大值傳輸單位 (MTU) 之網路的封包。LSO allows an application to pass a large block of data to the NIC, and the NIC breaks the data into packets that fit within the Maximum Transfer Unit (MTU) of the network.

  • 接收聯合 (RSC) 區段Receive Segment Coalescing (RSC). 接收區段聯合,也就是大型收到卸載,NIC 功能都需要封包串流相同的網路中斷之間抵達和之前為這些作業系統來將它們聯合成單一封包。Receive Segment Coalescing, also known as Large Receive Offload, is a NIC feature that takes packets that are part of the same stream that arrive between network interrupts and coalesces them into a single packet before delivering them to the operating system. RSC 並不適用於 Nic 繫結至 HYPER-V Virtual 切換。RSC is not available on NICs that are bound to the Hyper-V Virtual Switch. 如需詳細資訊,請查看收到區段聯合 (RSC)For more information, see Receive Segment Coalescing (RSC).

如需詳細資訊,您可以下載節目表卸載網路與 Windows Server 2016 最佳化技術來自 TechNet 中心。For more information, you can download the guide Network Offload and Optimization Technologies in Windows Server 2016 from TechNet Gallery.