開始使用 Windows 桌面用戶端Get started with the Windows Desktop client

適用於:Windows 10、Windows 10 IoT 企業版和 Windows 7Applies to: Windows 10, Windows 10 IoT Enterprise, and Windows 7

您可以使用適用於 Windows 桌面的遠端桌面用戶端,從不同的 Windows 裝置遠端存取 Windows 應用程式和桌面。You can use the Remote Desktop client for Windows Desktop to access Windows apps and desktops remotely from a different Windows device.

注意

  • 本文件不適用於 Windows 隨附的遠端桌面連線 (MSTSC) 用戶端。This documentation is not for the Remote Desktop Connection (MSTSC) client that ships with Windows. 其適用於新的遠端桌面 (MSRDC) 用戶端。It's for the new Remote Desktop (MSRDC) client.
  • 此用戶端目前僅支援從 Windows 虛擬桌面存取遠端應用程式和桌面。This client currently only supports accessing remote apps and desktops from Windows Virtual Desktop.
  • 想知道適用於 Windows 桌面用戶端的新版本嗎?Curious about the new releases for the Windows Desktop client? 查看 Windows 桌面用戶端的新功能Check out What's new in the Windows Desktop client

安裝用戶端Install the client

選擇符合 Windows 版本的用戶端。Choose the client that matches the version of Windows. 新的遠端桌面用戶端 (MSRDC) 支援 Windows 10、Windows 10 IoT 企業版和 Windows 7 用戶端裝置。The new Remote Desktop client (MSRDC) supports Windows 10, Windows 10 IoT Enterprise, and Windows 7 client devices.

您可以為目前使用者安裝用戶端,這不需要系統管理員權限,或者您的系統管理員可以安裝和設定用戶端,讓裝置上的所有使用者都可以存取它。You can install the client for the current user, which doesn't require admin rights, or your admin can install and configure the client so that all users on the device can access it.

一旦安裝用戶端之後,您可藉由搜尋 [遠端桌面],從 [開始] 功能表啟動用戶端。Once you've installed the client, you can launch it from the Start menu by searching for Remote Desktop.

更新用戶端Update the client

只要您的系統管理員未停用通知,每當有新版本用戶端可供使用時,您就會收到通知。You'll be notified whenever a new version of the client is available as long as your admin hasn't disabled notifications. 該通知將顯示在 [連線中心] 或 [Windows 控制中心] 中。The notification will appear in either the Connection Center or the Windows Action Center. 若要更新您的用戶端,請直接選取通知。To update your client, just select the notification.

您也可以手動搜尋用戶端的新更新:You can also manually search for new updates for the client:

  1. 從連線中心,點選用戶端頂端命令列上的溢位功能表 ( ... )。From the Connection Center, tap the overflow menu (...) on the command bar at the top of the client.
  2. 從下拉式功能表選取 [關於]。Select About from the drop-down menu.
  3. 用戶端會自動搜尋更新。The client automatically searches for updates.
  4. 如有可用的更新,請點選 [安裝更新] 以更新用戶端。If there's an update available, tap Install update to update the client.

工作區Workspaces

藉由訂閱系統管理員提供給您的工作區,取得您可存取的受控資源清單 (例如應用程式和桌面)。Get the list of managed resources you can access, such as apps and desktops, by subscribing to the Workspace your admin provided you. 當您訂閱時,資源會在您的本機電腦上變成可用。When you subscribe, the resources become available on your local PC. Windows 桌面用戶端目前支援從 Windows 虛擬桌面發佈的資源。The Windows Desktop client currently supports resources published from Windows Virtual Desktop.

訂閱工作區Subscribe to a Workspace

訂閱工作區有兩種方式。There are two ways you can subscribe to a Workspace. 用戶端可以嘗試從您的工作或學校帳戶探索可供使用的資源,或者您可以直接指定資源所在的 URL,以免用戶端找不到資源。The client can try to discover the resources available to you from your work or school account or you can directly specify the URL where your resources are for cases where the client is unable to find them. 訂閱工作區之後,您可以使用下列其中一種方法來啟動資源:Once you've subscribed to a Workspace, you can launch resources with one of the following methods:

  • 移至連線中心,然後按兩下資源來啟動它。Go to the Connection Center and double-click a resource to launch it.
  • 您也可以移至 [開始] 功能表並尋找具有工作區名稱的資料夾,或在搜尋列中輸入資源名稱。You can also go to the Start menu and look for a folder with the Workspace name or enter the resource name in the search bar.

訂閱使用者帳戶Subscribe with a user account

  1. 從用戶端的主頁面中,點選 [訂閱]。From the main page of the client, tap Subscribe.
  2. 出現提示時,使用您的使用者帳戶登入。Sign in with your user account when prompted.
  3. 資源將會出現於依工作區分組的連線中心。The resources will appear in the Connection Center grouped by Workspace.

訂閱 URLSubscribe with URL

  1. 從用戶端的主頁面中,點選 [訂閱 URL]。From the main page of the client, tap Subscribe with URL.
  2. 輸入工作區 URL 或您的電子郵件地址:Enter the Workspace URL or your email address:
    • 如果您使用工作區 URL,請使用系統管理員提供的帳戶。If you use the Workspace URL, use the one your admin gave you. 如果從 Windows 虛擬桌面存取資源,您可以使用下列其中一個 URL:If accessing resources from Windows Virtual Desktop, you can use one of the following URLs:
      • Windows 虛擬桌面 (傳統):https://rdweb.wvd.microsoft.com/api/feeddiscovery/webfeeddiscovery.aspxWindows Virtual Desktop (classic): https://rdweb.wvd.microsoft.com/api/feeddiscovery/webfeeddiscovery.aspx
      • Windows 虛擬桌面:https://rdweb.wvd.microsoft.com/api/arm/feeddiscoveryWindows Virtual Desktop: https://rdweb.wvd.microsoft.com/api/arm/feeddiscovery
    • 若要使用電子郵件,請輸入您的電子郵件地址。To use email, enter your email address. 這會告訴用戶端搜尋與您的電子郵件地址相關聯的 URL (如果系統管理員已設定電子郵件探索)。This tells the client to search for a URL associated with your email address if your admin has setup email discovery.
  3. 點選 [下一步]。Tap Next.
  4. 出現提示時,使用您的使用者帳戶登入。Sign in with your user account when prompted.
  5. 資源將會出現於依工作區分組的連線中心。The resources will appear in the Connection Center grouped by Workspace.

工作區詳細資料Workspace details

訂閱之後,您可以在 [詳細資料] 面板上檢視工作區的其他相關資訊:After subscribing, you can view additional information about a Workspace on the Details panel:

  • 工作區的名稱The name of the Workspace
  • 用來訂閱的 URL 和使用者名稱The URL and username used to subscribe
  • 應用程式和桌面的數目The number of apps and desktops
  • 上次重新整理的日期/時間The date/time of the last refresh
  • 上次重新整理的狀態The status of the last refresh

存取 [詳細資料] 面板:Accessing the Details panel:

  1. 從連線中心,點選工作區旁邊的溢位功能表 ( ... )。From the Connection Center, tap the overflow menu (...) next to the Workspace.
  2. 從下拉式功能表選取 [詳細資料]。Select Details from the drop-down menu.
  3. [詳細資料] 面板會出現在用戶端的右側。The Details panel appears on the right side of the client.

訂閱之後,工作區會定期自動重新整理。After you've subscribed, the Workspace will refresh automatically on a regular basis. 根據系統管理員所做的變更,可能會新增、變更或移除資源。Resources may be added, changed, or removed based on changes made by your admin.

您也可以視需要從 [詳細資料] 面板選取 [重新整理],以手動尋找資源的更新。You can also manually look for updates to the resources when needed by selecting Refresh from the Details panel.

重新整理工作區Refreshing a Workspace

若要手動重新整理工作區,請從工作區旁邊的溢位功能表 ( ... ) 選取 [重新整理]。You can manually refresh a Workspace by selecting Refresh from the overflow menu (...) next to the Workspace.

取消訂閱工作區Unsubscribe from a Workspace

這一節將教導您如何取消訂閱工作區。This section will teach you how to unsubscribe from a Workspace. 您可以取消訂閱,以使用不同的帳戶重新訂閱,或從系統中移除您的資源。You can unsubscribe to either subscribe again with a different account or remove your resources from the system.

  1. 從連線中心,點選工作區旁邊的溢位功能表 ( ... )。From the Connection Center, tap the overflow menu (...) next to the Workspace.
  2. 從下拉式功能表選取 [取消訂閱]。Select Unsubscribe from the drop-down menu.
  3. 檢閱對話方塊,然後選取 [繼續]。Review the dialog box and select Continue.

受管理的桌面Managed desktops

工作區可以包含多個受管理的資源,包括桌面。Workspaces can contain multiple managed resources, including desktops. 存取受管理的桌面時,您可以存取系統管理員所安裝的所有應用程式。When accessing a managed desktop, you have access to all the apps installed by your admin.

桌面設定Desktop settings

您可以設定桌面資源的某些設定,以確保體驗符合您的需求。You can configure some of the settings for desktop resources to ensure the experience meets your needs. 若要存取可用設定的清單,請在桌面資源上按一下滑鼠右鍵,然後選取 [設定]。To access the list of available settings right-click on the desktop resource and select Settings.

除非關閉 [使用預設設定] 選項,否則用戶端將會使用系統管理員所設定的設定。The client will use the settings configured by your admin unless you turn off the Use default settings option. 這麼做可讓您設定下列選項:Doing so allows you to configure the following options:

  • [顯示器設定] 會選取要用於桌面工作階段的顯示器,並影響可用的其他設定。Display configuration selects which displays to use for the desktop session and impacts which additional settings are available.
    • [所有顯示器] 會確保工作階段一律會使用您所有的本機顯示器,即使有某些顯示器在之後才新增或移除也一樣。All displays ensures the session always uses all your local displays even when some of them are added or removed later.
    • [單一顯示器] 會確保工作階段一律會使用單一顯示器,並可讓您設定其屬性。Single display ensures the session always uses a single display and allows you to configure its properties.
    • [選取顯示器] 可讓您選擇要用於工作階段的顯示器,並提供選項讓您可以在工作階段運作期間動態變更顯示器清單。Select displays allows you to choose which displays to use for the session and provides an option to dynamically change the list of displays during the session.
  • 選取要用於工作階段的顯示器會指定要用於工作階段的本機顯示器。Select the displays to use for the session specifies which local displays to use for the session. 所有選取的顯示器都必須相鄰。All selected displays must be adjacent to each other. 只有 [選取顯示器] 模式才可使用此設定。This setting is only available in Select display mode.
  • [最大化至目前的顯示器] 會決定在進入全螢幕模式時,工作階段所會使用的顯示器。Maximize to current displays determines which displays the sessions will use when going full screen. 啟用時,工作階段會在工作階段視窗所觸及的顯示器上進入全螢幕模式。When enabled, the session goes full screen on the displays touched by the session window. 這可讓您在工作階段運作期間變更顯示器。This allows you to change displays during the session. 若停用,則工作階段會在其上一次處於全螢幕模式時所在的同一部顯示器上進入全螢幕模式。When disabled, the session goes full screen on the same displays it was on the last time it was full screen. 此設定僅適用於 [選取顯示器] 模式,其他模式下則會停用。This setting is only available in Select display mode and is disabled otherwise.
  • [進入視窗模式時使用單一顯示器] 會決定在結束全螢幕模式時,可在工作階段中使用的顯示器。Single display when windowed determines which displays are available in the session when exiting full screen. 啟用時,工作階段會切換成視窗模式下的單一顯示器。When enabled, the session switches to a single display in windowed mode. 若停用,則工作階段會在視窗模式中保留和全螢幕模式時相同的顯示器。When disabled, the session retains the same displays in windowed mode as in full screen. 此設定僅適用於 [所有顯示器] 和 [選取顯示器] 模式,其他模式下則會停用。This setting is only available in All displays and Select display modes and is disabled otherwise.
  • 以全螢幕方式啟動會決定工作階段是以全螢幕或視窗模式啟動。Start in full screen determines whether the session will launch in full-screen or windowed mode. 此設定僅適用於 [單一顯示器] 模式,其他模式下則會啟用。This setting is only available in Single display mode and is enabled otherwise.
  • 將工作階段調整成視窗大小決定當遠端桌面的解析度與本機視窗的大小不同時,工作階段的顯示方式。Fit session to window determines how the session is displayed when the resolution of the remote desktop differs from the size of the local window. 啟用時,會調整工作階段內容大小以符合視窗內大小,同時保留工作階段的外觀比例。When enabled, the session content will be resized to fit inside the window while preserving the aspect ratio of the session. 停用時,若解析度和視窗大小不相符時,則會顯示捲軸或黑色區域。When disabled, scrollbars or black areas will be shown when the resolution and window size don't match. 此設定適用於所有模式。This setting is available in all modes.
  • [調整大小時更新解析度] 會在您於視窗模式中調整工作階段大小時自動更新遠端桌面的解析度。Update the resolution on resize makes the remote desktop resolution automatically update when you resize the session in windowed mode. 停用時,工作階段一律會維持在您於解析度中指定的任何解析度。When disabled, the session always remains at whichever resolution you specify in Resolution. 此設定僅適用於 [單一顯示器] 模式,其他模式下則會啟用。This setting is only available in Single display mode and is enabled otherwise.
  • 解析度可讓您指定遠端桌面的解析度。Resolution lets you specify the resolution of the remote desktop. 工作階段會在整個持續時間保留此解析度。The session will retain this resolution for its entire duration. 此設定僅適用於 [單一顯示器] 模式以及 [調整大小時更新解析度] 已停用時。This setting is only available in Single display mode and when Update the resolution on resize is disabled.
  • 變更文字和應用程式大小指定工作階段內容的大小。Change the size of the text and apps specifies the size of the content of the session. 此設定僅適用於連接到 Windows 8.1 和更新版本或 Windows Server 2012 R2 和更新版本時。This setting only applies when connecting to Windows 8.1 and later or Windows Server 2012 R2 and later. 此設定僅適用於 [單一顯示器] 模式以及 [調整大小時更新解析度] 已停用時。This setting is only available in Single display mode and when Update the resolution on resize is disabled.

提供意見反應Give us feedback

有功能建議或想要回報問題嗎?Have a feature suggestion or want to report a problem? 請透過意見反應中樞提供意見給我們。Tell us with the Feedback Hub.

您也可以選擇用戶端應用程式中看起來像笑臉圖示的按鈕,來提供意見反應,如下圖所示:You can also give us feedback by selecting the button that looks like a smiley face emoticon in the client app, as shown in the following image:

笑臉圖示的螢幕擷取畫面,會帶您前往意見反應中樞。A screenshot of the smiley face icon that takes you to the feedback hub.

注意

為了提供最好的協助,我們需要您盡可能提供問題的詳細資訊給我們。To best help you, we need you to give us as detailed information about the issue as possible. 例如,您可以加入螢幕擷取畫面或記錄導致問題時所採取的動作。For example, you can include screenshots or a recording of the actions you took leading up to the issue. 如需如何提供有用意見反應的更多提示,請參閱意見反應For more tips about how to provide helpful feedback, see Feedback.

存取用戶端記錄Access client logs

在調查問題時,您可能需要用戶端記錄。You might need the client logs when investigating a problem.

若要擷取用戶端記錄:To retrieve the client logs:

  1. 以滑鼠右鍵按一下系統匣中的 [遠端桌面] 圖示,然後選取 [中斷所有工作階段的連線],以確定沒有作用中的工作階段,且用戶端處理序並未在背景中執行。Ensure no sessions are active and the client process isn't running in the background by right-clicking on the Remote Desktop icon in the system tray and selecting Disconnect all sessions.
  2. 開啟 [檔案總管]。Open File Explorer.
  3. 導覽至 %temp%\DiagOutputDir\RdClientAutoTrace 資料夾。Navigate to the %temp%\DiagOutputDir\RdClientAutoTrace folder.