停用桌面體驗與 Windows Server 2016 上的系統服務指導方針Guidance on disabling system services on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience

適用於: Windows Server 2016Applies to: Windows Server 2016

Windows 作業系統包含許多系統服務提供重要的功能。The Windows operating system includes many system services that provide important functionality. 其他服務了不同的預設開機原則: 一些會開始預設 (自動),部分時所需 (手動),某些都預設停用,必須在之前可以執行明確支援。Different services have different default startup policies: some are started by default (automatic), some when needed (manual), and some are disabled by default and must be explicitly enabled before they can run. 仔細選擇預設值是每個服務來針對一般的平衡效能、 功能和安全性。These defaults were chosen carefully for each service to balance performance, functionality, and security for typical customers.

不過,有些企業針對可能會想更多安全性焦點款項他們的 Windows 電腦和降低絕對最小值,其攻擊,因此可能會想要完全停用所有服務,不需要在他們的特定環境中的伺服器。However, some enterprise customers may prefer a more security-focused balance for their Windows PCs and servers, one that reduces their attack surface to the absolute minimum, and may therefore wish to fully disable all services that are not needed in their specific environments. 適用於這些針對,Microsoft® 提供相關的服務可以放心地停用為這個項目的隨附指導方針。For those customers, Microsoft® is providing the accompanying guidance regarding which services can safely be disabled for this purpose.

Windows Server 2016 的桌面體驗 (除非終端使用者使用的傳統型取代) 是指導方針。The guidance is for Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience (unless used as a desktop replacement for end users). 系統每個服務分類,如下所示:Each service on the system is categorized as follows:

  • 必須停用:安全性焦點企業很可能會想要停用這項服務,不執行它的功能 (看到下方的其他詳細資料)。Should Disable: A security-focused enterprise will most likely prefer to disable this service and forego its functionality (see additional details below).
  • 確定要停用:這項服務提供的部分,但並非所有企業,而且不使用的安全性相關的焦點企業安全地可以停用它。OK to Disable: This service provides functionality that is useful to some but not all enterprises, and security-focused enterprises that don’t use it can safely disable it.
  • 不要停用:停用此服務會影響不可或缺的功能或避免角色特定或功能無法正常運作。Do Not Disable: Disabling this service will impact essential functionality or prevent specific roles or features from functioning correctly. 因此它應該不會停用。Therefore it should not be disabled.
  • (不指導方針):停用這些服務的影響不完整評估。(No guidance): The impact of disabling these services has not been fully evaluated. 因此,不應該變更的預設設定,這些服務。Therefore, the default configuration of these services should not be changed.

針對可以設定,來停用安全性範本使用他們的群組原則中或 PowerShell 自動化選取的服務他們的 Windows 電腦和伺服器。Customers can configure their Windows PCs and servers to disable selected services using the Security Templates in their Group Policies or using PowerShell automation. 有時候,指南包含特定的群組原則設定的另一種服務本身停用直接,停用服務的功能。In some cases, the guidance includes specific Group Policy settings that disable the service’s functionality directly, as an alternative to disabling the service itself.

Microsoft 建議,針對停用下列服務及桌面體驗與 Windows Server 2016 上他們各自排定的工作:Microsoft recommends that customers disable the following services and their respective scheduled tasks on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience:

服務:Services:

  1. Xbox Live 驗證管理員Xbox Live Auth Manager
  2. Xbox Live 重大儲存Xbox Live Game Save

排程的工作:Scheduled tasks:

  1. \Microsoft\XblGameSave\XblGameSaveTask\Microsoft\XblGameSave\XblGameSaveTask
  2. \Microsoft\XblGameSave\XblGameSaveTaskLogon\Microsoft\XblGameSave\XblGameSaveTaskLogon

(您也可以存取的資訊來檢視附加的 Microsoft Excel 試算表詳細本文中的所有服務:系統服務停用桌面體驗與 Windows Server 2016 上的指導方針)(You can also access the information on all services detailed in this article by viewing the attached Microsoft Excel spreadsheet: Guidance on Disabling System Services on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience)


停用預設尚未安裝的服務。Disabling services not installed by default

Microsoft 建議針對套用原則來停用預設不會安裝的服務。Microsoft recommends against applying policies to disable services that are not installed by default.

  • 如果已安裝的功能,通常需要服務。The service is usually needed if the feature is installed. 安裝該功能或服務的需要系統管理員權限。Installing the service or the feature requires administrative rights. 不允許功能安裝,而不服務開機。Disallow the feature installation, not the service startup.
  • 安裝類似第三方相同,可能是一個更高的安全性風險從系統管理員 (或非系統管理員合計),不會停止封鎖 Microsoft Windows 服務。Blocking the Microsoft Windows service doesn't stop an admin (or non-admin in some cases) from installing a similar third-party equivalent, perhaps one with a higher security risk.
  • 基準或停用非預設 Windows 服務 (例如,W3SVC) 的基準可讓某些員蓄意的印象技術 (例如,IIS) 基本上就不安全,並不應該使用。A baseline or benchmark that disables a non-default Windows service (for example, W3SVC) will give some auditors the mistaken impression that the technology (for example, IIS) is inherently insecure and should never be used.
  • 如果永遠不會安裝的功能 (和服務),這只是將不必要大量基準和驗證的工作。If the feature (and service) is never installed, this just adds unnecessary bulk to the baseline and to verification work.


本文件中列出的所有系統服務,請依照下列兩個表格都提供欄與 Microsoft 建議的解釋讓及桌面體驗與 Windows Server 2016 中的系統服務停用:For all system services listed in this document, the two tables that follow offer an explanation of columns and Microsoft recommendations for enabling and disabling system services in Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience:


欄解釋Explanation of columns

服務描述Service description 服務的描述,從 sc.exe qdescription。The service's description, from sc.exe qdescription.
名稱Name 服務的按鍵 (內部) 的名稱Key (internal) name of the service
安裝Installation 永遠安裝︰ 服務已 Server Core 及桌面體驗伺服器Always installed: Service is on Server Core and Server with Desktop Experience
只在 Datacenter Edition: 服務上 Server 2016 的桌面體驗,但上 Server CoreOnly on Datacenter Edition: Service is on Server 2016 with Desktop Experience, but is not on Server Core
StartType 在 Windows Server 2016 上服務開始輸入Service start type on Windows Server 2016
建議Recommendation Microsoft 推薦日相關建議停用此服務 Windows Server 2016 上典型、 管理良好企業部署和位置伺服器未使用的使用者桌面取代。Microsoft recommendation/advice about disabling this service on Windows Server 2016 in a typical, well-managed enterprise deployment and where the server is not being used as an end-user desktop replacement.
回應Comments 其他解釋Additional explanation


Microsoft 建議的解釋Explanation of Microsoft recommendations

不要停用Do not disable 這項服務應該不會停用This service should not be disabled
若要停用 [確定]OK to disable 如果不使用它支援此功能可以停用此服務。This service can be disabled if the feature it supports is not being used.
已停用Already disabled 這項服務已停用預設;不需要執行的原則This service is disabled by default; no need to enforce with policy
應該停用Should be disabled 這項服務應該不會支援管理良好企業系統上。This service should never be enabled on a well-managed enterprise system.


下表提供停用系統服務桌面體驗與 Windows Server 2016 上的 Microsoft 指導方針:The following tables offer Microsoft guidance on disabling system services on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience:


ActiveX 安裝程式 (AxInstSV)ActiveX Installer (AxInstSV)

服務描述Service description 從網際網路提供使用者 Account 控制驗證的 ActiveX 控制項安裝並讓 ActiveX 控制項安裝型群組原則設定的管理。Provides User Account Control validation for the installation of ActiveX controls from the Internet and enables management of ActiveX control installation based on Group Policy settings. 此服務會開始進行視,如果已停用的 ActiveX 控制項安裝將會出現錯誤行為依據預設瀏覽器設定。This service is started on demand and if disabled the installation of ActiveX controls will behave according to default browser settings.
服務名稱Service name AxInstSVAxInstSV
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 如果您不需要的功能,停用 [確定]OK to disable if feature not needed


AllJoyn 路由器服務AllJoyn Router Service

服務描述Service description AllJoyn 戶端本機路徑 AllJoyn 的訊息。Routes AllJoyn messages for the local AllJoyn clients. 如果這項服務已停止不有自己的搭售的路由器 AllJoyn 戶端將無法執行。If this service is stopped the AllJoyn clients that do not have their own bundled routers will be unable to run.
服務名稱Service name AJRouterAJRouter
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
回應Comments


整備應用程式App Readiness

服務描述Service description 取得的應用程式已可使用使用者登入電腦,並加入新的應用程式時的第一次。Gets apps ready for use the first time a user signs in to this PC and when adding new apps.
服務名稱Service name AppReadinessAppReadiness
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments


應用程式的身分Application Identity

服務描述Service description 判斷,並驗證身分應用程式。Determines and verifies the identity of an application. 停用此服務會防止 AppLocker 正在執行。Disabling this service will prevent AppLocker from being enforced.
服務名稱Service name AppIDSvcAppIDSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
回應Comments


應用程式的資訊Application Information

服務描述Service description 協助執行應用程式的其他系統管理員權限互動。Facilitates the running of interactive applications with additional administrative privileges. 如果這項服務已停止,使用者無法上市使用它們來執行所需的使用者工作可能需要其他系統管理員權限的應用程式。If this service is stopped, users will be unable to launch applications with the additional administrative privileges they may require to perform desired user tasks.
服務名稱Service name 應用Appinfo
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
回應Comments 支援 UAC 相同桌面提升權限Supports UAC same-desktop elevation


應用程式層閘道服務Application Layer Gateway Service

服務描述Service description 網際網路連接共用第三方通訊協定插提供支援Provides support for third-party protocol plug-ins for Internet Connection Sharing
服務名稱Service name ALGALG
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
回應Comments


管理應用程式Application Management

服務描述Service description 處理安裝、 移除及列舉要求透過群組原則部署的軟體。Processes installation, removal, and enumeration requests for software deployed through Group Policy. 如果已停用該服務,使用者無法安裝、 移除或列舉透過群組原則部署的軟體。If the service is disabled, users will be unable to install, remove, or enumerate software deployed through Group Policy. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name AppMgmtAppMgmt
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
回應Comments


AppX 部署服務 (AppXSVC)AppX Deployment Service (AppXSVC)

服務描述Service description 提供的基礎結構支援部署市集應用程式。Provides infrastructure support for deploying Store applications. 此服務會開始視及如果已停用的市集應用程式不會部署至系統,可能無法正常運作。This service is started on demand and if disabled Store applications will not be deployed to the system, and may not function properly.
服務名稱Service name AppXSvcAppXSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
回應Comments


自動時區 UpdaterAuto Time Zone Updater

服務描述Service description 會自動設定時間系統區域。Automatically sets the system time zone.
服務名稱Service name tzautoupdatetzautoupdate
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
回應Comments


背景聰明傳輸服務Background Intelligent Transfer Service

服務描述Service description 傳輸檔案中使用閒置的頻寬背景。Transfers files in the background using idle network bandwidth. 如果已停用該服務,依賴位元,例如 Windows Update 或 MSN Explorer 任何應用程式將無法會自動下載程式集和其他資訊。If the service is disabled, then any applications that depend on BITS, such as Windows Update or MSN Explorer, will be unable to automatically download programs and other information.
服務名稱Service name 位元BITS
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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背景工作基礎結構服務Background Tasks Infrastructure Service

服務描述Service description Windows 會控制哪些背景工作的基礎結構服務可以系統上執行。Windows infrastructure service that controls which background tasks can run on the system.
服務名稱Service name BrokerInfrastructureBrokerInfrastructure
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
回應Comments


基底篩選引擎Base Filtering Engine

服務描述Service description 基底篩選引擎 (遺失 BFE) 是一種服務,管理防火牆 」 和 「 網際網路通訊協定 (IPsec) 的安全性原則實作使用者模式篩選。The Base Filtering Engine (BFE) is a service that manages firewall and Internet Protocol security (IPsec) policies and implements user mode filtering. 停止或停用遺失 BFE 服務會大幅降低系統的安全性。Stopping or disabling the BFE service will significantly reduce the security of the system. 它也會造成 IPsec 管理防火牆應用程式中無法預期的行為。It will also result in unpredictable behavior in IPsec management and firewall applications.
服務名稱Service name 遺失 BFEBFE
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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藍牙支援服務Bluetooth Support Service

服務描述Service description 藍牙服務支援探索及遠端藍牙裝置的關聯。The Bluetooth service supports discovery and association of remote Bluetooth devices. 停止或停用此服務可能會造成無法正常運作,並避免新裝置關聯發現的已經安裝的藍牙裝置。Stopping or disabling this service may cause already installed Bluetooth devices to fail to operate properly and prevent new devices from being discovered or associated.
服務名稱Service name bthservbthserv
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 若要停用若未使用 [確定]。OK to disable if not used. 另一個停用機制: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd252791.aspxAnother disabling mechanism: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd252791.aspx


CDPUserSvcCDPUserSvc

服務描述Service description 此使用者服務用於連接裝置平台案例This user service is used for Connected Devices Platform scenarios
服務名稱Service name CDPUserSvcCDPUserSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 使用者服務範本User service template


憑證傳播Certificate Propagation

服務描述Service description 將使用者憑證和根憑證的智慧卡複製到目前使用者的憑證存放區偵測智慧卡插入智慧卡讀取器時,並視需要、 安裝智慧卡隨 minidriver。Copies user certificates and root certificates from smart cards into the current user's certificate store, detects when a smart card is inserted into a smart card reader, and if needed, installs the smart card Plug and Play minidriver.
服務名稱Service name CertPropSvcCertPropSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Client 授權服務 (ClipSVC)Client License Service (ClipSVC)

服務描述Service description 提供的基礎結構 Microsoft 網上商店的支援。Provides infrastructure support for the Microsoft Store. 此服務會開始視,如果購買應用程式已停用的 Microsoft 網上商店的使用將無法正確運作。This service is started on demand and if disabled applications bought using Microsoft Store will not behave correctly.
服務名稱Service name ClipSVCClipSVC
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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CNG 按鍵隔離CNG Key Isolation

服務描述Service description CNG 按鍵隔離服務裝載 LSA 程序。The CNG key isolation service is hosted in the LSA process. 服務提供金鑰處理程序隔離私密金鑰和所需的通用準則相關聯的密碼編譯作業。The service provides key process isolation to private keys and associated cryptographic operations as required by the Common Criteria. 服務會儲存,並使用久按鍵 6microsoft 承諾遵守通用準則需求安全處理程序。The service stores and uses long-lived keys in a secure process complying with Common Criteria requirements.
服務名稱Service name KeyIsoKeyIso
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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事件 COM + 系統COM+ Event System

服務描述Service description 支援的系統事件通知服務 (SENS),可提供自動 distribution 的事件訂閱元件物件型號 (COM) 元件。Supports System Event Notification Service (SENS), which provides automatic distribution of events to subscribing Component Object Model (COM) components. 如果服務已停止,SENS 將會關閉並不能提供登入及登出通知。If the service is stopped, SENS will close and will not be able to provide logon and logoff notifications. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name EventSystemEventSystem
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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當中系統應用程式COM+ System Application

服務描述Service description 設定及元件物件型號 (COM) + 型元件追蹤管理。Manages the configuration and tracking of Component Object Model (COM)+-based components. 如果服務已停止,大部分 COM +-元件無法正確運作。If the service is stopped, most COM+-based components will not function properly. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name COMSysAppCOMSysApp
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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電腦瀏覽器Computer Browser

服務描述Service description 維護更新之網路上的電腦清單,並提供給指定瀏覽器,為電腦以這份清單。Maintains an updated list of computers on the network and supplies this list to computers designated as browsers. 如果這項服務已停止,這份清單將不更新或維護。If this service is stopped, this list will not be updated or maintained. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name 瀏覽器Browser
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
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連接的裝置平台服務Connected Devices Platform Service

服務描述Service description 使用此服務連接裝置和通用玻璃案例This service is used for Connected Devices and Universal Glass scenarios
服務名稱Service name CDPSvcCDPSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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連接的使用者體驗和 TelemetryConnected User Experiences and Telemetry

服務描述Service description 連接使用者體驗和 Telemetry 服務可支援的應用程式中,連接的使用者體驗的功能。The Connected User Experiences and Telemetry service enables features that support in-application and connected user experiences. 此外,此服務管理事件導向收集和傳輸的診斷與使用方式資訊 (用來改善體驗並品質的 Windows 平台) 時功能的意見反應與診斷] 下的診斷與使用方式] 選項的隱私權設定。Additionally, this service manages the event-driven collection and transmission of diagnostic and usage information (used to improve the experience and quality of the Windows Platform) when the diagnostics and usage privacy option settings are enabled under Feedback and Diagnostics.
服務名稱Service name DiagTrackDiagTrack
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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連絡人資料Contact Data

服務描述Service description 索引連絡資料來搜尋連絡人 (fast ring)。Indexes contact data for fast contact searching. 如果您停止或停用這項服務,可能從搜尋結果遺失的連絡人。If you stop or disable this service, contacts might be missing from your search results.
服務名稱Service name PimIndexMaintenanceSvcPimIndexMaintenanceSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 使用者服務範本User service template


CoreMessagingCoreMessaging

服務描述Service description 管理通訊之間系統元件。Manages communication between system components.
服務名稱Service name CoreMessagingRegistrarCoreMessagingRegistrar
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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認證管理員Credential Manager

服務描述Service description 應用程式與服務的安全性套件使用者提供的認證安全儲存和擷取。Provides secure storage and retrieval of credentials to users, applications and security service packages.
服務名稱Service name VaultSvcVaultSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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密碼編譯服務Cryptographic Services

服務描述Service description 提供三個管理服務: Catalog 資料庫服務,請確認簽章之 Windows 檔案,讓新的程式來安裝。保護根服務新增並移除受信任的根憑證授權單位憑證這台電腦。與自動根憑證更新服務根憑證會從 Windows Update 擷取,例如 SSL 案例的支援。Provides three management services: Catalog Database Service, which confirms the signatures of Windows files and allows new programs to be installed; Protected Root Service, which adds and removes Trusted Root Certification Authority certificates from this computer; and Automatic Root Certificate Update Service, which retrieves root certificates from Windows Update and enable scenarios such as SSL. 如果已停止這項服務,這些管理服務將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, these management services will not function properly. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name CryptSvcCryptSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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資料共用服務Data Sharing Service

服務描述Service description 資料仲介應用程式之間的提供。Provides data brokering between applications.
服務名稱Service name DsSvcDsSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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DataCollectionPublishingServiceDataCollectionPublishingService

服務描述Service description (資料收集與發行) DCP 服務支援第一方應用程式上傳到雲端的資料。The DCP (Data Collection and Publishing) service supports first-party apps to upload data to cloud.
服務名稱Service name DcpSvcDcpSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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DCOM 伺服器程序 LauncherDCOM Server Process Launcher

服務描述Service description DCOMLAUNCH 服務時限回應物件啟動要求 COM 和 DCOM 伺服器。The DCOMLAUNCH service launches COM and DCOM servers in response to object activation requests. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,使用 COM 或 DCOM 程式將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped or disabled, programs using COM or DCOM will not function properly. 建議您有 DCOMLAUNCH 服務執行。It is strongly recommended that you have the DCOMLAUNCH service running.
服務名稱Service name DcomLaunchDcomLaunch
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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裝置關聯服務Device Association Service

服務描述Service description 讓系統與有線或 wireless 裝置之間進行配對。Enables pairing between the system and wired or wireless devices.
服務名稱Service name DeviceAssociationServiceDeviceAssociationService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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裝置安裝服務Device Install Service

服務描述Service description 可讓辨識及硬體變更來調整甚至不使用者輸入的電腦。Enables a computer to recognize and adapt to hardware changes with little or no user input. 停止或停用此服務會導致系統不穩定。Stopping or disabling this service will result in system instability.
服務名稱Service name DeviceInstallDeviceInstall
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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裝置管理註冊服務Device Management Enrollment Service

服務描述Service description 執行裝置管理的裝置註冊活動Performs Device Enrollment Activities for Device Management
服務名稱Service name DmEnrollmentSvcDmEnrollmentSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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設定裝置管理員]Device Setup Manager

服務描述Service description 可讓偵測、 下載及安裝裝置相關的軟體。Enables the detection, download and installation of device-related software. 如果已停用這項服務,裝置可能已過期的軟體,設定,可能無法正常運作。If this service is disabled, devices may be configured with outdated software, and may not work correctly.
服務名稱Service name DsmSvcDsmSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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DevQuery 背景探索代理人DevQuery Background Discovery Broker

服務描述Service description 可讓 app 探索裝置與背景工作Enables apps to discover devices with a backgroud task
服務名稱Service name DevQueryBrokerDevQueryBroker
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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DHCP ClientDHCP Client

服務描述Service description 暫存和更新 IP 位址和 DNS 記錄這台電腦。Registers and updates IP addresses and DNS records for this computer. 如果這項服務已停止,這部電腦不會收到動態 IP 位址和 DNS 更新。If this service is stopped, this computer will not receive dynamic IP addresses and DNS updates. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name DhcpDhcp
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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診斷原則服務Diagnostic Policy Service

服務描述Service description [診斷原則服務可讓問題偵測、 進行疑難排解與 Windows 元件解析度。The Diagnostic Policy Service enables problem detection, troubleshooting and resolution for Windows components. 如果這項服務已停止,診斷將無法再運作。If this service is stopped, diagnostics will no longer function.
服務名稱Service name DPDPS
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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診斷服務主機Diagnostic Service Host

服務描述Service description 診斷服務主機主機診斷需要執行本機服務操作診斷原則服務使用。The Diagnostic Service Host is used by the Diagnostic Policy Service to host diagnostics that need to run in a Local Service context. 如果這項服務已停止,任何診斷依賴它將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, any diagnostics that depend on it will no longer function.
服務名稱Service name WdiServiceHostWdiServiceHost
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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診斷系統主機Diagnostic System Host

服務描述Service description 必須以當地的系統層級執行的主機診斷診斷原則服務會使用診斷系統主機。The Diagnostic System Host is used by the Diagnostic Policy Service to host diagnostics that need to run in a Local System context. 如果這項服務已停止,任何診斷依賴它將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, any diagnostics that depend on it will no longer function.
服務名稱Service name WdiSystemHostWdiSystemHost
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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服務描述Service description 維護中的電腦或網路的電腦上的 NTFS 檔案之間的連結。Maintains links between NTFS files within a computer or across computers in a network.
服務名稱Service name TrkWksTrkWks
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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散發的交易協調器Distributed Transaction Coordinator

服務描述Service description 座標交易跨多個資源管理員,例如資料庫、 訊息佇列和檔案系統。Coordinates transactions that span multiple resource managers, such as databases, message queues, and file systems. 如果已停止這項服務,這些交易將會失敗。If this service is stopped, these transactions will fail. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name MSDTCMSDTC
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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dmwappushsvcdmwappushsvc

服務描述Service description WAP 推播訊息路由服務WAP Push Message Routing Service
服務名稱Service name dmwappushservicedmwappushservice
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments Intune、 MDM 和管理類似技術,並整合撰寫篩選 client 裝置上所需的服務。Service required on client devices for Intune, MDM and similar management technologies, and for Unified Write Filter. 不需要的伺服器。Not needed for Server.


DNS ClientDNS Client

服務描述Service description DNS Client 服務 (dnscache) 快取網域名稱系統 」 (DNS) 的名稱,以及暫存器這台電腦的完整電腦名稱。The DNS Client service (dnscache) caches Domain Name System (DNS) names and registers the full computer name for this computer. 如果服務已停止,將會繼續 DNS 名稱解析。If the service is stopped, DNS names will continue to be resolved. 不過,將不會快取的 DNS 名稱查詢結果和電腦名稱不會登記完畢。However, the results of DNS name queries will not be cached and the computer's name will not be registered. 如果已停用該服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If the service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name DnscacheDnscache
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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下載 「 地圖 」 管理員Downloaded Maps Manager

服務描述Service description Windows 下載 「 地圖 」 應用程式存取的服務。Windows service for application access to downloaded maps. 此服務會開始視應用程式存取下載 「 地圖 」。This service is started on-demand by application accessing downloaded maps. 停用此服務會阻止應用程式存取的地圖。Disabling this service will prevent apps from accessing maps.
服務名稱Service name MapsBrokerMapsBroker
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 停用休息應用程式依賴此服務。若要停用,如果 [確定] 應用程式,不仰賴Disabling breaks apps that rely on the service; OK to disable if apps not relying on it


Embedded 的模式Embedded Mode

服務描述Service description Embedded 模式服務可讓您的背景應用程式相關案例。The Embedded Mode service enables scenarios related to Background Applications. 停用此服務會使背景應用程式,使其無法啟動。Disabling this service will prevent Background Applications from being activated.
服務名稱Service name embeddedmodeembeddedmode
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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加密檔案系統 (EFS)Encrypting File System (EFS)

服務描述Service description 提供的核心檔案加密技術用來儲存在 NTFS 檔案系統磁碟區加密的檔案。Provides the core file encryption technology used to store encrypted files on NTFS file system volumes. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,應用程式將無法存取加密的檔案。If this service is stopped or disabled, applications will be unable to access encrypted files.
服務名稱Service name EFSEFS
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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企業的應用程式管理服務Enterprise App Management Service

服務描述Service description 可讓企業應用程式管理。Enables enterprise application management.
服務名稱Service name EntAppSvcEntAppSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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延伸驗證通訊協定Extensible Authentication Protocol

服務描述Service description 延伸驗證通訊協定 (EAP) 服務提供網路驗證在此類案例中為有線與 wireless 802.1 x、 VPN 和網路存取保護 (NAP)。The Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) service provides network authentication in such scenarios as 802.1x wired and wireless, VPN, and Network Access Protection (NAP). EAP 也提供應用程式介面 (Api) 用網路存取權,包括無線及 VPN 客戶驗證程序期間所使用。EAP also provides application programming interfaces (APIs) that are used by network access clients, including wireless and VPN clients, during the authentication process. 如果您停用這項服務,這台電腦無法存取網路需要 EAP 驗證。If you disable this service, this computer is prevented from accessing networks that require EAP authentication.
服務名稱Service name EapHostEapHost
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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函式探索提供者主機Function Discovery Provider Host

服務描述Service description FDPHOST 服務主控函式探索 (FD) 網路探索提供者。The FDPHOST service hosts the Function Discovery (FD) network discovery providers. 這些 FD 提供者提供的網路探索服務的簡單服務探索通訊協定 (SSDP) 和 Web 服務-探索 (WS D) 通訊協定。These FD providers supply network discovery services for the Simple Services Discovery Protocol (SSDP) and Web Services - Discovery (WS-D) protocol. 停止或停用 FDPHOST 服務會停用網路探索這些通訊協定時使用 FD。Stopping or disabling the FDPHOST service will disable network discovery for these protocols when using FD. 無法使用這項服務時,會找不到網路的裝置或資源網路服務使用 FD 並依賴這些探索通訊協定。When this service is unavailable, network services using FD and relying on these discovery protocols will be unable to find network devices or resources.
服務名稱Service name fdPHostfdPHost
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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函式探索資源發行Function Discovery Resource Publication

服務描述Service description 發行此電腦和資源連接到這部電腦,可以在網路上找到它們。Publishes this computer and resources attached to this computer so they can be discovered over the network. 如果這項服務已停止,將不會再發行網路資源,並不會發現在網路上的其他電腦。If this service is stopped, network resources will no longer be published and they will not be discovered by other computers on the network.
服務名稱Service name FDResPubFDResPub
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Geolocation 服務Geolocation Service

服務描述Service description 這項服務監視目前的系統位置和管理 geofences (地理位置的關聯的事件)。This service monitors the current location of the system and manages geofences (a geographical location with associated events). 如果您關閉此服務,應用程式將無法使用或接收 geolocation 或 geofences 通知。If you turn off this service, applications will be unable to use or receive notifications for geolocation or geofences.
服務名稱Service name lfsvclfsvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 停用休息應用程式依賴此服務。若要停用,如果 [確定] 應用程式,不仰賴Disabling breaks apps that rely on the service; OK to disable if apps not relying on it


群組原則 ClientGroup Policy Client

服務描述Service description 服務負責套用系統管理員適用於電腦和使用者透過元件群組原則設定。The service is responsible for applying settings configured by administrators for the computer and users through the Group Policy component. 如果已停用該服務,不會套用的設定和應用程式和元件將不會透過群組原則管理。If the service is disabled, the settings will not be applied and applications and components will not be manageable through Group Policy. 任何元件或群組原則元件而定,應用程式可能無法運作,如果已停用的服務。Any components or applications that depend on the Group Policy component might not be functional if the service is disabled.
服務名稱Service name gpsvcgpsvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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人性化介面裝置服務Human Interface Device Service

服務描述Service description 啟動,並會維持作用按鈕鍵盤、 遠端控制,以及其他多媒體裝置上使用。Activates and maintains the use of hot buttons on keyboards, remote controls, and other multimedia devices. 建議您持續執行這項服務。It is recommended that you keep this service running.
服務名稱Service name hidservhidserv
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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HV 主機服務HV Host Service

服務描述Service description 提供的介面 HYPER-V hypervisor 為每個分割效能計數器至主機的作業系統。Provides an interface for the Hyper-V hypervisor to provide per-partition performance counters to the host operating system.
服務名稱Service name HvHostHvHost
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 效能 enhancers 來賓 vm。Performance enhancers for guest VMs. 除了不使用的今天明確填入 Vm 中,但用於 Application GuardNot used today except for explicitly populated VMs, but will be used in Application Guard


HYPER-V 資料換貨服務Hyper-V Data Exchange Service

服務描述Service description 提供機制換貨資料一樣之間的實體的電腦上執行的作業系統。Provides a mechanism to exchange data between the virtual machine and the operating system running on the physical computer.
服務名稱Service name vmickvpexchangevmickvpexchange
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 查看 HvHostSee HvHost


HYPER-V 來賓服務介面Hyper-V Guest Service Interface

服務描述Service description 提供的介面 HYPER-V 主機互動特定一樣中執行的服務。Provides an interface for the Hyper-V host to interact with specific services running inside the virtual machine.
服務名稱Service name vmicguestinterfacevmicguestinterface
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 查看 HvHostSee HvHost


HYPER-V 來賓關機服務Hyper-V Guest Shutdown Service

服務描述Service description 提供關機作業系統的管理介面實體電腦上的此一樣機制。Provides a mechanism to shut down the operating system of this virtual machine from the management interfaces on the physical computer.
服務名稱Service name vmicshutdownvmicshutdown
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 查看 HvHostSee HvHost


HYPER-V 活動訊號服務Hyper-V Heartbeat Service

服務描述Service description 定期報告活動訊號監視此一樣的狀態。Monitors the state of this virtual machine by reporting a heartbeat at regular intervals. 這項服務,可協助您找出已停止回應的執行虛擬電腦。This service helps you identify running virtual machines that have stopped responding.
服務名稱Service name vmicheartbeatvmicheartbeat
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 查看 HvHostSee HvHost


HYPER-V PowerShell 直接服務Hyper-V PowerShell Direct Service

服務描述Service description 提供管理一樣透過 PowerShell 透過 VM 工作階段,而不需要 virtual 網路機制。Provides a mechanism to manage virtual machine with PowerShell via VM session without a virtual network.
服務名稱Service name vmicvmsessionvmicvmsession
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 查看 HvHostSee HvHost


HYPER-V 遠端桌面模擬服務Hyper-V Remote Desktop Virtualization Service

服務描述Service description 平台提供通訊一樣之間的實體的電腦上執行的作業系統。Provides a platform for communication between the virtual machine and the operating system running on the physical computer.
服務名稱Service name vmicrdvvmicrdv
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 查看 HvHostSee HvHost


HYPER-V 時間同步服務Hyper-V Time Synchronization Service

服務描述Service description 使用實體電腦的系統時間同步此一樣的系統時間。Synchronizes the system time of this virtual machine with the system time of the physical computer.
服務名稱Service name vmictimesyncvmictimesync
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 查看 HvHostSee HvHost


HYPER-V 音量陰影複製名字Hyper-V Volume Shadow Copy Requestor

服務描述Service description 座標必須使用應用程式與資料此一樣上從備份實體電腦上的作業系統的磁碟區陰影複製服務通訊。Coordinates the communications that are required to use Volume Shadow Copy Service to back up applications and data on this virtual machine from the operating system on the physical computer.
服務名稱Service name vmicvssvmicvss
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 查看 HvHostSee HvHost


Ikemefuna udeze,綽號和 AuthIP IPsec 金鑰模組IKE and AuthIP IPsec Keying Modules

服務描述Service description IKEEXT 服務主控網際網路金鑰交換 (ikemefuna udeze,綽號) 和驗證網際網路通訊協定 (AuthIP) 金鑰模組。The IKEEXT service hosts the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) and Authenticated Internet Protocol (AuthIP) keying modules. 這些金鑰模組用於驗證和金鑰交換網際網路通訊協定的安全性 (IPsec)。These keying modules are used for authentication and key exchange in Internet Protocol security (IPsec). 停止或停用 IKEEXT 服務會停用等電腦的 ikemefuna udeze,綽號和 AuthIP 金鑰交換。Stopping or disabling the IKEEXT service will disable IKE and AuthIP key exchange with peer computers. IPsec 通常被設定為使用 ikemefuna udeze,綽號或 AuthIP;因此,停止或停用 IKEEXT 服務可能會導致 IPsec 失敗,而且可能危害系統的安全性。IPsec is typically configured to use IKE or AuthIP; therefore, stopping or disabling the IKEEXT service might result in an IPsec failure and might compromise the security of the system. 建議您有 IKEEXT 服務執行。It is strongly recommended that you have the IKEEXT service running.
服務名稱Service name IKEEXTIKEEXT
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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偵測互動服務Interactive Services Detection

服務描述Service description 可讓使用者的使用者互動服務,可讓存取對話方塊出現時透過互動服務建立輸入的通知。Enables user notification of user input for interactive services, which enables access to dialogs created by interactive services when they appear. 這項服務已停止,如果通知新互動服務對話方塊將不再並有可能無法存取服務互動式對話方塊。If this service is stopped, notifications of new interactive service dialogs will no longer function and there might not be access to interactive service dialogs. 如果已停用這項服務的通知及新互動服務對話方塊來存取將無法再運作。If this service is disabled, both notifications of and access to new interactive service dialogs will no longer function.
服務名稱Service name UI0DetectUI0Detect
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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網際網路連接分享 (ICS)Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)

服務描述Service description 提供的網路位址轉譯,位址設定的家用或小型 office 網路的名稱解析和/或入侵防止服務。Provides network address translation, addressing, name resolution and/or intrusion prevention services for a home or small office network.
服務名稱Service name SharedAccessSharedAccess
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 所需的為熱點 wifi 下載,和這兩個的端點的 Miracast 投影用。Required for clients used as WiFi hotspots, and also on both ends of Miracast projection. ICS 可能會封鎖 GPO 設定、 」 禁止使用網際網路連接共用您的 DNS 網域網路上的 「ICS can be blocked with GPO setting, "Prohibit use of Internet Connection Sharing on your DNS domain network"


IP 授與協助者IP Helper

服務描述Service description 提供 IPv6 轉換技術 (6to4,ISATAP、 Proxy 連接埠,以及 Teredo) 和 IP-HTTPS 使用的通道連接。Provides tunnel connectivity using IPv6 transition technologies (6to4, ISATAP, Port Proxy, and Teredo), and IP-HTTPS. 如果這項服務已停止,電腦不會提供這些技術美化的連接權益。If this service is stopped, the computer will not have the enhanced connectivity benefits that these technologies offer.
服務名稱Service name iphlpsvciphlpsvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Ipsec 代理程式IPsec Policy Agent

服務描述Service description 網際網路通訊協定的安全性 (IPsec) 支援網路層級等驗證,資料來源驗證,資料的完整性,資料機密性 (加密),並重新執行保護。Internet Protocol security (IPsec) supports network-level peer authentication, data origin authentication, data integrity, data confidentiality (encryption), and replay protection. 這項服務執行 IPsec 透過 IP 安全性原則嵌入式管理單元或 「 netsh ipsec 」 命令列工具建立的原則。This service enforces IPsec policies created through the IP Security Policies snap-in or the command-line tool "netsh ipsec". 如果您停止這項服務,您可能會遇到網路連接的問題,如果您的原則需要連接使用 IPsec。If you stop this service, you may experience network connectivity issues if your policy requires that connections use IPsec. 同時,Windows 防火牆的遠端管理時,無法使用這項服務已停止。Also, remote management of Windows Firewall is not available when this service is stopped.
服務名稱Service name PolicyAgentPolicyAgent
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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\ [KDC Proxy 伺服器服務 (KPS)KDC Proxy Server service (KPS)

服務描述Service description \ [KDC Proxy 伺服器服務執行 edge 伺服器上以 proxy Kerberos 網域控制站在公司網路通訊協定訊息。KDC Proxy Server service runs on edge servers to proxy Kerberos protocol messages to domain controllers on the corporate network.
服務名稱Service name KPSSVCKPSSVC
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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適用於散發的交易協調者 KtmRmKtmRm for Distributed Transaction Coordinator

服務描述Service description 座標交易期間散發交易協調者 (MSDTC) 和核心交易 Manager (KTM)。Coordinates transactions between the Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MSDTC) and the Kernel Transaction Manager (KTM). 如果您不需要它,我們建議,此服務維持停止。If it is not needed, it is recommended that this service remain stopped. 如果需要同時 MSDTC 和 KTM 將會開始此服務會自動。If it is needed, both MSDTC and KTM will start this service automatically. 如果已停用這項服務,MSDTC 交易互動的核心資源管理員會失敗,並任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any MSDTC transaction interacting with a Kernel Resource Manager will fail and any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name KtmRmKtmRm
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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服務描述Service description 建立網路地圖包含電腦和裝置拓撲 (連接) 的資訊,以及中繼資料描述每個的電腦和裝置。Creates a Network Map, consisting of PC and device topology (connectivity) information, and metadata describing each PC and device. 如果已停用這項服務,網路地圖將無法正常運作。If this service is disabled, the Network Map will not function properly.
服務名稱Service name lltdsvclltdsvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 如果網路在地圖上的任何相依性停用 [確定]OK to disable if no dependencies on Network Map


本機工作階段管理員Local Session Manager

服務描述Service description 管理使用者的本機工作階段核心 Windows 服務。Core Windows Service that manages local user sessions. 停止或停用此服務會導致系統不穩定。Stopping or disabling this service will result in system instability.
服務名稱Service name LSMLSM
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Microsoft (R) 診斷中樞標準行程Microsoft (R) Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector

服務描述Service description 管理使用者的本機工作階段核心 Windows 服務。Core Windows Service that manages local user sessions. 停止或停用此服務會導致系統不穩定。Stopping or disabling this service will result in system instability.
服務名稱Service name LSMLSM
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Microsoft Account 登入小幫手Microsoft Account Sign-in Assistant

服務描述Service description 可讓使用者登入透過 Microsoft account 身分服務。Enables user sign-in through Microsoft account identity services. 如果這項服務已停止,使用者將無法登入他們的 Microsoft account 的電腦。If this service is stopped, users will not be able to log on to the computer with their Microsoft account.
服務名稱Service name wlidsvcwlidsvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments Microsoft 帳號是在 Windows Server 不適用Microsoft Accounts are N/A on Windows Server


Microsoft APP-V ClientMicrosoft App-V Client

服務描述Service description 管理 APP-V 使用者和 virtual 應用程式Manages App-V users and virtual applications
服務名稱Service name AppVClientAppVClient
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
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Microsoft iSCSI 初始服務Microsoft iSCSI Initiator Service

服務描述Service description 管理此電腦的網際網路 SCSI (iSCSI) 工作階段遠端 iSCSI 目標裝置。Manages Internet SCSI (iSCSI) sessions from this computer to remote iSCSI target devices. 如果這項服務已停止,這台電腦將會無法登入或存取 iSCSI 目標。If this service is stopped, this computer will not be able to login or access iSCSI targets. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name MSiSCSIMSiSCSI
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 我們 telemetry 指示這適用於 client 以及伺服器。Our telemetry indicates this is used on client as well as server. 若要停用這個不好處。No benefit to disabling this.


Microsoft PassportMicrosoft Passport

服務描述Service description 提供處理程序隔離的密碼編譯金鑰,用來驗證使用者的相關聯的身分提供者。Provides process isolation for cryptographic keys used to authenticate to a user's associated identity providers. 如果已停用這項服務,所有使用和管理這些按鍵會無法使用,包括電腦登入和簽署單一上的應用程式和網站。If this service is disabled, all uses and management of these keys will not be available, which includes machine logon and single-sign on for apps and websites. 這項服務開始和停止自動。This service starts and stops automatically. 建議您無法重新設定此服務。It is recommended that you do not reconfigure this service.
服務名稱Service name NgcSvcNgcSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 需要 pin 碼日 Hello 登入,不支援的伺服器的Needed for PIN/Hello logons, which aren't supported on Server


Microsoft Passport 容器Microsoft Passport Container

服務描述Service description 管理用來驗證身分提供者,以及 TPM virtual 智慧卡來使用者的本機的使用者身分金鑰。Manages local user identity keys used to authenticate user to identity providers as well as TPM virtual smart cards. 如果已停用這項服務,當地的使用者身分和 TPM virtual 智慧卡將無法存取。If this service is disabled, local user identity keys and TPM virtual smart cards will not be accessible. 建議您無法重新設定此服務。It is recommended that you do not reconfigure this service.
服務名稱Service name NgcCtnrSvcNgcCtnrSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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Microsoft 軟體陰影複製提供者Microsoft Software Shadow Copy Provider

服務描述Service description 管理軟體的音量陰影複製拍攝磁碟區陰影複製服務。Manages software-based volume shadow copies taken by the Volume Shadow Copy service. 如果這項服務已停止,軟體的音量陰影複製將無法管理。If this service is stopped, software-based volume shadow copies cannot be managed. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name swprvswprv
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Microsoft 儲存空間 SMPMicrosoft Storage Spaces SMP

服務描述Service description Microsoft 儲存空間管理提供者主機服務。Host service for the Microsoft Storage Spaces management provider. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,無法管理儲存空間。If this service is stopped or disabled, Storage Spaces cannot be managed.
服務名稱Service name smphostsmphost
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 管理儲存空間 Api 失敗,而不需要這項服務。Storage management APIs fail without this service. 範例: 「 取得-WmiObject-等級 MSFT_Disk-命名空間 Root\Microsoft\Windows\Storage 」。Example: "Get-WmiObject -class MSFT_Disk -Namespace Root\Microsoft\Windows\Storage".


Net.Tcp 連接埠分享服務Net.Tcp Port Sharing Service

服務描述Service description 提供分享 net.tcp 通訊協定的 TCP 連接埠的能力。Provides ability to share TCP ports over the net.tcp protocol.
服務名稱Service name NetTcpPortSharingNetTcpPortSharing
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
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NetlogonNetlogon

服務描述Service description 維護這台電腦之間的網域控制站驗證使用者與服務的安全的通道。Maintains a secure channel between this computer and the domain controller for authenticating users and services. 如果這項服務已停止,電腦可能無法在驗證使用者與服務和網域控制站無法登記 DNS 記錄。If this service is stopped, the computer may not authenticate users and services and the domain controller cannot register DNS records. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name NetlogonNetlogon
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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網路連接代理人Network Connection Broker

服務描述Service description 仲介連接,允許 Microsoft 網上商店應用程式從網際網路上接收的通知。Brokers connections that allow Microsoft Store Apps to receive notifications from the internet.
服務名稱Service name NcbServiceNcbService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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裝置管理員Network Connections

服務描述Service description 管理網路和撥號資料夾,可以檢視遠端連接和區域網路中的物件。Manages objects in the Network and Dial-Up Connections folder, in which you can view both local area network and remote connections.
服務名稱Service name NetmanNetman
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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網路連接小幫手Network Connectivity Assistant

服務描述Service description 提供 DirectAccess 狀態通知的 UI 元件Provides DirectAccess status notification for UI components
服務名稱Service name NcaSvcNcaSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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網路清單服務Network List Service

服務描述Service description 辨識的電腦已連接,會收集儲存屬性這些網路,並時變更這些屬性通知應用程式網路。Identifies the networks to which the computer has connected, collects and stores properties for these networks, and notifies applications when these properties change.
服務名稱Service name netprofmnetprofm
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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網路定位感知Network Location Awareness

服務描述Service description 會收集和儲存設定網路的資訊,以及通知程式修改這項資訊時。Collects and stores configuration information for the network and notifies programs when this information is modified. 如果這項服務已停止,設定資訊可能無法使用。If this service is stopped, configuration information might be unavailable. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name NlaSvcNlaSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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網路設定服務Network Setup Service

服務描述Service description 網路設定的服務管理安裝網路驅動程式,並允許低層級網路設定的設定。The Network Setup Service manages the installation of network drivers and permits the configuration of low-level network settings. 如果已停止這項服務,可能會取消進行中的任何驅動程式安裝。If this service is stopped, any driver installations that are in-progress may be cancelled.
服務名稱Service name NetSetupSvcNetSetupSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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市集網路介面服務Network Store Interface Service

服務描述Service description 此服務會提供給使用者模式戶端網路通知 (例如介面除了日刪除等等)。This service delivers network notifications (e.g. interface addition/deleting etc) to user mode clients. 停止這項服務,會導致遺失網路連接。Stopping this service will cause loss of network connectivity. 如果已停用這項服務,這項服務依賴任何其他服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any other services that explicitly depend on this service will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name nsinsi
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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生效Offline Files

服務描述Service description 事件使用者登入和登出 Offline 檔案服務執行維護活動,Offline 檔案快取,看、 實作的公用的 API,內部資訊和分派有趣的活動的興趣 Offline 檔案活動,以及變更快取的狀態。The Offline Files service performs maintenance activities on the Offline Files cache, responds to user logon and logoff events, implements the internals of the public API, and dispatches interesting events to those interested in Offline Files activities and changes in cache state.
服務名稱Service name CscServiceCscService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
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最佳化磁碟機Optimize drives

服務描述Service description 協助更有效率地執行,在 [儲存空間的磁碟機上的檔案的電腦。Helps the computer run more efficiently by optimizing files on storage drives.
服務名稱Service name defragsvcdefragsvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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效能計數器 DLL 主機Performance Counter DLL Host

服務描述Service description 可讓遠端使用者與 64 位元處理程序查詢效能計數器 32 位元 Dll 提供。Enables remote users and 64-bit processes to query performance counters provided by 32-bit DLLs. 如果停止這項服務,只有本機使用者和 32 位元處理程序將會無法查詢提供 32 位元 Dll 效能計數器。If this service is stopped, only local users and 32-bit processes will be able to query performance counters provided by 32-bit DLLs.
服務名稱Service name PerfHostPerfHost
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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效能登與提醒Performance Logs & Alerts

服務描述Service description 然後登的效能與警示會收集從依據排程預先設定的參數的本機或遠端電腦的效能資料將資料寫入登入,或觸發警示。Performance Logs and Alerts Collects performance data from local or remote computers based on preconfigured schedule parameters, then writes the data to a log or triggers an alert. 如果已停止這項服務,不會收集效能資訊。If this service is stopped, performance information will not be collected. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name plapla
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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電話 」 服務Phone Service

服務描述Service description 管理的裝置上的語音狀態Manages the telephony state on the device
服務名稱Service name PhoneSvcPhoneSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 使用現代化 VoIP 應用程式Used by modern VoIP apps


Plug and Play

服務描述Service description 可讓辨識及硬體變更來調整甚至不使用者輸入的電腦。Enables a computer to recognize and adapt to hardware changes with little or no user input. 停止或停用此服務會導致系統不穩定。Stopping or disabling this service will result in system instability.
服務名稱Service name PlugPlayPlugPlay
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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筆記型電腦列舉服務Portable Device Enumerator Service

服務描述Service description 執行適用於卸除式大量儲存裝置的群組原則。Enforces group policy for removable mass-storage devices. 可讓應用程式,例如 「 Windows Media Player 與映像匯入精靈傳輸及同步內容使用卸除式大型存放裝置。Enables applications such as Windows Media Player and Image Import Wizard to transfer and synchronize content using removable mass-storage devices.
服務名稱Service name WPDBusEnumWPDBusEnum
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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電源Power

服務描述Service description 管理電源原則和電源原則通知傳送。Manages power policy and power policy notification delivery.
服務名稱Service name 電源Power
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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服務描述Service description 這項服務多工緩衝處理列印工作,並處理印表機互動。This service spools print jobs and handles interaction with the printer. 如果您關閉此服務時,您將無法列印或查看您的印表機。If you turn off this service, you won't be able to print or see your printers.
服務名稱Service name 多工緩衝處理器Spooler
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 若要停用不列印伺服器或 DC [確定]OK to disable if not a print server or a DC
回應Comments 網域控制站在安裝 DC 角色新增討論串中有多工緩衝處理器服務負責執行列印剪除 – 移除 Active Directory 物件過時的列印佇列。On a domain controller, the installation of the DC role adds a thread to the spooler service that is responsible for performing print pruning – removing the stale print queue objects from the Active Directory. 如果有多工緩衝處理器服務無法執行的在至少網域控制站在每個網站,AD 已移除舊的佇列找不到任何方式。If the spooler service is not running on at least one DC in each site, then the AD has no means to remove old queues that no longer exist. https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/askperf/2008/11/18/disabling-unnecessary-services-a-word-to-the-wise/https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/askperf/2008/11/18/disabling-unnecessary-services-a-word-to-the-wise/


印表機擴充功能及通知Printer Extensions and Notifications

服務描述Service description 這項服務開啟自訂印表機對話方塊,並處理列印遠端伺服器或印表機的通知。This service opens custom printer dialog boxes and handles notifications from a remote print server or a printer. 如果您關閉此服務時,您將無法看到印表機延伸模組或通知。If you turn off this service, you won't be able to see printer extensions or notifications.
服務名稱Service name PrintNotifyPrintNotify
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用確定如果不是列印伺服器OK to disable if not a print server
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問題報告和方案控制台中支援Problem Reports and Solutions Control Panel Support

服務描述Service description 這項服務檢視、 傳送及問題報告和方案 [控制台] 的系統層級問題報告刪除提供支援。This service provides support for viewing, sending and deletion of system-level problem reports for the Problem Reports and Solutions control panel.
服務名稱Service name wercplsupportwercplsupport
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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程式相容性助理服務Program Compatibility Assistant Service

服務描述Service description 這項服務提供支援的程式相容性助理 (PCA)。This service provides support for the Program Compatibility Assistant (PCA). PCA 程式安裝及執行,使用者會監視和偵測到相容性問題。PCA monitors programs installed and run by the user and detects known compatibility problems. 如果這項服務已停止,PCA 將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, PCA will not function properly.
服務名稱Service name PcaSvcPcaSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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品質 Windows 音訊視訊體驗Quality Windows Audio Video Experience

服務描述Service description 品質 Windows 音訊視訊體驗 (qWave) 是網路的平台的音訊影片 (防毒軟體) 串流 IP 家用網路上的應用程式。Quality Windows Audio Video Experience (qWave) is a networking platform for Audio Video (AV) streaming applications on IP home networks. qWave 美化防毒軟體,確保網路品質服務 (QoS) 的防毒軟體應用程式串流效能和可靠性。qWave enhances AV streaming performance and reliability by ensuring network quality-of-service (QoS) for AV applications. 提供門票控制,請執行階段監視執法、 應用程式的意見反應,並設定流量優先順序的機制。It provides mechanisms for admission control, run time monitoring and enforcement, application feedback, and traffic prioritization.
服務名稱Service name QWAVEQWAVE
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments Client 端 QoS 服務Client-side QoS service


收音機管理服務Radio Management Service

服務描述Service description 管理和飛航模式服務] 選項Radio Management and Airplane Mode Service
服務名稱Service name RmSvcRmSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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遠端存取自動連接管理員Remote Access Auto Connection Manager

服務描述Service description 只要一個程式參考遠端 DNS 或 NetBIOS 名稱或地址,請建立連接到遠端的網路。Creates a connection to a remote network whenever a program references a remote DNS or NetBIOS name or address.
服務名稱Service name RasAutoRasAuto
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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遠端存取連接管理員Remote Access Connection Manager

服務描述Service description 管理來自此電腦的撥號和 virtual 私人網路 (VPN) 連接到網際網路或其他遠端網路。Manages dial-up and virtual private network (VPN) connections from this computer to the Internet or other remote networks. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name RasManRasMan
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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遠端桌面設定Remote Desktop Configuration

服務描述Service description 遠端桌面設定服務 (RDCS) 負責所有遠端桌面服務和遠端桌面相關的設定和工作階段維護活動進行需要系統操作。Remote Desktop Configuration service (RDCS) is responsible for all Remote Desktop Services and Remote Desktop related configuration and session maintenance activities that require SYSTEM context. 這其中包含每個工作階段暫存資料夾、 RD 主題和 RD 憑證。These include per-session temporary folders, RD themes, and RD certificates.
服務名稱Service name SessionEnvSessionEnv
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
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遠端桌面服務Remote Desktop Services

服務描述Service description 可讓使用者互動方式連接到遠端電腦。Allows users to connect interactively to a remote computer. 遠端桌面與遠端桌面工作階段主機伺服器依賴此服務。Remote Desktop and Remote Desktop Session Host Server depend on this service. 若要防止遠端電腦使用,請清除 [遠端系統屬性控制台項目] 索引標籤上的核取方塊。To prevent remote use of this computer, clear the checkboxes on the Remote tab of the System properties control panel item.
服務名稱Service name TermServiceTermService
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
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遠端桌面服務使用者模式連接埠重新導向Remote Desktop Services UserMode Port Redirector

服務描述Service description 允許 RDP 連接重新導向的印表機日磁碟機日連接埠Allows the redirection of Printers/Drives/Ports for RDP connections
服務名稱Service name UmRdpServiceUmRdpService
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 在連接的伺服器端支援重新導向。Supports redirections on the server side of the connection.


遠端程序呼叫 (RPC)Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

服務描述Service description 服務控制 COM 和 DCOM 伺服器管理員已 RPCSS 的服務。The RPCSS service is the Service Control Manager for COM and DCOM servers. 它會執行物件啟動要求物件匯出解析度,分散式的回收 COM 和 DCOM 伺服器。It performs object activations requests, object exporter resolutions and distributed garbage collection for COM and DCOM servers. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,使用 COM 或 DCOM 程式將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped or disabled, programs using COM or DCOM will not function properly. 建議您有 RPCSS 服務執行。It is strongly recommended that you have the RPCSS service running.
服務名稱Service name RpcSsRpcSs
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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遠端程序呼叫 (RPC) 定位器Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator

服務描述Service description 遠端程序呼叫 (RPC) 定位服務管理各種 RPC 名稱服務資料庫中 Windows 2003,先前的 Windows 版本。In Windows 2003 and earlier versions of Windows, the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator service manages the RPC name service database. 在 Windows Vista 和 Windows 更新版本,此服務不提供任何功能,並找的應用程式的相容性。In Windows Vista and later versions of Windows, this service does not provide any functionality and is present for application compatibility.
服務名稱Service name RpcLocatorRpcLocator
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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遠端登錄Remote Registry

服務描述Service description 可讓遠端使用者修改登錄這台電腦上的設定。Enables remote users to modify registry settings on this computer. 如果這項服務已停止,可以修改登錄只要這台電腦上的使用者。If this service is stopped, the registry can be modified only by users on this computer. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name RemoteRegistryRemoteRegistry
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
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結果組原則提供者Resultant Set of Policy Provider

服務描述Service description 提供的網路服務,處理模擬目標使用者或電腦各種情形在群組原則設定的應用程式要求計算原則結果設定的設定。Provides a network service that processes requests to simulate application of Group Policy settings for a target user or computer in various situations and computes the Resultant Set of Policy settings.
服務名稱Service name RSoPProvRSoPProv
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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尚及遠端存取Routing and Remote Access

服務描述Service description 提供服務路由區域與寬區域中的企業網路環境]。Offers routing services to businesses in local area and wide area network environments.
服務名稱Service name 遠端存取RemoteAccess
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
回應Comments 已停用Already disabled


RPC Endpoint 對應RPC Endpoint Mapper

服務描述Service description 解析 RPC 介面識別碼傳輸端點。Resolves RPC interfaces identifiers to transport endpoints. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,使用遠端程序呼叫 (RPC) 服務程式將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped or disabled, programs using Remote Procedure Call (RPC) services will not function properly.
服務名稱Service name RpcEptMapperRpcEptMapper
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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次要登入Secondary Logon

服務描述Service description 可以開始在其他認證處理程序。Enables starting processes under alternate credentials. 如果這項服務已停止,這種類型的登入存取將無法使用。If this service is stopped, this type of logon access will be unavailable. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name seclogonseclogon
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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安全通訊端的通訊協定服務的通道Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol Service

服務描述Service description 提供支援的安全通訊端通道通訊協定 (SSTP) 來連接遠端電腦使用 VPN。Provides support for the Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol (SSTP) to connect to remote computers using VPN. 如果已停用這項服務,將無法再使用 SSTP 存取遠端伺服器的使用者。If this service is disabled, users will not be able to use SSTP to access remote servers.
服務名稱Service name SstpSvcSstpSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 停用 RRAS 符號Disabling breaks RRAS


安全性帳號管理員Security Accounts Manager

服務描述Service description 這項服務開機訊號其他服務安全性帳號 Manager (坡) 可接受邀請。The startup of this service signals other services that the Security Accounts Manager (SAM) is ready to accept requests. 停用此服務會防止其他服務通知坡準備好時,系統中,依序可能造成無法正常。Disabling this service will prevent other services in the system from being notified when the SAM is ready, which may in turn cause those services to fail to start correctly. 此服務不應該停用。This service should not be disabled.
服務名稱Service name SamSsSamSs
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不要Do
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感應器資料服務Sensor Data Service

服務描述Service description 提供各式各樣的感應器的資料Delivers data from a variety of sensors
服務名稱Service name SensorDataServiceSensorDataService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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感應器監視服務Sensor Monitoring Service

服務描述Service description 會以公開資料與系統和使用者狀態適應各種感應器。Monitors various sensors in order to expose data and adapt to system and user state. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,光源條件不會適應顯示器亮度。If this service is stopped or disabled, the display brightness will not adapt to lighting conditions. 停止這項服務,可能會影響其他系統功能及功能。Stopping this service may affect other system functionality and features as well.
服務名稱Service name SensrSvcSensrSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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感應器服務Sensor Service

服務描述Service description 感應器的服務管理不同感應器的功能。A service for sensors that manages different sensors' functionality. 管理裝置方向簡單 (SDO) 和歷史感應器。Manages Simple Device Orientation (SDO) and History for sensors. 載入報告裝置方向變更 SDO 感應器。Loads the SDO sensor that reports device orientation changes. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,將不會載入 SDO 感應器和,將不會自動-旋轉。If this service is stopped or disabled, the SDO sensor will not be loaded and so auto-rotation will not occur. 歷史集合感應器也將會停止。History collection from Sensors will also be stopped.
服務名稱Service name SensorServiceSensorService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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伺服器Server

服務描述Service description 支援檔案、 列印,以及名管道這台電腦在網路上的共用。Supports file, print, and named-pipe sharing over the network for this computer. 如果已停止這項服務,這些功能將無法使用。If this service is stopped, these functions will be unavailable. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name 如下LanmanServer
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 所需的遠端管理 IPC$ SMB 檔案共用Needed for remote management, IPC$, SMB file sharing


偵測殼層硬體Shell Hardware Detection

服務描述Service description 提供 [自動播放] 硬體活動的通知。Provides notifications for AutoPlay hardware events.
服務名稱Service name ShellHWDetectionShellHWDetection
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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智慧卡Smart Card

服務描述Service description 管理智慧卡讀取這台電腦的存取。Manages access to smart cards read by this computer. 如果這項服務已停止,將無法讀取智慧卡這台電腦。If this service is stopped, this computer will be unable to read smart cards. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name SCardSvrSCardSvr
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
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智慧卡的裝置為基礎的值服務Smart Card Device Enumeration Service

服務描述Service description 適用於所有智慧卡讀卡機的軟體裝置節點建立存取指定工作階段。Creates software device nodes for all smart card readers accessible to a given session. 如果已停用這項服務,將無法再列舉智慧卡讀卡機 WinRT Api。If this service is disabled, WinRT APIs will not be able to enumerate smart card readers.
服務名稱Service name ScDeviceEnumScDeviceEnum
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 所需幾乎 WinRT 應用程式Needed almost exclusively for WinRT apps


智慧卡移除原則Smart Card Removal Policy

服務描述Service description 讓系統鎖定時智慧卡移除使用者桌面設定。Allows the system to be configured to lock the user desktop upon smart card removal.
服務名稱Service name SCPolicySvcSCPolicySvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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SNMP 陷阱SNMP Trap

服務描述Service description 接收陷阱由本機或遠端簡單網路管理通訊協定 (SNMP) 代理程式的訊息,然後轉寄給 SNMP 管理程式在這台電腦上執行的訊息。Receives trap messages generated by local or remote Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) agents and forwards the messages to SNMP management programs running on this computer. 如果這項服務已停止,SNMP 根據這台電腦上的應用程式不會收到 SNMP 陷阱訊息。If this service is stopped, SNMP-based programs on this computer will not receive SNMP trap messages. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name SNMPTRAPSNMPTRAP
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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軟體保護Software Protection

服務描述Service description 下載、 安裝和針對 Windows 和 Windows 的數位授權執法可讓應用程式。Enables the download, installation and enforcement of digital licenses for Windows and Windows applications. 如果已停用該服務,作業系統和授權的應用程式可能會執行通知模式。If the service is disabled, the operating system and licensed applications may run in a notification mode. 建議您無法停用軟體的防護服務。It is strongly recommended that you not disable the Software Protection service.
服務名稱Service name sppsvcsppsvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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特殊系統管理主控台授與協助者Special Administration Console Helper

服務描述Service description 可讓遠端存取命令提示字元使用緊急管理服務的系統管理員。Allows administrators to remotely access a command prompt using Emergency Management Services.
服務名稱Service name sacsvrsacsvr
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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檢查特別器Spot Verifier

服務描述Service description 驗證可能檔案系統的位址。Verifies potential file system corruptions.
服務名稱Service name svsvcsvsvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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SSDP 探索SSDP Discovery

服務描述Service description 探索網路的裝置並使用 SSDP 探索通訊協定,例如 UPnP 裝置的服務。Discovers networked devices and services that use the SSDP discovery protocol, such as UPnP devices. 也宣告 SSDP 裝置和本機電腦上執行的服務。Also announces SSDP devices and services running on the local computer. 如果這項服務已停止,並不會發現 SSDP 為基礎的裝置。If this service is stopped, SSDP-based devices will not be discovered. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name SSDPSRVSSDPSRV
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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服務狀態存放庫State Repository Service

服務描述Service description 提供所需的基礎結構支援的應用程式模型。Provides required infrastructure support for the application model.
服務名稱Service name StateRepositoryStateRepository
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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仍然影像擷取事件Still Image Acquisition Events

服務描述Service description 時限仍然影像擷取事件相關聯的應用程式。Launches applications associated with still image acquisition events.
服務名稱Service name WiaRpcWiaRpc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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儲存空間服務Storage Service

服務描述Service description 提供儲存空間設定及外部儲存擴充啟用服務Provides enabling services for storage settings and external storage expansion
服務名稱Service name StorSvcStorSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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儲存空間層管理Storage Tiers Management

服務描述Service description 在 [系統最佳化儲存層級在所有的層級式的儲存空間中的資料的位置。Optimizes the placement of data in storage tiers on all tiered storage spaces in the system.
服務名稱Service name TieringEngineServiceTieringEngineService
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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SuperfetchSuperfetch

服務描述Service description 和改善隨著時間的系統效能。Maintains and improves system performance over time.
服務名稱Service name SysMain
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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同步主機Sync Host

服務描述Service description 此服務會同步電子郵件、 連絡人、 行事曆,以及各種其他使用者資料。This service synchronizes mail, contacts, calendar and various other user data. 電子郵件和其他應用程式而定這項功能將無法正常運作時,此服務不執行。Mail and other applications dependent on this functionality will not work properly when this service is not running.
服務名稱Service name OneSyncSvcOneSyncSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 使用者服務範本User service template


系統事件通知服務System Event Notification Service

服務描述Service description 監控系統事件與通知訂閱者這些事件 COM + 事件系統。Monitors system events and notifies subscribers to COM+ Event System of these events.
服務名稱Service name SENSSENS
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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系統事件代理人System Events Broker

服務描述Service description 座標執行背景工作 WinRT 應用程式。Coordinates execution of background work for WinRT application. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,背景工作可能不觸發。If this service is stopped or disabled, then background work might not be triggered.
服務名稱Service name SystemEventsBrokerSystemEventsBroker
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 儘管及其描述暗不 WinRT 應用程式,它所需的工作排程器、 代理人基礎結構服務及其他內部元件。In spite of the fact that its description implies it is only for WinRT apps, it's needed for task scheduler, broker infrastructure service, and other internal components.


工作排程器Task Scheduler

服務描述Service description 讓使用者設定及排程這台電腦上的自動化的工作。Enables a user to configure and schedule automated tasks on this computer. 服務也裝載多個 Windows 系統重要的工作。The service also hosts multiple Windows system-critical tasks. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,將不會執行這些工作在排定時間。If this service is stopped or disabled, these tasks will not be run at their scheduled times. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name 排程Schedule
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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TCP/IP NetBIOS 授與協助者TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper

服務描述Service description 提供支援 NetBIOS TCP/IP (NetBT) 服務和 NetBIOS 名稱解析戶端網路上的使用者啟用共用的檔案,因此列印及網路登入。Provides support for the NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) service and NetBIOS name resolution for clients on the network, therefore enabling users to share files, print, and log on to the network. 如果已停止這項服務,這些功能可能無法使用。If this service is stopped, these functions might be unavailable. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name lmhostslmhosts
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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語音Telephony

服務描述Service description 控制語音裝置本機電腦上,透過區域網路,也正在執行的服務,伺服器上的應用程式提供語音 API (TAPI) 的支援。Provides Telephony API (TAPI) support for programs that control telephony devices on the local computer and, through the LAN, on servers that are also running the service.
服務名稱Service name TapiSrvTapiSrv
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 停用 RRAS 符號Disabling breaks RRAS


主題Themes

服務描述Service description 請提供使用者體驗主題管理。Provides user experience theme management.
服務名稱Service name 主題Themes
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 無法停用此服務時設定的協助工具的主題Can't set accessibility themes when this service is disabled


資料模型伺服器] 磚Tile Data model server

服務描述Service description 磚伺服器] 磚更新。Tile Server for tile updates.
服務名稱Service name tiledatamodelsvctiledatamodelsvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 如果已停用這項服務,[開始] 功能表分符號Start menu breaks if this service is disabled


時間代理人Time Broker

服務描述Service description 座標執行背景工作 WinRT 應用程式。Coordinates execution of background work for WinRT application. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,背景工作可能不觸發。If this service is stopped or disabled, then background work might not be triggered.
服務名稱Service name TimeBrokerSvcTimeBrokerSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 儘管及其描述暗不 WinRT 應用程式,它所需的工作排程器、 代理人基礎結構服務及其他內部元件。In spite of the fact that its description implies it is only for WinRT apps, it's needed for task scheduler, broker infrastructure service, and other internal components.


觸控式鍵盤和手寫面板服務Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel Service

服務描述Service description 可讓觸控式鍵盤和手寫面板手寫筆和 ink 的功能Enables Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel pen and ink functionality
服務名稱Service name TabletInputServiceTabletInputService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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Windows Update 更新 Orchestrator 服務Update Orchestrator Service for Windows Update

服務描述Service description 管理 Windows 更新。Manages Windows Updates. 停止,如果您的裝置將無法下載並安裝最新的更新。If stopped, your devices will not be able to download and install latest updates.
服務名稱Service name UsoSvcUsoSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 在 v1607; 遺漏服務描述Windows Update (銷 WSUS) 這項服務而定。Service description was missing in v1607; Windows Update (incl. WSUS) depends on this service.


裝置 UPnP 主機UPnP Device Host

服務描述Service description 可讓 UPnP 裝載這台電腦上的裝置。Allows UPnP devices to be hosted on this computer. 如果這項服務已停止,任何裝載的 UPnP 裝置將會停止運作,並新增裝載任何其他裝置。If this service is stopped, any hosted UPnP devices will stop functioning and no additional hosted devices can be added. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name upnphostupnphost
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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使用者存取登入服務User Access Logging Service

服務描述Service description 這項服務登唯一 client 存取的要求的 IP 位址和使用者名稱、 已安裝的你和本機伺服器上的角色。This service logs unique client access requests, in the form of IP addresses and user names, of installed products and roles on the local server. 此資訊可以查詢,透過 Powershell,需要量化離線 Client 存取權的授權 (CAL) 管理的伺服器軟體 client 要求系統管理員。This information can be queried, via Powershell, by administrators needing to quantify client demand of server software for offline Client Access License (CAL) management. 如果已停用該服務,client 要求不登入,且將不會透過 Powershell 查詢擷取。If the service is disabled, client requests will not be logged and will not be retrievable via Powershell queries. 停止服務不會影響查詢歷史資料 (查看隨附的文件的步驟來 delete 歷史資料)。Stopping the service will not affect query of historical data (see supporting documentation for steps to delete historical data). 本機系統管理員必須參考判斷 Cal 所需的適當地授權; 伺服器軟體的數目,對方可用自己、 Windows Server 授權條款使用 UAL 服務,資料不會變更此義務。The local system administrator must consult his, or her, Windows Server license terms to determine the number of CALs that are required for the server software to be appropriately licensed; use of the UAL service and data does not alter this obligation.
服務名稱Service name UALSVCUALSVC
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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使用者資料的存取權User Data Access

服務描述Service description 提供結構化的使用者資料,包括連絡資訊、 行事曆、 簡訊,以及其他 content 存取應用程式。Provides apps access to structured user data, including contact info, calendars, messages, and other content. 如果您停止或停用這項服務,請使用此資料的應用程式可能無法正常運作。If you stop or disable this service, apps that use this data might not work correctly.
服務名稱Service name UserDataSvcUserDataSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 使用者服務範本User service template


使用者資料儲存空間User Data Storage

服務描述Service description 處理使用者結構化的資料,包括連絡資訊、 行事曆、 簡訊,以及其他 content 儲存的空間。Handles storage of structured user data, including contact info, calendars, messages, and other content. 如果您停止或停用這項服務,請使用此資料的應用程式可能無法正常運作。If you stop or disable this service, apps that use this data might not work correctly.
服務名稱Service name UnistoreSvcUnistoreSvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 使用者服務範本User service template


使用者體驗模擬服務User Experience Virtualization Service

服務描述Service description 支援的應用程式和漫遊作業系統設定Provides support for application and OS settings roaming
服務名稱Service name UevAgentServiceUevAgentService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
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使用者管理員User Manager

服務描述Service description 使用者管理員會提供多的使用者互動時所需執行階段元件。User Manager provides the runtime components required for multi-user interaction. 如果已停止這項服務,某些應用程式可能無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, some applications may not operate correctly.
服務名稱Service name UserManagerUserManager
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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使用者設定檔服務User Profile Service

服務描述Service description 這項服務負責載入與卸載使用者設定檔。This service is responsible for loading and unloading user profiles. 如果這項服務已停止或停用,使用者將不會再無法成功登入或登出、 應用程式可能有問題,使用者的資料,以取得和元件收到通知,設定檔事件登記將不會收到通知。If this service is stopped or disabled, users will no longer be able to successfully sign in or sign out, apps might have problems getting to users' data, and components registered to receive profile event notifications won't receive them.
服務名稱Service name ProfSvcProfSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Virtual 磁碟Virtual Disk

服務描述Service description 提供磁碟、 磁碟區,系統檔案及存放裝置陣列管理服務。Provides management services for disks, volumes, file systems, and storage arrays.
服務名稱Service name vdsvds
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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磁碟區陰影複製Volume Shadow Copy

服務描述Service description 管理及實作音量陰影複製用於備份和其他用途。Manages and implements Volume Shadow Copies used for backup and other purposes. 如果這項服務已停止,陰影複製將無法使用的備份,備份可能會失敗。If this service is stopped, shadow copies will be unavailable for backup and the backup may fail. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name VSSVSS
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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WalletServiceWalletService

服務描述Service description 使用 「 電子錢包 」 的用主機物件Hosts objects used by clients of the wallet
服務名稱Service name WalletServiceWalletService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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Windows 音訊Windows Audio

服務描述Service description 管理 windows 應用程式的聲音。Manages audio for Windows-based programs. 這項服務已停止,如果音效裝置和效果將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, audio devices and effects will not function properly. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將無法 [開始]If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start
服務名稱Service name AudiosrvAudiosrv
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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Windows 音訊端點 BuilderWindows Audio Endpoint Builder

服務描述Service description 管理適用於 Windows 音訊服務的音訊裝置。Manages audio devices for the Windows Audio service. 這項服務已停止,如果音效裝置和效果將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, audio devices and effects will not function properly. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將無法 [開始]If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start
服務名稱Service name AudioEndpointBuilderAudioEndpointBuilder
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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Windows 生物特徵辨識服務Windows Biometric Service

服務描述Service description Windows 的生物特徵辨識服務可讓 client 應用程式擷取、 比較、 操作及市集生物特徵辨識資料,而不需要任何生物特徵辨識硬體或直接存取。The Windows biometric service gives client applications the ability to capture, compare, manipulate, and store biometric data without gaining direct access to any biometric hardware or samples. 裝載服務的權限 SVCHOST 程序。The service is hosted in a privileged SVCHOST process.
服務名稱Service name WbioSrvcWbioSrvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 的相機畫面伺服器Windows Camera Frame Server

服務描述Service description 可讓多戶端視訊畫面存取的相機的裝置。Enables multiple clients to access video frames from camera devices.
服務名稱Service name FrameServerFrameServer
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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Windows 連接管理員Windows Connection Manager

服務描述Service description 讓自動連接日中斷連接決策根據電腦目前可用的網路連接選項,並讓網路連接型群組原則設定的管理。Makes automatic connect/disconnect decisions based on the network connectivity options currently available to the PC and enables management of network connectivity based on Group Policy settings.
服務名稱Service name WcmsvcWcmsvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows Defender 網路檢查服務Windows Defender Network Inspection Service

服務描述Service description 可協助抵禦入侵嘗試目標已知與新發現弱點網路通訊協定Helps guard against intrusion attempts targeting known and newly discovered vulnerabilities in network protocols
服務名稱Service name WdNisSvcWdNisSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows Defender 服務Windows Defender Service

服務描述Service description 可協助抵禦惡意程式碼和其他潛在的垃圾軟體Helps protect users from malware and other potentially unwanted software
服務名稱Service name WinDefendWinDefend
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 驅動程式基礎架構的使用者模式驅動程式Windows Driver Foundation - User-mode Driver Framework

服務描述Service description 建立及管理使用者模式驅動程式的程序。Creates and manages user-mode driver processes. 此服務不會停止。This service cannot be stopped.
服務名稱Service name wudfsvcwudfsvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 加密提供者主機服務Windows Encryption Provider Host Service

服務描述Service description Windows 加密提供者主機服務仲介加密,需要評估,並在套用原則 EAS 處理程序來自第三方加密提供者相關功能。Windows Encryption Provider Host Service brokers encryption related functionalities from third-party Encryption Providers to processes that need to evaluate and apply EAS policies. 停止會危及 EAS 相容檢查所建立連接郵件帳號,Stopping this will compromise EAS compliancy checks that have been established by the connected Mail Accounts
服務名稱Service name WEPHOSTSVCWEPHOSTSVC
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 錯誤報告服務Windows Error Reporting Service

服務描述Service description 讓程式停止運作或回應報告錯誤和可現有方案的形式傳遞。Allows errors to be reported when programs stop working or responding and allows existing solutions to be delivered. 也可讓登被轉換為診斷並修復服務。Also allows logs to be generated for diagnostic and repair services. 如果這項服務已停止,錯誤報告可能無法正常運作,可能不會顯示服務診斷並修復的結果。If this service is stopped, error reporting might not work correctly and results of diagnostic services and repairs might not be displayed.
服務名稱Service name WerSvcWerSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 會收集和傳送當機日擱置 MS 及第三方 Isv 日 Ihv 可使用的資料。Collects and sends crash/hang data used by both MS and third party ISVs/IHVs. 資料用於診斷當機查錯誤,其中可能包括安全性問題。The data is used to diagnose crash-inducing bugs, which may include security bugs. 適用於企業的錯誤報告也需要Also needed for Corporate Error Reporting


Windows 事件行程Windows Event Collector

服務描述Service description 這項服務設法事件來源支援 Ws-management 通訊協定的遠端持續月租方案。This service manages persistent subscriptions to events from remote sources that support WS-Management protocol. 這包括 Windows Vista 事件登、 硬體和 IPMI 支援事件來源。This includes Windows Vista event logs, hardware and IPMI-enabled event sources. 服務的商店轉送事件在本機的事件登入。The service stores forwarded events in a local Event Log. 如果這項服務已停止或停用無法建立事件月租方案,以及無法接受轉送的事件。If this service is stopped or disabled event subscriptions cannot be created and forwarded events cannot be accepted.
服務名稱Service name WecsvcWecsvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 管理性,診斷收集 ETW 活動 (包括安全性事件)。Collects ETW events (including security events) for manageability, diagnostics. 許多功能與第三方工具依賴它,包括安全性稽核工具Lots of features and third-party tools rely on it, including security audit tools


Windows 事件登入Windows Event Log

服務描述Service description 這項服務管理事件和事件登。This service manages events and event logs. 支援的事件登入,查詢訂閱事件、 封存事件登,以及管理事件中繼資料。It supports logging events, querying events, subscribing to events, archiving event logs, and managing event metadata. 它可以顯示事件 XML 與一般格式。It can display events in both XML and plain text format. 停止這項服務可能危害系統的安全性及可靠性。Stopping this service may compromise security and reliability of the system.
服務名稱Service name 事件EventLog
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 防火牆Windows Firewall

服務描述Service description Windows 防火牆可協助保護您的電腦,以防止未經授權的使用者存取您的電腦透過網際網路或網路。Windows Firewall helps protect your computer by preventing unauthorized users from gaining access to your computer through the Internet or a network.
服務名稱Service name MpssvcMpsSvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 字型的快取服務Windows Font Cache Service

服務描述Service description 快取的資料常使用的字型最佳化應用程式的效能。Optimizes performance of applications by caching commonly used font data. 如果不執行的應用程式將會開始此服務。Applications will start this service if it is not already running. 它可以停用,但如此一來將降低應用程式的效能。It can be disabled, though doing so will degrade application performance.
服務名稱Service name FontCacheFontCache
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 映像擷取 (WIA)Windows Image Acquisition (WIA)

服務描述Service description 提供掃描器與相機影像擷取的服務Provides image acquisition services for scanners and cameras
服務名稱Service name stisvcstisvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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Windows 測試人員服務Windows Insider Service

服務描述Service description wisvcwisvc
服務名稱Service name wisvcwisvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 伺服器不支援 flighting,,讓它可以不是任何作業伺服器上。Server doesn't support flighting, so it's a no-op on Server. 功能可以停用 GP 透過,並在該處。Feature can be disabled via GP as well.


Windows 安裝程式Windows Installer

服務描述Service description 新增、 修改,並移除為 Windows 安裝程式 (.msi、 *.msp) 套件提供的應用程式。Adds, modifies, and removes applications provided as a Windows Installer (.msi, *.msp) package. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name msiservermsiserver
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 的授權管理員服務Windows License Manager Service

服務描述Service description 提供的基礎結構 Microsoft 網上商店的支援。Provides infrastructure support for the Microsoft Store. 此服務會開始進行視,如果已停用再透過 Microsoft 網上商店取得的 content 將無法正確運作。This service is started on demand and if disabled then content acquired through the Microsoft Store will not function properly.
服務名稱Service name LicenseManagerLicenseManager
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 管理檢測Windows Management Instrumentation

服務描述Service description 提供常見介面和物件模型作業系統,裝置、 應用程式和服務的存取管理資訊。Provides a common interface and object model to access management information about operating system, devices, applications and services. 如果這項服務已停止,大部分 windows 軟體將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, most Windows-based software will not function properly. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name WinmgmtWinmgmt
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 行動熱點服務Windows Mobile Hotspot Service

服務描述Service description 提供的功能與另一部裝置共用的行動數據連接。Provides the ability to share a cellular data connection with another device.
服務名稱Service name icssvcicssvc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
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Windows 模組安裝程式Windows Modules Installer

服務描述Service description 可讓安裝、 修改和 Windows 更新,選用元件移除。Enables installation, modification, and removal of Windows updates and optional components. 如果已停用這項服務,安裝或解除安裝的 Windows 更新失敗的這台電腦。If this service is disabled, install or uninstall of Windows updates might fail for this computer.
服務名稱Service name TrustedInstallerTrustedInstaller
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows 推播通知系統服務Windows Push Notifications System Service

服務描述Service description 這項服務執行中工作階段 0 和主控處理連接裝置和 WNS 伺服器之間的通知平台和連接提供者。This service runs in session 0 and hosts the notification platform and connection provider which handles the connection between the device and WNS server.
服務名稱Service name WpnServiceWpnService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 所需的動態磚 」 和其他功能Needed for live tiles and other features


Windows 推播通知使用者服務Windows Push Notifications User Service

服務描述Service description 這項服務主控 Windows 通知平台提供本機的支援,以及推播通知。This service hosts Windows notification platform which provides support for local and push notifications. 支援的通知會磚、 快顯通知與原始。Supported notifications are tile, toast and raw.
服務名稱Service name WpnUserServiceWpnUserService
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 若要停用 [確定]OK to disable
回應Comments 使用者服務範本User service template


Windows 遠端管理 (Ws-management)Windows Remote Management (WS-Management)

服務描述Service description Windows 遠端管理 (WinRM) 服務實作遠端管理 Ws-management 通訊的協定。Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service implements the WS-Management protocol for remote management. Ws-management 是使用的軟體和硬體的遠端管理標準 web 服務通訊協定。WS-Management is a standard web services protocol used for remote software and hardware management. WinRM 服務聆聽 Ws-management 要求的網路及處理它們。The WinRM service listens on the network for WS-Management requests and processes them. 聆聽在網路上才能其實使用 winrm.cmd 命令列工具或透過群組原則設定需要 WinRM 服務。The WinRM Service needs to be configured with a listener using winrm.cmd command line tool or through Group Policy in order for it to listen over the network. WinRM 服務提供 WMI 資料的存取權,並讓事件收藏。The WinRM service provides access to WMI data and enables event collection. 事件收集與裝機費事件需要服務順利執行。Event collection and subscription to events require that the service is running. WinRM 訊息使用 HTTP 和 HTTPS 為傳輸。WinRM messages use HTTP and HTTPS as transports. 不會根據 IIS WinRM 服務,但已預先設定的 IIS 分享連接埠,相同的電腦上。The WinRM service does not depend on IIS but is preconfigured to share a port with IIS on the same machine. WinRM 服務保留 /wsman URL 前置詞。The WinRM service reserves the /wsman URL prefix. 若要防止與 IIS 衝突,系統管理員一定 IIS 上的任何網站,請勿使用 /wsman URL 前置詞。To prevent conflicts with IIS, administrators should ensure that any websites hosted on IIS do not use the /wsman URL prefix.
服務名稱Service name WinRMWinRM
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 所需的遠端管理Needed for remote management


服務描述Service description 檔案、 電子郵件及其他 content 提供內容編製索引,屬性快取,並搜尋結果。Provides content indexing, property caching, and search results for files, e-mail, and other content.
服務名稱Service name WSearchWSearch
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已停用Already disabled
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Windows 時間Windows Time

服務描述Service description 維護所有戶端上的日期和時間同步處理和網路中的伺服器。Maintains date and time synchronization on all clients and servers in the network. 如果這項服務已停止,將無法使用的日期和時間同步處理。If this service is stopped, date and time synchronization will be unavailable. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name W32TimeW32Time
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Windows UpdateWindows Update

服務描述Service description 可讓偵測、 下載和安裝更新的 Windows 及其他程式。Enables the detection, download, and installation of updates for Windows and other programs. 如果已停用這項服務,這台電腦的使用者無法使用 Windows Update 或其自動更新的功能,並程式將無法使用 Windows Update 代理 (WUA) API。If this service is disabled, users of this computer will not be able to use Windows Update or its automatic updating feature, and programs will not be able to use the Windows Update Agent (WUA) API.
服務名稱Service name wuauservwuauserv
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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WinHTTP Web Proxy 自動探索服務WinHTTP Web Proxy Auto-Discovery Service

服務描述Service description WinHTTP 實作 client HTTP 堆疊,並提供開發人員 API Win32 與 COM 自動化元件傳送 HTTP 要求和接收的回應。WinHTTP implements the client HTTP stack and provides developers with a Win32 API and COM Automation component for sending HTTP requests and receiving responses. 此外,WinHTTP 提供支援自動探索透過其實 Web Proxy 自動探索 (WPAD) 通訊協定的 proxy 設定。In addition, WinHTTP provides support for auto-discovering a proxy configuration via its implementation of the Web Proxy Auto-Discovery (WPAD) protocol.
服務名稱Service name WinHttpAutoProxySvcWinHttpAutoProxySvc
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不要停用Do not disable
回應Comments 使用網路堆疊的任何項目可以在這項服務有功能相依性。Anything that uses the network stack can have a functional dependency on this service. 許多公司依賴此設定內部網路的 HTTP proxy 路由。Many organizations rely on this to configure their internal networks' HTTP proxy routing. 不,內部來自 HTTP 連接到網際網路將所有失敗。Without it, internally-originating HTTP connections to the Internet will all fail.


有線自動設定Wired AutoConfig

服務描述Service description 有線自動設定 (DOT3SVC) 服務負責執行 IEEE 802.1 X 驗證 Ethernet 介面上的。The Wired AutoConfig (DOT3SVC) service is responsible for performing IEEE 802.1X authentication on Ethernet interfaces. 如果您目前的網路有線的部署執行 802.1 X 驗證,應該設定 DOT3SVC 服務執行建立層級 2 連接和 (或) 提供存取權的網路資源。If your current wired network deployment enforces 802.1X authentication, the DOT3SVC service should be configured to run for establishing Layer 2 connectivity and/or providing access to network resources. 不使用 802.1 X 驗證的固定的網路並不會受到 DOT3SVC 服務。Wired networks that do not enforce 802.1X authentication are unaffected by the DOT3SVC service.
服務名稱Service name dot3svcdot3svc
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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WMI 效能介面卡WMI Performance Adapter

服務描述Service description 提供從 Windows 管理檢測 (WMI) 提供者戶端網路上效能媒體櫃的資訊。Provides performance library information from Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) providers to clients on the network. 這項服務只能執行時的效能資料授與協助者啟動。This service only runs when Performance Data Helper is activated.
服務名稱Service name wmiApSrvwmiApSrv
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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工作站Workstation

服務描述Service description 建立及維護 client 網路連接到使用 SMB 通訊協定遠端伺服器。Creates and maintains client network connections to remote servers using the SMB protocol. 如果已停止這項服務,這些連接將無法使用。If this service is stopped, these connections will be unavailable. 如果已停用這項服務,任何依賴它,服務將會失敗開始。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
服務名稱Service name LanmanWorkstationLanmanWorkstation
安裝Installation 永遠安裝Always installed
StartType 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 不指導方針No guidance
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Xbox Live 驗證管理員Xbox Live Auth Manager

服務描述Service description 提供與 Xbox Live 互動驗證和授權服務。Provides authentication and authorization services for interacting with Xbox Live. 如果已停止這項服務,某些應用程式可能無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, some applications may not operate correctly.
服務名稱Service name XblAuthManagerXblAuthManager
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 應該停用Should be disabled
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Xbox Live 重大儲存Xbox Live Game Save

服務描述Service description 此服務會同步儲存適用於 Xbox Live 讓遊戲儲存的資料。This service syncs save data for Xbox Live save enabled games. 如果這項服務已停止,game 儲存的資料將不上傳至,或從 Xbox Live 下載。If this service is stopped, game save data will not upload to or download from Xbox Live.
服務名稱Service name XblGameSaveXblGameSave
安裝Installation 只在 Datacenter EditionOnly on Datacenter Edition
StartType 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 應該停用Should be disabled
回應Comments 此服務會同步儲存適用於 Xbox Live 讓遊戲儲存的資料。This service syncs save data for Xbox Live save enabled games. 如果這項服務已停止,game 儲存的資料將不上傳至,或從 Xbox Live 下載。If this service is stopped, game save data will not upload to or download from Xbox Live.