檔案伺服器資源管理員 (FSRM) 概觀File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) overview

適用於:Windows Server (半年度管道)、Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2008 R2Applies to: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2

檔案伺服器資源管理員 (FSRM) 是 Windows Server 中的角色服務,可讓您管理和分類儲存在檔案伺服器上的資料。File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) is a role service in Windows Server that enables you to manage and classify data stored on file servers. 檔案伺服器資源管理員包含下列功能:File Server Resource Manager includes the following features:

  • 檔案分類基礎結構:檔案分類基礎結構透過自動化分類程序,讓您深入了解資料,以便更有效地管理資料。File Classification Infrastructure File Classification Infrastructure provides insight into your data by automating classification processes so that you can manage your data more effectively. 您可以分類檔案,並以該分類為基礎套用原則。You can classify files and apply policies based on this classification. 這些原則的範例包括限制檔案存取、檔案加密以及檔案到期的動態存取控制。Example policies include dynamic access control for restricting access to files, file encryption, and file expiration. 您可以使用檔案分類規則自動分類檔案,或修改所選檔案或資料夾的屬性來手動分類檔案。Files can be classified automatically by using file classification rules or manually by modifying the properties of a selected file or folder.

  • 檔案管理工作:檔案管理工作可讓您根據檔案的分類來套用條件性原則或動作。File Management Tasks File Management Tasks enables you to apply a conditional policy or action to files based on their classification. 檔案管理工作的條件包括檔案位置、分類屬性、檔案建立日期、檔案上次修改日期,或檔案上次存取時間。The conditions of a file management task include the file location, the classification properties, the date the file was created, the last modified date of the file, or the last time the file was accessed. 檔案管理工作可以採取的動作包括可使檔案到期、加密檔案或執行自訂命令的功能。The actions that a file management task can take include the ability to expire files, encrypt files, or run a custom command.

  • 配額管理:配額可讓您限制磁碟區或資料夾允許使用的空間,而且可以自動套用到磁碟區上建立的新資料夾。Quota management Quotas allow you to limit the space that is allowed for a volume or folder, and they can be automatically applied to new folders that are created on a volume. 您也可以定義能夠套用至新磁碟區或資料夾的配額範本。You can also define quota templates that can be applied to new volumes or folders.

  • 檔案檢測管理:檔案檢測協助您控制使用者可在檔案伺服器上儲存的檔案類型。File screening management File screens help you control the types of files that user can store on a file server. 您可以限制可以儲存在共用檔案上的副檔名。You can limit the extension that can be stored on your shared files. 例如,您可以建立一個檔案檢測,不允許在檔案伺服器的個人共用資料夾中儲存副檔名為 MP3 的檔案。For example, you can create a file screen that does not allow files with an MP3 extension to be stored in personal shared folders on a file server.

  • 存放裝置報告:存放裝置報告可用來協助您識別磁碟使用量的趨勢,以及資料的分類方式。Storage reports Storage reports are used to help you identify trends in disk usage and how your data is classified. 您也可以監視選取的使用者群組是否嘗試儲存未授權的檔案。You can also monitor a selected group of users for attempts to save unauthorized files.

    您可以使用檔案伺服器資源管理員 Microsoft Management Console (MMC) 或 Windows PowerShell,來設定和管理檔案伺服器資源管理員所包含的功能。The features included with File Server Resource Manager can be configured and managed by using the File Server Resource Manager Microsoft Management Console (MMC) or by using Windows PowerShell.

重要

檔案伺服器資源管理員只支援以 NTFS 檔案系統格式化的磁碟區。File Server Resource Manager supports volumes formatted with the NTFS file system only. 不支援彈性檔案系統。The Resilient File System isn't supported.

實際用途Practical applications

檔案伺服器資源管理員有一些實際用途,包括:Some practical applications for File Server Resource Manager include:

  • 搭配動態存取控制案例使用檔案分類基礎結構,可建立一個根據檔案伺服器檔案分類方式授與檔案及資料夾存取權的原則。Use File Classification Infrastructure with the Dynamic Access Control scenario to create a policy that grants access to files and folders based on the way files are classified on the file server.

  • 建立檔案分類規則,用來將任何包含至少 10 個身分證號碼的檔案,標記成具有個人識別資訊的檔案。Create a file classification rule that tags any file that contains at least 10 social security numbers as having personally identifiable information.

  • 將過去 10 年未曾修改過的任何檔案視為已到期檔案。Expire any file that has not been modified in the last 10 years.

  • 為每個使用者的主目錄建立 200 MB 的配額,並在使用者即將使用達 180 MB 時通知他們。Create a 200 megabyte quota for each user’s home directory and notify them when they are using 180 megabytes.

  • 不允許在個人共用資料夾儲存任何音樂檔。Do not allow any music files to be stored in personal shared folders.

  • 將報告排程在每個星期天午夜執行,並產生一份過去兩天內最新存取的檔案清單。Schedule a report that runs every Sunday night at midnight that generates a list of the most recently accessed files from the previous two days. 這麼做可以幫助您判斷週末存放活動,並據此規劃您的伺服器停機時間。This can help you determine the weekend storage activity and plan your server downtime accordingly.

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