管理 Windows10 [開始] 和工作列的配置Manage Windows 10 Start and taskbar layout

適用於Applies to

  • 使用桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016 Windows10,具備桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2019Windows10, Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience, Windows Server 2019 with Desktop Experience

正在尋找消費者資訊嗎?Looking for consumer information? 查看 [開始] 功能表上的項目See what's on the Start menu

組織可能會想要將自訂的開始和工作列設定部署到執行 Windows10 Pro、Enterprise 或教育版的裝置上。Organizations might want to deploy a customized Start and taskbar configuration to devices running Windows10 Pro, Enterprise, or Education. 標準的自訂 [開始] 配置在對多數使用者常見的裝置,以及針對特殊用途而鎖定的裝置上都非常有用。A standard, customized Start layout can be useful on devices that are common to multiple users and devices that are locked down for specialized purposes. 設定工作列,讓組織能夠為員工釘選實用的應用程式,以及移除預設已釘選的應用程式。Configuring the taskbar allows the organization to pin useful apps for their employees and to remove apps that are pinned by default.

注意

從 Windows10 版本 1607 開始,就能夠使用工作列設定。Taskbar configuration is available starting in Windows 10, version 1607.

[開始] 和工作列的設定可套用到執行 Windows 10 專業版版本 1703 的裝置。Start and taskbar configuration can be applied to devices running Windows 10 Pro, version 1703.

如需有關使用版面配置修改 XML 來設定從漫遊使用者設定檔開始的詳細資訊,請參閱部署漫遊使用者設定檔For information on using the layout modification XML to configure Start with roaming user profiles, see Deploy Roaming User Profiles.

不支援在 Windows 10 中使用 [開始] 功能表自訂的 CopyProfile。Using CopyProfile for Start menu customization in Windows 10 isn't supported. 如需詳細資訊,請使用 CopyProfile 來自訂預設的使用者設定檔For more information Customize the Default User Profile by Using CopyProfile

[開始] 選項Start options

[開始] 配置區段

[開始] 的部分區域可以使用群組原則進行管理。Some areas of Start can be managed using Group Policy. [開始] 磚的配置可以使用群組原則或行動裝置管理 (MDM) 原則來管理。The layout of Start tiles can be managed using either Group Policy or Mobile Device Management (MDM) policy.

注意

您也可以使用 [原則開始],在 [配套件] 中設定資料表中的 MDM 原則設定 > ** **。The MDM policy settings in the table can also be configured in a provisioning package using Policies > Start. 請參閱 Windows 配置設計工具中 [啟動設定] 的參考。See the reference for Start settings in Windows Configuration Designer.

下表列出 [開始] 的不同部分,以及任何適用的原則設定或設定選項。The following table lists the different parts of Start and any applicable policy settings or Settings options. 除了下表中列出的不同路徑之外,群組原則設定的路徑為 [使用者設定]\[系統管理範本]\[[開始] 功能表和工作列]Group Policy settings are in the User Configuration\Administrative Templates\Start Menu and Taskbar path except where a different path is listed in the table.

開始Start 原則Policy 本機設定Local setting
使用者磚User tile MDM:Start/HideUserTileMDM: Start/HideUserTile
Start/HideSwitchAccountStart/HideSwitchAccount
Start/HideSignOutStart/HideSignOut
Start/HideLockStart/HideLock
Start/HideChangeAccountSettingsStart/HideChangeAccountSettings

群組原則:移除 [開始] 功能表上的 [登出]Group Policy: Remove Logoff on the Start menu
無 (none)none
最常使用Most used MDM:**Start/HideFrequentlyUsedApps **MDM: Start/HideFrequentlyUsedApps

群組原則:從 [開始] 功能表移除常用程式清單Group Policy: Remove frequent programs from the Start menu
[設定] > [個人化] > [開始] > [顯示常用應用程式]Settings > Personalization > Start > Show most used apps
建議Suggestions
-及--and-
以動態方式插入的應用程式磚Dynamically inserted app tile
MDM:允許使用 Windows 消費者功能MDM: Allow Windows Consumer Features

群組原則:[電腦設定]\[系統管理範本]\[Windows 元件]\[雲端內容]\[關閉 Microsoft 消費者體驗]Group Policy: Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Cloud Content\Turn off Microsoft consumer experiences

請注意: 這個原則也可針對使用者的 Microsoft 帳戶,以及 Microsoft 動態插入預設 [開始] 功能表的應用程式磚來啟用或停用通知。Note: This policy also enables or disables notifications for a user's Microsoft account and app tiles from Microsoft dynamically inserted in the default Start menu.
[設定] > [個人化] > [開始] > [偶爾在 [開始] 顯示建議]Settings > Personalization > Start > Occasionally show suggestions in Start
最近新增Recently added MDM:Start/HideRecentlyAddedAppsMDM: Start/HideRecentlyAddedApps
群組原則: [電腦設定]系統 \ 管理範本 \ [開始] 功能表和工作列 \ 移除 [開始] 功能表中的 [最近新增] 清單(適用于 Windows 10,版本1803)Group Policy: Computer configuration\Administrative Template\Start Menu and Taskbar\Remove "Recently Added" list from Start Menu (for Windows 10, version 1803)
[設定] > [個人化] > [開始] > [顯示最近新增的應用程式]Settings > Personalization > Start > Show recently added apps
已釘選的資料夾Pinned folders MDM:AllowPinnedFolderMDM: AllowPinnedFolder [設定] > [個人化] > [開始] > 選擇要顯示在 [開始] 上的資料夾Settings > Personalization > Start > Choose which folders appear on Start
開啟/關閉Power MDM:Start/HidePowerButtonMDM: Start/HidePowerButton
Start/HideHibernateStart/HideHibernate
Start/HideRestartStart/HideRestart
Start/HideShutDownStart/HideShutDown
Start/HideSleepStart/HideSleep

群組原則:移除並禁止存取 [關機]、[重新開機]、[睡眠] 及 [休眠] 命令Group Policy: Remove and prevent access to the Shut Down, Restart, Sleep, and Hibernate commands
無 (none)none
[開始] 配置Start layout MDM:[開始] 配置MDM: Start layout
ImportEdgeAssetsImportEdgeAssets

群組原則:防止使用者自訂自己的開始畫面Group Policy: Prevent users from customizing their Start screen

請注意: 使用群組原則或 MDM 匯入完整的開始畫面配置時,使用者將無法釘選、取消釘選,或從開始畫面解除安裝應用程式。Note: When a full Start screen layout is imported with Group Policy or MDM, the users cannot pin, unpin, or uninstall apps from the Start screen. 使用者可以在 [所有應用程式] 檢視中檢視和開啟所有應用程式,但無法將任何應用程式釘選到開始畫面。Users can view and open all apps in the All Apps view, but they cannot pin any apps to the Start screen. 匯入部分的開始畫面配置時,使用者無法變更部分配置所套用的磚群組,但可以修改其他磚群組以及建立自己的磚群組。When a partial Start screen layout is imported, users cannot change the tile groups applied by the partial layout, but can modify other tile groups and create their own.

[開始] 配置原則可根據您提供的 XML 檔案,用來將應用程式釘選到工作列。Start layout policy can be used to pin apps to the taskbar based on an XML File that you provide. 使用者無法變更所釘選應用程式的順序、將應用程式取消釘選,以及將其他應用程式釘選到工作列。Users will be able to change the order of pinned apps, unpin apps, and pin additional apps to the taskbar.
無 (none)none
捷徑清單Jump lists MDM:Start/HideRecentJumplistsMDM: Start/HideRecentJumplists

群組原則:不保留最近開啟文件的記錄Group Policy: Do not keep history of recently opened documents
[設定] > [個人化] > [開始] > [在 [開始] 或工作列上的捷徑清單中顯示最近開啟的項目]Settings > Personalization > Start > Show recently opened items in Jump Lists on Start or the taskbar
[開始] 大小Start size MDM:強制 [開始] 畫面大小MDM: Force Start size

群組原則:強制 [開始] 以全螢幕方式顯示或以功能表大小顯示Group Policy: Force Start to be either full screen size or menu size
[設定] > [個人化] > [開始] > 以全螢幕方式使用開始畫面Settings > Personalization > Start > Use Start full screen
應用程式清單App list MDM︰Start/HideAppListMDM: Start/HideAppList [設定]>[個人化]>[開始]>[在 [開始] 功能表顯示應用程式列表]Settings > Personalization > Start > Show app list in Start menu
所有設定All Settings 群組原則:防止變更工作列及 [開始] 功能表設定Group Policy: Prevent changes to Taskbar and Start Menu Settings none
工作列Taskbar MDM︰Start/NoPinningToTaskbarMDM: Start/NoPinningToTaskbar none

注意

在 [本機設定 > 個人化] 中 > 開始,有一個選項可顯示更多磚In local Settings > Personalization > Start, there is an option to Show more tiles. [開始] 磚的預設 [磚版面配置] 是中等大小磚的3欄。The default tile layout for Start tiles is 3 columns of medium sized tiles. [顯示更多磚] 可啟用4個欄。Show more tiles enables 4 columns. 若要在自訂和匯出開始版面配置時設定4欄的版面配置,請開啟 [顯示更多磚] 設定,然後排列您的磚。To configure the 4-column layout when you customize and export a Start layout, turn on the Show more tiles setting and then arrange your tiles.

深入了解如何自訂與匯出 [開始] 配置Learn how to customize and export Start layout

工作列選項Taskbar options

從 Windows10 版本 1607 開始,您可以將其他應用程式釘選到工作列,並從工作列移除預設已釘選的應用程式。Starting in Windows 10, version 1607, you can pin additional apps to the taskbar and remove default pinned apps from the taskbar. 您可以根據裝置的地區設定或區域指定不同的工作列設定。You can specify different taskbar configurations based on device locale or region.

有三種應用程式類別可能會釘選到工作列:There are three categories of apps that might be pinned to a taskbar:

  • 使用者釘選的應用程式Apps pinned by the user

  • 預設的 Windows 應用程式,是在作業系統安裝期間所釘選 (Microsoft Edge、檔案總管、Store) 的應用程式Default Windows apps, pinned during operating system installation (Microsoft Edge, File Explorer, Store)

  • 企業釘選的應用程式,例如:Windows 自動安裝時所釘選應用程式Apps pinned by the enterprise, such as in an unattended Windows setup

    注意

    我們建議使用 layoutmodification.xml 方法設定工作列選項,而不是之前使用 Windows 自動安裝檔案中的 TaskbarLinksWe recommend using the layoutmodification.xml method to configure taskbar options, rather than the earlier method of using TaskbarLinks in an unattended Windows setup file.

下列範例示範如何釘選應用程式︰左邊是 Windows 預設應用程式 (藍色圓形),中央是使用者釘選的應用程式 (橘色三角形),而右邊則是您使用 XML 釘選的應用程式 (綠色方形)。The following example shows how apps will be pinned - Windows default apps to the left (blue circle), apps pinned by the user in the center (orange triangle), and apps that you pin using XML to the right (green square).

左邊是 Windows,中央是使用者,右邊是企業

注意

在設定為使用由右至左語言的作業系統中,工作列順序將會反轉。In operating systems configured to use a right-to-left language, the taskbar order will be reversed.

無論您是將工作列設定套用到全新安裝或是更新,使用者仍然能夠:Whether you apply the taskbar configuration to a clean install or an update, users will still be able to:

  • 釘選其他應用程式Pin additional apps
  • 變更所釘選應用程式的順序Change the order of pinned apps
  • 取消釘選任何應用程式Unpin any app

注意

在 Windows 10 版本 1703 中,您可以套用 MDM 原則,Start/NoPinningToTaskbar,以避免使用者釘選和取消釘選在工作列上的應用程式。In Windows 10, version 1703, you can apply an MDM policy, Start/NoPinningToTaskbar, to prevents users from pinning and unpinning apps on the taskbar.

工作列設定會套用到 Windows10 的全新安裝Taskbar configuration applied to clean install of Windows 10

在全新安裝中,如果您套用工作列配置,則只有您指定的應用程式和您未移除的預設應用程式會釘選到工作列。In a clean install, if you apply a taskbar layout, only the apps that you specify and default apps that you do not remove will be pinned to the taskbar. 套用配置之後,使用者就能將其他應用程式釘選到工作列。Users can pin additional apps to the taskbar after the layout is applied.

工作列設定會套用到 Windows10 升級Taskbar configuration applied to Windows 10 upgrades

當裝置升級到 Windows10 時,就已經將應用程式釘選到工作列。When a device is upgraded to Windows 10, apps will be pinned to the taskbar already. 有些應用程式可能已由使用者釘選到工作列,而其他應用程式可能已透過自訂基礎映像或使用 Windows 自動安裝釘選到工作列。Some apps may have been pinned to the taskbar by a user, and others may have been pinned to the taskbar through a customized base image or by using Windows Unattend setup.

用於升級到 Windows10 版本 1607 或更新版本的新工作列配置,將會套用下列行為:The new taskbar layout for upgrades to Windows 10, version 1607 or later, will apply the following behavior:

  • 如果使用者已將應用程式釘選到工作列,這些釘選的應用程式便會保留,並且將新的應用程式新增到右邊。If the user pinned the app to the taskbar, those pinned apps remain and new apps will be added to the right.
  • 如果使用者未釘選應用程式 (已在安裝期間或透過原則來釘選),且該應用程式不在更新的配置檔案中,則會將該應用程式取消釘選。If the user didn't pin the app (it was pinned during installation or by policy) and the app is not in updated layout file, the app will be unpinned.
  • 如果使用者未釘選應用程式且該應用程式位於更新的配置檔案中,即會將該應用程式釘選到右邊。If the user didn't pin the app and the app is in the updated layout file, the app will be pinned to the right.
  • 更新配置檔案中指定的新應用程式會釘選到使用者所釘選之應用程式的右邊。New apps specified in updated layout file are pinned to right of user's pinned apps.

了解如何設定 Windows 10 工作列Learn how to configure Windows 10 taskbar.

啟動版面配置錯誤Start layout configuration errors

如果您的開始版面配置未如預期套用,請開啟事件檢視器,然後流覽至 [應用程式和服務記錄 > Microsoft > Windows > ShellCommon-StartLayoutPopulation > 操作],然後檢查下列其中一項事件:If your Start layout customization is not applied as expected, open Event Viewer and navigate to Applications and Services Log > Microsoft > Windows > ShellCommon-StartLayoutPopulation > Operational, and check for one of the following events:

  • 當 xml 格式錯誤時,會記錄事件 22 ,這表示指定的檔案不是有效的 xml。Event 22 is logged when the xml is malformed, meaning the specified file simply isn’t valid xml. 如果檔案有多餘的空格或非預期的字元,或是檔案未儲存為 UTF8 格式,就會發生這種情況。This can occur if the file has extra spaces or unexpected characters, or if the file is not saved in the UTF8 format.
  • 事件 64是在 xml 有效,但具有非預期的值時記錄。Event 64 is logged when the xml is valid, but has unexpected values. 這可能會在不了解所需的設定、元素未採用所需順序或找不到來源(例如遺失或拼錯)的情況下發生。This can happen when the desired configuration is not understood, elements are not in the required order, or source is not found, such as a missing or misspelled .lnk.

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