服務堆疊更新Servicing stack updates

適用於Applies to

  • Windows10、Windows 8.1、Windows 8、Windows 7Windows10, Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7

何謂服務堆疊更新?What is a servicing stack update?

處理堆疊更新:提供服務堆疊的修正程式(安裝 Windows 更新的元件)。Servicing stack updates provide fixes to the servicing stack, the component that installs Windows updates. 此外,它還包含「元件式式服務堆疊」(CBS),這是一些 Windows 部署元素(例如 DISM、SFC、變更 Windows 功能或角色)及修復元件的主要基礎元件。Additionally, it contains the "component-based servicing stack" (CBS), which is a key underlying component for several elements of Windows deployment, such as DISM, SFC, changing Windows features or roles, and repairing components. CBS 是一個小型元件,通常不會在每個月發行更新。The CBS is a small component that typically does not have updates released every month.

為什麼要安裝堆疊更新並保持在最新狀態?Why should servicing stack updates be installed and kept up to date?

服務堆疊更新可改善更新程式的可靠性,以減少安裝最新品質更新和功能更新時的潛在問題。Servicing stack updates improve the reliability of the update process to mitigate potential issues while installing the latest quality updates and feature updates. 如果您未安裝最新的服務堆疊更新,就有可能是您的裝置無法使用最新的 Microsoft 安全性修正程式來更新。If you don't install the latest servicing stack update, there's a risk that your device can't be updated with the latest Microsoft security fixes.

他們何時發行?When are they released?

根據新問題或漏洞,釋放服務堆疊更新。Servicing stack update are released depending on new issues or vulnerabilities. 在極少數的情況下,可能需要根據需求釋放服務堆疊更新,以解決在安裝每月安全更新之系統受到影響的問題。In rare occasions a servicing stack update may need to be released on demand to address an issue impacting systems installing the monthly security update. 從2018年11月開始,新的服務堆疊更新將會分類為「Security」,且嚴重性分級為「緊急」。Starting in November 2018 new servicing stack updates will be classified as "Security" with a severity rating of "Critical."

注意

您可以在最新的服務堆疊更新中找到服務堆疊更新清單。You can find a list of servicing stack updates at Latest servicing stack updates.

維護堆疊更新與累計更新之間有何差異?What's the difference between a servicing stack update and a cumulative update?

Windows 10 和 Windows Server 都使用累積更新機制,在這種情況下,改善 Windows 品質與安全性的許多修正程式都封裝在單一更新中。Both Windows 10 and Windows Server use the cumulative update mechanism, in which many fixes to improve the quality and security of Windows are packaged into a single update. 每個累計更新包含所有先前更新中的變更與修正。Each cumulative update includes the changes and fixes from all previous updates.

服務堆疊更新必須與累計更新分開隨附,因為它們會修改安裝 Windows 更新的元件。Servicing stack updates must ship separately from the cumulative updates because they modify the component that installs Windows updates. 服務堆疊是單獨發行的,因為服務堆疊本身需要更新。The servicing stack is released separately because the servicing stack itself requires an update. 例如,累加性更新KB4284880需要2018 年5月17日服務堆疊更新,其中包括 Windows update 的更新。For example, the cumulative update KB4284880 requires the May 17, 2018 servicing stack update, which includes updates to Windows Update.

是否有任何特殊的指引?Is there any special guidance?

Microsoft 建議您在安裝最新的累加更新之前,先為作業系統安裝最新的服務堆疊更新。Microsoft recommends you install the latest servicing stack updates for your operating system before installing the latest cumulative update.

這些改良功能的可靠性和效能改善不需要任何特定特殊指導方針。Typically, the improvements are reliability and performance improvements that do not require any specific special guidance. 如果有任何重大影響,就會出現在版本資訊中。If there is any significant impact, it will be present in the release notes.

安裝記事Installation notes

  • 服務堆疊更新包含完整的服務堆疊;因此,通常系統管理員只需要安裝作業系統的最新服務堆疊更新。Servicing stack updates contain the full servicing stack; as a result, typically administrators only need to install the latest servicing stack update for the operating system.
  • 安裝服務堆疊更新不需要重新開機裝置,因此無法中斷安裝。Installing servicing stack update does not require restarting the device, so installation should not be disruptive.
  • 服務堆疊更新發行與作業系統版本(組建編號)是特定的,就像是品質更新。Servicing stack update releases are specific to the operating system version (build number), much like quality updates.
  • 搜尋以安裝適用于 Windows 10 的最新可用服務堆疊更新Search to install latest available Servicing stack update for Windows 10.
  • 安裝了服務堆疊更新之後,就無法從電腦中移除或卸載它。Once a servicing stack update is installed, it cannot be removed or uninstalled from the machine.