Windows 即服務的快速指南Quick guide to Windows as a service

適用對象Applies to

  • Windows 10Windows 10

「Windows 即服務」是隨著 Windows 10 發行所引進的新概念。Windows as a service is a new concept, introduced with the release of Windows 10. 雖然有廣泛的文件可說明所有細節與細微差異,以下仍提供最重要概念的快速指南。While an extensive set of documentation is available explaining all the specifics and nuances, here is a quick guide to the most important concepts.

定義Definitions

部分新的詞彙已做為「Windows 即服務」的一部分引進,因此您應該了解這些詞彙所代表的意義。Some new terms have been introduced as part of Windows as a service, so you should know what these terms mean.

  • 功能更新每年 發行兩次,大約是 3 月和 9 月。Feature updates are released twice per year, around March and September. 如名稱所示,這些更新為 Windows 10 新增了新功能,與之前每 3-5 年發行 Windows 的作法相比,功能會以一般區塊提供。As the name suggests, these updates add new features to Windows 10, delivered in bite-sized chunks compared to the previous practice of Windows releases every 3-5 years.
  • 品質更新 會同時提供安全性和非安全性修正。Quality updates deliver both security and non-security fixes. 它們通常是在每個月的第二個星期二發行,不過它們隨時都可以發行。They are typically released on the second Tuesday of each month, though they can be released at any time. 品質更新包括安全性更新、重大更新、維護堆疊更新,以及驅動程式更新。Quality updates include security updates, critical updates, servicing stack updates, and driver updates. 品質更新是累積的,因此安裝最新的品質更新就足以取得特定 Windows 10 功能更新的所有可用修正程式。Quality updates are cumulative, so installing the latest quality update is sufficient to get all the available fixes for a specific Windows 10 feature update. 「維護堆疊」是安裝其他更新的代碼,因此保持更新為最新狀態非常重要。The "servicing stack" is the code that installs other updates, so they are important to keep current. 詳細資訊請參閱維護堆疊 更新For more information, see Servicing stack updates.
  • 測試人員預覽 版可在開發下一個功能更新提供的功能期間提供,讓組織能夠驗證新功能並確認與現有應用程式與基礎結構的相容性,針對任何遇到的問題提供意見回饋給 Microsoft。Insider Preview builds are made available during the development of the features that will be shipped in the next feature update, enabling organizations to validate new features and confirm compatibility with existing apps and infrastructure, providing feedback to Microsoft on any issues encountered.
  • 維護通道允許組織選擇何時要部署新功能。Servicing channels allow organizations to choose when to deploy new features.
    • 半年通道每年會收到功能更新兩次。The Semi-Annual Channel receives feature updates twice per year.
    • 長期**** 維護通道僅適用于特殊裝置 (通常不會執行 Office) 例如控制醫療設備或ATM機器的裝置,每隔兩到三年會收到新功能一次。The Long-Term Servicing Channel, which meant only for specialized devices (which typically don't run Office) such as those that control medical equipment or ATM machines, receives new feature releases every two to three years.
  • 部署更新步調是用來在組織中初始試驗每個功能更新,然後廣泛部署的裝置群組。Deployment rings are groups of devices used to initially pilot, and then to broadly deploy, each feature update in an organization.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows 即服務概觀See Overview of Windows as a service for more information.

有關累積更新如何工作的一些有趣深入資訊,請參閱使用反向和反向差異的Windows Updates。For some interesting in-depth information about how cumulative updates work, see Windows Updates using forward and reverse differentials.

重要概念Key Concepts

Windows 10 會透過每年兩次的功能更新發行取得新功能。Windows 10 gains new functionality with twice-per-year feature update releases. 一開始,組織將會使用這些功能更新版本來試驗部署,以確保與現有應用程式和基礎架構的相容性。Initially, organizations will use these feature update releases for pilot deployments to ensure compatibility with existing apps and infrastructure. 針對每個Semi-Annual通道版本,我們建議您立即開始部署到已選取以早期採用 (目標驗證) 並自行開始進行完整部署。With each Semi-Annual Channel release, we recommend beginning deployment right away to devices selected for early adoption (targeted validation) and ramp up to full deployment at your discretion.

所有 Windows 10 版本都有 18 個月的所有版本維護,這些更新會針對該版本提供安全性和功能更新。All releases of Windows 10 have 18 months of servicing for all editions--these updates provide security and feature updates for the release. 執行企業版和教育版的客戶,會針對特定的 Windows 10 版本額外提供 12 個月的維護,從初次發行起總計 30 個月。Customers running Enterprise and Education editions have an additional 12 months of servicing for specific Windows 10 releases, for a total of 30 months from initial release. 這些版本包括適用于 Windows 10 的企業版和教育版、版本 1607 及更新版本。These versions include Enterprise and Education editions for Windows 10, versions 1607 and later. 從 2018 年 10 月開始,9 月/10 月時間範圍內的所有 Semi-Annual 通道版本,也會從初次發行起額外獲得 12 個月的額外 30 個月的服務。Starting in October 2018, all Semi-Annual Channel releases in the September/October timeframe will also have the additional 12 months of servicing for a total of 30 months from the initial release. Semi-Annual/4 月時間範圍發佈的通道版本將持續有 18 個月的生命週期。The Semi-Annual Channel versions released in March/April timeframe will continue to have an 18-month lifecycle.

Windows 10 企業 LTSB 是獨立的 長期維護通道 版本。Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB is a separate Long-Term Servicing Channel version. 每個版本會受到總共 10 年的支援 (五年標準支援,五年延伸支援)。Each release is supported for a total of 10 years (five years standard support, five years extended support). 每三年可預期有新的版本。New releases are expected about every three years.

詳細資訊請參閱指派裝置給 Windows 10 更新的服務通道For more information, see Assign devices to servicing channels for Windows 10 updates.

保持最新狀態Staying up to date

讓 Windows 10 保持最新狀態的程序涉及在功能更新發行之後的適當時機部署它。The process for keeping Windows 10 up to date involves deploying a feature update, at an appropriate time after its release. 您可以使用各種管理及更新工具,例如 Windows Update、商務用 Windows Update、Windows Server Update Services、Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager,以及非 Microsoft 產品) 來協助進行此程式。You can use various management and update tools such as Windows Update, Windows Update for Business, Windows Server Update Services, Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, and non-Microsoft products) to help with this process. 升級準備是簡化 Windows 升級專案的免費工具,是另一個可協助的重要工具。Upgrade Readiness, a free tool to streamline Windows upgrade projects, is another important tool to help.

因為 Windows 10 的應用程式相容性非常出色 (傳統型應用程式與 Web 應用程式皆如此),所以不需要大量的進階測試。Because app compatibility, both for desktop apps and web apps, is outstanding with Windows 10, extensive advanced testing isn’t required. 相反地,僅業務關鍵應用程式需要測試,剩餘的應用程式會透過一系列的試驗部署更新步調來驗證。Instead, only business-critical apps need to be tested, with the remaining apps validated through a series of pilot deployment rings. 一旦這些試驗部署完成驗證大多數應用程式,就可以開始廣泛部署。Once these pilot deployments have validated most apps, broad deployment can begin.

每年兩次的新功能更新時會重複這個程序。This process repeats with each new feature update, twice per year. 與舊的三到五年 Windows 發行週期所需的大型專案相比,這些是小型部署專案。These are small deployment projects, compared to the large projects that were necessary with the old three-to-five-year Windows release cycles.

其他技術 ,例如 BranchCache 和傳遞優化這兩種對等發佈工具,可協助發佈功能更新安裝檔案。Other technologies such as BranchCache and Delivery Optimization, both peer-to-peer distribution tools, can help with the distribution of the feature update installation files.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱為 Windows 10 更新建置部署更新步調為 Windows 10 更新最佳化更新傳遞See Build deployment rings for Windows 10 updates and Optimize update delivery for Windows 10 updates for more information.

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