修改服務的 DACL

服務控制程式可以建立或修改與服務相關聯的 DACL 以控制存取。 若要取得與服務物件相關聯的 DACL,請使用 QueryServiceObjectSecurity 函數。 若要設定 DACL,請使用 SetServiceObjectSecurity 函數。 對服務物件相關聯之 安全 _ 描述項 所做的任何變更都是持續性,直到從系統移除服務為止。

下列範例會為服務建立及設定新的 DACL。 程式碼會將一個存取控制專案 (ACE) 合併到服務的現有 DACL。 新的 ACE 會授與來賓帳戶對指定服務的啟動、停止、刪除和讀取 _ 控制存取權。 傳遞給 BuildExplicitAccessWithName函數的 accesspermissions.list 參數可以修改服務的存取權。

SzSvcName 變數是包含服務名稱的全域變數。 如需設定此變數的完整範例,請參閱 SvcControl .cpp

//
// Purpose: 
//   Updates the service DACL to grant start, stop, delete, and read
//   control access to the Guest account.
//
// Parameters:
//   None
// 
// Return value:
//   None
//
VOID __stdcall DoUpdateSvcDacl()
{
    EXPLICIT_ACCESS      ea;
    SECURITY_DESCRIPTOR  sd;
    PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR psd            = NULL;
    PACL                 pacl           = NULL;
    PACL                 pNewAcl        = NULL;
    BOOL                 bDaclPresent   = FALSE;
    BOOL                 bDaclDefaulted = FALSE;
    DWORD                dwError        = 0;
    DWORD                dwSize         = 0;
    DWORD                dwBytesNeeded  = 0;

    // Get a handle to the SCM database. 
 
    schSCManager = OpenSCManager( 
        NULL,                    // local computer
        NULL,                    // ServicesActive database 
        SC_MANAGER_ALL_ACCESS);  // full access rights 
 
    if (NULL == schSCManager) 
    {
        printf("OpenSCManager failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
        return;
    }

    // Get a handle to the service

    schService = OpenService( 
        schSCManager,              // SCManager database 
        szSvcName,                 // name of service 
        READ_CONTROL | WRITE_DAC); // access
 
    if (schService == NULL)
    { 
        printf("OpenService failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
        CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
        return;
    }    

    // Get the current security descriptor.

    if (!QueryServiceObjectSecurity(schService,
        DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION, 
        &psd,           // using NULL does not work on all versions
        0, 
        &dwBytesNeeded))
    {
        if (GetLastError() == ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER)
        {
            dwSize = dwBytesNeeded;
            psd = (PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR)HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),
                    HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY, dwSize);
            if (psd == NULL)
            {
                // Note: HeapAlloc does not support GetLastError.
                printf("HeapAlloc failed\n");
                goto dacl_cleanup;
            }
  
            if (!QueryServiceObjectSecurity(schService,
                DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION, psd, dwSize, &dwBytesNeeded))
            {
                printf("QueryServiceObjectSecurity failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
                goto dacl_cleanup;
            }
        }
        else 
        {
            printf("QueryServiceObjectSecurity failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
            goto dacl_cleanup;
        }
    }

    // Get the DACL.

    if (!GetSecurityDescriptorDacl(psd, &bDaclPresent, &pacl,
                                   &bDaclDefaulted))
    {
        printf("GetSecurityDescriptorDacl failed(%d)\n", GetLastError());
        goto dacl_cleanup;
    }

    // Build the ACE.

    BuildExplicitAccessWithName(&ea, TEXT("GUEST"),
        SERVICE_START | SERVICE_STOP | READ_CONTROL | DELETE,
        SET_ACCESS, NO_INHERITANCE);

    dwError = SetEntriesInAcl(1, &ea, pacl, &pNewAcl);
    if (dwError != ERROR_SUCCESS)
    {
        printf("SetEntriesInAcl failed(%d)\n", dwError);
        goto dacl_cleanup;
    }

    // Initialize a new security descriptor.

    if (!InitializeSecurityDescriptor(&sd, 
        SECURITY_DESCRIPTOR_REVISION))
    {
        printf("InitializeSecurityDescriptor failed(%d)\n", GetLastError());
        goto dacl_cleanup;
    }

    // Set the new DACL in the security descriptor.

    if (!SetSecurityDescriptorDacl(&sd, TRUE, pNewAcl, FALSE))
    {
        printf("SetSecurityDescriptorDacl failed(%d)\n", GetLastError());
        goto dacl_cleanup;
    }

    // Set the new DACL for the service object.

    if (!SetServiceObjectSecurity(schService, 
        DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION, &sd))
    {
        printf("SetServiceObjectSecurity failed(%d)\n", GetLastError());
        goto dacl_cleanup;
    }
    else printf("Service DACL updated successfully\n");

dacl_cleanup:
    CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
    CloseServiceHandle(schService);

    if(NULL != pNewAcl)
        LocalFree((HLOCAL)pNewAcl);
    if(NULL != psd)
        HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, (LPVOID)psd);
}

完整的服務範例