Char.ConvertToUtf32 Methode

Definition

Konvertiert den Wert eines UTF-16-codierten Ersatzzeichenpaars in einen Unicode-Codepunkt.Converts the value of a UTF-16 encoded surrogate pair into a Unicode code point.

Überlädt

ConvertToUtf32(Char, Char)

Konvertiert den Wert eines UTF-16-codierten Ersatzzeichenpaars in einen Unicode-Codepunkt.Converts the value of a UTF-16 encoded surrogate pair into a Unicode code point.

ConvertToUtf32(String, Int32)

Konvertiert den Wert eines UTF-16-codierten Zeichens oder Ersatzzeichenpaars an der angegebenen Position in einer Zeichenfolge in einen Unicode-Codepunkt.Converts the value of a UTF-16 encoded character or surrogate pair at a specified position in a string into a Unicode code point.

ConvertToUtf32(Char, Char)

Konvertiert den Wert eines UTF-16-codierten Ersatzzeichenpaars in einen Unicode-Codepunkt.Converts the value of a UTF-16 encoded surrogate pair into a Unicode code point.

public:
 static int ConvertToUtf32(char highSurrogate, char lowSurrogate);
public static int ConvertToUtf32 (char highSurrogate, char lowSurrogate);
static member ConvertToUtf32 : char * char -> int
Public Shared Function ConvertToUtf32 (highSurrogate As Char, lowSurrogate As Char) As Integer

Parameter

highSurrogate
Char

Eine hohe Ersatzzeichen-Codeeinheit (d. h. eine Codeeinheit zwischen U+D800 und U+DBFF).A high surrogate code unit (that is, a code unit ranging from U+D800 through U+DBFF).

lowSurrogate
Char

Eine niedrige Ersatzzeichen-Codeeinheit (d. h. eine Codeeinheit zwischen U+DC00 und U+DFFF).A low surrogate code unit (that is, a code unit ranging from U+DC00 through U+DFFF).

Gibt zurück

Der durch denhighSurrogate-Parameter und den lowSurrogate-Parameter dargestellte 21-Bit-Unicode-Codepunkt.The 21-bit Unicode code point represented by the highSurrogate and lowSurrogate parameters.

Ausnahmen

highSurrogate liegt nicht im Bereich zwischen U+D800 und U+DBFF, oder lowSurrogate liegt nicht im Bereich zwischen U+DC00 und U+DFFF.highSurrogate is not in the range U+D800 through U+DBFF, or lowSurrogate is not in the range U+DC00 through U+DFFF.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel werden die Methoden ConvertToUtf32 und ConvertFromUtf32 veranschaulicht.The following code example demonstrates the ConvertToUtf32 and ConvertFromUtf32 methods.

// This example demonstrates the Char.ConvertFromUtf32() method
//                           and Char.ConvertToUtf32() overloads.
using namespace System;
void Show( String^ s )
{
//   Console::Write( "0x{0:X}, 0x{1:X}", (int)s->get_Chars( 0 ), (int)s->get_Chars( 1 ) );
   Console::Write( "0x{0:X}, 0x{1:X}", (int)s[ 0 ], (int)s[ 1 ] );
}

int main()
{
   int music = 0x1D161; //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE

   String^ s1;
   String^ comment1a = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.";
   String^ comment1b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.";
   String^ comment1c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.";
   
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------
   //  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
   //  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1a );
   s1 = Char::ConvertFromUtf32( music );
   Console::Write( "    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", music );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   
   //  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
   //  zero to a code point.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1b );
   music = Char::ConvertToUtf32( s1, 0 );
   Console::Write( "    1b) " );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " => 0x{0:X}", music );
   
   //  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1c );
   music = Char::ConvertToUtf32( s1[ 0 ], s1[ 1 ] );
   Console::Write( "    1c) " );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " => 0x{0:X}", music );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    1a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
    1b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
    1c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161

*/
// This example demonstrates the Char.ConvertFromUtf32() method
//                           and Char.ConvertToUtf32() overloads.
using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    int letterA = 0x0041;  //U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
    int music   = 0x1D161; //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
    string s1;
    string comment   = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.";
    string comment1b = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.";
    string comment2b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.";
    string comment2c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.";

//  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
//  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

    Console.WriteLine(comment);
    s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(letterA);
    Console.Write("    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", letterA);
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine();

//  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment1b);
    letterA = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0);
    Console.Write("    1b) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", letterA);
    Console.WriteLine();

// -------------------------------------------------------------------

//  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
//  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

    Console.WriteLine(comment);
    s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(music);
    Console.Write("    2a) 0x{0:X} => ", music);
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine();

//  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
//  zero to a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment2b);
    music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0);
    Console.Write("    2b) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music);

//  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment2c);
    music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1[0], s1[1]);
    Console.Write("    2c) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music);
    }

    private static void Show(string s)
    {
    for (int x = 0; x < s.Length; x++)
        {
        Console.Write("0x{0:X}{1}", 
                       (int)s[x], 
                       ((x == s.Length-1)? String.Empty : ", "));
        }
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    1a) 0x41 => 0x41
Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
    1b) 0x41 => 0x41

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
    2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
    2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161

*/
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim letterA As Integer = &H41    'U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
      Dim music As Integer   = &H1D161 'U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
      Dim s1 As String
      Dim comment   As String = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point."
      Dim comment1b As String = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string."
      Dim comment2b As String = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string."
      Dim comment2c As String = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point."
      
      '  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
      '  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

      Console.WriteLine(comment)
      s1 = [Char].ConvertFromUtf32(letterA)
      Console.Write("    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", letterA)
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      '  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment1b)
      letterA = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
      Console.Write("    1b) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", letterA)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      ' -------------------------------------------------------------------

      '  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
      '  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

      Console.WriteLine(comment)
      s1 = [Char].ConvertFromUtf32(music)
      Console.Write("    2a) 0x{0:X} => ", music)
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      '  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
      '  zero to a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment2b)
      music = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
      Console.Write("    2b) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music)
      
      '  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment2c)
      music = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1.Chars(0), s1.Chars(1))
      Console.Write("    2c) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music)
   End Sub
   
   Private Shared Sub Show(s As String)
      Dim x As Integer
      If s.Length = 0 Then Exit Sub
      For x = 0 To s.Length - 1
         Console.Write("0x{0:X}{1}", _
                        AscW(s.Chars(x)), _
                        IIf(x = s.Length - 1, [String].Empty, ", "))
      Next 
   End Sub 
End Class 
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
'    1a) 0x41 => 0x41
'Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
'    1b) 0x41 => 0x41
'
'Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
'    2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
'Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
'    2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
'Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
'    2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
'

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie diese Methode, um ein Ersatz Zeichenpaar in einen 21-Bit-Unicode-Codepunkt zu konvertieren.Use this method to convert a surrogate pair into a 21-bit Unicode code point. Verwenden Sie zum Konvertieren von UTF-16-Daten in UTF-32-Daten die System.Text.UTF32Encoding-Klasse.To convert UTF-16 data into UTF-32 data, use the System.Text.UTF32Encoding class.

Normalerweise stellt die UTF-16-Codierung ein einzelnes Unicode-Zeichen als 16-Bit-Code Einheit dar.Ordinarily, UTF-16 encoding represents a single Unicode character as a 16-bit code unit. Es unterstützt jedoch auch Ersatz Zeichenpaare, mit denen ein einzelnes abstraktes Zeichen als 2 16-Bit-Code Einheiten dargestellt werden kann.However, it also supports surrogate pairs, which allow a single abstract character to be represented as two 16-bit code units. Diese beiden Char Objekte müssen über Code Einheiten verfügen, die von u + D800 und bis u + DBFF für das erste (hohe) Ersatz Zeichen und von u + DC00 und bis u + DFFF für das zweite (niedrige) Ersatz Zeichen reichen.These two Char objects must have code units that range from U+D800 to U+DBFF for the first (high) surrogate and from U+DC00 to U+DFFF for the second (low) surrogate. Ersatz Zeichenpaare werden nur von UTF-16-Codierung unterstützt.Surrogate pairs are supported only by UTF-16 encoding. Diese Methode ermöglicht das Konvertieren eines durch ein UTF-16-Ersatz Zeichenpaar dargestellten Zeichens mithilfe von UTF-32-Codierung in ein Zeichen.This method allows a character represented by a UTF-16 surrogate pair to be converted to a character using UTF-32 encoding.

Siehe auch

ConvertToUtf32(String, Int32)

Konvertiert den Wert eines UTF-16-codierten Zeichens oder Ersatzzeichenpaars an der angegebenen Position in einer Zeichenfolge in einen Unicode-Codepunkt.Converts the value of a UTF-16 encoded character or surrogate pair at a specified position in a string into a Unicode code point.

public:
 static int ConvertToUtf32(System::String ^ s, int index);
public static int ConvertToUtf32 (string s, int index);
static member ConvertToUtf32 : string * int -> int
Public Shared Function ConvertToUtf32 (s As String, index As Integer) As Integer

Parameter

s
String

Eine Zeichenfolge, die ein Zeichen oder ein Ersatzzeichenpaar enthält.A string that contains a character or surrogate pair.

index
Int32

Die Indexposition des Zeichens oder Ersatzzeichenpaars in s.The index position of the character or surrogate pair in s.

Gibt zurück

Der 21-Bit-Unicode-Codepunkt, der durch das Zeichen oder Ersatzzeichenpaar an der Position im s-Parameter, die durch den index-Parameter angegeben wird.The 21-bit Unicode code point represented by the character or surrogate pair at the position in the s parameter specified by the index parameter.

Ausnahmen

s ist null.s is null.

index ist keine Position in s.index is not a position within s.

Die angegebene Indexposition enthält ein Ersatzzeichenpaar, und entweder das erste Zeichen im Paar ist kein gültiges hohes Ersatzzeichen oder das zweite Zeichen im Paar ist kein gültiges niedriges Ersatzzeichen.The specified index position contains a surrogate pair, and either the first character in the pair is not a valid high surrogate or the second character in the pair is not a valid low surrogate.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel werden die Methoden ConvertToUtf32 und ConvertFromUtf32 veranschaulicht.The following code example demonstrates the ConvertToUtf32 and ConvertFromUtf32 methods.

// This example demonstrates the Char.ConvertFromUtf32() method
//                           and Char.ConvertToUtf32() overloads.
using namespace System;
void Show( String^ s )
{
//   Console::Write( "0x{0:X}, 0x{1:X}", (int)s->get_Chars( 0 ), (int)s->get_Chars( 1 ) );
   Console::Write( "0x{0:X}, 0x{1:X}", (int)s[ 0 ], (int)s[ 1 ] );
}

int main()
{
   int music = 0x1D161; //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE

   String^ s1;
   String^ comment1a = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.";
   String^ comment1b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.";
   String^ comment1c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.";
   
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------
   //  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
   //  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1a );
   s1 = Char::ConvertFromUtf32( music );
   Console::Write( "    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", music );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   
   //  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
   //  zero to a code point.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1b );
   music = Char::ConvertToUtf32( s1, 0 );
   Console::Write( "    1b) " );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " => 0x{0:X}", music );
   
   //  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1c );
   music = Char::ConvertToUtf32( s1[ 0 ], s1[ 1 ] );
   Console::Write( "    1c) " );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " => 0x{0:X}", music );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    1a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
    1b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
    1c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161

*/
// This example demonstrates the Char.ConvertFromUtf32() method
//                           and Char.ConvertToUtf32() overloads.
using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    int letterA = 0x0041;  //U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
    int music   = 0x1D161; //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
    string s1;
    string comment   = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.";
    string comment1b = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.";
    string comment2b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.";
    string comment2c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.";

//  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
//  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

    Console.WriteLine(comment);
    s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(letterA);
    Console.Write("    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", letterA);
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine();

//  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment1b);
    letterA = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0);
    Console.Write("    1b) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", letterA);
    Console.WriteLine();

// -------------------------------------------------------------------

//  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
//  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

    Console.WriteLine(comment);
    s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(music);
    Console.Write("    2a) 0x{0:X} => ", music);
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine();

//  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
//  zero to a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment2b);
    music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0);
    Console.Write("    2b) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music);

//  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment2c);
    music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1[0], s1[1]);
    Console.Write("    2c) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music);
    }

    private static void Show(string s)
    {
    for (int x = 0; x < s.Length; x++)
        {
        Console.Write("0x{0:X}{1}", 
                       (int)s[x], 
                       ((x == s.Length-1)? String.Empty : ", "));
        }
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    1a) 0x41 => 0x41
Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
    1b) 0x41 => 0x41

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
    2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
    2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161

*/
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim letterA As Integer = &H41    'U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
      Dim music As Integer   = &H1D161 'U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
      Dim s1 As String
      Dim comment   As String = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point."
      Dim comment1b As String = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string."
      Dim comment2b As String = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string."
      Dim comment2c As String = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point."
      
      '  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
      '  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

      Console.WriteLine(comment)
      s1 = [Char].ConvertFromUtf32(letterA)
      Console.Write("    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", letterA)
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      '  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment1b)
      letterA = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
      Console.Write("    1b) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", letterA)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      ' -------------------------------------------------------------------

      '  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
      '  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

      Console.WriteLine(comment)
      s1 = [Char].ConvertFromUtf32(music)
      Console.Write("    2a) 0x{0:X} => ", music)
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      '  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
      '  zero to a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment2b)
      music = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
      Console.Write("    2b) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music)
      
      '  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment2c)
      music = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1.Chars(0), s1.Chars(1))
      Console.Write("    2c) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music)
   End Sub
   
   Private Shared Sub Show(s As String)
      Dim x As Integer
      If s.Length = 0 Then Exit Sub
      For x = 0 To s.Length - 1
         Console.Write("0x{0:X}{1}", _
                        AscW(s.Chars(x)), _
                        IIf(x = s.Length - 1, [String].Empty, ", "))
      Next 
   End Sub 
End Class 
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
'    1a) 0x41 => 0x41
'Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
'    1b) 0x41 => 0x41
'
'Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
'    2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
'Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
'    2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
'Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
'    2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
'

Hinweise

Verwenden Sie diese Methode, um ein Zeichen oder Ersatz Zeichenpaar in einen 21-Bit-Unicode-Codepunkt zu konvertieren.Use this method to convert a character or surrogate pair into a 21-bit Unicode code point. Verwenden Sie zum Konvertieren von UTF-16-Daten in UTF-32-Daten die System.Text.UTF32Encoding-Klasse.To convert UTF-16 data into UTF-32 data, use the System.Text.UTF32Encoding class.

Siehe auch

Gilt für: