ArrayList.IsReadOnly ArrayList.IsReadOnly ArrayList.IsReadOnly ArrayList.IsReadOnly Property

Definition

Ruft einen Wert ab, der angibt, ob das ArrayList schreibgeschützt ist.Gets a value indicating whether the ArrayList is read-only.

public:
 virtual property bool IsReadOnly { bool get(); };
public virtual bool IsReadOnly { get; }
member this.IsReadOnly : bool
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property IsReadOnly As Boolean

Eigenschaftswert

true, wenn das ArrayList schreibgeschützt ist, andernfalls false.true if the ArrayList is read-only; otherwise, false. Die Standardeinstellung ist false.The default is false.

Implementiert

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie erstellen Sie einen schreibgeschützten Wrapper für ein ArrayList und feststellen, ob ein ArrayList ist schreibgeschützt.The following code example shows how to create a read-only wrapper around an ArrayList and how to determine if an ArrayList is read-only.

#using <system.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "red" );
   myAL->Add( "orange" );
   myAL->Add( "yellow" );
   
   // Creates a read-only copy of the ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myReadOnlyAL = ArrayList::ReadOnly( myAL );
   
   // Displays whether the ArrayList is read-only or writable.
   Console::WriteLine( "myAL is {0}.", myAL->IsReadOnly ? (String^)"read-only" : "writable" );
   Console::WriteLine( "myReadOnlyAL is {0}.", myReadOnlyAL->IsReadOnly ? (String^)"read-only" : "writable" );
   
   // Displays the contents of both collections.
   Console::WriteLine( "\nInitially," );
   Console::WriteLine( "The original ArrayList myAL contains:" );
   for ( int i(0); i < myAL->Count; ++i )
      Console::WriteLine(  "   {0}", static_cast<String^>(myAL[ i ]) );
   Console::WriteLine( "The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:" );
   for ( int i(0); i < myReadOnlyAL->Count; ++i )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", static_cast<String^>(myReadOnlyAL[ i ]) );
   
   // Adding an element to a read-only ArrayList throws an exception.
   Console::WriteLine( "\nTrying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:" );
   try
   {
      myReadOnlyAL->Add( "green" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ myException ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( String::Concat( "Exception: ", myException->ToString() ) );
   }

   
   // Adding an element to the original ArrayList affects the read-only ArrayList.
   myAL->Add( "blue" );
   
   // Displays the contents of both collections again.
   Console::WriteLine( "\nAfter adding a new element to the original ArrayList," );
   Console::WriteLine( "The original ArrayList myAL contains:" );
   for ( int i(0); i < myAL->Count; ++i )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", static_cast<String^>(myAL[ i ]) );
   Console::WriteLine( "The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:" );
   for ( int i(0); i < myReadOnlyAL->Count; ++i )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", static_cast<String^>(myReadOnlyAL[ i ]) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

myAL is writable.
myReadOnlyAL is read-only.

Initially,
The original ArrayList myAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow

Trying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:
Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection is read-only.
   at System.Collections.ReadOnlyArrayList.Add(Object obj)
   at SamplesArrayList.Main()

After adding a new element to the original ArrayList,
The original ArrayList myAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
   blue
The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
   blue

*/
 using System;
 using System.Collections;
 public class SamplesArrayList  {
 
    public static void Main()  {
 
       // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
       ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
       myAL.Add( "red" );
       myAL.Add( "orange" );
       myAL.Add( "yellow" );
 
       // Creates a read-only copy of the ArrayList.
       ArrayList myReadOnlyAL = ArrayList.ReadOnly( myAL );
 
       // Displays whether the ArrayList is read-only or writable.
       Console.WriteLine( "myAL is {0}.", myAL.IsReadOnly ? "read-only" : "writable" );
       Console.WriteLine( "myReadOnlyAL is {0}.", myReadOnlyAL.IsReadOnly ? "read-only" : "writable" );
 
       // Displays the contents of both collections.
       Console.WriteLine( "\nInitially," );
       Console.WriteLine( "The original ArrayList myAL contains:" );
       foreach ( String myStr in myAL )
          Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myStr );
       Console.WriteLine( "The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:" );
       foreach ( String myStr in myReadOnlyAL )
          Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myStr );

       // Adding an element to a read-only ArrayList throws an exception.
       Console.WriteLine( "\nTrying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:" );
       try  {
          myReadOnlyAL.Add("green");
       } catch ( Exception myException )  {
          Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString());
       }

       // Adding an element to the original ArrayList affects the read-only ArrayList.
       myAL.Add( "blue" );

       // Displays the contents of both collections again.
       Console.WriteLine( "\nAfter adding a new element to the original ArrayList," );
       Console.WriteLine( "The original ArrayList myAL contains:" );
       foreach ( String myStr in myAL )
          Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myStr );
       Console.WriteLine( "The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:" );
       foreach ( String myStr in myReadOnlyAL )
          Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myStr );

    }

 }


/* 
This code produces the following output.

myAL is writable.
myReadOnlyAL is read-only.

Initially,
The original ArrayList myAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow

Trying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:
Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection is read-only.
   at System.Collections.ReadOnlyArrayList.Add(Object obj)
   at SamplesArrayList.Main()

After adding a new element to the original ArrayList,
The original ArrayList myAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
   blue
The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
   blue

*/

Imports System
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      Dim myStr As [String]

      ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
      myAL.Add("red")
      myAL.Add("orange")
      myAL.Add("yellow")

      ' Creates a read-only copy of the ArrayList.
      Dim myReadOnlyAL As ArrayList = ArrayList.ReadOnly(myAL)

      ' Displays whether the ArrayList is read-only or writable.
      If myAL.IsReadOnly Then
         Console.WriteLine("myAL is read-only.")
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("myAL is writable.")
      End If
      If myReadOnlyAL.IsReadOnly Then
         Console.WriteLine("myReadOnlyAL is read-only.")
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("myReadOnlyAL is writable.")
      End If

      ' Displays the contents of both collections.
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Initially,")
      Console.WriteLine("The original ArrayList myAL contains:")
      For Each myStr In  myAL
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myStr)
      Next myStr
      Console.WriteLine("The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:")
      For Each myStr In  myReadOnlyAL
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myStr)
      Next myStr 

      ' Adding an element to a read-only ArrayList throws an exception.
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Trying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:")
      Try
         myReadOnlyAL.Add("green")
      Catch myException As Exception
         Console.WriteLine(("Exception: " + myException.ToString()))
      End Try

      ' Adding an element to the original ArrayList affects the read-only ArrayList.
      myAL.Add("blue")

      ' Displays the contents of both collections again.
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("After adding a new element to the original ArrayList,")
      Console.WriteLine("The original ArrayList myAL contains:")
      For Each myStr In  myAL
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myStr)
      Next myStr
      Console.WriteLine("The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:")
      For Each myStr In  myReadOnlyAL
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myStr)
      Next myStr 

   End Sub 'Main

End Class 'SamplesArrayList 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'myAL is writable.
'myReadOnlyAL is read-only.
'
'Initially,
'The original ArrayList myAL contains:
'   red
'   orange
'   yellow
'The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
'   red
'   orange
'   yellow
'
'Trying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:
'Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection is read-only.
'   at System.Collections.ReadOnlyArrayList.Add(Object obj)
'   at SamplesArrayList.Main()
'
'After adding a new element to the original ArrayList,
'The original ArrayList myAL contains:
'   red
'   orange
'   yellow
'   blue
'The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
'   red
'   orange
'   yellow
'   blue

Hinweise

Eine schreibgeschützte Auflistung gestattet nach dem Erstellen der Auflistung weder das Hinzufügen noch das Ändern oder Entfernen von Elementen.A collection that is read-only does not allow the addition, removal, or modification of elements after the collection is created.

Eine Auflistung, die schreibgeschützt ist, ist einfach eine Sammlung mit einem Wrapper, der verhindert, dass die Auflistung zu ändern; Wenn die zugrunde liegende Auflistung Änderungen vorgenommen werden, spiegelt die schreibgeschützte Auflistung aus diesem Grund diese Änderungen wider.A collection that is read-only is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents modifying the collection; therefore, if changes are made to the underlying collection, the read-only collection reflects those changes.

Das Abrufen des Werts dieser Eigenschaft ist ein O(1)-Vorgang.Retrieving the value of this property is an O(1) operation.

Gilt für:

Siehe auch