ArrayList.ReadOnly ArrayList.ReadOnly ArrayList.ReadOnly ArrayList.ReadOnly Method

Definition

Gibt einen schreibgeschützten Listenwrapper zurück.Returns a list wrapper that is read-only.

Überlädt

ReadOnly(ArrayList) ReadOnly(ArrayList) ReadOnly(ArrayList) ReadOnly(ArrayList)

Gibt einen schreibgeschützten ArrayList-Wrapper zurück.Returns a read-only ArrayList wrapper.

ReadOnly(IList) ReadOnly(IList) ReadOnly(IList) ReadOnly(IList)

Gibt einen schreibgeschützten IList-Wrapper zurück.Returns a read-only IList wrapper.

ReadOnly(ArrayList) ReadOnly(ArrayList) ReadOnly(ArrayList) ReadOnly(ArrayList)

Gibt einen schreibgeschützten ArrayList-Wrapper zurück.Returns a read-only ArrayList wrapper.

public:
 static System::Collections::ArrayList ^ ReadOnly(System::Collections::ArrayList ^ list);
public static System.Collections.ArrayList ReadOnly (System.Collections.ArrayList list);
static member ReadOnly : System.Collections.ArrayList -> System.Collections.ArrayList
Public Shared Function ReadOnly (list As ArrayList) As ArrayList

Parameter

list
ArrayList ArrayList ArrayList ArrayList

Die zu umschließende ArrayList.The ArrayList to wrap.

Gibt zurück

Ein schreibgeschützter ArrayList-Wrapper um list.A read-only ArrayList wrapper around list.

Ausnahmen

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird veranschaulicht, wie ein Schreib geschützter Wrapper um einen ArrayList erstellt wird und wie bestimmt wird, ob eine ArrayList schreibgeschützt ist.The following code example shows how to create a read-only wrapper around an ArrayList and how to determine if an ArrayList is read-only.

#using <system.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "red" );
   myAL->Add( "orange" );
   myAL->Add( "yellow" );
   
   // Creates a read-only copy of the ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myReadOnlyAL = ArrayList::ReadOnly( myAL );
   
   // Displays whether the ArrayList is read-only or writable.
   Console::WriteLine( "myAL is {0}.", myAL->IsReadOnly ? (String^)"read-only" : "writable" );
   Console::WriteLine( "myReadOnlyAL is {0}.", myReadOnlyAL->IsReadOnly ? (String^)"read-only" : "writable" );
   
   // Displays the contents of both collections.
   Console::WriteLine( "\nInitially," );
   Console::WriteLine( "The original ArrayList myAL contains:" );
   for ( int i(0); i < myAL->Count; ++i )
      Console::WriteLine(  "   {0}", static_cast<String^>(myAL[ i ]) );
   Console::WriteLine( "The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:" );
   for ( int i(0); i < myReadOnlyAL->Count; ++i )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", static_cast<String^>(myReadOnlyAL[ i ]) );
   
   // Adding an element to a read-only ArrayList throws an exception.
   Console::WriteLine( "\nTrying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:" );
   try
   {
      myReadOnlyAL->Add( "green" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ myException ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( String::Concat( "Exception: ", myException->ToString() ) );
   }

   
   // Adding an element to the original ArrayList affects the read-only ArrayList.
   myAL->Add( "blue" );
   
   // Displays the contents of both collections again.
   Console::WriteLine( "\nAfter adding a new element to the original ArrayList," );
   Console::WriteLine( "The original ArrayList myAL contains:" );
   for ( int i(0); i < myAL->Count; ++i )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", static_cast<String^>(myAL[ i ]) );
   Console::WriteLine( "The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:" );
   for ( int i(0); i < myReadOnlyAL->Count; ++i )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", static_cast<String^>(myReadOnlyAL[ i ]) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

myAL is writable.
myReadOnlyAL is read-only.

Initially,
The original ArrayList myAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow

Trying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:
Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection is read-only.
   at System.Collections.ReadOnlyArrayList.Add(Object obj)
   at SamplesArrayList.Main()

After adding a new element to the original ArrayList,
The original ArrayList myAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
   blue
The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
   blue

*/
 using System;
 using System.Collections;
 public class SamplesArrayList  {
 
    public static void Main()  {
 
       // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
       ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
       myAL.Add( "red" );
       myAL.Add( "orange" );
       myAL.Add( "yellow" );
 
       // Creates a read-only copy of the ArrayList.
       ArrayList myReadOnlyAL = ArrayList.ReadOnly( myAL );
 
       // Displays whether the ArrayList is read-only or writable.
       Console.WriteLine( "myAL is {0}.", myAL.IsReadOnly ? "read-only" : "writable" );
       Console.WriteLine( "myReadOnlyAL is {0}.", myReadOnlyAL.IsReadOnly ? "read-only" : "writable" );
 
       // Displays the contents of both collections.
       Console.WriteLine( "\nInitially," );
       Console.WriteLine( "The original ArrayList myAL contains:" );
       foreach ( String myStr in myAL )
          Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myStr );
       Console.WriteLine( "The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:" );
       foreach ( String myStr in myReadOnlyAL )
          Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myStr );

       // Adding an element to a read-only ArrayList throws an exception.
       Console.WriteLine( "\nTrying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:" );
       try  {
          myReadOnlyAL.Add("green");
       } catch ( Exception myException )  {
          Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString());
       }

       // Adding an element to the original ArrayList affects the read-only ArrayList.
       myAL.Add( "blue" );

       // Displays the contents of both collections again.
       Console.WriteLine( "\nAfter adding a new element to the original ArrayList," );
       Console.WriteLine( "The original ArrayList myAL contains:" );
       foreach ( String myStr in myAL )
          Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myStr );
       Console.WriteLine( "The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:" );
       foreach ( String myStr in myReadOnlyAL )
          Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myStr );

    }

 }


/* 
This code produces the following output.

myAL is writable.
myReadOnlyAL is read-only.

Initially,
The original ArrayList myAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow

Trying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:
Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection is read-only.
   at System.Collections.ReadOnlyArrayList.Add(Object obj)
   at SamplesArrayList.Main()

After adding a new element to the original ArrayList,
The original ArrayList myAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
   blue
The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
   red
   orange
   yellow
   blue

*/

Imports System
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      Dim myStr As [String]

      ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
      myAL.Add("red")
      myAL.Add("orange")
      myAL.Add("yellow")

      ' Creates a read-only copy of the ArrayList.
      Dim myReadOnlyAL As ArrayList = ArrayList.ReadOnly(myAL)

      ' Displays whether the ArrayList is read-only or writable.
      If myAL.IsReadOnly Then
         Console.WriteLine("myAL is read-only.")
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("myAL is writable.")
      End If
      If myReadOnlyAL.IsReadOnly Then
         Console.WriteLine("myReadOnlyAL is read-only.")
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("myReadOnlyAL is writable.")
      End If

      ' Displays the contents of both collections.
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Initially,")
      Console.WriteLine("The original ArrayList myAL contains:")
      For Each myStr In  myAL
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myStr)
      Next myStr
      Console.WriteLine("The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:")
      For Each myStr In  myReadOnlyAL
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myStr)
      Next myStr 

      ' Adding an element to a read-only ArrayList throws an exception.
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Trying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:")
      Try
         myReadOnlyAL.Add("green")
      Catch myException As Exception
         Console.WriteLine(("Exception: " + myException.ToString()))
      End Try

      ' Adding an element to the original ArrayList affects the read-only ArrayList.
      myAL.Add("blue")

      ' Displays the contents of both collections again.
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("After adding a new element to the original ArrayList,")
      Console.WriteLine("The original ArrayList myAL contains:")
      For Each myStr In  myAL
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myStr)
      Next myStr
      Console.WriteLine("The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:")
      For Each myStr In  myReadOnlyAL
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}", myStr)
      Next myStr 

   End Sub 'Main

End Class 'SamplesArrayList 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'myAL is writable.
'myReadOnlyAL is read-only.
'
'Initially,
'The original ArrayList myAL contains:
'   red
'   orange
'   yellow
'The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
'   red
'   orange
'   yellow
'
'Trying to add a new element to the read-only ArrayList:
'Exception: System.NotSupportedException: Collection is read-only.
'   at System.Collections.ReadOnlyArrayList.Add(Object obj)
'   at SamplesArrayList.Main()
'
'After adding a new element to the original ArrayList,
'The original ArrayList myAL contains:
'   red
'   orange
'   yellow
'   blue
'The read-only ArrayList myReadOnlyAL contains:
'   red
'   orange
'   yellow
'   blue

Hinweise

Um Änderungen an zu listverhindern list , machen Sie nur über diesen Wrapper verfügbar.To prevent any modifications to list, expose list only through this wrapper.

Eine Auflistung, die schreibgeschützt ist, ist einfach eine Auflistung mit einem Wrapper, der das Ändern der Auflistung verhindert.A collection that is read-only is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents modifying the collection. Wenn Änderungen an der zugrunde liegenden Auflistung vorgenommen werden, reflektiert die schreibgeschützte Auflistung diese Änderungen.If changes are made to the underlying collection, the read-only collection reflects those changes.

Diese Methode ist ein O (1)-Vorgang.This method is an O(1) operation.

Siehe auch

ReadOnly(IList) ReadOnly(IList) ReadOnly(IList) ReadOnly(IList)

Gibt einen schreibgeschützten IList-Wrapper zurück.Returns a read-only IList wrapper.

public:
 static System::Collections::IList ^ ReadOnly(System::Collections::IList ^ list);
public static System.Collections.IList ReadOnly (System.Collections.IList list);
static member ReadOnly : System.Collections.IList -> System.Collections.IList
Public Shared Function ReadOnly (list As IList) As IList

Parameter

list
IList IList IList IList

Die zu umschließende IList.The IList to wrap.

Gibt zurück

Ein schreibgeschützter IList-Wrapper um list.A read-only IList wrapper around list.

Ausnahmen

Hinweise

Um Änderungen an zu listverhindern list , machen Sie nur über diesen Wrapper verfügbar.To prevent any modifications to list, expose list only through this wrapper.

Eine Auflistung, die schreibgeschützt ist, ist einfach eine Auflistung mit einem Wrapper, der das Ändern der Auflistung verhindert.A collection that is read-only is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents modifying the collection. Wenn Änderungen an der zugrunde liegenden Auflistung vorgenommen werden, reflektiert die schreibgeschützte Auflistung diese Änderungen.If changes are made to the underlying collection, the read-only collection reflects those changes.

Diese Methode ist ein O (1)-Vorgang.This method is an O(1) operation.

Siehe auch

Gilt für: