HashSet<T>.ExceptWith(IEnumerable<T>) HashSet<T>.ExceptWith(IEnumerable<T>) HashSet<T>.ExceptWith(IEnumerable<T>) HashSet<T>.ExceptWith(IEnumerable<T>) Method

Definition

Entfernt alle Elemente in der angegebenen Auflistung aus dem aktuellen HashSet<T>-Objekt.Removes all elements in the specified collection from the current HashSet<T> object.

public:
 void ExceptWith(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T> ^ other);
public void ExceptWith (System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T> other);
member this.ExceptWith : seq<'T> -> unit
Public Sub ExceptWith (other As IEnumerable(Of T))

Parameter

other
IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T>

Die Auflistung der Elemente, die aus dem HashSet<T>-Objekt entfernt werden sollen.The collection of items to remove from the HashSet<T> object.

Implementiert

Ausnahmen

Beispiele

Im folgenden Beispiel werden zwei HashSet<T> Auflistungen mit überlappenden Datensätzen erstellt.The following example creates two HashSet<T> collections with overlapping sets of data. Der untere Wertebereich wird dann mithilfe der ExceptWith -Methode aus der größeren Menge entfernt.The lower range of values is then removed from the larger set using the ExceptWith method.

static void Main()
{
    HashSet<int>^ lowNumbers = gcnew HashSet<int>();
    HashSet<int>^ highNumbers = gcnew HashSet<int>();

    for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++)
    {
        lowNumbers->Add(i);
    }

    for (int i = 3; i < 10; i++)
    {
        highNumbers->Add(i);
    }

    Console::Write("lowNumbers contains {0} elements: ", lowNumbers->Count);
    DisplaySet(lowNumbers);

    Console::Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers->Count);
    DisplaySet(highNumbers);

    Console::WriteLine("highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...");
    highNumbers->ExceptWith(lowNumbers);

    Console::Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers->Count);
    DisplaySet(highNumbers);
}
/* This example provides output similar to the following:
 * lowNumbers contains 6 elements: { 0 1 2 3 4 5 }
 * highNumbers contains 7 elements: { 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 }
 * highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...
 * highNumbers contains 4 elements: { 6 7 8 9 }
 */
HashSet<int> lowNumbers = new HashSet<int>();
HashSet<int> highNumbers = new HashSet<int>();

for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++)
{
    lowNumbers.Add(i);
}

for (int i = 3; i < 10; i++)
{
    highNumbers.Add(i);
}

Console.Write("lowNumbers contains {0} elements: ", lowNumbers.Count);
DisplaySet(lowNumbers);

Console.Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers.Count);
DisplaySet(highNumbers);

Console.WriteLine("highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...");
highNumbers.ExceptWith(lowNumbers);

Console.Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers.Count);
DisplaySet(highNumbers);

void DisplaySet(HashSet<int> set)
{
    Console.Write("{");
    foreach (int i in set)
    {
        Console.Write(" {0}", i);
    }
    Console.WriteLine(" }");
}

/* This example provides output similar to the following:
* lowNumbers contains 6 elements: { 0 1 2 3 4 5 }
* highNumbers contains 7 elements: { 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 }
* highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...
* highNumbers contains 4 elements: { 6 7 8 9 }
*/
Shared Sub Main()

    Dim lowNumbers As HashSet(Of Integer) = New HashSet(Of Integer)()
    Dim highNumbers As HashSet(Of Integer) = New HashSet(Of Integer)()

    For i As Integer = 0 To 5
        lowNumbers.Add(i)
    Next i

    For i As Integer = 3 To 9
        highNumbers.Add(i)
    Next i

    Console.Write("lowNumbers contains {0} elements: ", lowNumbers.Count)
    DisplaySet(lowNumbers)

    Console.Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers.Count)
    DisplaySet(highNumbers)

    Console.WriteLine("highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...")
    highNumbers.ExceptWith(lowNumbers)

    Console.Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers.Count)
    DisplaySet(highNumbers)

End Sub
' This example provides output similar to the following:
' lowNumbers contains 6 elements: { 0 1 2 3 4 5 }
' highNumbers contains 7 elements: { 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 }
' highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...
' highNumbers contains 4 elements: { 6 7 8 9 }

Hinweise

Die ExceptWith -Methode entspricht der mathematischen Satz Subtraktion.The ExceptWith method is the equivalent of mathematical set subtraction.

Bei dieser Methode handelt es sichnum einen O ( n )-Vorgang, wobei die other Anzahl der Elemente im-Parameter ist.This method is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements in the other parameter.

Gilt für: