ExtensionDataObject Klasse

Definition

Speichert Daten eines Datenvertrags mit Versionsangabe, der durch das Hinzufügen neuer Member erweitert wurde.Stores data from a versioned data contract that has been extended by adding new members.

public ref class ExtensionDataObject sealed
public sealed class ExtensionDataObject
type ExtensionDataObject = class
Public NotInheritable Class ExtensionDataObject
Vererbung
ExtensionDataObject

Beispiele

Der folgende Code serialisiert eine Instanz eines Typs (PersonVersion2), der die zweite Version des serialisierten Typs (Person) ist.The following code serializes an instance of a type (PersonVersion2) that is the second version of the serializable type (Person). Die zweite Version enthält zusätzliche Daten (ID-Feld), die in der ersten Version nicht vorhanden sind.The second version contains extra data (ID field) that is not present in the first version. Der Code deserialisiert das XML-Dokument in ein Person-Objekt und serialisiert das Objekt sofort wieder mit den zusätzlichen Daten.The code then deserializes the XML document into a Person object, then immediately reserializes the object including the extra data. Abschließend deserialisiert der Code das neue XML in ein PersonVersion2-Objekt und schreibt die vollständigen Daten in die Konsole, wodurch angezeigt wird, dass die Daten einen Roundtrip zu einer älteren Version des Typs und zurück ausgeführt haben.Finally, the code deserializes the new XML into a PersonVersion2 object and writes the complete data to the console, proving that the data has made a round trip to and from an older version of the type. Beachten Sie, dass die DataContractAttribute-Eigenschaft und die Name-Eigenschaft zur Anwendung des Namespace-Attributs bei der Originalklasse auf den gleichen Namen und Namespace festgelegt sein müssen.Note that the DataContractAttribute attribute must be applied with the Name and Namespace properties set to the same name and namespace as the original class.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.IO;

// Implement the IExtensibleDataObject interface 
// to store the extra data for future versions.
[DataContract(
    Name = "Person",
    Namespace = "http://www.cohowinery.com/employees")]
class Person : IExtensibleDataObject
{
    // To implement the IExtensibleDataObject interface,
    // you must implement the ExtensionData property. The property
    // holds data from future versions of the class for backward
    // compatibility.
    private ExtensionDataObject extensionDataObject_value;
    public ExtensionDataObject ExtensionData
    {
        get
        {
            return extensionDataObject_value;
        }
        set
        {
            extensionDataObject_value = value;
        }
    }
    [DataMember]
    public string Name;
}

// The second version of the class adds a new field. The field's 
// data is stored in the ExtensionDataObject field of
// the first version (Person). You must also set the Name property 
// of the DataContractAttribute to match the first version. 
// If necessary, also set the Namespace property so that the 
// name of the contracts is the same.
[DataContract(Name = "Person",
    Namespace = "http://www.cohowinery.com/employees")]
class PersonVersion2 : IExtensibleDataObject
{
    // Best practice: add an Order number to new members.
    [DataMember(Order=2)]
    public int ID;

    [DataMember]
    public string Name;

    private ExtensionDataObject extensionDataObject_value;
    public ExtensionDataObject ExtensionData
    {
        get
        {
            return extensionDataObject_value;
        }
        set
        {
            extensionDataObject_value = value;
        }
    }
}
public sealed class Program
{
    private Program()
    {
        // Private constructor to prevent creation of this class.
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            WriteVersion2("V2.xml");
            WriteToVersion1("v2.xml");
            ReadVersion2("v2.xml");
        }
        catch (SerializationException exc)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", exc.Message, exc.StackTrace);
        }
        finally
        {
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    // Create an instance of the version 2.0 class. It has  
    // extra data (ID field) that version 1.0 does 
    // not understand.
    static void WriteVersion2(string path)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Creating a version 2 object");
        PersonVersion2 p2 = new PersonVersion2();
        p2.Name = "Elizabeth";
        p2.ID = 2006;

        Console.WriteLine("Object data includes an ID");
        Console.WriteLine("\t Name: {0}", p2.Name);
        Console.WriteLine("\t ID: {0} \n", p2.ID);
        // Create an instance of the DataContractSerializer.
        DataContractSerializer ser =
            new DataContractSerializer(typeof(PersonVersion2));

        Console.WriteLine("Serializing the v2 object to a file. \n\n");
        FileStream fs = new FileStream(path, FileMode.Create);
        ser.WriteObject(fs, p2);
        fs.Close();
    }

    // Deserialize version 2 data to a version 1 object.
    static void WriteToVersion1(string path)
    {
        // Create the serializer using the version 1 type.
        DataContractSerializer ser =
            new DataContractSerializer(typeof(Person));

        FileStream fs = new FileStream(path, FileMode.Open);
        XmlDictionaryReader reader =
           XmlDictionaryReader.CreateTextReader(fs, new XmlDictionaryReaderQuotas());
        Console.WriteLine
            ("Deserializing v2 data to v1 object. \n\n");

        Person p1 = (Person)ser.ReadObject(reader, false);

        Console.WriteLine("V1 data has only a Name field.");
        Console.WriteLine("But the v2 data is stored in the ");
        Console.WriteLine("ExtensionData property. \n\n");
        Console.WriteLine("\t Name: {0} \n", p1.Name);

        fs.Close();

        // Change data in the object.
        p1.Name = "John";
        Console.WriteLine("Changed the Name value to 'John' ");
        Console.Write("and reserializing the object to version 2 \n\n");
        // Reserialize the object.
        fs = new FileStream(path, FileMode.Create);
        ser.WriteObject(fs, p1);
        fs.Close();
    }

    // Deserialize a version 2.0 object. 
    public static void ReadVersion2(string path)
    {
        FileStream fs = new FileStream(path, FileMode.Open);
        DataContractSerializer ser = new DataContractSerializer(typeof(PersonVersion2));

        Console.WriteLine("Deserializing new data to version 2 \n\n");
        PersonVersion2 p2 = (PersonVersion2)ser.ReadObject(fs);
        fs.Close();

        Console.WriteLine("The data includes the old ID field value. \n");
        Console.WriteLine("\t (New) Name: {0}", p2.Name);
        Console.WriteLine("\t ID: {0} \n", p2.ID);
    }
}
' Implement the IExtensibleDataObject interface 
' to store the extra data for future versions.
<DataContract(Name := "Person", [Namespace] := "http://www.cohowinery.com/employees")>  _
Class Person
    Implements IExtensibleDataObject
    ' To implement the IExtensibleDataObject interface,
    ' you must implement the ExtensionData property. The property
    ' holds data from future versions of the class for backward
    ' compatibility.
    Private extensionDataObject_value As ExtensionDataObject
    
    Public Property ExtensionData() As ExtensionDataObject _
       Implements IExtensibleDataObject.ExtensionData
        Get
            Return extensionDataObject_value
        End Get
        Set
            extensionDataObject_value = value
        End Set
    End Property
    <DataMember()>  _
    Public Name As String
End Class 

' The second version of the class adds a new field. The field's 
' data is stored in the ExtensionDataObject field of
' the first version (Person). You must also set the Name property 
' of the DataContractAttribute to match the first version. 
' If necessary, also set the Namespace property so that the 
' name of the contracts is the same.

<DataContract(Name := "Person", [Namespace] := "http://www.cohowinery.com/employees")>  _
Class PersonVersion2
    Implements IExtensibleDataObject

    ' Best practice: add an Order number to new members.
    <DataMember(Order:=2)>  _
    Public ID As Integer
    
    <DataMember()>  _
    Public Name As String
    
    Private extensionDataObject_value As ExtensionDataObject
    
    Public Property ExtensionData() As ExtensionDataObject _
       Implements IExtensibleDataObject.ExtensionData
        Get
            Return extensionDataObject_value
        End Get
        Set
            extensionDataObject_value = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class 

NotInheritable Public Class Program

    ' Private constructor to prevent creation of this class.
    Private Sub New() 
    
    End Sub 
    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Try
            WriteVersion2("V2.xml")
            WriteToVersion1("v2.xml")
            ReadVersion2("v2.xml")
        Catch exc As SerializationException
            Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", exc.Message, exc.StackTrace)
        Finally
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Try
    
    End Sub 
    
    ' Create an instance of the version 2.0 class. It has  
    ' extra data (ID field) that version 1.0 does 
    ' not understand.
    Shared Sub WriteVersion2(ByVal path As String) 
        Console.WriteLine("Creating a version 2 object")
        Dim p2 As New PersonVersion2()
        p2.Name = "Elizabeth"
        p2.ID = 2006
        
        Console.WriteLine("Object data includes an ID")
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + " Name: {0}", p2.Name)
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + " ID: {0} " + vbLf, p2.ID)
        ' Create an instance of the DataContractSerializer.
        Dim ser As New DataContractSerializer(GetType(PersonVersion2))
        
        Console.WriteLine("Serializing the v2 object to a file. " + vbLf + vbLf)
        Dim fs As New FileStream(path, FileMode.Create)
        ser.WriteObject(fs, p2)
        fs.Close()
    End Sub 
    
    ' Deserialize version 2 data to a version 1 object.
    Shared Sub WriteToVersion1(ByVal path As String) 
        ' Create the serializer using the version 1 type.
        Dim ser As New DataContractSerializer(GetType(Person))
        
        Dim fs As New FileStream(path, FileMode.Open)
        Dim reader As XmlDictionaryReader = _
            XmlDictionaryReader.CreateTextReader(fs, New XmlDictionaryReaderQuotas())
        Console.WriteLine("Deserializing v2 data to v1 object. " + vbLf + vbLf)
        
        Dim p1 As Person = CType(ser.ReadObject(reader, False), Person)
        
        Console.WriteLine("V1 data has only a Name field.")
        Console.WriteLine("But the v2 data is stored in the ")
        Console.WriteLine("ExtensionData property. " + vbLf + vbLf)
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + " Name: {0} " + vbLf, p1.Name)
        
        reader.Close()
        fs.Close()
        
        ' Change data in the object.
        p1.Name = "John"
        Console.WriteLine("Changed the Name value to 'John' ")
        Console.Write("and reserializing the object to version 2 " + vbLf + vbLf)
        ' Reserialize the object.
        fs = New FileStream(path, FileMode.Create)
        ser.WriteObject(fs, p1)
        fs.Close()
    
    End Sub 
    
    ' Deserialize a version 2.0 object. 
    Public Shared Sub ReadVersion2(ByVal path As String) 
        Dim fs As New FileStream(path, FileMode.Open)
        Dim ser As New DataContractSerializer(GetType(PersonVersion2))
        
        Console.WriteLine("Deserializing new data to version 2 " + vbLf + vbLf)
        Dim p2 As PersonVersion2 = CType(ser.ReadObject(fs), PersonVersion2)
        fs.Close()
        
        Console.WriteLine("The data includes the old ID field value. " + vbLf)
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + " (New) Name: {0}", p2.Name)
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + " ID: {0} " + vbLf, p2.ID)
    
    End Sub 
End Class 

Hinweise

Der ExtensionDataObject ist die Struktur, die zusätzliche Daten speichert, die vom XmlObjectSerializer bei Deserialisierungsvorgängen angetroffen wurden.The ExtensionDataObject is the structure that stores extra data encountered by the XmlObjectSerializer during deserialization operations. Die Struktur wird von der Serialisierung verwendet, um die zusätzlichen Daten in die serialisierte Instanz zu schreiben.The structure is used by serialization to write the extra data into the serialized instance. Die Struktur wird von der ExtensionData-Eigenschaft der IExtensibleDataObject-Schnittstelle zurückgegeben.The structure is returned by the ExtensionData property of the IExtensibleDataObject interface.

Methoden

Equals(Object)

Bestimmt, ob das angegebene Objekt mit dem aktuellen Objekt identisch ist.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Geerbt von Object)
GetHashCode()

Fungiert als Standardhashfunktion.Serves as the default hash function.

(Geerbt von Object)
GetType()

Ruft den Type der aktuellen Instanz ab.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Geerbt von Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Erstellt eine flache Kopie des aktuellen Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Geerbt von Object)
ToString()

Gibt eine Zeichenfolge zurück, die das aktuelle Objekt darstellt.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Geerbt von Object)

Gilt für:

Siehe auch