HashAlgorithm.TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) Methode

Definition

Errechnet den Hashwert für den angegebenen Bereich des Eingabebytearrays und kopiert den angegebenen Bereich des Eingabebytearrays in den angegebenen Bereich des Ausgabebytearrays.Computes the hash value for the specified region of the input byte array and copies the specified region of the input byte array to the specified region of the output byte array.

public:
 virtual int TransformBlock(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount, cli::array <System::Byte> ^ outputBuffer, int outputOffset);
public int TransformBlock (byte[] inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount, byte[]? outputBuffer, int outputOffset);
public int TransformBlock (byte[] inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount, byte[] outputBuffer, int outputOffset);
abstract member TransformBlock : byte[] * int * int * byte[] * int -> int
override this.TransformBlock : byte[] * int * int * byte[] * int -> int
Public Function TransformBlock (inputBuffer As Byte(), inputOffset As Integer, inputCount As Integer, outputBuffer As Byte(), outputOffset As Integer) As Integer

Parameter

inputBuffer
Byte[]

Die Eingabe, für die der Hashcode berechnet werden soll.The input to compute the hash code for.

inputOffset
Int32

Der Offset im Eingabebytearray, ab dem Daten verwendet werden sollen.The offset into the input byte array from which to begin using data.

inputCount
Int32

Die Anzahl der Bytes im Eingabebytearray, die als Daten verwendet werden sollen.The number of bytes in the input byte array to use as data.

outputBuffer
Byte[]

Eine Kopie des Teils des Eingabearrays, mit dessen Hilfe der Hashcode berechnet wird.A copy of the part of the input array used to compute the hash code.

outputOffset
Int32

Der Offset im Ausgabebytearray, ab dem Daten geschrieben werden sollen.The offset into the output byte array from which to begin writing data.

Gibt zurück

Int32

Die Anzahl der geschriebenen Bytes.The number of bytes written.

Implementiert

Ausnahmen

inputCount verwendet einen ungültigen Wert.inputCount uses an invalid value.

- oder --or-

inputBuffer besitzt eine ungültige Länge.inputBuffer has an invalid length.

inputBuffer ist null.inputBuffer is null.

inputOffset liegt außerhalb des Bereichs.inputOffset is out of range. Für diesen Parameter ist eine nicht negative Zahl erforderlich.This parameter requires a non-negative number.

Das Objekt wurde bereits verworfen.The object has already been disposed.

Beispiele

In den folgenden Codebeispielen wird die- TransformFinalBlock Methode mit der- TransformBlock Methode verwendet, um eine Zeichenfolge zu Hash.The following code examples use the TransformFinalBlock method with the TransformBlock method to hash a string.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

class MainClass
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        RandomNumberGenerator rnd = RandomNumberGenerator.Create();

        byte[] input = new byte[20];
        rnd.GetBytes(input);

        Console.WriteLine("Input        : {0}\n", BytesToStr(input));
        PrintHash(input);
        PrintHashOneBlock(input);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 1);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 2);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 3);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 5);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 10);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 11);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 19);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 20);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 21);
    }

    public static string BytesToStr(byte[] bytes)
    {
        StringBuilder str = new StringBuilder();

        for (int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++)
            str.AppendFormat("{0:X2}", bytes[i]);

        return str.ToString();
    }

    public static void PrintHash(byte[] input)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        Console.WriteLine("ComputeHash  : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.ComputeHash(input)));
    }

    public static void PrintHashOneBlock(byte[] input)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length);
        Console.WriteLine("FinalBlock   : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.Hash));
    }

    public static void PrintHashMultiBlock(byte[] input, int size)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        int offset = 0;

        while (input.Length - offset >= size)
            offset += sha.TransformBlock(input, offset, size, input, offset);

        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, offset, input.Length - offset);
        Console.WriteLine("MultiBlock {0:00}: {1}", size, BytesToStr(sha.Hash));
    }
}
/*
This example produces output similar to the following:

Input        : 45D97219908A572DE336B9DEC787C311D3349F69

ComputeHash  : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
FinalBlock   : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 01: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 02: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 03: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 05: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 10: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 11: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 19: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 20: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 21: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15

*/

Imports System.Text
Imports System.Security.Cryptography

Class Program

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim rnd As RandomNumberGenerator = RandomNumberGenerator.Create
        Dim input() As Byte = New Byte((20) - 1) {}
        rnd.GetBytes(input)
        Console.WriteLine("Input        : {0}"& vbLf, BytesToStr(input))
        PrintHash(input)
        PrintHashOneBlock(input)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 1)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 2)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 3)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 5)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 10)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 11)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 19)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 20)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 21)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Function BytesToStr(ByVal bytes() As Byte) As String
        Dim str As StringBuilder = New StringBuilder
        Dim i As Integer = 0
        Do While (i < bytes.Length)
        str.AppendFormat("{0:X2}", bytes(i))
        i = (i + 1)
        Loop
        Return str.ToString
    End Function

    Public Shared Sub PrintHash(ByVal input() As Byte)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        Console.WriteLine("ComputeHash  : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.ComputeHash(input)))
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintHashOneBlock(ByVal input() As Byte)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length)
        Console.WriteLine("FinalBlock   : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.Hash))
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintHashMultiBlock(ByVal input() As Byte, ByVal size As Integer)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        Dim offset As Integer = 0

        While ((input.Length - offset)  _
            >= size)
        offset = (offset + sha.TransformBlock(input, offset, size, input, offset))

        End While
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, offset, (input.Length - offset))
        Console.WriteLine("MultiBlock {0:00}: {1}", size, BytesToStr(sha.Hash))
    End Sub
End Class

' This example produces output similar to the following:
'
' Input        : 45D97219908A572DE336B9DEC787C311D3349F69
'
' ComputeHash  : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' FinalBlock   : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 01: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 02: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 03: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 05: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 10: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 11: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 19: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 20: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 21: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15

Hinweise

Sie müssen die- TransformBlock Methode aufrufen, bevor Sie die- TransformFinalBlock Methode aufrufen.You must call the TransformBlock method before calling the TransformFinalBlock method. Sie müssen beide Methoden aufrufen, bevor Sie den abschließenden Hashwert abrufen.You must call both methods before you retrieve the final hash value.

Um den endgültigen Hashwert nach dem Aufrufen der- TransformFinalBlock Methode abzurufen, rufen Sie das in der-Eigenschaft enthaltene Bytearray ab Hash .To retrieve the final hash value after calling the TransformFinalBlock method, get the byte array contained within the Hash property.

Das Aufrufen der TransformBlock -Methode mit unterschiedlichen Eingabe-und Ausgabe Arrays führt zu einer IOException .Calling the TransformBlock method with different input and output arrays results in an IOException.

Gilt für: